Compound of five octahedra
|Compound of five octahedra|
(see here for a 3D model)
(As a compound)
F = 40, E = 60, V = 30
|Dual compound||Compound of five cubes|
|Symmetry group||icosahedral (Ih)|
|Subgroup restricting to one constituent||pyritohedral (Th)|
The compound of five octahedra is one of the five regular polyhedron compounds. This polyhedron can be seen as either a polyhedral stellation or a compound. This compound was first described by Edmund Hess in 1876. It is unique among the regular compounds for not having a regular convex hull.
As a stellationEdit
It can be constructed by a rhombic triacontahedron with rhombic-based pyramids added to all the faces, as shown by the five colored model image. (This construction does not generate the regular compound of five octahedra, but shares the same topology and can be smoothly deformed into the regular compound.)
It has a density of greater than 1.
|Stellation diagram||Stellation core||Convex hull|
As a compoundEdit
The spherical and stereographic projections of this compound look the same as those of the disdyakis triacontahedron.
But the convex solid's vertices on 3- and 5-fold symmetry axes (gray in the images below) correspond only to edge crossings in the compound.
|Spherical polyhedron||Stereographic projections|
|The area in the black circles below corresponds to the frontal hemisphere of the spherical polyhedron.|
Other 5-octahedra compoundsEdit
A second 5-octahedra compound, with octahedral symmetry, also exists. It can be generated by adding a fifth octahedra to the standard 4-octahedra compound.
- Regular polytopes, pp.49-50, p.98
- Peter R. Cromwell, Polyhedra, Cambridge, 1997.
- Wenninger, Magnus (1974). Polyhedron Models. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-09859-9.
- Coxeter, Harold Scott MacDonald; Du Val, P.; Flather, H. T.; Petrie, J. F. (1999). The fifty-nine icosahedra (3rd ed.). Tarquin. ISBN 978-1-899618-32-3. MR 0676126. (1st Edn University of Toronto (1938))
- H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular Polytopes, (3rd edition, 1973), Dover edition, ISBN 0-486-61480-8, 3.6 The five regular compounds, pp.47-50, 6.2 Stellating the Platonic solids, pp.96-104
- E. Hess 1876 Zugleich Gleicheckigen und Gleichflächigen Polyeder, Schriften der Gesellschaft zur Berörderung der Gasammten Naturwissenschaften zu Marburg 11 (1876) pp 5–97.
- MathWorld: Octahedron5-Compound
- Paper Model Compound of Five Octahedra
- VRML model: [permanent dead link]
- Klitzing, Richard. "3D compound".
|Notable stellations of the icosahedron|
|Regular||Uniform duals||Regular compounds||Regular star||Others|
|(Convex) icosahedron||Small triambic icosahedron||Medial triambic icosahedron||Great triambic icosahedron||Compound of five octahedra||Compound of five tetrahedra||Compound of ten tetrahedra||Great icosahedron||Excavated dodecahedron||Final stellation|
|The stellation process on the icosahedron creates a number of related polyhedra and compounds with icosahedral symmetry.|
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