Monaco City

  (Redirected from Monaco-Ville)

Monaco City (French: Monaco-Ville) is the southcentral ward in the Principality of Monaco. Located on a headland that extends into the Mediterranean Sea, it is nicknamed The Rock (French: Le Rocher). The name "Monaco City" is misleading: it is not itself a city, but a historical and statistical district.[1][2]

Monaco City
Ward of Monaco
View of Monaco City
View of Monaco City
The Rock
Location in Monaco
Location in Monaco
Coordinates: 43°43′51.24″N 7°25′26.76″E / 43.7309000°N 7.4241000°E / 43.7309000; 7.4241000Coordinates: 43°43′51.24″N 7°25′26.76″E / 43.7309000°N 7.4241000°E / 43.7309000; 7.4241000
 • Land0.196491 km2 (0.075866 sq mi)
 • Total975
 • Density4,962/km2 (12,850/sq mi)


Monaco City is one of the four traditional quarters (French: quartiers) of Monaco; the others are La Condamine, Monte Carlo, and Fontvieille.

Monaco-Ville is located at 43°44′15″N 7°24′55″E / 43.73750°N 7.41528°E / 43.73750; 7.41528 and has an estimated population of 975.


Monaco Ville was originally called in greek Monoikos, after the temple of Hercules Monoikos, located in a Phocaean colony of the 6th century BCE. During its history, Monoikos changed hands numerous times. It became Monaco in the Middle Ages. Some of the city walls and original structures still remain.

It was here that the Phocaeans of Massalia (now Marseille) founded the colony of Monoïkos in the 6th century BC. Monoikos was associated with Hercules, who was worshipped as Hercules Monoecus. According to the works of Hercules, but also according to Diodorus of Sicily and Strabo, the Greeks and the Ligurians reported that Hercules had passed through the region.

On 10 June 1215, a detachment of Ghibellines led by Fulco del Cassello began the construction of a fortress on the rock of Monaco in order to make it a strategic military position and a means of controlling the area.

They also established dwellings at the base of the Rock to support the garrisons. To attract the inhabitants of Genoa and the surrounding towns, they offered land and exempted newcomers from taxes.

On January 8, 1297, François Grimaldi, descendant of Otto Canella, consul of Genoa in 1133, took over the fortress. Although he had a small army, he disguised himself as a Franciscan monk to enter, before opening the gates to his soldiers. This episode gave rise to his nickname, Malizia ("malice"). This is why today the arms of Monaco bear two Franciscans armed with a sword.


Despite being located in the middle of the City of Monaco, the world's most densely populated urban center, Monaco City remains a medieval village at heart, made up almost entirely of quiet pedestrian streets and marked by virtual silence after sundown. Though innumerable people visit Monaco City and the palace square, only local vehicles are allowed up to the Rock, and gasoline-powered motorcycles are prohibited after 10 pm.

Notable residentsEdit


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "United-Nations data, country profile". Retrieved 29 October 2013.
  2. ^ "Constitution of Monaco (art. 78): The territory of the Principality forms a single commune.". Retrieved 29 October 2013.
  3. ^ "Fort Antoine". Visit Monaco - Fort Antoine. Visit Monaco. Retrieved 27 June 2014.

External linksEdit