Monaco City (French: Monaco-Ville) is the southcentral ward in the Principality of Monaco. Located on a headland that extends into the Mediterranean Sea, it is nicknamed The Rock (French: Le Rocher). The name "Monaco City" is misleading: it is not itself a city, but a historical and statistical district.
Ward of Monaco
View of Monaco City
Location in Monaco
|• Land||0.196491 km2 (0.075866 sq mi)|
|• Density||4,962/km2 (12,850/sq mi)|
Monaco-Ville is located atand has an estimated population of 975.
Monaco City was originally called in greek Monoikos, after the temple of Hercules Monoikos, located in a Phocaean colony of the 6th century BCE. During its history, Monoikos changed hands numerous times. It became Monaco in the Middle Ages. Some of the city walls and original structures still remain.
In 1297, the Rock was seized by François Grimaldi, a member of the House of Grimaldi. The Grimaldis made the old fortress their residence. The fortress evolved into the Palais Princier, which is the official residence of Albert II, Prince of Monaco.
Despite being located in the middle of the City of Monaco, the world's most densely populated urban center, Monaco City remains a medieval village at heart, made up almost entirely of quiet pedestrian streets and marked by virtual silence after sundown. Though innumerable people visit Monaco City and the palace square, only local vehicles are allowed up to the Rock, and gasoline-powered motorcycles are prohibited after 10 pm.
- Prince's Palace of Monaco. The colorful changing of the guard occurs every day outside the Palais at 11:55 am.
- Cathedral of Our Lady Immaculate (French: Cathédrale de Monaco), a Romanesque-Byzantine Catholic church that contains the remains of many members of Monaco's ruling family.
- The Oceanographic Museum, established by Albert I, Prince of Monaco in 1910.
- Chapel of Mercy, built in 1639, one of the oldest buildings in the principality. It is famous for being the starting point of a torchlit religious procession by local residents that takes place on the eve of Good Friday each year.
- St Martin Gardens, a small park of rocky paths that cling to the rock.
- Museum of the Chapel of Visitation, a 17th-century Roman Catholic chapel and art museum.
- Fort Antoine Theatre, an amphitheater at the bottom of the rock.
- Beatrice Borromeo; Italian journalist and socialite
- Andrea Casiraghi; Monégasque royal
- Charlotte Casiraghi; Monégasque royal
- Pierre Casiraghi; Monégasque royal
- Stefano Casiraghi; Italian socialite
- Tatiana Casiraghi; Colombian-American socialite
- Ghislaine Dommanget; French actress, Princess of Monaco
- Daniel Ducruet; Carabinier in the Compagnie des Carabiniers du Prince
- Louis Ducruet; Monégasque royal
- Gad Elmaleh; Moroccan actor
- Philippe Gilbert; Belgian cyclist
- Camille Gottlieb; Monégasque royal
- Jean-Raymond Gottlieb; Carabinier in the Compagnie des Carabiniers du Prince
- Albert Grimaldi; Prince of Monaco
- Caroline Grimaldi; Princess of Hanover, Princess of Monaco
- Gabriella Grimaldi; Princess of Monaco
- Jacques Grimaldi; Prince of Monaco
- Rainier Grimaldi; Prince of Monaco
- Stéphanie Grimaldi; Princess of Monaco
- Alexandra Hanover; Princess of Hanover
- Grace Kelly; American actress, Princess of Monaco
- Charlene Wittstock; South African swimmer, Princess of Monaco
- "United-Nations data, country profile". Retrieved 29 October 2013.
- "Constitution of Monaco (art. 78): The territory of the Principality forms a single commune.". Retrieved 29 October 2013.
- "Fort Antoine". Visit Monaco - Fort Antoine. Visit Monaco. Retrieved 27 June 2014.