Niger or Niger State is a state in Central Nigeria and the largest state in the country. The state capital is Minna, and other major cities are Bida, Kontagora, and Suleja. It was formed in 1976 when the then North-Western State was bifurcated into Niger State and Sokoto State. It is home to Ibrahim Babangida[4] and Abdulsalami Abubakar,[5] two of Nigeria's former military rulers. The Nupe, Gbagyi, Kamuku, Kambari, Dukawa, Hausa and Koro form the majority of numerous indigenous tribes of Niger State.

Gurara Falls, a waterfall along the Gurara River in Niger State
Gurara Falls, a waterfall along the Gurara River in Niger State
Location of Niger State in Nigeria
Location of Niger State in Nigeria
Coordinates: 10°00′N 6°00′E / 10.000°N 6.000°E / 10.000; 6.000Coordinates: 10°00′N 6°00′E / 10.000°N 6.000°E / 10.000; 6.000
Country Nigeria
Date created3 February 1976
 • Governor
Abubakar Sani Bello (APC)
 • Deputy GovernorAhmed Muhammad Ketso
 • Senators
 • Total76,363 km2 (29,484 sq mi)
Area rank1st of 36
 • Total3,954,772
 • Rank18th of 36
 • Density52/km2 (130/sq mi)
 • Year2007
 • Total$6.00 billion[2]
 • Per capita$1,480[2]
Time zoneUTC+01 (WAT)
postal code
ISO 3166 codeNG-NI
HDI (2016)0.399[3] · 27th of 36

The state is named after the River Niger. Two of Nigeria's major hydroelectric power stations, the Kainji Dam and the Shiroro Dam, are located in Niger State, The famous Gurara Falls is in Niger State, and Gurara Local Government Area[6] is named after the Gurara River, on whose course the fall is situated. Also situated there is Kainji National Park, the largest National Park of Nigeria, which contains Kainji Lake, the Borgu Game Reserve and the Zugurma Game Reserve.[7]


Like the majority of Nigerian states, it is governed by a Governor and a state House of Assembly. Under the current administration of Abubakar Sani Bello.

Local government areasEdit

Niger State consists of 25 local government areas. They are:


Languages of Niger State listed by LGA:[8]

LGA Languages
Agaie Dibo; Gbari; Kakanda; Nupe-Nupe-Tako
Agwara Cishingini
Borgu Bisã; Boko; Cishingini; Laru; Reshe
Chanchaga Basa-Gumna; Basa-Gurmana; Gbagyi; Gbari; Kamuku; Tanjijili
Gbako Nupe-Nupe-Tako
Gurara Gwandara
Katcha Dibo; Kupa
Kontagora Acipa, Eastern; Asu; Tsishingini; Tsuvadi
Lapai Dibo; Gbari; Gupa-Abawa; Kakanda; Kami; Nupe-Nupe-Tako
Magama Lopa; Tsikimba; Tsishingini; Tsuvadi
Mariga Baangi; Bassa-Kontagora; Cicipu; Kamuku; Nupe-Nupe-Tako; Rogo; Shama-Sambuga; Tsikimba; Tsishingini; Tsuvadi
Mashegu Asu; Tsikimba; Tsishingini
Minna Gbari
Muya Adara
Paikoro Gbari; Adara
Rafi Basa-Gurmana; Bauchi; Cahungwarya; Fungwa; Gbagyi; Gbari; Kamuku; Pangu; Rogo; Shama-Sambuga
Rijau C'Lela; Tsishingini; Tsuvadi; ut-Hun
Shiroro Bauchi; Gbagyi; Gurmana
Suleija Gbagyi; Gbari; Gwandara; Tanjijili
Zungeru Gbari

Sorko and Zarma are also spoken.[8]


  1. ^ "2006 PHC Priority Tables – NATIONAL POPULATION COMMISSION". Retrieved 10 October 2017.
  2. ^ a b "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Canback Dangel. Retrieved 20 August 2008.
  3. ^ "National Human Development Report 2018" (PDF).
  4. ^ Ibrahim Babangida
  5. ^ Abdulsalami Abubakar
  6. ^ Gurara
  7. ^ "Kainji Lake National Park". United Nations Environment Programme: World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 21 October 2010.
  8. ^ a b "Nigeria". Ethnologue (22 ed.). Retrieved 10 January 2020.

External linksEdit