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TMS Entertainment Co., Ltd. (株式会社トムス・エンタテインメント Kabushiki-gaisha Tomusu Entateinmento), formerly known as Tokyo Movie Shinsha (東京ムービー新社 Tōkyō Mūbī Shinsha), also known as Tokyo Movie (東京ムービー Tōkyō Mūbī) or TMS-Kyokuichi, is a Japanese animation studio founded in 1964.
|Kabushiki-gaisha Tomusu Entateinmento|
|Headquarters||Nakano, Tokyo, Japan|
|Owner||Sega Sammy Holdings|
|Parent||Sega Holdings Co., Ltd.|
TMS is one of the oldest anime studios in Japan; best known for produced numerous anime franchises such as Lupin the 3rd, Detective Conan, Anpanman, Bakugan, D.Gray-man, and Sonic X and feature-length films Akira and Little Nemo: Adventures in Slumberland, alongside animation works for western animation such as Animaniacs, Batman: The Animated Series, Ducktales, Spider-Man: The Animated Series, Tiny Toon Adventures and Disney's Adventures of the Gummi Bears.
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Foray into animationEdit
The company was originally established in 1946, however, the company started its venture into the animation industry under the name Tokyo Movie (東京ムービー Tōkyō Mūbī) in 1964 by Yutaka Fujioka after his previous studio, Tokyo Ningyo Cinema failed. The first production of the studio was an animated adaptation of Osamu Tezuka's Big X. Tokyo Movie collaborated with a company called A production. Notable figures in A production include Daikichirō Kusube, Osamu Kobayashi and Tsutomu Shibayama, most of Tokyo Movie's animation productions would be made with A production.
Hayao Miyazaki was also associated with Tokyo Movie before founding Studio Ghibli. He co-directed Lupin III with Isao Takahata, provided the screenplay and key animation for Panda! Go Panda!, provided key animation for the first episode of Tokyo Giants, provided the original concept for Jungle Kurobe, provided the director role for Lupin III: Tales of the Wolf, provided key animation for the Ulysses 31 pilot in conjunction with Diffusion Information Communication, provided the director role for The New Adventures of Zorro, provided key animation for the Inspector Gadget pilot, and provided the chief director role for season 1 of Sherlock Hound.[original research?] His most notable work at TMS was his role as the director of The Castle of Cagliostro, which is notable for being Hayao Miyazaki's first feature-length debut. Miyazaki eventually left to form Studio Ghibli.
In 1972, Madhouse was established with funding from Fujioka, and co-produced its earliest series with Tokyo Movie. In 1977, Fujioka reformatted Tokyo Movie into Tokyo Movie Shinsha. Its first production was Lupin the Third Part II, which aired in 1977–1980. The movie adaptation, The Mystery of Mamo, was the first feature-length movie produced in the studio's history. Another TMS subsidiary, Telecom Animation Film, was founded in 1975, but didn't start production until after Tokyo Movie was restructured.
In 1989, TMS released Little Nemo: Adventures in Slumberland in Japan and the United States. The movie was infamous for being in development hell with figures such as George Lucas, Chuck Jones, Hayao Miyazaki, and Gary Kurtz being involved with the movie before dropping out. The movie was released as a commercial failure, and in response to this, Fujioka decided to retire from the animation business. TMS, having to recoup Little Nemo's losses, increased production on locally based anime programs and became highly involved in animation for Western-based productions, including Tiny Toon Adventures, Animaniacs, and Batman: The Animated Series.
Throughout the 1980s and the 1990s, TMS animated for various companies, including DiC, Walt Disney Television Animation, Warner Bros. Animation, Marvel Films Animation, Shogakukan Music & Digital Entertainment, and outsourced to smaller studios such as Telecom Animation Film, Ajia-do, Magic Bus, Studio Jungle Gym, Nakamura Production, Tokyo Kids, DR Movie, and Orange.
Partnership with SegaEdit
On July 1, 1991, Tokyo Movie Shinsha's holding company changed their name to Tokyo Movie Kyokuichi. On August 4, 1992, Tokyo Movie Kyokuichi formed a capital and business alliance with Sega Enterprises. Notable collaborations between the two included Astal, Sonic Jam and Burning Rangers. On 1995, Tokyo Movie Kyokuichi merged with the Tokyo Movie Shinsha Co. Ltd, animation production company. In 1996, the Los Angeles studio division was established for overseas TMS animation, and in 2000, the company was re-branded as TMS Entertainment Co., Ltd.
In 2001, the Paris studio division was established. In 2003, American brokerage group Merrill Lynch became the second-largest shareholder in TMS Entertainment Ltd. after acquiring a 7.54 percent stake in TMS. Merrill Lynch purchased the stake purely for investment purposes and had no intention of acquiring control of the firm's management. On October 17, 2005, Sega Sammy Holdings announced that they acquired a 50.2% majority stake in TMS Entertainment and subsidized the studio under Sega Sammy Holdings. In 2006, the Los Angeles studio was renamed to TMS Entertainment, USA, Inc. In 2007, the subsidiaries TMS Music (UK) Ltd. and TMS Music (HK) Ltd. were established.
On December 22, 2010, Sega Sammy Holdings acquired the remaining outstanding shares of TMS Entertainment, thus making TMS Entertainment a wholly owned subsidiary of Sega Sammy Holdings. In 2012, the head office of TMS Entertainment was relocated to Nakano, Tokyo, On April 27, 2015, TMS Entertainment was reorganized into Sega Holdings as part of its entertainment and contents division. In April 2017, Sega's CG production division Marza Animation Planet was restructured into TMS Entertainment from Sega Holdings.
The company has numerous animation subsidiaries collaborating in conjunction with the company. Those include:
- Telecom Animation Film Co., Ltd. (Japanese: 株式会社テレコム・アニメーションフィルム Hepburn: Kabushiki-gaisha Terekomu Animēshon Firumu), which was established on May 19, 1975.. The studio first started as a subcontracting company for its parent, but has since become the leading animation studio behind the more recent Lupin the III titles. The studio has also produced series like Chain Chronicle: The Light of Haecceitas, Orange, and Phantasy Star Online 2: The Animation.
- Marza Animation Planet Inc. (Japanese: 株式会社マーザ・アニメーションプラネット Hepburn: Kabushiki gaisha Māza Animēshonpuranetto), a CG studio formerly a part of Sega and known for producing Space Pirate Captain Harlock, Resident Evil: Vendetta, and the 2019 Sonic the Hedgehog film.
- V1 Studio (Japanese: ヴィーワンスタジオ Hepburn: Vīuwan Sutajio), a studio most known for having co-produced the Detective Conan films with TMS since the 19th movie. The studio has also worked with its parent on the 2nd season (and OVAs) of Kamisama Kiss.
- Double Eagle (Japanese: だぶるいーぐる Hepburn: Daburuīguru), a studio most known for co-producing ReLIFE, Cardfight!! Vanguard series G through G: Stride Gate, Nana Maru San Batsu, and The Thousand Musketeers..
- 8PAN (Japanese: エイトパヌ Hepburn: Eito Panu), a studio best known for co-producing Bakuon!!, D.Gray-Man Hallow, and the Chichibu de Buchichi web anime.
- 3xCube, a studio known for producing The Pilot's Love Song, My Monster Secret, Sweetness and Lightning, and Megalo Box..
- Studio Sakimakura (Japanese: スタジオさきまくら Hepburn: Sutajio Sakimakura), a studio founded in March 2011, and known for producing the second half of the first season of Cardfight!! Vanguard and Brave 10..
|Obake no Q-tarō||TBS||1965–1967|
|Kyojin no Hoshi||Yomiuri TV||1968–1971|
|Roppō Yabure-kun||Nagoya Broadcasting Network||1969|
|Attack No. 1||Fuji TV||1969–1971|
|Shin Obake no Q-Tarō||Yomiuri TV, Nippon TV||1971–1972|
|Tensai Bakabon||Yomiuri TV, Nippon TV||1971–1972|
|Lupin The Third Part I ||Yomiuri TV||1971–1972|
|Akadō Suzunosuke||Fuji TV||1972–1973|
|Arano no Isamu||Fuji TV||1973–1974|
|Karate Baka Ichidai||NET||1973–1974|
|Aim for the Ace!||Mainichi Broadcasting System||1973–1974|
|Samurai Giants||Yomiuri TV||1973–1974|
|Judo Sanka||Nippon TV||1974|
|Hajime Ningen Gyatruz||ABC||1974–1976|
|Ganba no Bōken||Nippon TV||1975|
|Gensō Tensai Bakabon||Nippon TV||1975–1977|
|Hana no Kakarichō||TV Asahi||1976–1977|
|Shin Kyōjin no Hoshi||Yomiuri TV, Nippon TV||1977–1978|
|Hyouga Senshi Guyslugger||TV Asahi||1977|
|Nobody's Boy: Remi||Nippon TV||1977–1978|
|Lupin III Part II ||Nippon TV||1977–1980|
|Treasure Island (with Madhouse)||Nippon TV||1978–1979|
|New Aim For the Ace||Nippon TV||1978–1979|
|Shin Kyōjin no Hoshi 2||Yomiuri TV, Nippon TV||1979|
|The Rose of Versailles||Nippon TV||1979–1980|
|Mū no Hakugei||NTV (production by Yomiuri TV)||1980|
|New Tetsujin-28  (1980s series; known as The New Adventures of Gigantor in the U.S.)||NTV||1980–1981|
|Ashita no Joe 2||Nippon TV||1980–1981|
|Shin Dokonjō Gaeru||NTV||1981–1982|
|Ulysses 31 ||1981–1982|
|Rokushin Gattai God Mars||NTV||1981–1982|
|Acrobunch (with Movie International Co., Ltd.)||NTV||1982|
|Space Cobra ||Fuji TV||1982–1983|
|Lupin VIII||1982 (unaired)|
|Lady Georgie||TV Asahi||1983–1984|
|The Super Dimension Century Orguss ||MBS||1983–1984|
|Cat's Eye ||NTV||1983–1984|
|Lupin III Part III ||YTV||1984–1985|
|Onegai! Samia Don (based on Five Children and It by E. Nesbit)||NHK||1985–1986|
|Honey Bee in Toycomland (Bug-tte Honey)||NTV||1986–1987|
|Bionic Six||USA Network||1987|
|Mischievous Twins: The Tales of St. Clare's||NTV||1991|
|Kinkyū Hasshin Saver Kids||TV Tokyo||1991–1992|
|Jarinko Chie: Chie-chan Funsenki||MBS||1991-1992|
|I and Myself: The Two Lottes (based on Das Doppelte Lottchen, or Lottie and Lisa, or The Parent Trap by Erich Kästner)||NTV||1991–1992|
|Tetsujin 28 FX||NTV||1992–1993|
|Boku no Patrasche (adaptation of A Dog of Flanders)||NTV||1992–1993|
|Magic Knight Rayearth||YTV/NTV||1994–1995|
|Virtua Fighter (anime television series)||TV Tokyo||1995–1996|
|Kaitō Saint Tail||ABC||1995–1996|
|Case Closed/Detective Conan ||YTV/NTV||1996–|
|Monster Farm: Enban Ishi no Himitsu||TBS||1999–2000|
|Gozonji! Gekko Kamen-kun||TV Tokyo||Oct. 17, 1999–Mar. 26, 2000|
|Karakurizōshi Ayatsuri Sakon||WOWOW||Nov. 1999–Apr. 2000|
|Magic Ball Mondo the 2000||Feb.–Jul. 2000|
|Monster Rancher||Apr.–Sept. 2000|
|Tottoko Hamtaro (Hamtaro)||Jul. 2000–2006|
|Shin Megami Tensei: Devil Children (first series)||Oct. 2000–Nov. 2001|
|Project ARMS||Apr. 2001–Mar. 2002|
|Secret of Cerulean Sand (with Telecom Animation Film, a division of TMS)||Jan.–Jun. 2002|
|Cheeky Angel||Jun. 2002–Mar. 2003|
|Star of the Giants [Tokubetsu Hen]: Mōko Hanagata Mitsuru||Oct. 2002; all episodes|
|Sonic X||Apr. 6, 2003–Mar. 28, 2004 (An additional 26 episodes aired in the United States)|
|Rumic Theater||Jul.–Sept. 2003|
|Kousetsu Hyaku Monogatari||Oct. 3, 2003–Dec. 26, 2003|
|Mermaid Forest||Oct. 4–Dec. 20, 2003|
|PoPoLoCrois (2nd Series)||Oct. 5, 2003–Mar. 28, 2004|
|Aishiteruze Baby||Apr.–Oct. 2004|
|Extra Boy||Apr.–Dec. 2004|
|Monkey Punch Manga Katsudō Daishashin (Mankatsu)||Jul. 2004–Jun. 2005|
|Gallery Fake||Jan.–Sept. 2005|
|Buzzer Beater||Feb.–Apr. 2005|
|Glass Mask||Apr. 2005–2006|
|The Snow Queen||May. 2005–Feb. 2006|
|Fighting Beauty Wulong||2005–2006|
|Mushiking: King of the Beetles||2005–2006|
|Angel Heart||Oct. 2005–Sept. 2006|
|D.Gray-man||Oct. 3, 2006–Sept. 30, 2008|
|Shijou Saikyou no Deshi Kenichi||Oct. 2006–Sept. 2007|
|Pururun! Shizuku-Chan||Oct. 2006–Sept. 2007; Oct. 7, 2007–Sept. 2008|
|Bakugan Battle Brawlers (with Japan Vistec)||Apr. 2007–Mar. 2008|
|Kaze no Shōjo Emily||Apr.–Sept. 2007|
|Itazura na Kiss||Apr. 4–Sept. 25, 2008|
|Telepathy Shōjo Ran||Jun. 21, 2008|
|Live On CardLiver Kakeru||2008|
|Bakugan Battle Brawlers: New Vestroia (with Japan Vistec)||Apr. 2009–May 2010|
|Genji Monogatari Sennenki||2009|
|Bakugan: Gundalian Invaders (with Japan Vistec)||May 2010–Jan. 2011|
|Hime Chen! Otogi Chikku Idol Lilpri||2010|
|Cardfight!! Vanguard series (with Studio Sakimakura second half of season 1)||Jan. 2011–Sept. 2016|
|Bakugan: Mechtanium Surge (with Japan Vistec)||Feb. 2011–Jan. 2012|
|Sengoku Otome: Momoiro Paradox||2011|
|Lupin the Third: The Woman Called Fujiko Mine||2012|
|Brave 10 (with Studio Sakimakura)||2012|
|Suraj: The Rising Star||Colors TV (India)||Dec. 2012–Jun. 2013|
|Bakumatsu Gijinden Roman||2013|
|Yowamushi Pedal (with 8PAN)||2013–2014|
|The Pilot's Love Song (with 3xCube)||2014|
|Hero Bank (with 8PAN)||Apr. 2014–Mar. 2015|
|Yowamushi Pedal: Grande Road (with 8PAN)||2014–2015|
|Sega Hard Girls||2014|
|Cardfight!! Vanguard G series (with Double Eagle)||Oct. 2014–Sep. 2016|
|Kamisama Kiss◎ (with V1 Studio)||2015|
|Jitsu wa Watashi wa (with 3xCube)||2015|
|Lupin the Third Part 4 (with Telecom Animation Film)||2015–2016|
|Phantasy Star Online 2: The Animation (by Telecom Animation Film)||2016|
|Bakuon!! (with 8PAN)||2016|
|D.Gray-man Hallow (with 8PAN)||2016|
|Orange (with Telecom Animation Film)||2016|
|ReLIFE (with Double Eagle)||2016|
|Sweetness and Lightning (with Shin-Ei Animation)||2016|
|All Out!! (with Madhouse)||2016|
|Trickster (with Shin-Ei Animation)||2016|
|Nobunaga no Shinobi series (with V1 Studio)||2016–2018|
|Yowamushi Pedal: New Generation (with 8PAN)||2017|
|Nana Maru San Batsu (with Double Eagle)||2017|
|Yowamushi Pedal: Glory Line (with 8PAN)||2018|
|Lupin the Third Part 5 (with Telecom Animation Film)||2018|
|Megalo Box (with 3xCube)||2018|
|The Thousand Musketeers (with Double Eagle)||2018|
|Space Bug/The Journey Home||2018|
|Tsukumogami Kashimasu (with Telecom Animation Film)||2018|
|Between the Sky and Sea (with Double Eagle)||2018|
|Meiji Tokyo Renka (with V1 Studio)||2019|
|Fruits Basket (with 8PAN)||2019|
|Hachigatsu no Cinderella Nine||2019|
Feature length filmsEdit
× - Pilot film to a later television series / ×× - Film that tied into the original TV series
|Panda! Go, Panda! (featurette)||1972|
|Panda! Go, Panda!: The Rainy Day Circus (featurette)||1973|
|The Mystery of Mamo (later subtitled Lupin VS Clone in Japanese — subtitled The Mystery of Mamo in English)||1978××|
|Lupin III: The Castle of Cagliostro||1979××|
|Chie the Brat||1981|
|Ashita no Joe 2||1981××|
|Space Adventure Cobra||1982×|
|Golgo 13: The Professional||1983|
|Legend of the Gold of Babylon||1985|
|Bouken-tachi Gamba to Nanbiki no Nakama||1985**|
|Little Nemo: Adventures in Slumberland (Japanese-American theatrical film co-production)||1989|
|The Adventures of Ganba and Sea Otter||1991|
|Farewell to Nostradamus||1995|
|Lupin III: Dead or Alive||1996|
|Lupin the 3rd vs. Detective Conan: The Movie||2013××|
|Lupin the 3rd: Daisuke Jigen's Gravestone||2014|
|Orange: Future (co-production with Telecom Animation Film)||2016××|
|Lupin the 3rd: Goemon Ishikawa's Spray of Blood||2017|
|Lupin the 3rd: Fujiko Mine's Lie||2019|
Television feature length/specialsEdit
|Nijū-yon  no Hitomi||October 1980|
|Son Goku: Silk Road o Tobu!!||1982|
|Annual Lupin III TV movies||1989–present|
|Minami no Umi o Sukae||1990|
|Kieta Jam Oji-san||1993|
|Keito no Shiro no Christmas||1995|
|Magic Knight Rayearth: Zokan go||1995|
Original video animationsEdit
|Ace o Nerae! 2: Stage 1-6||March 1988|
|The Untold Legend||June 1988|
|The Fuma Conspiracy||December 1988|
|Return of the Magician||2002|
|Ace o Nerae!: Final Stage||1989|
|Tengai makyo: Jiraiya Oboro Hen||July 1990|
|(Office Lady) Kaizō Kōza||November 1990|
|Katsugeki Shōjo Tanteidan||December 1990|
|Shizuka Narudon||April 1991|
|Ozanari Dungeon||September 1991|
|Christmas Da! Minna Atsumare! (annual Christmas releases)||1992–present|
|Magic Knight Rayearth||July 1997|
|B't X NEO||August 1997|
|Glass Mask: Sen no Kamen o Motsu Shōjo||1998|
|Aoyama Gōshō Tanhenshū||1999|
|Karakuri no Kimi||2000|
|Azusa, Otetsudai Shimasu!||2004|
|Hamtaro Premium (4 OVAs)||2002–2004|
|Saint Seiya: The Lost Canvas||2009–2011|
Original net animationsEdit
|Baki: Most Evil Death Row Convicts (with Double Eagle)||2018–present|
|Don Quixote: A Dream in Seven Crystals||Premier International Corp.||Animation||1994|
|The Adventures of Batman & Robin||Clockwork Tortoise||Lost episode cutscenes||1995|
|Sonic Jam||Sonic Team||Man of the Year short||1997|
|Burning Rangers||Sonic Team||Cutscenes||1998|
|Lupin the 3rd: Sage of the Pyramid||Asmik Ace Entertainment||Cutscenes||1998|
Foreign production historyEdit
TMS Entertainment/Telecom Animation FilmEdit
|Mighty Orbots||ABC||September 8, 1984 – December 15, 1984|
|Sherlock Hound||TV Asahi / Rai 1||1984 – 1985|
|Galaxy High [unreliable source]||CBS||September 13 – December 6, 1986|
|Little Nemo: Adventures in Slumberland||July 15, 1989|
|Reporter Blues||Rai 1 / NHK||1991 – 1996|
|Soccer Fever||Rai 1 / NHK||April 4, 1994 – April 3, 1995|
|Cybersix (Japanese/Canadian co-production with NOA)||Teletoon / Kids Station / Telefe||September 6 – November 29, 1999|
|Ulysses 31||FR3 / Nagoya Broadcasting Network||October 10, 1981 – April 3, 1982|
|Lupin VIII||unaired||1982 (unaired)|
|Inspector Gadget||Syndication||September 12, 1983 – February 1, 1986|
|The Littles||ABC||September 10, 1983 – November 2, 1985|
|Rainbow Brite||Syndication||June 27, 1984 – July 24, 1986|
|Heathcliff and the Catillac Cats||Syndication||September 5, 1984 – 1988|
|Here Come the Littles||May 24, 1985|
|The Real Ghostbusters||ABC||September 13, 1986 – September 5, 1992|
|Dennis the Menace||Syndication||September 22, 1986 – March 26, 1988|
|Kissyfur||NBC||September 13, 1986 – August 25, 1990|
|Sylvanian Families||Syndication||September 18 – December 11, 1987|
|ALF: The Animated Series||NBC||September 26, 1987 – January 7, 1989|
|Adventures of Sonic the Hedgehog||Syndication||September 6, 1993 – November 24, 1996|
|The Wuzzles||CBS||September 14 – December 7, 1985|
|Disney's Adventures of the Gummi Bears (Season 1 to 5)||NBC
|September 14, 1985 – February 22, 1991|
|Fluppy Dogs||ABC||November 27, 1986|
|DuckTales (Season 1)||Syndication||September 18, 1987 – November 28, 1990|
|The New Adventures of Winnie the Pooh (Season 1 and half of Season 2)||ABC||January 17, 1988 – October 26, 1991|
|Chip 'n Dale Rescue Rangers (Season 1)||Syndication||August 27, 1988 – November 19, 1990|
|Gargoyles (Assistance for Walt Disney Animation Japan, "Hunter's Moon, Part 2")||October 24, 1994 – February 15, 1997|
|Winnie the Pooh: Seasons of Giving (Assistance for Walt Disney Animation Australia)||November 9, 1999|
|The Tigger Movie (Assistance for Walt Disney Animation Japan)||February 11, 2000|
|Tiny Toon Adventures||Syndication / Fox Kids||September 14, 1990 – May 28, 1995|
|How I Spent My Vacation||March 11, 1992|
|Batman: The Animated Series||Fox Kids||September 5, 1992 – September 15, 1995|
|Animaniacs||Fox Kids / The WB||September 13, 1993 – November 14, 1998|
|Pinky and the Brain ("A Pinky and the Brain Christmas")||The WB||September 9, 1995 – November 14, 1998|
|The Sylvester and Tweety Mysteries||The WB||September 9, 1995 – December 13, 2002|
|Superman: The Animated Series||The WB||September 6, 1996 – February 12, 2000|
|Waynehead (Opening)||October 19, 1996 – May 17, 1997|
|The New Batman Adventures||The WB||September 13, 1997 – January 16, 1999|
|Wakko's Wish||December 21, 1999|
|Batman Beyond: Return of the Joker||December 12, 2000|
|Green Lantern: First Flight||July 28, 2009|
|Justice League: Doom||February 28, 2012|
|Superman vs. The Elite||June 12, 2012|
|The New Adventures of Zorro||Filmation||September 12 – December 5, 1981|
|Adventures of the Galaxy Rangers||Gaylord Entertainment Company||September 14 – December 11, 1986|
|Bionic Six||MCA Television||April 6 − November 12, 1987|
|Visionaries: Knights of the Magical Light||Sunbow Productions||September 21 – December 14, 1987|
|Peter Pan and the Pirates||Fox Children's Productions + Southern Star Productions||September 8, 1990 – September 10, 1991|
|Spider-Man: The Animated Series||Marvel Films Animation||November 19, 1994 – January 31, 1998|
|An American Tail 3: The Treasure of Manhattan Island||Universal Cartoon Studios||November 16, 1998|
|Bakugan Battle Planet||Nelvana, Spin Master Entertainment||December 31, 2018 – present|
- "Notice Concerning Exchange of Shares to Convert Sammy NetWorks Co., Ltd., SEGA TOYS CO., LTD. and TMS ENTERTAINMENT, LTD. into Wholly Owned Subsidiaries of SEGA SAMMY HOLDINGS INC" (PDF). Sega Sammy Holdings Inc. 27 August 2010. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
- "TMS Entertainment Co., Ltd. Company Profile". Tms-e.co.jp. 2015-03-31. Retrieved 2017-01-09.
- "思い出のキャラ図鑑". Ningyonoie.com. Retrieved 2015-12-04.
- "TMS Entertainment Co., Ltd. Company". Tms-e.co.jp. Retrieved 2017-01-09.
- "Hayao Miyazaki //". Nausicaa.net. 1941-01-05. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
- Odell, Collin; le Blanc, Michelle (June 26, 2015). "Background". Studio Ghibli: The Films of Hayao Miyazaki and Isao Takahata (Second ed.). Kamera Books. ISBN 1843444895. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
- "テレコム・アニメーションフィルム オフィシャルサイト". Telecom. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
- "About us | テレコム・アニメーションフィルム オフィシャルサイト". Telecom. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
- "Merrill Lynch ups stake in TMS". The Japan Times. 2003-12-31. Retrieved 2017-01-09.
- Clements, Jonathan; McCarthy, Helen (2014). The Anime Encyclopedia: A Century of Japanese Animation (3rd ed.). Stone Bridge Press. p. 850. ISBN 9781611720181.
- "Company Profile: History". TMS Entertainment. December 20, 2017. Retrieved December 20, 2017.
- "ABOUT". MARZA ANIMATION PLANET. December 20, 2017. Retrieved December 20, 2017.
- Nelkin, Sarah (April 20, 2015). "New Lupin III Anime to Premiere This Fall With Original Composer (Update)". Anime News Network. Retrieved December 31, 2018.
- Loo, Egan (January 16, 2018). "Lupin III's 5th Anime Series Reveals Staff, April Debut, Modern Setting". Anime News Network. Retrieved December 31, 2018.
- Pineda, Rafael Antonio (August 1, 2016). "Chain Chronicle Anime's Promo, Cast, Staff, 3-Part Theatrical Screenings Revealed". Anime News Network. Retrieved December 31, 2018.
- Ressler, Karen (June 13, 2016). "Orange Anime's 2nd Promo Video Previews Theme Songs". Anime News Network. Retrieved December 31, 2018.
- Ressler, Karen (December 29, 2015). "Sentai Filmworks Adds Phantasy Star Online 2: The Animation". Anime News Network. Retrieved December 31, 2018.
- Loo, Egan (March 4, 2010). "Captain Harlock's New CG Pilot Images, Staff Revealed". Anime News Network. Retrieved December 31, 2018.
- "[MOVIE] 'RESIDENT EVIL' will be CG'd by a SEGA company behind SPACE PIRATE: CAPTAIN HARLOCK". MARZA ANIMATION PLANET. Retrieved December 31, 2018.[dead link]
- Siegel, Tatiana (June 10, 2014). "'Sonic the Hedgehog' Movie in the Works at Sony". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 31, 2018.
- "Megalo Box CAST & STAFF" (in Japanese). Retrieved December 31, 2018.[dead link]
- "Title List Action and Adventure". TMS Entertainment. Retrieved January 18, 2017.
- "Title List Science Fiction". TMS Entertainment. Retrieved January 18, 2017.
- "Title List Family Entertainment". TMS Entertainment. Retrieved January 18, 2017.
- Patten, Fred (September 15, 2013). "The "Teenagers From Outer Space" Genre". Cartoon Research. Retrieved May 28, 2014.