Central Park Media
Central Park Media was an American multimedia entertainment company based in New York City, New York, that was active in the distribution of East Asian cinema, television series, anime, manga and manhwa titles in North America prior to its bankruptcy in 2009. It was headquartered in the 250 West 57th Street building in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.
|Genre||Anime, East Asian films, hentai, manga, manhwa, yaoi|
|Defunct||April 27, 2009|
|Headquarters||New York City, New York|
|United States, Canada|
|Stephanie Shalofsky (VP of Production)|
|Divisions||Asia Pulp Cinema, US Manga Corps, Software Sculptors, CPM Press, Anime 18, Below the Radar, Binary Media Works|
Central Park Media was founded in 1990 by John O'Donnell as an anime supplier, with Project A-ko and Dominion: Tank Police as its first two anime titles, which were sub-licensed to CPM by Manga UK who also provided the dubs. Together with AnimEigo, U.S. Renditions, Streamline Pictures, Pioneer LDC, and A.D. Vision, CPM pioneered the distribution of anime for mature viewers in North America.
During its heyday, CPM incorporated MD Geist as part of its U.S. Manga Corps logo. Curiosity by anime fans seeing the "corporate spokes mecha" in CPM's titles resulted in MD Geist becoming one of the company's bestselling titles. In 1996, CPM commissioned MD Geist creator Koichi Ohata to write and direct a sequel; at the same time, Ohata made a director's cut of the first title, adding new scenes and expanding the storyline.
In 1992, CPM – through its Anime 18 division – released Urotsukidōji: Legend of the Overfiend, which became the first animated film to be given the NC-17 rating. Since its release, Urotsukidoji has become a cult classic among fans of anime, science fiction and horror genres, while at the same time, being one of the first anime titles to introduce the western public to the hentai genre. It was released in theaters across the United States in both subtitled and dubbed formats.
In the mid-1990s, CPM expanded to distributing manga and manhwa through CPM Manga and CPM Manhwa, respectively. CPM Manga also featured adaptations of MD Geist, Armored Trooper Votoms and Project A-Ko by American writers and artists.
Central Park Media headquarters was in the Fisk Building, where it started out with just 3,400 square feet, but grew to 7,000 square feet in 1996 and would expand further to 10,000 square feet in January 2000.
On May 26, 2006, Central Park Media laid off many of its employees, and rumors erupted that the company was planning to declare bankruptcy, supported by a statement from a representative at the Anime Boston convention. The following Monday, the company's managing director issued a statement acknowledging the lay-offs and attributing the cost-cutting to creditor problems following the January bankruptcy of the Musicland group.
The previous year, in 2005, CPM had discontinued its CPM Manga and CPM Manhwa line, also due to monetary problems. But CPM representatives have said that they have had relaunched their Manga and Manhwa lines in January 2006.
On March 19, 2007, Japanese Yaoi Publisher Libre posted a notice on its website saying that CPM's Be Beautiful division was illegally translating and selling its properties. The titles in question were originally licensed to CPM by Japanese publisher Biblos which was bought out by Libre in 2006 after a bankruptcy.
Bankruptcy and liquidationEdit
Central Park Media filed for Chapter 7 bankruptcy on April 27, 2009, and liquidated with a debt of over US$1.2 million. Officially, the company had plans to re-release some older titles in the future. Right up until their bankruptcy, CPM still licensed their anime titles for North American television and VOD distribution, despite having not released anything on home video for over a year. Many of their titles have been shown on the Sci-Fi Channel, as well as Anime Selects, AZN Television and the Funimation Channel, and are still available through iTunes. Some of their titles were also acquired by various anime companies, such as ADV Films, Bandai Entertainment, Funimation, Aniplex of America, Sentai Filmworks, Maiden Japan, Viz Media, Discotek Media, NIS America, Nozomi Entertainment, Ponycan USA, and Media Blasters, and were re-released from 2004 into the 2010s. Some of their titles were either re-dubbed, such as Here Is Greenwood and Area 88 by Media Blasters and ADV Films, respectively, or have retained the original dub. Grave of the Fireflies was later re-licensed by ADV's successor Sentai Filmworks and was re-released in 2012. The film had originally been included in a distribution deal between Central Park and ADV that also included Now and Then, Here and There, The World of Narue and MD Geist, which were 3 former US Manga Corps titles.
Central Park Media was a key player in popularizing anime, with numerous firsts and promotions designed to introduce various works to American viewers. They were one of the first suppliers to sell anime box sets.
In 2002, the first instance of an anime having the storyboards as an alternate viewing option was released on the Collectors Edition of Grave of the Fireflies, more than 2,700 hand drawings synced to the audio tracks. They also focused on increasing TV airings of shows to capitalize on the International Channel, the Encore Channel and the streaming service Cartoon Network short-lived Toonami Reactor website.
Anime Test Drive was a promotion that started in 2003 which tested the markets and introduced American's to anime at a discounted rate. It was a way to market titles that may have been viewed as to expensive or inconvenience to purchase separately. Anime Test Drive DVDs offer two episodes of the listed anime series and 45 minutes of trailers.
In 2004, Central Park Media introduced Korean animation works into America after the success of the Animatrix, Aeon Flux and Cubix with the release of Doggy Poo.
In 2006, Central Park Media licensed some of their works to IGN Entertainment's digital download retail store Direct2Drive.
In 2007, Central Park Media licensed out Revolutionary Girl Utena: The Movie, Roujin Z, the Record of Lodoss War series, the Project A-ko series, Urusei Yatsura: Beautiful Dreamer and Grave of the Fireflies to Funimation Channel. These titles aired on the channel in 2007 before ADV Films took over the rights to Grave of the Fireflies and the film was streamed on VOD in the United States and Canada by Anime Network, following their bankruptcy. However, as of 2012, Grave of the Fireflies is now licensed by Sentai Filmworks, with distribution from Section23 Films, and is still available on Anime Network.
Asia Pulp CinemaEdit
Asia Pulp Cinema was CPM's East Asian live-action film distribution division that began in 1999. They were most known for carrying Japanese erotic films, mostly starring actress Kei Mizutani, and films targeted at admirers of the otaku subculture, such as the Akihabara Trilogy.
US Manga CorpsEdit
US Manga Corps was the main anime distribution division for Central Park Media, catering to middle/high school students and older audiences. The US Manga Corps mascot is from MD Geist, an obscure OVA from the 1980s.
Software Sculptors was founded by John Sirabella, Sam Liebowitz and Henry Lai in 1993, that specialized in anime-related software, such as screen savers featuring Ranma ½ and Bubblegum Crisis, as well as releasing video anime on to CD-Rom. They also released several anime titles, most notably Slayers, Revolutionary Girl Utena and Cat Soup. The company was later bought by CPM in 1995 and was turned into one of their division labels. Sirabella and Liebowitz stayed on with CPM until 1996, where they would later go on to form Media Blasters.
- For a list of titles distributed by CPM Press, see the CPM Press category
CPM Press (originally CPM Comics, then CPM Manga) was the manga and manhwa publication division. Manga titles were published under the label CPM Manga, and manhwa under CPM Manhwa. CPM also had an adult division under CPM Press known as Bear Bear Press, which largely published Americanized versions of some of their Anime 18 releases such as La Blue Girl. This division started in 1996 and folded the same year releasing only La Blue Girl and Demon Beast Invasion. Some of these titles were published under the Manga 18 imprint (see Anime 18).
- For a list of titles distributed by Anime 18, see the Anime 18 category
Anime 18 (A18 Corporation) was Central Park Media's distribution division for pornographic anime. Among its releases were Toshio Maeda's Legend of the Overfiend and La Blue Girl. The release of Legend of the Overfiend was the first hentai released in America. A18 released its titles under several labels, with the main label – Anime 18 – used for hentai and yaoi anime, Manga 18 for manga and manhwa pornography, and Be Beautiful Manga for yaoi manga. Some A18 titles were also being re-released under the Anime HotShots label. When Central Park Media went bankrupt in 2009, the licenses for some of Anime 18's products and movies were transferred to Critical Mass Video and Kitty Media.
Manga 18 was an English-language publisher of pornographic manga and manhwa which was the manga counterpart of Anime 18 and successor to Bare Bear Press.
Be Beautiful MangaEdit
The counterpart of Anime 18 that specialized in yaoi manga. On March 19, 2007, Japanese yaoi publisher Libre announced that Be Beautiful Manga was illegally translating and selling their properties to their original owners.
Below the RadarEdit
Below the Radar was a label that focused on live-action independent and non-mainstream media. Formed in March 2007.
Binary Media WorksEdit
Central Park Media's website unit that operated AnimeOne.com, a website that was dedicated to anime fandom, and UFOCity.com, a website that specialized in alien UFO sightings and hosted a community UFO enthusiasts. UFOCity.com was shut down in 2003.
Central Park Media has employed numerous figures in the video retail industry like Steven Kramer Peter Castro, John O'Donnell, and Tom Reilly. In 2003, John Davis, Allen Rosenberg and Stacey Santos were hired as account executives.
- "Contact Us." Central Park Media. March 12, 2007. Retrieved on September 14, 2009.
- "250 West 57th Street." W&H Properties. Retrieved on September 14, 2009.
- Anime News Network Buried Garbage - M.D. Geist
- Interview with John O'Donnell
- "Central Park Media expands.(expands office space in Fisk Building)(Brief Article)." Real Estate Weekly. Hagedorn Communications. 2000. Retrieved May 08, 2013 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-60016048.html
- "Musicland files for bankruptcy." Anime News Network. January 12, 2006. Retrieved on October 5, 2009.
- "Central Park Media to Restart Manga." Anime News Network. October 17, 2005. Retrieved on October 5, 2009.
- Cha, Kai-Ming; Reid, Calvin (March 29, 2007). "Japanese Publisher Claims CPM Infringes". Publishers Weekly. Archived from the original on October 17, 2007. Retrieved July 5, 2009.
- "Central Park Media Files for Chapter 7 Bankruptcy." Anime News Network. April 28, 2009. Retrieved on October 5, 2009.
- "Anime News Network - CPM to Re-release Some Older Titles in the Future." Anime News Network. March 3, 2007. Retrieved on October 5, 2009.
- "Sci-Fi Channel and Manga Entertainment Add New Anime Programming as Ani-Monday Block is Renewed for a Second Season." Anime News Network. July 14, 2007. Retrieved on October 5, 2009.
- "FUNimation Channel Adds Anime From Central Park Media". Anime News Network.
- "Black Jack OVA ." Retrieved on December 23, 2010.
- "ADV Adds Grave of the Fireflies and Now and Then, Here and There." Central Park Media. May 5, 2009. Retrieved on October 5, 2009.
- "Sentai Filmworks Adds Grave of the Fireflies". Anime News Network. Retrieved 1 December 2011.
- "Boxing Anime : Boxed DVD Sets Cater to the Collector.(Brief Article)." Video Store. Questex Media Group, Inc. 2002. Retrieved May 08, 2013 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-85902230.html
- Wolf, Jessica. "`Grave' is first anime DVD with storyboards. (DVD Watch).(Central Park Media Corp. releases Grave of the Fireflies)(Brief Article)." Video Store. Questex Media Group, Inc. 2002. Retrieved May 08, 2013 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-94236826.html
- Indvik, Kurt. "Anime Supplier Central Park Boosts TV Tie-ins.(Central Park Media)(Brief Article)." Video Store. Questex Media Group, Inc. 2002. Retrieved May 08, 2013 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-85532771.html
- De La Cruz, Edwin. "Central Park Media Unveils anime 'Test Drive' program.(Anime)(Brief Article)." Video Store. Questex Media Group, Inc. 2003. Retrieved May 08, 2013 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-107445366.html
- de la Cruz, Edwin. "Korean animation comes to U.S. market." Video Store. Questex Media Group, Inc. 2004. Retrieved May 08, 2013 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-113823789.html
- "The US-based International Channel, which has upped its focus on Asian American audiences, has signed licensing agreements with Korean film distributor Mirovision for nine Korean films and Central Park Media for seven anime titles.(in the news)." Television Asia. Reed Business Information, Inc. (US). 2005. Retrieved May 08, 2013 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-128251575.html
- "Movielink adds more anime.(Show Time)(Brief Article)." The Online Reporter. Rider Research, Inc. 2005. Retrieved May 08, 2013 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-128784577.html
- "Direct2Drive now has movies, TV, anime.(IGN Entertainment Inc. contracts with 20th Century Fox, Lionsgate, Central Park Media and Starz Media)(Brief article)." The Online Reporter. Rider Research, Inc. 2006. Retrieved May 08, 2013 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-155029006.html
- "Grave of the Fireflies on Anime Network". Anime Network.
- "Asia Pulp Cinema." Central Park Media. March 30, 2004. Retrieved on October 5, 2009.
- "U.S. Manga Corps New Releases." Central Park Media. April 7, 2004. Retrieved on October 5, 2009.
- "Software Sculptors CD-ROMs and Anime Videos." Software Sculptors. January 29, 2007. Retrieved on October 5, 2009.
- "Dennis A. Amith interviews John Sirabella (1994)". nt2099.com. Retrieved 2014-09-21.
- Anime News Network - Software Sculptors Responds to Slayers DVD Audio Problems, October 28, 2000
- "The CPM Comics Page." February 7, 1997. Central Park Media. Retrieved on October 5, 2009.
- "CPM Press." Central Park Media. June 8, 2003. Retrieved on October 5, 2009.
- "CPM Press." Central Park Media. April 1, 2004. Retrieved on October 5, 2009.
- "Anime 18." Central Park Media. February 7, 1997.
- Bennett, Dan. "Anime erotica potential growing strong.(Animated erotica)." Video Store. Questex Media Group, Inc. 2004. Retrieved May 08, 2013 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-116341275.html
- "Ask John: How Did Hentai Become Popular in America?". Anime nation. Archived from the original on 2013-09-25. Retrieved 2013-04-26.
- Central Park Media's Licenses Offered by Liquidator
- "Live Action Cult Programming Below the Radar Launches in March 2007". Anime News Network. Retrieved 29 August 2012.
- "Kramer walks into central park media.(People)(Brief Article)." Video Store. Questex Media Group, Inc. 2004. Retrieved May 08, 2013 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-116341186.html
- "Two promoted at Central Park Media.(people)(Brief Article)." Video Store. Questex Media Group, Inc. 2003. Retrieved May 08, 2013 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-112367428.html
- "Three new execs park at Central Park Media.(people)(Brief Article)." Video Store. Questex Media Group, Inc. 2003. Retrieved May 08, 2013 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-112740570.html