The name Robert is an ancient Germanic given name, from Proto-Germanic *Hrōþi- "fame" and *berhta- "bright" (Hrōþiberhtaz).[1] Compare Old Dutch Robrecht and Old High German Hrodebert (a compound of Hruod (Old Norse: Hróðr) "fame, glory, honour, praise, renown" and berht "bright, light, shining"). It is the second most frequently used given name of ancient Germanic origin.[2][3] It is also in use as a surname. Another commonly used form of the name is Rupert.

Robert
Stirling Castle 20080505 Robert the Bruce.jpg
King Robert I of Scotland, national hero of Scotland, arguably the best-known Robert in history
PronunciationEnglish: /ˈrɒbərt/
French: [ʁɔbɛʁ]
German: [ˈʁoːbɛʁt]
Czech: [ˈrobɛrt]
Slovak: [ˈrɔ(ː)bert]
Serbo-Croatian: [rǒbert]
Armenian: [rɔbɛɾt]
GenderMale
Origin
Word/nameIndo-European
Germanic
Meaning"fame-bright", "glory-bright", "shining with glory"
Region of originGermanic countries (England, Scotland, Germany, Netherlands, France, Iceland, Scandinavian region (Denmark, Sweden, Norway))
Other names
DerivedHrōþiberhtaz
Related namesNicknames
Rob (short form),
Robb (short form),
Roby (nickname),
Robbie (nickname),
Robby (nickname),
Ro (nickname),
Roe (nickname),
Bob (nickname),
Bobby (nickname)
Variants
Rupert, Ruprecht
Boris
Robrecht
Rodbert
Raivo
Roberts
Robin
Robinette
See alsoRoger, Roland, Rudolph, Roderick, Roman, Rose, Herbert, Waldemar, Vladimir

After becoming widely used in Continental Europe it entered England in its Old French form Robert, where an Old English cognate form (Hrēodbēorht, Hrodberht, Hrēodbēorð, Hrœdbœrð, Hrœdberð, Hrōðberχtŕ) had existed before the Norman Conquest. The feminine version is Roberta. The Italian, Portuguese, and Spanish form is Roberto.

Robert is also a common name in many Germanic languages, including English, German, Dutch, Norwegian, Swedish, Scots, Danish, and Icelandic. It can be used as a French, Polish, Irish, Finnish, Romanian, and Estonian name as well.

Variations

Bert, Bertie, Berto, Bertus (also short for Albert or Herbert)
Beto, Betinho (Portuguese)
Bo, Bob, Bobbie, Bobby
Beau
Chrodobert, Chrodobrecht (Frankish)
Dobbie, Dobby
Boris (Bulgarian) (possibly not etymologically connected, but linked together through nickname "Bob")
Hob, Hopkin (Medieval English)
Hopcyn (Welsh)
Hrodberaht, Hrodebert, Hrodpreht (Old High German)
Rab, Rabbie (Scots)
Raibeart (Scottish Gaelic)
Rhobert (Welsh)
Roibeárd, Riobárd (Irish)
Rob, Robb, Robbie, Robby (also short for Robin)
Rod
Robbe (Dutch, Frisian and Low German short form)
Roban
Robban (Swedish)
Robbert (Dutch)
Robbi, Hrobbi, Hrobjartur, Bjartur, Art (Icelandic)
Robercik or Robuś (Polish, "Little Robert")
Robere (Old French)
Ροβῆρος, Rovēros (Greek)
Róbert (Hungarian, Icelandic, Slovak)
Robertas (Lithuanian)
Roberto (Italian, Portuguese, Spanish)
Robertino (Italian, "Little Robert")
Robertinho (Portuguese, "Little Robert")
Роберт (Robert), Роман (Roman) (Russian)
Ροβέρτος, Rovértos (Greek)
Raivo (Estonian)
Roberts (Latvian)
Raivis (Latvian form of the Estonian variant)
Robertson (English given name)
Robertus (Latin)
Robetus (Medieval misspelling?)
Robi (Croatian, Hungarian, Romanian, Serbian)
Röbi (Swiss German)

Robin (Medieval diminutive in English, Dutch, Swedish)
Robo
Robrecht (Old Dutch)
Rochbert
Rodbeard, Rodbeart
Rodbert, Rodebert, Rotbert, Roteberht, Rotebert (Germanic)
Rodbertus, Rodepertus (Latin)
Rodebrecht (Old German)
Röpke (Low German diminutive form)
Rotbryht (Old English)
Rothbert
Roopertti, Pertti, Roope (Finnish)
Robertukka, Roopertukka, Tuukka (Finnish nicknames)
Ropars, Ropartz, Roparzh (Breton)
Ruben, Rupen, Roupen (Armenian)
Reuben (Hebrew)
Rutbert, Rubert, Ruby (Old Dutch)
Rudebet, Rudbert, Rudbert, Rudpert, Rudbrecht, Rudprecht
Rupert (Dutch, English, German, Polish)
Ruperto (Spanish)
Rupertus, Rvpertvs (Latin)
Rutpert, Ruppert, Rupprecht, Ruprecht (Upper German)
Trebor (reversal)


Feminine forms:
Bobbi, Bobbie
Robbi, Robbie
Roberta
Robertina, Robertine
Robina
Robyn, Robynne
Ruprette, Rupretta (archaic French)


Surnames:
Robert, Roberts, Robertson, Roberson, Robinson, Robero, Romero, Bertson, Bertke, Robertsen, Robertov, Robright

Popularity and trivia

 
Robert I of Normandy a.k.a. Robert the Magnificent

The name Robert was a royal name in France, Germany, Scotland and England during the medieval period, and was the name of several kings, dukes, and other rulers and noblemen. It was one of the most popular male names in medieval Europe, likely due to its frequent usage amongst royalty and nobility. To this day, Robert remains one of the most frequently given male names.

Robert was in the top 10 most given boys' names in the United States for 47 years, from 1925 to 1972.[4] While some names become less frequently used due to negative associations, Robert is still widely used despite its connection to many negatively evaluated historical figures.

In Italy during the Second World War, the form of the name, Roberto, briefly acquired a new meaning derived from, and referring to the Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis.[5]

The name's second component, *berhta-, is the original root for the modern English word "bright".[6] The name Robert almost exactly shares its meaning with the name Waldemar / Vladimir.

People named Robert

Royalty

Kings of Scotland
Kings of France
King of Naples
King of Germany
King of Hungary and Croatia
King of Bulgaria
Dukes of Normandy
Duke of Chartres
Duke of Parma
Count of Flanders
Crown Prince of Bavaria
  • Robert I, crown prince of Bavaria (1869–1955), also known as Prince Rupprecht, last heir apparent to the Bavarian throne, one of the most prominent military commanders of World War I, claimant to the thrones of England, Scotland and Ireland
Latin Emperor and Emperor of Constantinople
Duke of Sicily and Prince of Benevento

Medieval figures

Folk heroes

  • Robert Huntington, known as Robin Hood, legendary heroic outlaw and nobleman originally depicted in English folklore, highly skilled archer and swordsman, sometimes regarded as a national hero of England
  • Robert Roy Macgregor (1671–1734), Scottish outlaw and national hero

Nobility

Religious figures and saints

Presidents and prime ministers

Dictators

Secretaries of Defense

Wartime figures and military leaders

Other military

Nazis

Nuclear physicists

Explorers

Movie industry

Musicians

Scientists

Intelligence officers

Criminals

Judges

Political figures

Secretaries of War

Secretaries of State

Governors

Mayors

Founding fathers of United States

Literary figures

Businessmen

Administrators of NASA

Astronauts

Sportsmen

Paranormal

  • Robert the Doll, a supposedly haunted doll exhibited at a museum, center of an urban legend

Others

Fictional characters

Folklore

In different languages

Indo-European

Germanic

Major
Others

Balto-Slavic

Baltic

Major
Other

Slavic

Major
Others

Celtic

Major
Others

Hellenic

Italic

Romance

Major
Others

Indo-Iranian

Other

Major language varieties

Germanic

English

Dutch

German

Romance

French
Italian
Portuguese
Spanish

Uralic

Finno-Ugric

Major
Others
  • Erzya: Роберт
  • Ingrian (Izhorian): Raivo, Raivert, Rovert, Robert
  • Karelian: Roope, Roopertti, Roobert, Robert, Роопе, Роопертти, Рооберт, Роберт
  • Khanty: Роберт
  • Komi: Роберт
  • Komi-Permyak: Роберт
  • Kven: Roope, Roopertti
  • Livonian: Raivo, Robert, Roobert
  • Ludic: Roope, Roopertti, Roobert, Robert
  • Mansi: Роберт
  • Mari: Роберт
  • Meänkieli: Roopertti
  • Moksha: Роберт
  • Sámi: Roope, Roopertti, Roobert, Robert, Роопе, Роопертти, Рооберт, Роберт
  • Udmurt: Роберт
  • Veps: Roope, Roopertti, Roobert, Robert
  • Võro: Raivo
  • Votic: Robert
  • Zyrian: Роберт

Samoyedic

Afro-Asiatic

Berber

  • Central Atlas Tamazight: ⵔⵓⵒⴻⵔⵜ (Rupert), ⵔⵓⵒⴻⵔⵟ (Rupert), ⵔⵓⵒⴻⵔX (Rupert)
  • Kabyle: ⵔ--ⴲⴻⵔX (Robert), ⵔ--ⴱⴻⵔⵜ (Robert), ⵔ--ⴲⴻⵔⵜ (Robert), ⵔ--ⴱⴻⵔⵟ (Robert), ⵔ--ⴲⴻⵔⵟ (Robert)
  • Shilha: روبرت (Robert)
  • Shawiya: Robert
  • Tarifit (Riffian): ⵔ--ⴱⴻⵔX (Robert)
  • Tuareg: Robert

Semitic

Other

Major language varieties

Dravidian

Major
  • Kannada: ರಾಬರ್ಟ್ (Rābarṭ)
  • Malayalam: റോബർട്ട് (Ŗēābarṭṭ)
  • Tamil: ராபர்ட் (Rāparṭ)
  • Telugu: రాబర్ట్ (Rābarṭ)
  • Tulu: రాబర్ట్ (Rābarṭ)
Others
  • Brahui: روبرت (Robert)
  • Chenchu: రాబర్ట్ (Rābarṭ)
  • Kui: ରବର୍ଟ (Robert)
  • Kuvi: ରବର୍ଟ (Robert)

Turkic

Major
Others

Kartvelian

Northeast Caucasian

Northwest Caucasian

Austronesian

Major
Others

Sino-Tibetan

Hmong-Mien

Austroasiatic

Kra-Dai

  • Lao: โรเบิร์ต (Ro beir̒t)
  • Thai: โรเบิร์ต (Ro beir̒t)

Koreanic

  • Jeju: 로버트 (Robeoteu)
  • Korean: 로버트 (Robeoteu)

Japonic

Mongolic

Niger-Congo

Nilo-Saharan

Trans-New Guinea

Tyrsenian

  • Etruscan: Ροβέρτος (Rovértos)
  • Rhaetic: Rovertios
  • Lemnian: Rovertioš
  • Camunic: ΡϙβερχιϙΣσς, ΡϙβερτιϙΣσς (Robertios, Rovertios)

Tungusic

Eskimo-Aleut

Hurro-Urartian

Other

Languages Isolates

Major
Others

Creoles

English-based
French-based
Portuguese-based
Spanish-based

Native American

Major
Others

Australian Aboriginal

Major
Others

Names with a similar meaning

Fame

The names first element, *Hrōþi, can also be found in names:

Other names also meaning "fame", "glory", "praise", "honour":

Bright

The names second element, *Berhta, can also be found on names:

Other names also meaning "bright", "shining", "light":

See also

References

  1. ^ "Robrecht". Historische woordenboeken: Nederlands en Fries (in Dutch). Instituut voor de Nederlandse Taal.
  2. ^ Reaney & Wilson, 1997. Dictionary of English Surnames. Oxford University Press.
  3. ^ Withycombe, E., 1973 edn. Oxford Dictionary of English Christian names. Oxford University Press.
  4. ^ Frank Nuessel (1992). The Study of Names: A Guide to the Principles and Topics. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. p. 10. Archived from the original on October 3, 2013.
  5. ^ RoBerTo Checked, Time Magazine, October 19, 1942
  6. ^ https://www.lexico.com/definition/bright