Niger State

Niger is a state in the Middle Belt region of Nigeria and the largest state in the country. The state's capital is at Minna. Other major cities are Bida, Kontagora and Suleja. It was formed in 1976 when the then North-Western State was bifurcated into Niger State and Sokoto State. It is home to Ibrahim Babangida and Abdulsalami Abubakar, two of Nigeria's former military rulers. The Nupe, Gbagyi, Kamuku, Kambari, Hun-Saare, Hausa and Koro form the majority of numerous indigenous tribes of Niger State.

Gurara Falls, a waterfall along the Gurara River in Niger State
Gurara Falls, a waterfall along the Gurara River in Niger State
Flag of Niger State
Location of Niger State in Nigeria
Location of Niger State in Nigeria
Coordinates: 10°00′N 6°00′E / 10.000°N 6.000°E / 10.000; 6.000Coordinates: 10°00′N 6°00′E / 10.000°N 6.000°E / 10.000; 6.000
Country Nigeria
Date created3 February 1976
 • Governor
Abubakar Sani Bello (APC)
 • Deputy GovernorAhmed Muhammad Ketso
 • Senators
 • Total76,363 km2 (29,484 sq mi)
Area rank1st of 36
 • Total3,954,772
 • Rank18th of 36
 • Density52/km2 (130/sq mi)
 • Year2007
 • Total$6.00 billion[2]
 • Per capita$1,480[2]
Time zoneUTC+01 (WAT)
postal code
ISO 3166 codeNG-NI
HDI (2018)0.482[3]
low · 28th of 37

The state is named after the River Niger. Two of Nigeria's major hydroelectric power stations, the Kainji Dam and Shiroro Dam, are located in Niger State, and the newly Zungeru Dam is also located there, the Jebba Dam is half Niger state and Kwara Sharing boundaries. The famous Gurara Falls is in Niger State, and Gurara Local Government Area is named after the Gurara River, on whose course the fall is situated. Also situated there is Kainji National Park, the largest National Park of Nigeria, which contains Kainji Lake, the Borgu Game Reserve and the Zugurma Game Reserve.[4]


Like the majority of Nigerian states, it is governed by a Governor and a state House of Assembly. Under the current administration of Abubakar Sani Bello.

Local Government AreasEdit

Niger State consists of 25 local government areas. They are:


A list of Tertiary institutions of learning in Niger state include:


Languages of Niger State listed by LGA:[5]

LGA Languages
Agaie Nupe, Dibo; Kakanda;
Agwara Cishingini
Bida Nupe, BassaNge, Gbari
Borgu Busa, Bisã; Boko; Cishingini; Laru; Reshe
Chanchaga Basa-Gumna; Basa-Gurmana; Gbagyi; Gbari; Nupe; Kamuku; Tanjijili
Edati Nupe, BassaNge
Gbako Nupe
Gurara Gwandara, Gbagyi
Katcha Nupe, Dibo; Kupa
Kontagora Acipa, Eastern; Asu; Tsishingini; Tsuvadi
Lapai Nupe, Dibo; Gbari; Gupa-Abawa; Kakanda; Kami;
Magama Lopa; Tsikimba; Tsishingini; Tsuvadi
Mariga Baangi; Bassa-Kontagora; Cicipu; Kamuku; Nupe; Rogo; Shama-Sambuga; Tsikimba; Tsishingini; Tsuvadi
Mashegu Asu; Tsikimba; Tsishingini; Nupe-Tako
Minna Nupe; Gbari; Gbagyi
Mokwa Nupe, Yoruba; Gbari
Munya Adara
Paikoro Gbari; Kadara
Rafi Basa-Gurmana; Bauchi; Cahungwarya; Fungwa; Gbagyi; Gbari; Kamuku; Pangu; Rogo; Shama-Sambuga
Rijau Fulani; C'Lela; Tsishingini; Tsuvadi; ut-Hun
Shiroro Gbagyi; Gurmana
Suleja Gbagyi; Gbari; Gwandara; Nupe; Tanjijili
Wushishi Hausa; Nupe; Gbari

Sorko and Zarma are also spoken.[5]


  1. ^ "2006 PHC Priority Tables – NATIONAL POPULATION COMMISSION". Archived from the original on 10 October 2017. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
  2. ^ a b "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Canback Dangel. Retrieved 20 August 2008.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  4. ^ "Kainji Lake National Park". United Nations Environment Programme: World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 21 October 2010.
  5. ^ a b "Nigeria". Ethnologue (22 ed.). Retrieved 10 January 2020.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Niger State at Wikimedia Commons