Minna is a city (estimated population 304,113 in 2007) in Middle Belt Nigeria. It is the capital of Niger State, one of Nigeria's 36 federal states. It consists of 2 major ethnic groups: the Nupe and the Gwari.

Minna, Niger state
State Capital and city
Downtown Boston from the Boston Harbor
Brick rowhouses along Acorn Street
Old State House
Massachusetts State House
Fenway Park ballgame at night
Boston skyline from Charles River
From top, left to right: Minna City gate (entrance); Welcome to Minna; Bahago roundabout; Minna central mosque; St. Michael's Cathedral; Tunga roundabout;
Locator Map Minna-Nigeria.png
Country Nigeria
StateNiger State
Government
Population
 (2007)
 • Total304,113
Time zoneUTC+1 (WAT)
ClimateAw
Minna, Niger State Government House

HistoryEdit

Archaeological evidence suggests settlement in the area dates back to about 47,000–37,000 years ago. Muslim culture filtered into Minna by way of the ancient Saharan trade routes much later, and the city contains many mosques including Minna Central Mosque and Muslim organizations like the Islamic Education Trust, Minna, Muslim Students' Society of Nigeria - Minna Area Council (MSSN-MNAC), Da'watu-Ilallahi-Wa-Rasulihi Association (DAWRA), etc. Sharia law is practiced. Christianity is the second major population in Niger State, and institutions include a Faith Church, a Grace Baptist Church, Nupe Kalvari Churches, Anglican Churches, ECWA Churches, Baptist Churches, Victory Christian Church, the Apostolic Church[disambiguation needed] and many others.

Minna is the home state of Nigeria's former military President Gen. Ibrahim B. Babangida, and of former Head of State Gen. Abdulsalami Abubakar. Dr. Mu'azu Babangida Aliyu was the former governor of Niger State, serving the maximum term of eight years (2007–2015).

Abubakar Sani Bello is the present governor of Niger state who took over from the opposition party ruling candidate of the Peoples Democratic Party candidate Mu'azu Babangida Aliyu, serving his second term in office.

ClimateEdit

Minna has a typical Middle Belt tropical savanna climate (Köppen Aw) with two seasons: an arid, dusty, harmattan-dominate dry season from November to April and a humid, oppressive wet season dominated by monsoonal air masses from May to October. Temperatures are hot to sweltering year round, except at the height of the wet season when air temperatures are merely very warm but the high humidity makes it equally or more uncomfortable than the hotter dry season.

Climate data for Minna (1961-1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 34.7
(94.5)
36.8
(98.2)
37.1
(98.8)
35.7
(96.3)
32.8
(91.0)
30.7
(87.3)
29.5
(85.1)
28.8
(83.8)
30.0
(86.0)
32.0
(89.6)
34.4
(93.9)
34.7
(94.5)
33.1
(91.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 27.6
(81.7)
29.3
(84.7)
30.2
(86.4)
28.9
(84.0)
27.3
(81.1)
26.0
(78.8)
25.1
(77.2)
25.2
(77.4)
24.9
(76.8)
26.3
(79.3)
26.9
(80.4)
26.7
(80.1)
27.0
(80.6)
Average low °C (°F) 20.4
(68.7)
22.8
(73.0)
24.5
(76.1)
24.8
(76.6)
23.7
(74.7)
22.3
(72.1)
22.1
(71.8)
21.8
(71.2)
21.6
(70.9)
21.5
(70.7)
19.4
(66.9)
19.3
(66.7)
22.0
(71.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 1.4
(0.06)
5.4
(0.21)
11.9
(0.47)
60.9
(2.40)
135.9
(5.35)
174.5
(6.87)
206.6
(8.13)
271.9
(10.70)
239.9
(9.44)
100.0
(3.94)
1.2
(0.05)
0.1
(0.00)
1,209.7
(47.63)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 0.1 0.2 1.3 4.2 9.4 12.3 14.0 16.2 16.9 8.6 0.3 0.1 83.6
Average relative humidity (%) (at 15:00 LST) 21.2 20.6 28.3 42.0 57.5 65.4 71.4 74.0 69.9 60.3 34.2 25.2 47.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 226.3 215.6 220.1 210.0 226.3 189.0 155.0 148.8 180.0 248.0 267.0 269.7 2,555.8
Mean daily sunshine hours 7.3 7.7 7.1 7.0 7.3 6.3 5.0 4.8 6.0 8.0 8.9 8.7 7.0
Source: NOAA[1]

EconomyEdit

 
A Rice farm and Local farmers returning from the farm at Sabon Daga area of Minna, Niger state.

Cotton, guinea corn (sorghum), Maize and ginger are the main agricultural products of the city. Yam is also extensively cultivated throughout the city. The economy also supports cattle trading, brewing, shea nut processing and gold mining. There are also FMCGs such as PZ Cussons that deal in toilet soaps, baby products, medicaments and so on. [2] Traditional industries and crafts in Minna include leather work and metalworking.

TransportEdit

 
Transportation in Minna

Minna is connected to neighbouring cities by road. Abuja, the capital of the country, is only 150 km away. Minna is also connected by railroad to both Kano in the north and Ibadan and Lagos in the south. The city is served by Minna Airport.

Education and HealthEdit

Minna has many educational institutions, including: Fati Lami Abubakar Institute for Legal and Administrative Studies, The Federal University of Technology Minna, Niger state school of health, Niger state school of nursing and Midwifery, Niger state university of Education among others. With many high schools as Father O'Connell Science College, Minna, D.S.S Limawa, Kowa Schools, El-Bethel Academy, Jocis Schools, Hilltop Model School, Mypa schools, Himma international school, Police secondary school, El-Amin International School, FOMWAN Schools, New Horizon College, Divine Excellence International Schools and Brighter International Schools, among many others. The above-mentioned schools are the pioneering high schools in Minna. Minna has many primary health clinics with the General Hospital, Minna serving as the general health care.[3][4]

UniversitiesEdit

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Minna Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
  2. ^ "The Concice Britannica Encyclopaedia". Retrieved 2007-02-20.
  3. ^ ALFA, M T (2019). "Perceived Indoor Environmental Quality of Hospital Wards and Patients' Outcomes: A Study of a General Hospital, Minna, Nigeria". Applied Ecology and Environmental Research. 17 (4). doi:10.15666/aeer/1704_82358259. ISSN 1589-1623.
  4. ^ Annual Engineering Conference of the School of Engineering and Engineering Technology (6th : 2005 : Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria) (2005). Book of proceediings : theme: engineering and technology for wealth creation in the spirit of needs, date: 15th - 17th June, 2005 : 6th Annual Engineering Conference, School of Engineering and Engineering Technology, Federal University of Technology, Minna. [The University]. ISBN 978-36536-2-8. OCLC 154725099.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)

Coordinates: 9°36′50″N 6°33′25″E / 9.61389°N 6.55694°E / 9.61389; 6.55694