This article needs to be updated.(July 2018)
Ophidiophobia or ophiophobia is a particular type of specific phobia, the abnormal fear of snakes. It is sometimes called by a more general term, herpetophobia, fear of reptiles or amphibians. The word comes from the Greek words "ophis" (ὄφις) which refers to snake, and "phobia" (φοβία) meaning fear.[unreliable source]
The phobia – an irrational or overwhelming fear – is distinct from a general dislike of snakes and from reasonable fear of venomous snake bites or of the danger posed by large constrictors like boas and pythons. An ophidiophobe not only fears snakes when in live contact but also dreads to think about them or even see them in video or still pictures.[unreliable source]
About a third of adult humans are ophidiophobic, making this the most common reported phobia,[dubious ] or perhaps the second most common. A 2001 study at the Karolinska Institute in Sweden suggests that mammals may have an innate negative reaction to snakes (and spiders), which was vital for their survival as it allowed such dangerous threats to be identified immediately.[better source needed]
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