The name Robert is an ancient Germanic given name, from Proto-Germanic *Hrōþi- "fame" and *berhta- "bright" (Hrōþiberhtaz).[1] Compare Old Dutch Robrecht and Old High German Hrodebert (a compound of Hruod (Old Norse: Hróðr) "fame, glory, honour, praise, renown" and berht "bright, light, shining"). It is the second most frequently used given name of ancient Germanic origin.[2][3] It is also in use as a surname. Another commonly used form of the name is Rupert.

Stirling Castle 20080505 Robert the Bruce.jpg
King Robert I of Scotland, national hero of Scotland
PronunciationEnglish: /ˈrɒbərt/
French: [ʁɔbɛʁ]
German: [ˈʁoːbɛʁt]
Czech: [ˈrobɛrt]
Slovak: [ˈrɔ(ː)bert]
Serbo-Croatian: [rǒbert]
Armenian: [rɔbɛɾt]
Meaning"fame-bright", "glory-bright", "shining with glory"
Region of originGermanic countries (England, Scotland, Germany, Netherlands, France, Iceland, Scandinavian region (Denmark, Sweden, Norway))
Other names
Related namesVariants
Rupert, Ruprecht
Rob (short form),
Robb (short form),
Roby (nickname),
Robbie (nickname),
Robby (nickname),
Ro (nickname),
Roe (nickname),
Bob (nickname),
Bobby (nickname)
See alsoRoger, Roland, Rudolph, Roderick, Roman, Rose, Herbert, Waldemar, Vladimir

After becoming widely used in Continental Europe it entered England in its Old French form Robert, where an Old English cognate form (Hrēodbēorht, Hrodberht, Hrēodbēorð, Hrœdbœrð, Hrœdberð, Hrōðberχtŕ) had existed before the Norman Conquest. The feminine version is Roberta. The Italian, Portuguese, and Spanish form is Roberto.

Robert is also a common name in many Germanic languages, including English, German, Dutch, Norwegian, Swedish, Scots, Danish, and Icelandic. It can be used as a French, Polish, Irish, Finnish, Romanian, and Estonian name as well.


Bert, Bertie, Berto, Bertus (also short for Albert or Herbert)
Beto, Betinho (Portuguese)
Bo, Bob, Bobbie, Bobby
Chrodobert, Chrodobrecht (Frankish)
Dobbie, Dobby
Boris (Bulgarian) (possibly not etymologically connected, but linked together through nickname "Bob")
Hob, Hopkin (Medieval English)
Hopcyn (Welsh)
Hrodberaht, Hrodebert, Hrodpreht (Old High German)
Rab, Rabbie (Scots)
Raibeart (Scottish Gaelic)
Rhobert (Welsh)
Roibeárd, Riobárd (Irish)
Rob, Robb, Robbie, Robby (also short for Robin)
Robbe (Dutch, Frisian and Low German short form)
Robban (Swedish)
Robbert (Dutch)
Robbi, Hrobbi, Hrobjartur, Bjartur, Art (Icelandic)
Robercik or Robuś (Polish, "Little Robert")
Robere (Old French)
Ροβῆρος, Rovēros (Greek)
Róbert (Hungarian, Icelandic, Slovak)
Robertas (Lithuanian)
Roberto (Italian, Portuguese, Spanish)
Robertino (Italian, "Little Robert")
Robertinho (Portuguese, "Little Robert")
Роберт (Robert), Роман (Roman) (Russian)
Ροβέρτος, Rovértos (Greek)
Raivo (Estonian)
Roberts (Latvian)
Raivis (Latvian form of the Estonian variant)
Robertson (English given name)
Robertus (Latin)
Robetus (Medieval misspelling?)
Robi (Croatian, Hungarian, Romanian, Serbian)
Röbi (Swiss German)

Robin (Medieval diminutive in English, Dutch, Swedish)
Robrecht (Old Dutch)
Rodbeard, Rodbeart
Rodbert, Rodebert, Rotbert, Roteberht, Rotebert (Germanic)
Rodbertus, Rodepertus (Latin)
Rodebrecht (Old German)
Röpke (Low German diminutive form)
Rotbryht (Old English)
Roopertti, Pertti, Roope (Finnish)
Robertukka, Roopertukka, Tuukka (Finnish nicknames)
Ropars, Ropartz, Roparzh (Breton)
Ruben, Rupen, Roupen (Armenian)
Reuben (Hebrew)
Rutbert, Rubert, Ruby (Old Dutch)
Rudebet, Rudbert, Rudbert, Rudpert, Rudbrecht, Rudprecht
Rupert (Dutch, English, German, Polish)
Ruperto (Spanish)
Rupertus, Rvpertvs (Latin)
Rutpert, Ruppert, Rupprecht, Ruprecht (Upper German)
Trebor (reversal)

Feminine forms:
Bobbi, Bobbie
Robbi, Robbie
Robertina, Robertine
Robyn, Robynne
Ruprette, Rupretta (archaic French)

Robert, Roberts, Robertson, Roberson, Robinson, Robero, Romero, Bertson, Bertke, Robertsen, Robertov, Robright

Popularity and trivia

Robert I of Normandy a.k.a. Robert the Magnificent

The name Robert was a royal name in France, Germany, Scotland and England during the medieval period, and was the name of several kings, dukes, and other rulers and noblemen. It was one of the most popular male names in medieval Europe, likely due to its frequent usage amongst royalty and nobility. To this day, Robert remains one of the most frequently given male names.

Robert was in the top 10 most given boys' names in the United States for 47 years, from 1925 to 1972.[4] While some names become less frequently used due to negative associations, Robert is still widely used despite its connection to many negatively evaluated historical figures.

In Italy during the Second World War, the form of the name, Roberto, briefly acquired a new meaning derived from, and referring to the Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis.[5]

The name's second component, *berhta-, is the original root for the modern English word "bright".[6]

People named Robert


Kings of Scotland
Kings of France
King of Naples
King of Germany
King of Hungary and Croatia
King of Bulgaria
Dukes of Normandy
  • Robert I, Duke of Normandy (1000–1035), also known as Robert the Magnificent or Robert the Devil; father of William the Conqueror
  • Robert Curthose (c.1051–1134, son of William the Conqueror, claimant to throne of Kingdom of England.
Duke of Chartres
Duke of Parma
Count of Flanders
Crown Prince of Bavaria
Latin Emperor and Emperor of Constantinople
Duke of Sicily and Prince of Benevento

Medieval figures

Folk heroes

  • Robert Huntington, known as Robin Hood, legendary heroic outlaw and nobleman originally depicted in English folklore, highly skilled archer and swordsman, sometimes regarded as a national hero of England
  • Robert Roy Macgregor (1671–1734), Scottish outlaw and national hero


Religious figures and saints

Presidents and prime ministers

British Prime Ministers
Australian Prime Ministers
Presidents and Prime Ministers from North America
Presidents and Prime Ministers from Asia / Oceania
Presidents and Prime Ministers from Europe
Presidents and Prime Ministers from Central / South America


Secretaries of Defense

Wartime figures and military leaders

American army
British / Scottish army
Australian army
German / Austrian army
Irish army
Cuban army
Italian army
French army
Russian army

Other military

Nazis and communists

Nuclear physicists


  • Robert Ballard, retired United States Navy officer and a professor of oceanography at the University of Rhode Island
  • Robert Bartlett, Newfoundland-born American Arctic explorer of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, accompanied United States Navy Commander Robert Peary on his attempts to reach the North Pole
  • Robert O'Hara Burke, Irish soldier and police officer who explored Australia, leader of the first expedition to cross Australia from south to north
  • Robert Dudley, English explorer and cartographer
  • Sir Robert McClure, Irish explorer of the Arctic who in 1854 traversed the Northwest Passage by boat and sledge and was the first to circumnavigate the Americas
  • Robert Peary, American explorer and United States Navy officer who made several expeditions to the Arctic, reached the geographic North Pole with his expedition on April 6, 1909, believed to be the first man to have ever reached the North Pole
  • Robert Falcon Scott, British Royal Navy officer and explorer who led two expeditions to the Antarctic regions
  • Robert Swan, the first person to walk to both Poles

Intelligence officers

Movie industry


Record producers and DJs
  • Robert Abisi, member of the electronic music and DJ duo Lost Kings
  • Robert Babicz, Polish born German electronic music producer, DJ and mastering engineer
  • Robert van de Corput, real name of the award-winning Dutch DJ, twice worlds No.1 DJ, composer and music producer Hardwell;
  • Robert DeLong, American electronic musician, record producer, composer and performer
  • Robert Hughes, real name of the Canadian trap music DJ and record producer known as Vincent and Tiger Drool;
  • Robert Miles, Swiss-born Italian DJ and record producer, inventor of the dream trance genre;
  • Robert "Bob" Rifo, founder of the Italian electronic music project The Bloody Beetroots
  • Robert "Rob" Swire, Australian electronic music producer and DJ
Band members
  • Robert Rihmeek Williams, American rapper, singer and activist known as Meek Mill
  • Robert van Winkle, real name of American rapper, actor, and television host Vanilla Ice


Prison officials



Political figures

Secretaries of War

Secretaries of State



Founding fathers of United States

Literary figures


Administrators of NASA




  • Robert the Doll, a supposedly haunted doll exhibited at a museum, center of an urban legend


Fictional characters


See also


  1. ^ "Robrecht". Historische woordenboeken: Nederlands en Fries (in Dutch). Instituut voor de Nederlandse Taal.
  2. ^ Reaney & Wilson, 1997. Dictionary of English Surnames. Oxford University Press.
  3. ^ Withycombe, E., 1973 edn. Oxford Dictionary of English Christian names. Oxford University Press.
  4. ^ Frank Nuessel (1992). The Study of Names: A Guide to the Principles and Topics. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. p. 10. Archived from the original on October 3, 2013.
  5. ^ RoBerTo Checked, Time Magazine, October 19, 1942
  6. ^ "BRIGHT | Meaning & Definition for UK English". Archived from the original on July 17, 2020. Retrieved August 24, 2022.