Ilorin is the state capital of Kwara State in Western Nigeria.[2] As of the 2006 census, it had a population of 777,667, making it the 7th largest city by population in Nigeria.[3]

Ilorin
Metropolis
Ilorin Metropolis
Ahmadu Bello Way in Ilorin
Ahmadu Bello Way in Ilorin
Nickname(s): 
Il-City
Ilorin is located in Nigeria
Ilorin
Ilorin
Location in Nigeria
Coordinates: 8°30′N 4°33′E / 8.500°N 4.550°E / 8.500; 4.550
Country Nigeria
StateKwara
LGA(s)Ilorin East
Ilorin South
Ilorin West
Area
 • Metropolis765 km2 (295 sq mi)
Population
 (2006 census)
 • Metropolis777,667
 • Estimate 
(2011)
908,490[1]
 • Rank7th
 • Density1,188/km2 (3,080/sq mi)
 • Metro
1.5 million (estimate)
Time zoneUTC+1 (WAT)
ClimateAw

HistoryEdit

 
Aerial view of Ilorin in 1929

Ilorin was founded by the Yoruba, one of the three largest ethnic groups in Nigeria, in 1450. It became a provincial military headquarters of the ancient Oyo Empire, and later became a Northern Nigeria protectorate when Shehu Alimi, an itinerant Islamic preacher and teacher, took control of the city through the spread of Islam. The capital was occupied by the Royal Niger Company in 1897 and its lands were incorporated into the British colony of Northern Nigeria in 1900, although the emirate continued to perform ceremonial functions.[4] The city retains a strong Islamic influence, although Christianity is now widely practised in the cosmopolitan part of the city due to the significant immigration of people from other parts of Kwara State and the rest of Nigeria.

SportsEdit

Ilorin has an 18,000-capacity stadium and two professional football teams; Kwara United F. C. playing in the top-tier league of Nigeria Professional Football League (N.P.F.L) which is run by the League Management Company; and ABS F.C. in the second division which is Bet9ja Nigeria National league.[5]

The city has the only standard baseball field in West Africa. It has also hosted several national handball competitions.[6]

CommerceEdit

 
Shoppers at the Palms Mall in Ilorin
 
Happy shopper at the fruit store, ShopRite Ilorin
 
ShopRite Ilorin

The political economy of Kwara State can be traced to 1967 when it was created. Since then the state has undergone various developmental efforts, mostly initiated by the federal government given the nature of the Nigerian state, a centralized federal system where development policies and programmes originate from the centre.[7] The state has a large area of rich agricultural land. The limestone and dolomite of Oreke, kaolin and clay at Idofian near Ilorin and other parts of the state, pure gold in Kaiama and the Patigi area, and the highly exportable rich tantalite deposit of Iporin make Kwara State rich in primary resources.

Initially, Kwara State had only a few major industrial companies, Global Soap (not more in operation), Detergent Industries Nigeria Limited and the International Tobacco Company. Successive administrations have attempted to attract industrialists to the state.[8]

With such efforts, Ilorin has become the hub for cashew processing in Nigeria and Olam International has set up Africa's biggest cashew processing plant. The plant processes 100 MT of cashews every day and provides employment to over 2000 workers.[9]

Recently established industries include Dangote Flour Mills, Tuyil Pharmaceutical company,[7] KAMWIL, Golden Confectionate Food Industries, Chellaram Motor-Cycle Assembly plants, and Rajrab Pharmaceuticals.[10][11][12]

ClimateEdit

Ilorin has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw).

Climate data for Ilorin (1961–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 33.7
(92.7)
35.8
(96.4)
35.9
(96.6)
34.2
(93.6)
32.6
(90.7)
30.9
(87.6)
29.2
(84.6)
28.8
(83.8)
29.8
(85.6)
31.3
(88.3)
33.6
(92.5)
33.6
(92.5)
32.5
(90.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.0
(78.8)
28.1
(82.6)
28.3
(82.9)
28.1
(82.6)
27.0
(80.6)
25.5
(77.9)
24.5
(76.1)
24.5
(76.1)
24.6
(76.3)
25.6
(78.1)
26.2
(79.2)
25.7
(78.3)
26.2
(79.2)
Average low °C (°F) 19.0
(66.2)
21.6
(70.9)
23.2
(73.8)
23.1
(73.6)
22.5
(72.5)
21.6
(70.9)
21.3
(70.3)
21.2
(70.2)
21.1
(70.0)
21.3
(70.3)
20.2
(68.4)
18.7
(65.7)
21.2
(70.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 6.2
(0.24)
18.2
(0.72)
57.4
(2.26)
107.1
(4.22)
151.6
(5.97)
189.0
(7.44)
149.1
(5.87)
152.9
(6.02)
211.1
(8.31)
130.2
(5.13)
4.6
(0.18)
7.6
(0.30)
1,185
(46.65)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 0.4 1.1 3.9 7.5 10.4 13.0 12.0 10.9 16.4 10.4 1.3 0.5 87.8
Average relative humidity (%) (at 15:00 LST) 29.2 29.0 37.3 51.1 59.7 65.9 69.3 70.2 68.6 61.5 39.4 32.6 51.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours 210.8 210.0 217.0 204.0 220.1 189.0 136.4 117.8 132.0 195.3 222.0 226.3 2,280.7
Mean daily sunshine hours 6.8 7.5 7.0 6.8 7.1 6.3 4.4 3.8 4.4 6.3 7.4 7.3 6.3
Source: NOAA[13]

TransportEdit

 
Post Office Route
 
Construction of a Split Diamond Underpass in Ilorin
 
Traffic warden in Ilorin city, Kwara State
 
Ilorin Train Station, Kwara state

Ilorin operates a relatively well-developed intra-city public transportation, and the major roads within the metropolis are very good.

There are three modes of transiting from place to place in the city – the most popular being the conventional taxis. Car-hire services are also available in major hotels. Furthermore, there are commercial motorbikes, commonly called "Okada", and the more recent arrival on Ilorin's roads of commercial tricycles, popularly called "Keke NAPEP" or "Keke", some of which are given on loan to beneficiaries of the National Poverty Eradication Programme. Ilorin taxis are painted yellow and green.

Ilorin's central location makes it easily accessible to all parts of the country by air, road and rail. The state has a good network of roads, rail and air transportation facilities linking it with Nigeria's other industrial and commercial centres. Transportation is quite affordable in Ilorin with movement from one place to another for as low as fifty naira.

There are scheduled daily commercial flights to and from Ilorin International Airport by Arik Air and Overland Airways. The now defunct Capital Airlines also operated from Ilorin. Current destinations include all of the major cities in Nigeria. The airport has also been re-designed and equipped as an international cargo airport.

Ilorin offers reliable road transport services to Lagos, Ogun, Osun, Ondo, Oyo, Ekiti, Kogi, Niger, Kaduna and Plateau States. Similar services are available to and from Onitsha, Port Harcourt, Abuja, Aba and others.

A major expressway to Ibadan, numbered E1, is currently under construction by P.W. International.

CultureEdit

ReligionEdit

The city is a confluence of cultures, populated by the Yoruba, Fulani, Nupe, Bariba, Kanuri, Igbo and Hausa ethnicities from across Nigeria, as well as foreign nationals. There are large Christian and Islamic populations, and many ceremonial activities, mostly with religious aspects, take place in the city throughout the year.

Ilorin has a friendly environment (generally called the "Home of Peace"), and hence host different religious practices and training institute, such as the degree-awarding United Missionary Theological College (affiliated with the University of Ibadan and University of Ilorin) produces many church ministers, teachers and theologians of all denominations. The College of Arabic and Islamic Legal Studies in the Adeta area trains Muslims in various Islamic, Arabic and social science disciplines.

Christianity in IlorinEdit

 
Rev George Adegboye preaching at Rhema Chapel International Churches International Headquarters - International Convention Centre (The ICC), Tanke, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria
 
a distance view of the chapel of light, University of Ilorin

The city has a host of ancient and modern churches with moderate to large congregations, such as the holy order of Cherubim and Seraphim churches, Anglican, Methodist, Celestial Church of Christ, The Holy Trinity Gospel Church International, Evangelical Church Winning All (ECWA), United Missionary Church of Africa (UMCA), Catholic Church, Emmanuel Baptist Church, First Baptist Church, Zion Baptist church. Notable Pentecostal churches which include Redeemed Christian Church of God, The Gospel Faith Mission International (Gofamint), Deeper Life Church, Living Faith Church, Common Wealth of Zion Assembly, Seventh-day Adventist and Protestant populations of the Christian faith. Most Christian churches in the state started schools and introduced innovative ideas that were readily adopted by the Muslim schools.[14]

There has been a Latter-day Saint congregation in Ilorin since 1992. In that year an LDS mission was organized in the city that year, but shortly later merged with the one in Enugu. Starting in 2016 additional LDS congregations were organized in Ilorin, which in 2018 was transferred to the new Nigerian Ibadan Mission, and had a district organized.[15]

Ilorin Central MosqueEdit

HistoryEdit

The first Ilorin central mosque was founded in 1820 in the Agbarere Area, popularly known as "Ile-Elewa", under the leadership of Sheik Imam Muhammad Munab'bau. This was followed in 1835 when another central mosque was built at Idi-Ape during the reign of the first Emir of Ilorin, Abdus-salam. However, more than a century later, this central mosque could no longer cope with the growth in the Muslim population of the city. For this reason, in 1974, the ninth Emir of Ilorin, Alhaji (Dr) Zulkarnaini Gambari, invited Grand Mufti Alhaji Mohammed Kamal-u-deen and the then present Wazirin Ngeri of Ilorin, Dr. Abubakar Sola Saraki, to co-ordinate the fundraising and construction of a new central mosque.

The present Ilorin Central MosqueEdit

 
Central Mosque Ilorin

On 30 April 1977, the foundation was laid for the new mosque by the Emir of Gwandu on behalf of the Sarki Musulmi, Sultan Abubabar III. The new Ilorin Central Mosque was completed and officially opened in 1981 by the former president Alhaji Shehu Shagari. The Mosque was renovated, rehabilitated and expanded in 2012 with a majestic view. The newly redecorated mosque was recommissioned on 14 December 2012.

The "New" Ilorin Central MosqueEdit

Planning for the rehabilitation, refurbishment and redecoration of the Central Mosque started in 2007 when Alhaji (Dr) Ibrahim Zulu Gambari, CFR, the eleventh Emir of Ilorin, with assistance from Dr. Abubakar Bukola Saraki, the Turaki of Ilorin, and the former Governor of Kwara State, set up a technical committee headed by Alhaji Shehu Abdul-gafar on the rehabilitation and enhancement of the central mosque. The committee has invited expertise from specialists in mosque construction from around the world, especially from Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Nigeria.

In addition to the general restoration and enhancement of the mosque, it now has a total of 99 domes of different diameters, 75 feet above the floor. The large dome is made of gold finish while the four big domes around are coated in green with reflective illumination. The mosque form is enveloped within a pyramid shape with a square base and 45 inclinations for the faces. It has four accessible minarets, each standing at a height of 150 feet. Moreover, all the dilapidated domes and minarets with mosaic finishing were restored and finished with cut-to-size marble. The exterior and interior are covered by special marble while the expanded courtyard was constructed with heat-absorbing granite (marble) finish. The doors and windows were replaced with specially designed ones befitting the new mosque concept.

Arts and TourismEdit

 
a typical representation of Sobi Hill, Ilorin

The city also has a range of tourist attractions such as the Sobi Hill which is said to have offered protection to natives during intertribal wars in ancient times.

 
Okuta west Africa Frontier force, Ilorin Kwara

The Okuta Ilorin is located in Asaju's compound, Idi-Ape Quarters. It is the stone on which Ojo Isekuse, one of the founders of the city, used to sharpen his metal tools.

 
Okuta, Ilorin

It was actually called "Okuta ilo irin" (meaning stone for sharpening metals). It is from this tool, the town Ilorin derived its name. The stone was a deified object of worship and sacrifice offerings in the past.

Pottery is a big business in Ilorin.

 
Pottery workshop

The city has the biggest traditional pottery workshops in Nigeria. They are located in the Dada area of Okelele, Eletu in Oju-Ekun, Okekura, Oloje, Abe Emi and Ita Merin.

The traditional textile industry also thrives in Ilorin. In various parts of the city, aso-oke, textiles hand-woven on simple looms, are made in large quantities.

 
Male Aso Oke (African lace)

Aso-oke is purchased by traders and fashion designers from Kwara State, other parts of Nigeria and abroad.

 
finished pots made in different sizes by local women in Ilorin, Kwara State.

The cultural center houses the Kwara State Council for Arts and Culture, its performing troupe, and a gallery with artworks and antiquities. Souvenirs of cultural and historical values are also available.

 
Metropolitan park for vehicles in Ilorin.
 
Kwara State Stadium main entrance
 
Post Office Terminal Bus park

Metropolitan Park, a recreational park, is located on Unity Road. The Kwara State Stadium Complex has an Olympic-sized swimming pool with facilities for diving.

A purpose-built baseball park is located in the Adewole area of the city.

The Esie Museum is of major importance to the Nigeria's many cultures.

 
Signboard of the National Museum

EducationEdit

 
University of Ilorin, Senate building
 
Main entrance of the Kwara State University Malete

Ilorin is home to more than two universities; the University of Ilorin and Al-Hikmah University, Ilorin; it also has Kwara State University within its metropolitan area.

It is also home to the following educational institutions:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Kwara (state)". City Population. Retrieved 26 November 2015.
  2. ^ "The World Gazetteer – Ilorin, Nigeria". Archived from the original on February 9, 2013.. Retrieved 18 February 2007
  3. ^ "FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA : 2006 Population Census" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2012. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  4. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Illorin" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 14 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 312.
  5. ^ "Nigeria - Kwara United F.C, NPFL Club Kwara United". Nigeria Professional Football League. Retrieved 29 May 2021.
  6. ^ "Handball: Kwara To Host Nat'l U-18, U-21 Championships". 17 January 2020.
  7. ^ a b "better place international".
  8. ^ "DOYIN GROUP OF COMPANIES OUR COMPANY". www.doyingroup.com. Retrieved 29 May 2021.
  9. ^ "TechnoServe, Olam train 6,000 cashew farmers". BusinessDay NG, TV, and Podcast. 31 July 2013. Retrieved 29 May 2021.
  10. ^ "TUYIL PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRIES LIMITED Nigeria company profile - address, contacts, owners". ng-check.com. Retrieved 29 May 2021.
  11. ^ A publication of Babcock University School of Education and Humanities (2016). "Contemporary humanities". Contemporary Humanities and Individual Contributors of Articles. 9.
  12. ^ Oyetola Olukorede, Oyebode; Ayodele Olanrewaju, Ogunlela (2021). "Agricultural engineering profession: The perspective of employers at labour in Ilorin, Nigeria". AgricEngInt:CIGR Journal Open Access. 23: 168–177 – via CIGR Journal Open Access.
  13. ^ "Ilorin Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
  14. ^ Yahaya, Eliasu (1 April 2004). "ingentaconnect Christian churches in Ilorin, Nigeria: a brief historical survey". Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs. Ingentaconnect.com. 24 (1): 175–180. doi:10.1080/1360200042000212214. S2CID 144740520. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  15. ^ LDs church growth newsletter
  16. ^ [1]
  17. ^ Agriculture and Rural Management Training Institute
  18. ^ Muhyideen College of Education

Coordinates: 08°30′N 04°33′E / 8.500°N 4.550°E / 8.500; 4.550