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Uluru, Northern Territory, Australia, is often referred to as the biggest monolith, but that is generally avoided by geologists. While the surrounding rocks were eroded, the rock survived as sandstone strata making up the surviving Uluru 'monolith'.
Gavea Rock, a monolith next to the sea, near Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

A monolith is a geological feature consisting of a single massive stone or rock, such as some mountains, or a single large piece of rock placed as, or within, a monument or building.[citation needed] Erosion usually exposes the geological formations, which are often made of very hard and solid igneous or metamorphic rock.

In architecture, the term has considerable overlap with megalith, which is normally used for prehistory, and may be used in the contexts of rock-cut architecture that remains attached to solid rock, as in monolithic church, or for exceptionally large stones such as obelisks, statues, monolithic columns or large architraves, that may have been moved a considerable distance after quarrying. It may also be used of large glacial erratics moved by natural forces.

The word derives, via the Latin monolithus, from the Ancient Greek word μονόλιθος (monolithos), from μόνος ("one" or "single") and λίθος ("stone").

Geological monolithsEdit

Large, well-known monoliths include:

AfricaEdit

AntarcticaEdit

AsiaEdit

 
Savandurga, India, from the northern side
 
Sangla Hill, Pakistan

AustraliaEdit

EuropeEdit

North AmericaEdit

United StatesEdit

 
Beacon Rock, Washington, viewed from the west
 
El Capitan in Yosemite
 
Stawamus Chief as seen from Valleycliffe neighborhood in Squamish, British Columbia

CanadaEdit

MexicoEdit

South AmericaEdit

 
El Peñón, monolith in Colombia, located in Antioquia

ExtraterrestrialEdit

Monumental monolithsEdit

A structure which has been excavated as a unit from a surrounding matrix or outcropping of rock.[5]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ López Domínguez, Leonor (May 2001). "Villa de Bernal and its Magic Mountain". México Desconocido #291. Archived from the original on 2015-03-13.
  2. ^ "Peña de Bernal - Bernal - Queretaro" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 27 October 2006. Retrieved 25 November 2008.
  3. ^ Raul Carrillo (2007). Northrop, Laura Cava; Dwight L. Curtis; Natalie Sherman (eds.). Let's Go Mexico: On a Budget. Macmillan. p. 370. ISBN 978-0-312-37452-5.
  4. ^ Escobar Ledesma, Agustín (1999). Recetario del semidesierto de Querétaro: Acoyos, rejalgares y tantarrias. Conaculta. p. 75. ISBN 978-970-18-3910-2.
  5. ^ "Glossary". Archived from the original on 2010-01-01.

External linksEdit