Madhouse (company)

Madhouse Inc. (株式会社マッドハウス, Kabushiki-gaisha Maddohausu, stylized as MADHOUSE) is a Japanese animation studio founded in 1972 by ex–Mushi Pro animators, including Masao Maruyama, Osamu Dezaki, Rintaro and Yoshiaki Kawajiri.

Madhouse Inc.
Native name
Kabushiki-gaisha Maddohausu
TypeSubsidiary (Kabushiki gaisha)
(Formerly yūgen gaisha)
IndustryAnimation studio and production enterprise
FoundedOctober 17, 1972; 50 years ago (1972-10-17)
HeadquartersHonchō, Nakano, Tokyo
Key people
  • Former:
  • Yasuo Oda[a]
  • Masao Maruyama[b]
  • Jungoo Murata[c]
  • HIroyuk Okada[d]
  • Masahiro Takahashi[e]
  • Tsuneo Takayama[f]
  • Ren Iwasawa[g]
  • Current:
  • Sanae Tashiro[h]
  • Akira Shinohara[f]
  • Satoki Toyoda[f]
  • Kako Kuwahara[f]
  • Hitoshi Nishioke[f]
  • Takanori Seo[g]
Number of employees
70 (including contractors)
SubsidiariesMadbox Co., Ltd.

Madhouse has created and helped to produce many well-known shows, OVAs and films, starting with TV anime series Ace o Nerae! (produced by Tokyo Movie Shinsha) in 1973, and including Wicked City, Ninja Scroll, Perfect Blue, Vampire Hunter D: Bloodlust, Trigun, Di Gi Charat, Black Lagoon, Death Note, Paprika, Wolf Children, Parasyte: The Maxim and the first season of One-Punch Man. Unlike other studios founded at this time such as AIC and J.C.Staff, their strength was and is primarily in TV shows and theatrical features. Expanding from the initial Mushi Pro staff, Madhouse recruited important directors such as Morio Asaka, Masayuki Kojima, and Satoshi Kon during the 1990s. Their staff roster expanded in the 2000s to include Mamoru Hosoda, Takeshi Koike, and Mitsuo Iso, as well as many younger television directors. The studio was also responsible for the first Beyblade anime series as well as the Dragon Drive anime and the 2011 anime adaptation of Hunter × Hunter.

The studio often collaborates with known manga artists, including Naoki Urasawa and Clamp. Madhouse produced adaptations of Urasawa's Yawara!, Master Keaton and Monster, with Masayuki Kojima helming the later two. The company has animated a number of CLAMP's titles, including Tokyo Babylon, two versions of X (a theatrical movie and a TV series), Cardcaptor Sakura and its sequel Clear Card, and Chobits.


Madhouse was established in 1972 by ex–Mushi Production animators, including Masao Maruyama, Osamu Dezaki, Rintaro and Yoshiaki Kawajiri, with funding from Yutaka Fujioka, the founder of Tokyo Movie, and co-produced its earliest series with Tokyo Movie.[citation needed]

In February 2004, Madhouse became a subsidiary of Index Corporation.[1]

On February 8, 2011, Nippon TV became Madhouse's primary stockholder (replacing Index Corporation), via a third-party allocation of new shares.[2] NTV bought 128,667 new shares (each ¥7,772) issued by Madhouse for ¥999,999,924 total (about $12.4 million), raising its stake in the company from 10.4% to 84.5%. Index Corporation's stake in Madhouse fell from 60.91% to 10.54%.[3][4]

In January 2012, Madhouse announced their acquisition of the animation rights to the Peanuts comic strip.[5]

In March 2014, NTV bought all the shares belonging to Index Corporation, increasing its stake in Madhouse to 95%.[1]


The studio employs approximately 70 employees, with employment levels varying depending on the number of productions currently underway. Additionally, the company has invested in the animation studio DR Movie.[6]

Madhouse has a subsidiary, Madbox Co., Ltd., that mainly focuses on computer graphics.[7]










Madhouse's early theatrical work included assistance on the Barefoot Gen films, and Lensman, an anime movie based on the space opera series by pulp science fiction author E.E. "Doc" Smith.

In the late 1980s and early 1990s, director Yoshiaki Kawajiri produced a string of action films including Wicked City, Demon City Shinjuku, and Ninja Scroll.

In the late 1990s, the studio aimed at a younger female audience with Morio Asaka's two Cardcaptor Sakura films, based on the popular television series.

In the early 2000s, an ambitious collaboration with Tezuka Productions resulted in Metropolis, directed by Rintaro and adapted from the manga by Osamu Tezuka. Earlier collaborations with Tezuka productions included two feature-length films made for Sanrio starring Tezuka's unicorn character Unico.

Director Satoshi Kon produced all four of his films with the studio: Perfect Blue, Millennium Actress, Tokyo Godfathers, and Paprika, as well as his TV series Paranoia Agent. Kon was also making his fifth film the Dreaming Machine with Madhouse, although it was left incomplete at his death in 2010.

In 2003, Madhouse produced Nasu: Summer in Andalusia, which was adapted from the seinen manga Nasu by Iou Kuroda and directed by Studio Ghibli veteran Kitarō Kōsaka. Nasu was the first Japanese animated film ever selected for screening at the renowned Cannes Film Festival.[8] Kōsaka followed up his film with an OVA sequel in 2007.

In 2006, director Mamoru Hosoda began his career with the studio by directing The Girl Who Leapt Through Time.

Recent productions included Masayuki Kojima's theatrical debut Forest of Piano (2007), Hosoda's acclaimed Summer Wars (2009), Sunao Katabuchi's Mai Mai Miracle (2009), the company's first CG animated film, Yona Yona Penguin (2009), Takeshi Koike's feature film debut Redline (2009), a theatrical version of the Trigun series, Trigun: Badlands Rumble (2010), and The Tibetan Dog, a co-production with China (2011).

The first film in the Hunter × Hunter franchise, Hunter × Hunter: Phantom Rouge premiered on January 12, 2013.

Madhouse co-produced Wolf Children (2012) with Mamoru Hosoda's Studio Chizu.

Collectively, Madhouse films have won a total of two Japan Academy Prizes, four Grand Prizes in the Animation Division at Japan Media Arts Festival, two Gertie Awards, six Mainichi Film Awards (three Ōfuji Noburō Awards, and three Animation Grand Awards), two Tokyo Anime Awards for Animation of the Year, and five Animation Kobe Feature Film Awards.







(These also include some outsourced productions)






Video gamesEdit


Madhouse designed the characters for Hudson Soft's game Virus (the first installment of the Virus Buster Serge franchise).[10] Madhouse worked with Square Enix on the OVA Last Order: Final Fantasy VII as well as Capcom for the mini series of Devil May Cry: The Animated Series.

They collaborated with Studio Ghibli by contributing animation to Hayao Miyazaki's My Neighbor Totoro (1988), Spirited Away (2001), and Howl's Moving Castle (2004), as well as Tomomi Mochizuki's I Can Hear the Sea (1993) and Goro Miyazaki's Tales from Earthsea (2006).

Madhouse collaborated with professional rapper Snoop Dogg in the 2006 horror-comedy movie Hood of Horror, in which they assisted in the animated sections of the movie.[11]

Madhouse also collaborated with Disney for the anime Stitch! for its first and second arcs (equal to 56 episodes total), between 2008 and 2010. They also animated the intro cutscene to PlayStation video game Wild Arms and the opening movie to PlayStation Vita video game Persona 4 Golden (Persona 4: The Golden in Japan), along with opening to the PSP remake of Persona 2: Eternal Punishment.

They worked with Marvel Entertainment to create adaptations of Blade, Iron Man, Wolverine and X-Men.[12]

2010 also saw the publication of Devil, a manga intended specifically for the American market; the property is a collaboration with Dark Horse Comics, and is written and drawn by Torajiro Kishi.[13]

Madhouse also participated in animating the Wakfu TV special Ogrest, la légende in collaboration with Ankama Japan.[14]

Non-Japanese productions/Commission work/Foreign production historyEdit

See alsoEdit

  • MAPPA, an animation studio founded by former Madhouse producer Masao Maruyama
  • Triangle Staff, an animation studio founded by former Madhouse animators.


  1. ^ President and CEO (代表取締役社長) from 1972 to 1980.
  2. ^ President and CEO (代表取締役社長) from 1980 to 2000, and CCO from 2000 to 2011.
  3. ^ President and CEO (代表取締役社長) from 2000 to 2009.
  4. ^ President and CEO (代表取締役社長) from 2010 to 2015.
  5. ^ Former chairman (役員) and board member (取締役会長)
  6. ^ a b c d e Director (取締役).
  7. ^ a b Auditor (監査役).
  8. ^ President and CEO (代表取締役社長) since 2021.


  1. ^ a b 沿革 (in Japanese). Madhouse Inc. Archived from the original on 2014-04-11. Retrieved 2014-04-14.
  2. ^ "NTV to Make Madhouse Anime Studio Its Subsidiary". Anime News Network. 2011-02-08. Retrieved 2013-04-12.
  3. ^ Schilling, Mark (2011-02-08). "Japan's NTV to take over Madhouse". Variety. Archived from the original on 2012-09-18. Retrieved 2012-05-23.
  4. ^ 子会社の第三者割当による新株式発行に伴う子会社の異動に関するお知らせ (PDF) (in Japanese). Index Corp. 2011-02-08. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-03-04. Retrieved 2013-04-24.
  5. ^ "Animation production for Peanuts begins!". Madhouse Inc. Archived from the original on 2014-02-01. Retrieved 2014-01-31.
  6. ^ "DR Movie History". DR Movie. Archived from the original on 2009-02-20. Retrieved 2012-07-05.
  7. ^ 採用に関するご案内 - マッドボックス (in Japanese). Madhouse Inc. 2013-07-30. Archived from the original on 2013-12-20. Retrieved 2013-08-07.
  8. ^ Tom Mes (2003-06-10). "Midnight Eye interview: Kitaro Kosaka". Midnight Eye. Retrieved 2007-07-05.
  9. ^ Romano, Sal (2022-04-22). "Echoes of Mana launches April 27, animated trailer". Gematsu. Retrieved 2022-09-20.
  10. ^ "TGS 1997 Spring". Electronic Gaming Monthly. No. 95. Ziff Davis. June 1997. p. 59.
  11. ^ Anderson, John (2006-06-30). "Review: 'Snoop Dogg's Hood of Horror'". Variety. Archived from the original on 2016-04-09. Retrieved 2017-09-22.
  12. ^ "Marvel Anime Heads to G4". 2010-07-29. Retrieved 2011-01-06.
  13. ^ "Devil #1 :: Profile :: Dark Horse Comics". 2010-02-17. Retrieved 2013-05-25.
  14. ^ "Ogrest says: Ogrest wants his new friends to come play!". Ankama. 2014-01-24. Archived from the original on 2014-01-26. Retrieved 2014-01-26.

External linksEdit