Robert Edward Chambliss (January 14, 1904 – October 29, 1985), also known as Dynamite Bob, was a white supremacist terrorist convicted in 1977 of murder for his role as conspirator in the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing in 1963. A member of the United Klans of America, Chambliss also firebombed the houses of several African American families in Alabama.
Robert Edward Chambliss
|Born||January 14, 1904|
Pratt City, Alabama, U.S.
|Died||October 29, 1985 (aged 81)|
Birmingham, Alabama, U.S.
|Resting place||Elmwood Cemetery (Birmingham, Alabama)|
|Other names||"Dynamite Bob"|
|Known for||Participant in the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing|
|Conviction(s)||First degree murder|
|Criminal penalty||Life imprisonment|
Investigation and conviction Edit
A May 13, 1965 memo to Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) director J. Edgar Hoover identified Chambliss, Bobby Frank Cherry, Herman Frank Cash and Thomas Edwin Blanton Jr. as suspects in the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing that killed four young African-American girls.
The investigation was originally closed in 1968; no charges were filed. Years later it was found that the FBI had accumulated evidence against the named suspects that had not been revealed to the prosecutors by order of J. Edgar Hoover. Edgar Hoover stopped and shut down the investigation in 1968. The files were used by Alabama attorney general Bill Baxley to reopen the case in 1971. In 1977, Chambliss was convicted of first degree murder for the bombing in the death of Carol Denise McNair. He was sentenced to life imprisonment. Chambliss died in Lloyd Noland Hospital and Health Center in Birmingham on October 29, 1985, still proclaiming his innocence. He was 81.
- "Robert E. Chambliss, Figure in '63 Bombing". The New York Times. 30 October 1985. Retrieved 21 June 2014.
- Clary, Mike (14 April 2001). "Birmingham's Painful Past Reopened". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 21 June 2014.
- "Chambliss v. State". Justia Law. Retrieved 2023-08-15.
- Raines, Howell (20 May 2000). "Alabama Presses the Klan to Answer for Its Most Heinous Bombing". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 June 2014.