Nigerian Exchange Group

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The Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE), now Nigerian Exchange Group, is a Nigerian stock exchange founded in 1961 in Lagos. As of November 2019, it has a total of 161 listed companies, with 8 domestic companies on the premium board, 144 companies on the mainboard, and 4[1] on the Alternative Securities Market (ASeM) board. In the Fixed Income market, the NSE has 84 FGN bonds, 21 state bonds, 27 corporate bonds, 1 supranational bond, and 53 memorandum listings.[2]

Nigerian Stock Exchange
TypeStock exchange
LocationLagos, Lagos State, Nigeria
OwnerNigerian Exchange Group Ltd
Key peopleOscar N. Onyema
CurrencyNaira (₦)
No. of listings328
Market cap₦28.26 trillion (January 9, 2020)
IndicesNSE All-Share
NSE Premium
NSE 30
NSE 50
NSE Corporate Governance Index
NSE Banking
NSE Consumer Goods

Mission edit

The NSE mission is to enable businesses and investors to have reliable access to capital and provide secure saving systems and structure for effective and efficient business operations.[3]

History edit

The Nigerian Stock Exchange was founded as the Lagos Stock Exchange,[4] on September 15, 1960. The Lagos Stock Exchange is the oldest existing stock exchange in West Africa.[5] There were seven subscribers to the Exchange's Memorandum of Association: R.S.V. Scott, representing C.T. Bowring and Co. Nigeria Ltd.; Chief Theophilus Adebayo Doherty; John Holt Ltd; Investment Company of Nig. Ltd.(ICON); Sir. Odumegwu Ojukwu; Chief Akintola Williams; and Alhaji Shehu Bukar.

Operations began officially on August 25, 1961, with 19 securities listed for trading. However, informal operations had commenced earlier in June 1961. Operations were initially conducted inside the Central Bank building with four firms as market dealers: Inlaks, John Holt, C.T. Bowring, and ICON (Investment Company of Nigeria).[6] The volume for August 1961, was about 80,500 pounds and it rose to about 250,000 pounds in September of the same year with the bulk of the investments in government securities.[7] In December 1977 it became known as The Nigerian Stock Exchange, with branches established in some of the major commercial cities of the country.

In 2021, the demutualisation of the NSE was initiated which led to the emergence of the Nigerian Exchange Group (NGX Group) Plc and three subsidiaries – Nigerian Exchange (NGX) Limited, NGX Regulation (NGX RegCo) Limited, and NGX Real Estate (NGX RelCo) Limited.[8] Tinuade Awe was appointed the CEO, "NGX RegCo Limited" while Temi Popoola was appointed the CEO of the Nigerian Exchange (NGX) Limited.[9][10]

Operations edit

The Nigerian Stock Exchange has been operating an Automated Trading System (ATS) since April 27, 1999, with dealers trading through a computer network. In 2013, the NSE launched its next-generation trading platform, X-Gen, intended to enable electronic trading for the retail and institutional segments. Trading on The Exchange starts at 9.30 a.m. and closes at 2.30 p.m. every Monday - Friday. Market prices, along with an All-Share Index, NSE 30, and Sector Indices, are published daily in The Stock Exchange Daily Official List, The Nigerian Stock Exchange CAPNET (an intranet facility), newspapers, and on the stock market page of the Reuters Electronic Contributor System. Historical price and performance data are also posted on the NSE website.

In order to encourage foreign investment into Nigeria, the government has abolished legislation preventing the flow of foreign capital into the country. This has allowed foreign brokers to enlist as dealers on the Nigerian Stock Exchange, and investors of any nationality are free to invest. Nigerian companies are also allowed multiple and cross-border listings on foreign markets.

In a bid to promote transparency and trust in the capital market, the NSE reconstituted the Investors' Protection Fund in 2012. The Fund is mandated to compensate investors who suffer pecuniary loss arising from the revocation or cancellation of the registration of a dealing member; insolvency, bankruptcy or negligence of a dealing member; or defalcation committed by a dealing member or any of its directors, officers, employees or representatives.[11]

Regulation edit

The NSE is regulated by the Nigerian Securities and Exchange Commission.[12]

Leadership and subsidiaries edit

The Nigerian Exchange Group is led by a group chief executive, a position currently held by Oscar N. Onyema.[13] Following the demutualisation and rebranding in 2021, the NGX is made up of the following wholly owned subsidiaries:

  • Nigerian Exchange Limited (NGX) which is the operating exchange
  • NGX Regulation Limited (NGX REGCO), the independent securities regulator, and
  • NGX Real Estate Limited (NGX RELCO), the real estate company.[9]

In October 2022, the NGX Board announced the appointment of Dr. Umaru Kwairanga as its new chairman and Mr. Oluwole Adeosun as the vice chairman.[14][15][16]

Indices edit

The Exchange maintains a value-weighted All-Share Index formulated in January 1984 (January 3, 1984, = 100). Its highest value of 66,371.20 was recorded on March 3, 2008. The Exchange also uses the NSE-30 Index, which is a sample-based capitalization-weighted index, as well five sector indices. These are the NSE Consumer Goods Index, NSE Banking Index, NSE Insurance Index, NSE Industrial Index, and NSE Oil/Gas Index.[17]

Associations edit

The Nigerian Exchange is a member of the World Federation of Exchanges (FIBV). It is also an observer at meetings of the International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO) and a founding member of the African Stock Exchanges Association (ASEA). On 31 October 2013, it joined the Sustainable Stock Exchanges Initiative (SSE).[18]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Companies listed on ASeM".
  2. ^ "NSE Listed Securities".
  3. ^ "About Us - Nigerian Exchange Limited". Retrieved 2022-02-22.
  4. ^ "The Stock Exchange". The Nigerian Stock Exchange. Retrieved 2012-06-08.
  5. ^ Lukasiewicz, Mariusz. "Finance, Investment and Decolonisation in Nigeria." Zeitschrift für Unternehmensgeschichte 67, no. 2 (2022): 189-217.
  6. ^ Opening of Lagos Stock Exchange. The Financial Times (London, England), Thursday, June 15, 1961; pg. 5; Edition 22,417
  7. ^ Good Start on Lagos S. E. The Financial Times (London, England), Tuesday, October 24, 1961; pg. 5; Edition 22,528
  8. ^ Jeremiah, Urowayino (2021-04-13). "Nigerian Exchange launches new corporate identity". Vanguard News. Retrieved 2022-10-10.
  9. ^ a b Ayodele, Mercy (2021-04-22). "EXPLAINER: What NSE's rebranding as Nigerian Exchange Group means". Businessday NG. Retrieved 2022-10-10.
  10. ^ "Nigerian Exchange Group launches new corporate identity | Marketing Edge Magazine". Marketing Edge Magazine. 2021-04-13. Retrieved 2022-10-10.
  11. ^ "NSE Investors' Protection Fund" (PDF).
  12. ^ "What We Do". SEC Nigeria. Retrieved 2011-06-08.
  13. ^ "Demutualisation: Oscar Onyema named GCEO Nigerian Exchange Group". TheCable. 2021-01-06. Retrieved 2022-10-10.
  14. ^ "NGX Group appoints new chairman The Nation Newspaper". 2022-10-10. Retrieved 2022-10-10.
  15. ^ Rapheal (2022-10-10). "NGX Group appoints Kwairanga as new chairman". The Sun Nigeria. Retrieved 2022-10-10.
  16. ^ "Leadership - Nigerian Exchange Limited". Retrieved 2022-10-10.
  17. ^ "All-Share Index". NSE. Archived from the original on 2012-06-22. Retrieved 2012-06-09.
  18. ^ "Nigerian Stock Exchange joins United Nations Sustainable Stock Exchanges Initiative". UNCTAD. Retrieved 9 May 2014.