Kaduna is the capital city of Kaduna State, and the former political capital of Northern Nigeria. It is located in north-western Nigeria, on the Kaduna River. It is a trade centre and a major transportation hub as the gateway to northern Nigeria, with its rail and important road network.

Kaduna
Lugard Hall, Kaduna. Parliamentary house of assembly Capital of North Region.jpg
River Kaduna 14.jpg
Kaduna Culumns 02.jpg
Hassan Usman Katsina House.jpg
Clockwise from top:
Lugard Hall, the Kaduna River, columns in honour of Elizabeth II's state visit, and entrance of Hassan Usman Katsina House
Kaduna is located in Nigeria
Kaduna
Location in Nigeria
Coordinates: 10°31′23″N 7°26′25″E / 10.52306°N 7.44028°E / 10.52306; 7.44028
CountryFlag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria
StateKaduna State
Government
 • GovernorNasir Ahmad el-Rufai
Area
 • Total431 km2 (166 sq mi)
Elevation
250 m (820 ft)
Population
 (2006 census)[1]
 • Total760,084
 • Rank8th
 • Density1,800/km2 (4,600/sq mi)
 • Ethnicities
Gbagyi Adara Hausa Atyap-Bajju Ham Yoruba Fulani Kanuri Marghi Nupe and Igbo
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (CEST)
ClimateAw
Websitewww.kdsg.gov.ng

The population of Kaduna was at 760,084 as of the 2006 Nigerian census. Rapid urbanization since 2005 has created an increasingly large population, now[when?] estimated to be around 1.3 million. The project population of people in Kaduna state as at 2021 is 8.9 million people.

EtymologyEdit

The etymology of the word Kaduna is said to be a corruption of the Hausa word for “crocodiles”, Kaddani in the Hausa language (kaduna being the plural form).[2] Another version of the name proposes a link to the Gbagyi word/name 'Odna', meaning 'river'.[3]

HistoryEdit

Kaduna was founded by British colonists in 1900.[4] The first British governor of Northern Nigeria, Sir Frederick Lugard, chose the present site for development due to its proximity to the Lagos-Kano Railway.[5] It became the capital of Nigeria's former Northern Region in 1917,[6] and retained this status until 1967. The city is still influential as the headquarters of various political, military and cultural organizations especially in the northern Nigeria.

EconomyEdit

 
River Kaduna and Old Railway Bridge.

IndustriesEdit

Kaduna is a major industrial centre in Northern Nigeria, manufacturing products like textiles, machinery, steel, aluminium, petroleum products and bearings. However, the textile industry has been in decline due to recent Chinese imports and factory closures caused by years of neglect during the military dictatorship in Nigeria. Other light manufactures include: plastics, pharmaceuticals, leather goods, furniture, and televisions.[5] Agriculture is also a major industry in Kaduna, and as such, the Bank of Agriculture has its headquarters in the city.[7] Some of the main agricultural exports include: cotton, peanuts, sorghum, and ginger.[8] Kaduna also has a branch of the Nigerian Stock Exchange.[5] Automobile manufacturing also remains an important part of Kaduna's economy.[9] Peugeot Automobiles Nigeria has an assembly plant in Kaduna.[10] Kaduna Refining and Petrochemical Company (KRPC), one of Nigeria's four main oil refineries is located in Kaduna. It is supplied by a pipeline from the Niger Delta oil fields.[5][11]

A 2009 World Bank survey states that Kaduna is one of the top six cities with the highest unemployment. 20% of the population is estimated to be unemployed.[9]

Sports and tourismEdit

There is a large racecourse named Murtala Mohammed Square, approximately 1.6 kilometres (1 mi) round, inside which is found the Kaduna Polo Club. Kaduna Golf Club is also located within the Kaduna CBD. Other Sports facilities include the Ahmadu Bello Stadium and Ranchers Bees Stadium. There are several hotels in the city.

InfrastructureEdit

The infrastructure network in the city are currently being developed under the administration of Nasir el-Rufai. Kaduna has an inland dry port.[12] The Nigerian military has several installations in the city including the Nigerian Defence Academy.[13]

AirportEdit

The city is served by Kaduna International Airport. The airport commenced operations in 1982.[14] The Nigerian Air Force maintains a presence in the city.

RailwaysEdit

Kaduna is also on the route of the planned Lagos–Kano Standard Gauge Railway, which has been completed between the national capital of Abuja and Kaduna. Trains for Abuja depart from the Rigasa Railway Station in Kaduna.[15] Kaduna is an important junction on Nigeria's Cape gauge railway network. At Kaduna, a branch line connects the Lagos–Nguru Railway to the Port Harcourt–Maiduguri railway.

EducationEdit

Kaduna is popularly known as the centre of learning, as evident from the numerous educational institutions located in the state. Tertiary Institutions in Kaduna city include:

Places of worshipEdit

Among the places of worship, there are predominantly Muslim mosques.[27] Sultan Bello Mosque is the biggest and a central mosque in Kaduna. There are also Christian churches and temples: Church of Nigeria (Anglican Communion), Presbyterian Church of Nigeria (World Communion of Reformed Churches), Nigerian Baptist Convention (Baptist World Alliance), Living Faith Church Worldwide, Redeemed Christian Church of God, Assemblies of God, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Kaduna (Catholic Church), Mountain of fire and miracles ministries, North central 2 Mega Regional HQ (http://www.mountainoffire.org).

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Kaduna
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37.8
(100.0)
37.8
(100.0)
38.3
(100.9)
38.3
(100.9)
37.8
(100.0)
34.4
(93.9)
32.2
(90.0)
31.7
(89.1)
32.2
(90.0)
34.4
(93.9)
35.6
(96.1)
35.6
(96.1)
38.3
(100.9)
Average high °C (°F) 31.7
(89.1)
33.4
(92.1)
35.0
(95.0)
34.2
(93.6)
31.7
(89.1)
29.5
(85.1)
27.5
(81.5)
27.0
(80.6)
29.0
(84.2)
31.1
(88.0)
32.7
(90.9)
31.8
(89.2)
31.2
(88.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 23.4
(74.1)
25.0
(77.0)
27.7
(81.9)
27.9
(82.2)
26.3
(79.3)
24.6
(76.3)
23.4
(74.1)
23.2
(73.8)
24.0
(75.2)
24.9
(76.8)
24.2
(75.6)
23.0
(73.4)
24.8
(76.6)
Average low °C (°F) 15.1
(59.2)
16.7
(62.1)
20.4
(68.7)
21.6
(70.9)
20.9
(69.6)
19.8
(67.6)
19.4
(66.9)
19.3
(66.7)
19.1
(66.4)
18.7
(65.7)
15.6
(60.1)
14.3
(57.7)
18.4
(65.1)
Record low °C (°F) 9.4
(48.9)
8.9
(48.0)
15.0
(59.0)
14.7
(58.5)
16.7
(62.1)
15.6
(60.1)
16.7
(62.1)
16.7
(62.1)
15.6
(60.1)
13.3
(55.9)
10.0
(50.0)
9.4
(48.9)
8.9
(48.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 0.5
(0.02)
2
(0.1)
13
(0.5)
66
(2.6)
157
(6.2)
178
(7.0)
206
(8.1)
290
(11.4)
277
(10.9)
86
(3.4)
5
(0.2)
0
(0)
1,280
(50.4)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.3 mm) 0 0 2 5 13 16 18 22 21 8 0 0 105
Average relative humidity (%) 26 24 37 57 73 82 86 88 85 74 48 31 59
Mean monthly sunshine hours 279.0 262.7 266.6 243.0 241.8 216.0 155.0 120.9 171.0 248.0 285.0 294.5 2,783.5
Mean daily sunshine hours 9.0 9.3 8.6 8.1 7.8 7.2 5.0 3.9 5.7 8.0 9.5 9.5 7.6
Source: Deutscher Wetterdienst[28]

Notable residentsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  3. ^ Shekwo, Joseph Amali (1979). Fundamentals of the Gbagyi Language. Zaria: Centre for Adult Education and Extension Services, Ahmadu Bello University. OCLC 11043184. OL 2795890M.
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External linksEdit

  Media related to Kaduna at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 10°31′N 7°26′E / 10.517°N 7.433°E / 10.517; 7.433