Niger is a state in the North Central region of Nigeria and the largest state in the country. Niger state has three political zones, zone A,B and C. The state's capital is at Minna. Other major cities are Bida, Kontagora and Suleja.[4][5] It was formed in 1976 when the then North-Western State was divided into Niger State and Sokoto State.[4] It is home to Ibrahim Babangida and Abdulsalami Abubakar, two of Nigeria's former military rulers. The Nupe, Gbagyi, Kamuku, Kambari, Gungawa, Hun-Saare, Hausa and Koro form the majority of numerous indigenous tribes of Niger State.[6]

Downtown Boston from the Boston Harbor
Brick rowhouses along Acorn Street
Old State House
Massachusetts State House
Fenway Park ballgame at night
Boston skyline from Charles River
From top, left to right: Minna City gate (exit); Tunga roundabout; AP roundabout; Minna central mosque; St. Michael's Cathedral; Landscape view of Minna city;
Flag of Niger State
Location of Niger State in Nigeria
Location of Niger State in Nigeria
Coordinates: 10°00′N 6°00′E / 10.000°N 6.000°E / 10.000; 6.000Coordinates: 10°00′N 6°00′E / 10.000°N 6.000°E / 10.000; 6.000
Country Nigeria
Date created3 February 1976
 • BodyGovernment of Niger State
 • Governor
Abubakar Sani Bello (APC)
 • Deputy GovernorAhmed Muhammad Ketso (APC)
 • LegislatureNiger State House of Assembly
 • SenatorsE: Sani Musa (APC)
N: Aliyu Sabi Abdullahi (APC)
S: Muhammad Bima Enagi (APC)
 • RepresentativesList
 • Total76,363 km2 (29,484 sq mi)
 • Rank1st of 36
 • Total3,954,772
 • Rank18th of 36
 • Density52/km2 (130/sq mi)
 • Year2007
 • Total$6.00 billion[2]
 • Per capita$1,480[2]
Time zoneUTC+01 (WAT)
postal code
ISO 3166 codeNG-NI
HDI (2018)0.482[3]
low · 28th of 37

The state is named after the River Niger. Two of Nigeria's major hydroelectric power stations, the Kainji Dam and Shiroro Dam, are located in Niger State, along with the new Zungeru Dam. The Jebba Dam straddles the border of Niger state and Kwara state. The famous Gurara Falls is in Niger State, and Gurara Local Government Area is named after the Gurara River, on whose course the fall is situated.[7] Also situated there is Kainji National Park, the largest National Park of Nigeria, which contains Kainji Lake, the Borgu Game Reserve and the Zugurma Game Reserve.[8]


Like the majority of Nigerian states, it is governed by a Governor and a state House of Assembly. Under the current administration of Abubakar Sani Bello. The state has 25 local government each headed by local government chairman which are also divided into districts, each again with its district head while Villages are headed by village head throughout the state.[5]


Tertiary educational institutions in Niger state include:


Languages of Niger State listed by LGA:[12]

LGA Languages
Agaie Nupe; Dibo; Kakanda;
Agwara Cishingini
Bida Nupe; Hausa; BassaNge; Gbari
Borgu Busa; Bisã; Boko; Cishingini; Laru; Reshe
Chanchaga Basa-Gumna; Basa-Gurmana; Gbagyi; Gbari; Nupe; Kamuku; Tanjijili
Edati Nupe; BassaNge
Gbako Nupe
Gurara Gwandara; Gbagyi
Katcha Nupe; Dibo; Kupa
Kontagora Hausa; Acipa; Eastern; Asu; Tsishingini; Tsuvadi
Lapai Nupe; Dibo; Gbari; Gupa-Abawa; Kakanda; Kami;
Magama Lopa; Tsikimba; Tsishingini; Tsuvadi
Mariga Baangi; Bassa-Kontagora; Cicipu; Kamuku; Nupe; Rogo; Shama-Sambuga; Tsikimba; Tsishingini; Tsuvadi
Mashegu Asu; Tsikimba; Tsishingini; Nupe-Tako
Minna Nupe; Hausa; Gbari; Gbagyi
Mokwa Nupe; Hausa; Yoruba; Gbari
Munya Adara
Paikoro Gbari; Kadara
Rafi Basa-Gurmana; Bauchi; Cahungwarya; Fungwa; Gbagyi; Gbari; Kamuku; Pangu; Rogo; Shama-Sambuga
Rijau Fulani; C'Lela; Tsishingini; Tsuvadi; ut-Hun
Shiroro Gbagyi; Hausa; Gurmana
Suleja Hausa; Gbagyi; Gbari; Gwandara; Nupe; Tanjijili
Wushishi Hausa; Nupe; Gbari

Sorko and Zarma are also spoken.[12]


See alsoEdit

Local Government AreasEdit

Niger State consists of 25 local government areas. They are:


  1. ^ "2006 PHC Priority Tables – NATIONAL POPULATION COMMISSION". Archived from the original on 10 October 2017. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
  2. ^ a b "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Canback Dangel. Retrieved 20 August 2008.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI – Area Database – Global Data Lab". Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  4. ^ a b Terhemba wuam, Muhammed Lawal Salahu (2014). Aspects of Niger state History: Essays in Honour of Professor Ibrahim Adamu Kolo.
  5. ^ a b A.B. Mamman, J.O. Oyebanji (2000). Nigeria: A people United, A Future Assured. Vol.2.
  6. ^ Baba, J.M (1993). Niger state: Nigeria: Giant in the tropics, Vol.2: state survey.
  7. ^ Niger state (1999). Niger state official diary, Ministry of Information. Minna.
  8. ^ "Kainji Lake National Park". United Nations Environment Programme: World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 21 October 2010.
  9. ^ keetu (19 August 2017). "List of Accredited Courses Offered in Federal Polytechnic Bida (Fed Poly Bida)". Retrieved 6 August 2021.
  10. ^ "Updated List of Courses Offered In FUTMINNA forJAMB 2021 Registration". O3schools. 5 March 2021. Retrieved 6 August 2021.
  11. ^ keetu (15 September 2018). "List of Accredited Courses Offered in Poly Zungeru (Niger State Polytechnic Zungeru)". Retrieved 6 August 2021.
  12. ^ a b "Nigeria". Ethnologue (22 ed.). Retrieved 10 January 2020.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Niger State at Wikimedia Commons