Studio Ghibli, Inc. (Japanese: 株式会社スタジオジブリ, Hepburn: Kabushiki gaisha Sutajio Jiburi) is a Japanese animation film studio based in Koganei, Tokyo, Japan. The studio is best known for its anime feature films, and has also produced several short films, television commercials, and one television film. It was founded on 15 June 1985, after the success of Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind (1984), with funding by Tokuma Shoten. Studio Ghibli has also collaborated with video game studios on the visual development of several video games.
|Kabushiki gaisha Sutajio Jiburi|
|Founded||15 June 1985|
in Tokyo, Japan
|Products||Animated feature films (anime), television films, commercials, live-action films|
|¥1.426 billion (2011)|
|Total assets||¥15.77 billion (2011)|
Number of employees
|Parent||Tokuma Shoten (1985–2005) |
Six of Studio Ghibli's films are among the 10 highest-grossing anime films made in Japan, with Spirited Away (2001) being the highest, grossing over US$360 million worldwide. Many of their works have won the Animage Anime Grand Prix award, and four have won the Japan Academy Prize for Animation of the Year. Five of Studio Ghibli's films have received Academy Award nominations. Spirited Away won the Golden Bear in 2002 and the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature Film in 2003. Totoro, a character from My Neighbor Totoro, is the studio's mascot.
On 3 August 2014, Studio Ghibli temporarily halted production following the retirement of director Hayao Miyazaki, who co-founded the studio with the late Isao Takahata. In February 2017, Toshio Suzuki announced that Miyazaki had come out of retirement again to direct a new feature film, How Do You Live?, with Studio Ghibli.
The name Ghibli was given by Hayao Miyazaki from the Italian noun ghibli, based on the Libyan-Arabic name for the hot desert wind of that country, the idea being the studio would "blow a new wind through the anime industry". It also refers to an Italian aircraft, the Caproni Ca.309 Ghibli. Although the Italian word is more accurately transliterated as ギブリ (Giburi), the Japanese name of the studio is ジブリ (Jiburi).
Founded on June 15, 1985, the studio is headed by the directors Hayao Miyazaki and Isao Takahata and the producer Toshio Suzuki. Prior to the formation of the studio, Miyazaki and Takahata had already had long careers in Japanese film and television animation and had worked together on Hols: Prince of the Sun and Panda! Go, Panda!; and Suzuki was an editor at Tokuma Shoten's Animage manga magazine.
The studio was founded after the success of the 1984 film Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind, written and directed by Miyazaki for Topcraft and distributed by Toei Company. The origins of the film lie in the first two volumes of a serialized manga written by Miyazaki for publication in Animage as a way of generating interest in an anime version. Suzuki was part of the production team on the film and founded Studio Ghibli with Miyazaki, who also invited Takahata to join the new studio.
The studio has mainly produced films by Miyazaki, with the second most prolific director being Takahata (most notably with Grave of the Fireflies). Other directors who have worked with Studio Ghibli include Yoshifumi Kondō, Hiroyuki Morita, Gorō Miyazaki, and Hiromasa Yonebayashi. Composer Joe Hisaishi has provided the soundtracks for most of Miyazaki's Studio Ghibli films. In their book Anime Classics Zettai!, Brian Camp and Julie Davis made note of Michiyo Yasuda as "a mainstay of Studio Ghibli’s extraordinary design and production team". At one time the studio was based in Kichijōji, Musashino, Tokyo.
In August 1996, Disney and Tokuma Shoten formed a partnership in which Buena Vista Pictures would be the sole international distributor for Tokuma Shoten's Studio Ghibli animated films. Since then, all three afore-mentioned films by Miyazaki at Studio Ghibli that were previously dubbed by Streamline Pictures have been re-dubbed by Disney. On June 1, 1997, Tokuma Shoten Publishing consolidated its media operations by merging Studio Ghibli, Tokuma Shoten Intermedia software and Tokuma International under one location.
Many of Ghibli's films in Japan are theatrically distributed by Toho while home video releases are handled by Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment Japan. Wild Bunch holds the international sales rights to many of Ghibli's films. Ghibli's main international distribution partners also include Disney (Japan Home Video, Taiwan, France), GKIDS (North America), StudioCanal (United Kingdom and Ireland), and Madman Entertainment (Australia). Germany-based Wild Bunch itself handles international sales for Studio Ghibli's works.
Over the years, there has been a close relationship between Studio Ghibli and the magazine Animage, which regularly runs exclusive articles on the studio and its members in a section titled "Ghibli Notes." Artwork from Ghibli's films and other works are frequently featured on the cover of the magazine. Saeko Himuro's novel Umi ga Kikoeru was serialised in the magazine and subsequently adapted into Ocean Waves, Studio Ghibli's only animated feature-length film created for television and it was directed by Tomomi Mochizuki.
In October 2001, the Ghibli Museum opened in Mitaka, Tokyo. It contains exhibits based on Studio Ghibli films and shows animations, including a number of short Studio Ghibli films not available elsewhere.
The studio is also known for its strict "no-edits" policy in licensing their films abroad due to Nausicaä of the Valley of Wind being heavily edited for the film's release in the United States as Warriors of the Wind. The "no cuts" policy was highlighted when Miramax co-chairman Harvey Weinstein suggested editing Princess Mononoke to make it more marketable. A Studio Ghibli producer is rumoured to have sent an authentic Japanese sword with a simple message: "No cuts".
Between 1999 and 2005, Studio Ghibli was a subsidiary brand of Tokuma Shoten; however, that partnership ended on April 2005, when Studio Ghibli was spun off from Tokuma Shoten and was re-established as an independent company with relocated headquarters.
On February 1, 2008, Toshio Suzuki stepped down from the position of Studio Ghibli president, which he had held since 2005, and Koji Hoshino (former president of Walt Disney Japan) took over. Suzuki said he wanted to improve films with his own hands as a producer, rather than demanding this from his employees. Suzuki decided to hand over the presidency to Hoshino because Hoshino has helped Studio Ghibli to sell its videos since 1996 and has also aided the release of the Princess Mononoke film in the United States. Suzuki still serves on the company's board of directors.
Two Studio Ghibli short films created for the Ghibli Museum were shown at the Carnegie Hall Citywise Japan NYC Festival: "House Hunting" and "Mon Mon the Water Spider" were screened on March 26, 2011.
Takahata developed a project for release after Gorō Miyazaki's (director of Tales from Earthsea and Hayao's son) The Tale of the Princess Kaguya – an adaptation of The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter. The last film Hayao Miyazaki directed before retiring from feature films was The Wind Rises which is about the Mitsubishi A6M Zero and its founder.
On Sunday, September 1, 2013, Hayao Miyazaki held a press conference in Venice to confirm his retirement, saying: "I know I've said I would retire many times in the past. Many of you must think, 'Once again.' But this time I am quite serious."
On January 31, 2014, it was announced that Gorō Miyazaki will direct his first anime television series, Sanzoku no Musume Rōnya, an adaptation of Astrid Lindgren's Ronia the Robber's Daughter for NHK. The series is computer-animated, produced by Polygon Pictures, and co-produced by Studio Ghibli.
On August 3, 2014, Toshio Suzuki announced that Studio Ghibli would take a "brief pause" to re-evaluate and restructure in the wake of Miyazaki's retirement. He stated some concerns about where the company would go in the future. This led to speculation that Studio Ghibli will never produce another feature film again. On November 7, 2014, Miyazaki stated, "That was not my intention, though. All I did was announce that I would be retiring and not making any more features." Lead producer Yoshiaki Nishimura among several other staffers from Ghibli, such as director Hiromasa Yonebayashi, left to found Studio Ponoc in April 2015, working on the film Mary and the Witch's Flower.
The 2016 animated fantasy film The Red Turtle, directed and co-written by Dutch-British animator Michaël Dudok de Wit in his feature film debut, was a co-production between Studio Ghibli and Wild Bunch.
In February 2017, Toshio Suzuki announced that Hayao Miyazaki has come out of retirement to direct a new feature film with Studio Ghibli.
On October 17, 2019, it was announced that HBO Max had acquired exclusive streaming rights to Studio Ghibli's catalogue in the United States as part of a deal with GKIDS. With the exception of Grave of the Fireflies, the Studio Ghibli films were made available for digital purchases on most major services in the United States and Canada on December 17, 2019. Unlike most of the other films which were published by Tokuma Shoten, Grave was published and owned by Shinchosha, which also had published the short story it was based on, and such fell into different rights holdings. On January 20, 2020, it was announced that Netflix acquired the exclusive streaming rights to Studio Ghibli's catalogue in all regions except for the United States, Canada and Japan, as part of a deal with Ghibli's international distributor Wild Bunch. No streaming rights deals have been announced to date for either Japan or Canada. Canadian distribution is also handled by GKIDS; however, HBO Max has no immediate plans to launch in that country. While HBO has a programming partnership with Canadian service Crave, the latter has indicated its deals with HBO do not include Canadian streaming rights to Ghibli films.
|1986||Castle in the Sky||Hayao Miyazaki||Isao Takahata||Joe Hisaishi||96%|
|1988||Grave of the Fireflies||Isao Takahata||Tōru Hara||Michio Mamiya||98%|
|My Neighbor Totoro||Hayao Miyazaki||Joe Hisaishi||94%|
|1989||Kiki's Delivery Service||Hayao Miyazaki||97%|
|1991||Only Yesterday||Isao Takahata||Toshio Suzuki||Katz Hoshi||100%|
|1992||Porco Rosso||Hayao Miyazaki||Joe Hisaishi||95%|
|1993||Ocean Waves||Tomomi Mochizuki||Nozomu Takahashi & Seiji Okuda||Shigeru Nagata||88%|
|1994||Pom Poko||Isao Takahata||Shang Shang Typhoon||85%|
|1995||Whisper of the Heart||Yoshifumi Kondō||Hayao Miyazaki||Yuji Nomi||94%|
|1997||Princess Mononoke||Hayao Miyazaki||Joe Hisaishi||93%|
|1999||My Neighbors the Yamadas||Isao Takahata||Akiko Yano||78%|
|2001||Spirited Away||Hayao Miyazaki||Joe Hisaishi||97%|
|2002||The Cat Returns||Hiroyuki Morita||Reiko Yoshida||Nozomu Takahashi & Toshio Suzuki||Yuji Nomi||90%|
|2004||Howl's Moving Castle||Hayao Miyazaki||Toshio Suzuki||Joe Hisaishi||87%|
|2006||Tales from Earthsea||Gorō Miyazaki||Gorō Miyazaki & Keiko Niwa||Toshio Suzuki & Tomohiko Ishii||Tamiya Terashima||43%|
|2008||Ponyo||Hayao Miyazaki||Toshio Suzuki||Joe Hisaishi||92%|
|2010||Arrietty||Hiromasa Yonebayashi||Hayao Miyazaki & Keiko Niwa||Cécile Corbel||95%|
|2011||From Up on Poppy Hill||Gorō Miyazaki||Satoshi Takebe||86%|
|2013||The Wind Rises||Hayao Miyazaki||Joe Hisaishi||88%|
|The Tale of the Princess Kaguya||Isao Takahata||Isao Takahata & Riko Sakaguchi||Yoshiaki Nishimura & Seiichiro Ujiie||100%|
|2014||When Marnie Was There||Hiromasa Yonebayashi||Hiromasa Yonebayashi, Keiko Niwa & Masashi Ando||Yoshiaki Nishimura & Toshio Suzuki||Takatsugu Muramatsu||91%|
|TBA||How Do You Live?||Hayao Miyazaki||Toshio Suzuki||TBA||TBA|
Notable animators and character designersEdit
- Masashi Ando (Paranoia Agent and Paprika)
- Makiko Futaki (Akira, Angel's Egg)
- Katsuya Kondō (Kiki's Delivery Service, Howl's Moving Castle)
- Kitarō Kōsaka (Monster, Master Keaton, and Nasu)
- Kazuo Oga (The Night of Taneyamagahara, My Neighbor Totoro)
- Kenichi Yoshida (Overman King Gainer and Eureka Seven)
- Akihiko Yamashita (Tide-Line Blue, Princess Nine, Strange Dawn, and Relic Armor Legacium)
- Hideaki Anno (Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind)
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a Why Not Productions – Wild Bunch – Studio Ghibli – CN4 Productions – Arte France Cinema – Belvision Coproduction – with the support of Eurimages – with the participation of Canal+ – Ciné+ – Arte France – Region Poitou-Charentes – Departement de la Charente – Region Wallonne – Fondation Gan pour le cinema – in association with Cinemage 9 – Palatine Etoile 11 – Palatine Etoile 12 – BNP Paribas Fortis Film Finance
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And Japanese animated films made by Studio Ghibli, including Oscar winner Spirited Away, aren't part of the deal either.
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