Zuma Rock is a large natural monolith, or inselberg, an igneous intrusion composed of gabbro and granodiorite, in Niger State, Nigeria. It is located immediately west of Nigeria's capital Abuja, along the main road from Abuja to Kaduna off Madala, and is sometimes referred to as the "Gateway to Abuja from Suleja".[1] Zuma Rock rises approx. 300 metres (980 ft) above its surroundings.[2]

Zuma Rock
Zuma Rock.jpg
Highest point
Elevation725 m (2,379 ft)
Prominence300 m (980 ft)
Coordinates9°7′49″N 7°14′2″E / 9.13028°N 7.23389°E / 9.13028; 7.23389Coordinates: 9°7′49″N 7°14′2″E / 9.13028°N 7.23389°E / 9.13028; 7.23389
Language of namekoro
LocationNiger State, Nigeria

Zuma Rock is depicted on the 100 naira note. It was used for a defensive retreat by the Gbagyi people against invading neighbouring tribes during intertribal warring.[3]

The rock in 1960

Zuma Rock is very tall by the standards of Nigerian geography. It is over four times taller than NECOM house (Lagos' tallest skyscraper, as of 1979) and it is taller than Aso rock and Olumo rock combined.[4]


  1. ^ Abah, Adah; Chikelo, Chinelo (2016-04-08). "Zuma Rock Losing Its Face". Leadership. Archived from the original on 2016-04-22. Retrieved 2016-11-19.
  2. ^ Alofetekun, Akin (2008-05-28). "All Eyes on Zuma Rock". Daily Sun. Archived from the original on 2010-03-23. Retrieved 2009-01-07.
  3. ^ According to numerous on-line sources describing Nigeria as a tourist destination, such as "The Power State". National Youth Services Corps. Archived from the original on April 16, 2014..
  4. ^ "Zuma Rock - Environment Go 2021 - Environment Go!". Retrieved 2021-08-03.

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