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Production I.G, Inc. (株式会社プロダクション・アイジー, Kabushiki-gaisha Purodakushon Ai Jī) is a Japanese anime studio and production enterprise, founded on December 15, 1987, by Mitsuhisa Ishikawa and headquartered in Musashino, Tokyo, Japan.[3]

Production I.G, Inc.
Native name
株式会社プロダクション・アイジー
Kabushiki-gaisha Purodakushon Ai Jī
Formerly called
I.G Tatsunoko
Business corporation
Industry Anime, film, television, video games
Founded December 15, 1987; 29 years ago (1987-12-15)
Founder Mitsuhisa Ishikawa
Takayuki Goto
Headquarters Kokubunji, Tokyo, Japan
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Mitsuhisa Ishikawa (President)
Products Anime, film, television, OVA, video games, manga
Revenue ¥5,440,000,000 (2006)[1]
¥400,000,000 (2006)[1]
Number of employees
120 (as of December 2012)
Parent IG Port[2]
Website www.production-ig.co.jp

Production I.G has been involved in the creation of numerous anime television series, OVAs, theatrical films, and is further involved in video game design and development, as well as music publishing and management. Among its prominent works are Guilty Crown, Psycho-Pass, Eden of the East, and the Ghost in the Shell series. It is known in the video game industry for developing intros, cut-scenes, and artwork for games such as the Namco Tales Studio's title, Tales of Symphonia.

The letters I and G derive from the names of the company founders, Mitsuhisa Ishikawa and popular character designer Takayuki Goto.[4] The company is a member of The Association of Japanese Animations (AJA), an association of over 50 Japanese anime studios.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Initially founded as "IG Tatsunoko Limited" in 1987, it was a break-off branch-studio of Tatsunoko Productions which created Zillion. Mitsuhisa Ishikawa, the producer of Zillion, founded the studio to obstruct the dispersing of the excellent staffs of the Tatsunoko branch.[5][6][7] The members of the Tatsunoko Production annex, "鐘夢" (pronounced "chaimu" after the English "chime"), which led by Takayuki Goto joined the Ishikawa's Tatsunoko Branch that used the same floor of Goto's annex and Goto was also the character designer of Zillion. Kyoto Animation, one of the finishers of Zillion, supported Ishikawa and the "IG Tatsunoko Limited" was founded on December 15, 1987. The "IG" was named after the initials of Ishikawa and Goto. The initial shareholders of the studio were Ishikawa, Goto, Hideaki Hatta (Kyoto Animation) and Tatsunoko Production, etc.

Among Production I.G's earliest most notable works was the feature length cinematic anime adaptation of the Patlabor story, created by the group HEADGEAR. In 1993, during the final stages of the production of Patlabor 2 the company ended capital relation to Tatsunoko Production that had 20% of the stocks of I.G and changed its name to the current "Production I.G" on September 1993. Thus, the movie Patlabor 2, released on August 1993, became the last product bearing the name "IG Tatsunoko".

In early 1997 Koichi Mashimo a fellow Tatsunoko employee presented an idea of his to President Ishikawa. Mashimo had conceived the idea of a small studio that could work on small productions and "nurture" the creative spirit of its staff members. Ishikawa liked the idea and sponsored Mashimo's endeavor and studio Bee Train Animation Inc. was formed as a subsidiary company.[8] Production I.G and Ishikawa helped supervise and produce the early productions such as PoPoLoCrois Monogatari, Wild Arms: Twilight Venom, and Arc the Lad. Along with Xebec it was the second subsidiary company under I.G. In 2006, Bee Train became independent and Ishikawa stepped down as an executive in the company.[9] The two studios would team up again in 2008 to work on Blade of the Immortal, Batman: Gotham Knight, and again in 2010 for Halo Legends.

In 1998, the company incorporated to become "Production I.G, Inc." Following that, Production I.G merged with "ING", another production company founded by the same Mitsuhisa Ishikawa, in 2000. In a Q&A session Ishikawa said:[10]

It [The I.G in Production I.G] stands for two words itsumo (always) and genki (happy); you should ask is that true? In reality it stands for Ishikawa, and my artist collaborator’s name Takayuki Goto, the initials of our last names. But now though I am the sole president, we kept the name. But I am happy to say it means Itsumo Genki.

On July 4, 2007, the company announced merger with Mag Garden, forming a new holding company called IG Port.[11]

WorksEdit

Production I.G have been involved in the production of several anime television series, OVA and theatrical films, such as the Patlabor and the Ghost in the Shell series, The End of Evangelion, Blood: The Last Vampire, Blood+, xxxHolic, the FLCL OVA series, Pokémon the Movie: Black—Victini and Reshiram and White—Victini and Zekrom, Guilty Crown, Otogi Zoshi anime, and many others.

They have produced each of the anime adaptations of Masamune Shirow's Ghost in the Shell series, including the Ghost in the Shell: Stand Alone Complex television series, which was followed on into a second season, Ghost in the Shell: S.A.C. 2nd GIG, and a TV film, Ghost in the Shell: Stand Alone Complex - Solid State Society, all three of which were directed by Kenji Kamiyama, and the two theatrical film adaptations, which were directed by Mamoru Oshii.

They have also worked with Clamp, producing the xxxHolic anime television series, which aired in 2006, as well as its theatrical film adaptation, xxxHolic - A Midsummer Night's Dream, the OVAs Tsubasa Tokyo Revelations and Tsubasa Shunraiki, and theatrical film adaptation Tsubasa Chronicle - The Princess of the Birdcage Kingdom; and most recently, the Blood franchise.

2006 saw the release of the new Mamoru Oshii's movie, Tachigui: The Amazing Lives of the Fast Food Grifters, made with a new technique called "superlivemation."

"It's like my home," Oshii declared of I.G in an interview with Andrez Bergen for Japanese newspaper Daily Yomiuri. "It's like Manchester for Manchester United, and Hamburg for HSV (the soccer teams). They know the pitch in whatever condition and situations. However," he added meaningfully, "it doesn't necessarily mean that I can do anything I want to at I.G" [12]

In 2007, the studio commemorated its 20th year anniversary with Shinreigari/Ghost Hound, which it co-created with Ghost in the Shell creator Masamune Shirow. The series was directed by Ryūtarō Nakamura and written by Chiaki J. Konaka.

In 2008, they unveiled two other TV series, Library War and Real Drive - again in collaboration with Masamune Shirow on the latter project - and released Mamoru Oshii's latest movie, The Sky Crawlers.

In 2009 the studio engages themselves in another wide project, Eden of the East, starting with an 11 episode TV series (which was later compiled in a theatrical movie) and concluded in two other movies released in 2009 and 2010 respectively.

In 2012, the studio worked in collaboration with Nintendo to release the three-part series "Thanatos Rising" on Nintendo Video for the upcoming video game Kid Icarus: Uprising. They also collaborated with Nintendo to do the FMV cutscenes for Fire Emblem: Path of Radiance and Fire Emblem: Radiant Dawn.

In 2013, the studio worked in collaboration with the newly established Wit Studio, another subsidiary of IG Port, providing assistance for the production of the popular anime adaptation of the Attack on Titan manga series. It also worked with OLM, Inc. and Xebec in Pokémon Origins.

Inroads into Hollywood have been made by the company in the form of visual homages from the highly successful sci-fi film directed by the Wachowskis, The Matrix, and by creating the animated sequence in Quentin Tarantino's Kill Bill Volume 1. In 2003, Production I.G collaborated with Cartoon Network in producing a 25-minute (five episodes of five minutes each) "micro-series" IGPX: Immortal Grand Prix, which has been made into a full series of 26 full thirty-minute episodes in 2005.

Production I.G launched a new streaming app titled "Tate Anime" on June 5, 2017.[13] The app will stream 3-minute long anime series.


AwardsEdit

Tokyo Marble Chocolate was awarded the Grand Prize in the Feature Film Category of the 12th Seoul International Cartoon & Animation Festival (SICAF 2008), held in Seoul, Republic of Korea, from May 21 to 25, 2008.

The jury was composed of Giannalberto Bendazzi (a professor of the history of animation at Milano State University in Italy), Noriko T. Wada (a Japanese producer) and Kyung-jo Min (a South Korean director). The award ceremony took place in Seoul on May 25, 2008.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Production I.G.: Challenging the Status Quo". Harvard Business Review. Retrieved March 8, 2012. 
  2. ^ "About Us". Production I.G. Retrieved February 15, 2010. 
  3. ^ "Map." Production I.G. Retrieved on January 30, 2009.
  4. ^ Production I.G [ABOUT US]
  5. ^ "石川社長が20年を語る 「プロダクション I.G 創立20周年記念展」開催中" (in Japanese). mycom.co.jp. 2007-12-28. Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  6. ^ "第25回 株式会社プロダクション I.G代表取締役社長 石川光久-その2-悔しさから独立、フリーに" (in Japanese). CodeZine. 2008-02-08. Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  7. ^ "Studio 2 Part 01: Kazuchika Kise and the birth of Studio 2". Production I.G. Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  8. ^ Wong, Amos (March 2005). "Inside Bee Train". Newtype USA: 8–15. 
  9. ^ "Errata: Bee Train No Longer Subsidiary of I.G". Anime News Network. Retrieved 2009-07-23. 
  10. ^ "A night with Mitsuhisa Ishikawa". Retrieved 2007-10-22. 
  11. ^ "Production I.G Announces Mag Garden Merger" (in Japanese). Retrieved 2007-10-22. 
  12. ^ The Age of Innocence, Andrez Bergen. Daily Yomiuri, March 2004.
  13. ^ "Production I.G's 'Vertical Anime' App Reveals Promo Video, June 5 Launch Date". Anime News Network. June 3, 2017. Retrieved June 3, 2017. 

External linksEdit