|Factorization||2 × 3 × 5|
|Divisors||1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 10, 15, 30|
In mathematics Edit
30 is an even, composite, pronic number. With 2, 3, and 5 as its prime factors, it is a regular number and the first sphenic number, the smallest of the form , where r is a prime greater than 3. It has an aliquot sum of 42, which is the second sphenic number.
It is also:
- A semiperfect number, since adding some subsets of its divisors (e.g., 5, 10 and 15) equals 30.
- A primorial.
- A Harshad number in decimal.
- Divisible by the number of prime numbers (10) below it.
- The largest number such that all coprimes smaller than itself, except for 1, are prime.
- The sum of the first four squares, making it a square pyramidal number.
- The number of vertices in the Tutte–Coxeter graph.
- The measure of the central angle and exterior angle of a dodecagon, which is the petrie polygon of the 24-cell.
- The number of sides of a triacontagon, which in turn is the petrie polygon of the 120-cell and 600-cell.
- The number of edges of a dodecahedron and icosahedron, of vertices of an icosidodecahedron, and of faces of a rhombic dodecahedron.
- The sum of the number of elements of a 5-cell: 5 vertices, 10 edges, 10 faces, and 5 cells.
- The Coxeter number of E8.
In a group G, such that , where p does not divide m, and has a subgroup of order , 30 is the only number less than 60 that is neither a prime nor of the aforementioned form. Therefore, 30 is the only candidate for the order of a simple group less than 60, in which one needs other methods to specifically reject to eventually deduce said order.
In science Edit
Age 30 Edit
- The minimum age for United States senators.
In other fields Edit
- Used (as –30–) to indicate the end of a newspaper (or broadcast) story, a copy editor's typographical notation
- The number of days in the months April, June, September and November (and in unusual circumstances February—see February 30)
- The total number of major and minor keys in Western tonal music, including enharmonic equivalents
- In years of marriage, the pearl wedding anniversary
- The duration in years of the Thirty Years' War - 1618 to 1648
- The code for international direct dial phone calls to Greece
- The house number of 30 St Mary Axe (The Gherkin)
- The number of tracks on The Beatles' eponymous album, usually known as The White Album
- A stage in young adulthood
- Part of the name of:
- Judas Iscariot betrayed Jesus for 30 pieces of silver (Matthew 26:15)
- The number of the French department Gard
- Number of letters in Bulgarian alphabet
- Number of letters in Serbian alphabet
- 30 was the route number of the bus blown up by terrorists in Tavistock Square during the 7 July 2005 London bombings.
History and literature Edit
- At about age 30 (according to Luke 3:23), Jesus of Nazareth was baptized by John the Baptist, signaling the beginning of his public ministry of teaching and healing. It was also the age when David became King (2 Samuel 5:4) and Ezekiel and John the Baptist began their own ministries, (based on Ezekiel 1:1 and John the Baptist's age in comparison to Jesus.)
- Age 30 is when Jewish priests traditionally start their service (according to Numbers 4:3).
- One of the rallying cries of the 1960s student/youth protest movement was the slogan, "Don't trust anyone over thirty".
- In The Myth of Sisyphus the French existentialist Albert Camus comments that the age of thirty is a crucial period in the life of a man, for at that age he gains a new awareness of the meaning of time.
- In Franz Kafka's novel The Trial Joseph wakes up on the morning of his thirtieth birthday to find himself under arrest for an unspecified crime. After making many futile attempts to find the nature of the crime or the name of his accuser, Joseph dies on the eve of his thirty-first birthday.
- The number of uprights that formed the Sarsen Circle at Stonehenge, also the supposed number of holes forming the arrays of Y and Z Holes at Stonehenge.
- Western Christianity's most prolific 20th-century essayist, F. W. Boreham in 'Life at Thirty' ('Cliffs of Opal') mentions that in addition to Jesus commencing ministry at 30 (Luke 3:23), Joseph was 30 when he stood before Pharaoh, King of Egypt (Genesis 41:46), King David was 30 when he began to reign (2 Samuel 5:4), and the Levites were numbered from the age of 30 and upward (1 Chronicles 23:3). Also in that essay Boreham writes "It was said of [the English poet] Keats, that 'he ensphered himself in thirty perfect years and died, not young'."
See also Edit
- "Sloane's A005835 : Pseudoperfect (or semiperfect) numbers". The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences. OEIS Foundation. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
- "Sloane's A002110 : Primorial numbers". The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences. OEIS Foundation. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
- "Sloane's A005349 : Niven (or Harshad) numbers". The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences. OEIS Foundation. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
- "Sloane's A000330 : Square pyramidal numbers". The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences. OEIS Foundation. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
- Barnes, Richard (June 2006). "Report of the 7 July Review Committee" (PDF). BBC News. Retrieved 18 December 2011.