Compound of five octahedra

Compound of five octahedra
Compound of five octahedra.png
(see here for a 3D model)
Type Regular compound
Index UC17, W23
Coxeter symbol [5{3,4}]2{3,5}[1]
Elements
(As a compound)
5 octahedra:
F = 40, E = 60, V = 30
Dual compound Compound of five cubes
Symmetry group icosahedral (Ih)
Subgroup restricting to one constituent pyritohedral (Th)

The compound of five octahedra is one of the five regular polyhedron compounds. This polyhedron can be seen as either a polyhedral stellation or a compound. This compound was first described by Edmund Hess in 1876. It is unique among the regular compounds for not having a regular convex hull.

It is also a faceting of the icosidodecahedron.

As a stellationEdit

It is the second stellation of the icosahedron, and given as Wenninger model index 23.

It can be constructed by a rhombic triacontahedron with rhombic-based pyramids added to all the faces, as shown by the five colored model image. (This construction does not generate the regular compound of five octahedra, but shares the same topology and can be smoothly deformed into the regular compound.)

It has a density of greater than 1.

Stellation diagram Stellation core Convex hull
   
Icosahedron
 
Icosidodecahedron

As a compoundEdit

It can also be seen as a polyhedral compound of five octahedra arranged in icosahedral symmetry (Ih).

The spherical and stereographic projections of this compound look the same as those of the disdyakis triacontahedron.
But the convex solid's vertices on 3- and 5-fold symmetry axes (gray in the images below) correspond only to edge crossings in the compound.

Spherical polyhedron Stereographic projections
2-fold 3-fold 5-fold
       
     
The area in the black circles below corresponds to the frontal hemisphere of the spherical polyhedron.

Replacing the octahedra by tetrahemihexahedra leads to the compound of five tetrahemihexahedra.

Other 5-octahedra compoundsEdit

A second 5-octahedra compound, with octahedral symmetry, also exists. It can be generated by adding a fifth octahedra to the standard 4-octahedra compound.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Regular polytopes, pp.49-50, p.98
  • Peter R. Cromwell, Polyhedra, Cambridge, 1997.
  • Wenninger, Magnus (1974). Polyhedron Models. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-09859-9.
  • Coxeter, Harold Scott MacDonald; Du Val, P.; Flather, H. T.; Petrie, J. F. (1999). The fifty-nine icosahedra (3rd ed.). Tarquin. ISBN 978-1-899618-32-3. MR 0676126. (1st Edn University of Toronto (1938))
  • H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular Polytopes, (3rd edition, 1973), Dover edition, ISBN 0-486-61480-8, 3.6 The five regular compounds, pp.47-50, 6.2 Stellating the Platonic solids, pp.96-104
  • E. Hess 1876 Zugleich Gleicheckigen und Gleichflächigen Polyeder, Schriften der Gesellschaft zur Berörderung der Gasammten Naturwissenschaften zu Marburg 11 (1876) pp 5–97.

External linksEdit

Notable stellations of the icosahedron
Regular Uniform duals Regular compounds Regular star Others
(Convex) icosahedron Small triambic icosahedron Medial triambic icosahedron Great triambic icosahedron Compound of five octahedra Compound of five tetrahedra Compound of ten tetrahedra Great icosahedron Excavated dodecahedron Final stellation
                 
                 
The stellation process on the icosahedron creates a number of related polyhedra and compounds with icosahedral symmetry.