|Divisors||1, 2, 4, 5, 10, 20|
|Look up twenty in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
- 20 is a tetrahedral number as 1, 4, 10, 20.
- 20 is the basis for vigesimal number systems.
- 20 is the third composite number comprising the product of a squared prime and a prime, and also the second member of the (22)q family in this form.
- 20 is the smallest primitive abundant number.
- An icosahedron has 20 faces. A dodecahedron has 20 vertices.
- 20 can be written as the sum of three Fibonacci numbers uniquely, i.e. 20 = 13 + 5 + 2.
- The product of the number of divisors and the number of proper divisors of 20 is exactly 20.
- 20 is the number of moves (quarter or half turns) required to optimally solve a Rubik's Cube in the worst case.
- The atomic number of calcium.
- The third magic number in physics.
- The International Astronomical Union shower number for Coma Berenicids.
- The number of proteinogenic amino acids that are encoded by the standard genetic code.
- In some countries, the number 20 is used as an index in measuring visual acuity. 20/20 indicates normal vision at 20 feet, although it is commonly used to mean "perfect vision" (Note that this applies only to countries using the Imperial system. The metric equivalent is 6/6). When someone is able to see only after an event how things turned out, that person is often said to have had "20/20 hindsight".
As an indefinite numberEdit
- Formerly the age of majority in Japan and in Japanese tradition.
- Age 20 is the age at which Levites in the time of King David were allowed "to do the work for the service of the house of the Lord", the Temple in Jerusalem (see First Chronicles Chapter 23, verses 24 and 27). In the time of Ezra and Nehemiah, following the Babylonian captivity, it was Levites from the age of 20 upwards who were assigned "to oversee the work of the house of the LORD" (Ezra Chapter 3, verse 8).
In other fieldsEdit
- The term score, was used by Abraham Lincoln in his Gettysburg Address and Martin Luther King in his I Have a Dream speech.
- The letter T is the 20th letter in the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
- +20 is the code for international direct dial phone calls to Egypt.
- The designation of Interstate 20, a freeway that runs from Texas to South Carolina.
- CB slang for "a place", being short for "10–20", used in reference to a person or object's location.
- 20/20 is a late-night newsmagazine program on ABC, which in turn is taken from the expression for perfect eyesight (20/20 vision).
- 020 is the ISO 3166-1 numeric 3 digit country code for Andorra.
- The UIC Country Code for Russia identifying member countries of the International Union of Railways (UIC).
- The letter J when encoding the serial number for intermodal (shipping) containers as defined by ISO 6346.
- In Gematriya, the system of Hebrew Numerology, the letter Kaph corresponds to the number 20.
- In Hebrew numerals, the letter Kaph(כ) corresponds to the number 20.
- The Abjad numerals are a decimal numeral system in which the 28 letters of the Arabic alphabet are assigned numerical values - in this system the letter kāf(ك) corresponds to the number 20.
- The number of questions in the game Twenty Questions.
- The Roman version was the first designation of the A380, symbolising its double decks.
- John H. Conway and Richard K. Guy, The Book of Numbers. New York: Copernicus (1996): 11. ""Score" is related to "share" and comes from the Old Norse "skor" meaning a "notch" or "tally" on a stick used for counting. ... Often people counted in 20s; every 20th notch was larger, and so "score" also came to mean 20."
- "Sloane's A000292 : Tetrahedral numbers". The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences. OEIS Foundation. Retrieved 2016-05-31.
- "Sloane's A071395 : Primitive abundant numbers". The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences. OEIS Foundation. Retrieved 2016-05-31.
- "God's Number is 20". Cube20.org
- Jonathan Fildes (August 11, 2010). "Rubik's Cube quest for speedy solution comes to an end". BBC News.
- "Biblical Criticism", The Classical Journal 36:71:83ff (March 1827) full text
- "CBS News", Scores of Typhoon Survivors Flown to Manila (November 2013)