2021 Atlanta spa shootings

On March 16, 2021, a series of mass shootings occurred at three spas or massage parlors in the metropolitan area of Atlanta, Georgia, United States. Eight people were killed, six of whom were Asian women, and one other person was wounded. A suspect, 21-year-old Robert Aaron Long, was taken into custody later that day.[2]

2021 Atlanta spa shootings
Part of mass shootings in the United States
Young's Asian Massage (Hwy 92, Acworth, Georgia).jpg
Young's Asian Massage parlor (second from right), where the first shooting took place (pictured 2018)
LocationAtlanta and unincorporated Cherokee County, Georgia, United States
DateMarch 16, 2021 (2021-03-16)
c. 4:50 p.m. EDT (20:50 UTC)
TargetSpas and massage parlors
Attack type
Mass shooting, shooting spree
Weapons9mm semi-automatic pistol
MotiveUnder investigation
AccusedRobert Aaron Long[1]

According to police, Long said he was motivated by a sexual addiction that was at odds with his religious beliefs. He had previously spent time in an evangelical treatment clinic for sex addiction. After the shootings, Long was charged with four counts of murder in Atlanta, and four counts of murder and one count of aggravated assault in Cherokee County.

Although Long has not been charged with a hate crime as part of the ongoing investigation, some commentators have characterized the shootings as a hate crime, noting the backdrop of rising anti-Asian sentiment in the United States during the COVID-19 pandemic. Following the shootings, mass protests against anti-Asian violence have occurred in cities across the U.S. and the world.



Cherokee County shootingEdit

The suspect, Robert Aaron Long, legally purchased a 9mm handgun at Big Woods Goods, a firearms store and indoor gun range in Holly Springs, hours before the shooting.[3][4][5] Like most states, Georgia does not have a waiting period to buy a gun.[3][6][7] Surveillance footage showed him arriving at Young's Asian Massage, a massage parlor near Acworth, and sitting for an hour in the parking lot. He then entered the building at about 3:38 p.m. EDT (19:38 UTC) and remained inside for a period of one hour and 12 minutes.[8] Police did not elaborate on what Long did during this time.[9] Another customer who went to Young's that day said in an interview that everything was still normal inside when he arrived at around 4:40 p.m.[10]

Long left Young's at 4:50 p.m.[10] Shots were fired at some point after. A customer who survived a gunshot wound said the gunman walked into Young's and began firing. The customer threw himself to the floor and begged the gunman not to shoot him. The gunman demanded him to look up at him, and when the customer complied, he was shot in the face.[11][12]

The first 9-1-1 calls reporting the shooting to the Cherokee County Sheriff's Office were made at 4:54 p.m. Police arrived within minutes of Long leaving.[10] There, they found two people fatally shot and three others wounded in different rooms down a hallway; two of the wounded later died at a hospital.[9][13][14] Police found a male customer, whose wife and fellow customer was fatally shot, sitting on a bed in another room, scared and confused, and detained him for four hours.[9][15]

Piedmont Road shootingsEdit

Gold Spa (left) and Aromatherapy Spa (right) pictured in 2018

At 5:47 p.m. EDT, the APD responded to reports of a robbery at Gold Massage Spa[16] on Piedmont Road in northeast Atlanta, about 30 miles (48 km) from the first shooting scene. There, they found three women dead from gunshot wounds. While Atlanta police were at Gold Spa, they received reports of another shooting across the street at Aromatherapy Spa, where they discovered another woman shot and killed.[13][14][17][18]

Two Gold Massage Spa employees who survived the shooting reported hearing ticking sounds while in a break room, which turned out to be gunfire. They hid in a lounge, using items to take cover, and were shot at but not injured. According to them, the gunman did not speak or make any other sounds during the shooting, and he locked both the front and back doors of the spa at some point.[19] According to a report from national Korean newspaper The Chosun Ilbo, a Gold Massage Spa employee who escaped from the store during the shooting stated that the shooter said, "I'm going to kill all Asians."[20][21][22] According to an eyewitness, the attacker shot the worker who opened the door of Aromatherapy Spa for him and fled without entering the interior.[23]

According to the APD, they noticed the similarities between the Piedmont Road and Cherokee County shootings and subsequently dispatched officers to patrol similar businesses in the area.[24] The Federal Bureau of Investigation was called in to assist in the investigation.[25]


Long was arrested near this point on Interstate 75, just south of Cordele.

After the first shooting, Cherokee County police released surveillance footage and were contacted by Long's parents. While they were being interviewed, the APD was responding to the second and third shootings in Atlanta. His parents informed deputies that Long's Hyundai Tucson was equipped with a tracking device. Using surveillance footage of his vehicle at both crime scenes along with the car's tracker, police were able to ascertain his location.[26][27]

At around 8:30 p.m., roughly 3.5 hours after the shootings, Long was spotted by police in Crisp County, about 150 miles (240 km) south of Atlanta. Georgia State Patrol officers followed him south on Interstate 75 until a location just south of Cordele, where they used a PIT maneuver to stop his vehicle and took him into custody.[25][28] Long was on his way to Florida when he was apprehended.[29]

Long was initially arrested in connection to the Cherokee County shooting; police later identified him as a suspect in the Piedmont Road shootings as well.[13][17][24][30] Police found a 9mm handgun in his car.[27]


The shooter killed eight people and wounded one. Six died at the scene, one on route to a hospital, and one in treatment.[31] Their ages ranged from 33 to 74, with five of the victims above 50.[32] Six victims, four at Piedmont Road and two at Cherokee County, were women of Asian descent.[13] The others were a white woman and a white man,[13][14] and the survivor is a Hispanic man from Guatemala.[33] The South Korean Foreign Affairs Ministry reported that four of the dead were of Korean ethnicity,[34] and one was a South Korean citizen.[35]

The victims at Young's Asian Massage in Cherokee County included the business owner, a customer there with her husband for a couples massage, a handyman finishing a project, and an employee. The victims at the Gold Spa included the business owner. The other victims at the Atlanta locations included two spa employees and a manager.[36][37]


The suspect was identified as 21-year-old Robert Aaron Long, a white man of Woodstock.[26] He graduated from Sequoyah High School in 2017. From fall 2017 to fall 2018, Long was enrolled at the Cumming campus of the University of North Georgia, but he did not earn a degree.[31][38] Long was a hunter[31] and was heavily involved in his Southern Baptist congregation.[39] Cherokee County Sheriff Frank Reynolds said Long did not have any prior interactions with law enforcement.[40]

Long spent time in HopeQuest, an evangelical treatment facility located near Acworth and down the road from the first spa that he attacked. He was a patient at the treatment center for what he described as "sex addiction", a label used by some for those that cannot control their sexual urges as expected by purity culture.[41][42] He claimed to be "tortured" by his addiction to sex since he was "deeply religious", according to his halfway house roommate.[38][43] His roommate also said that, several times during his stay at the halfway house, Long said that he had "relapsed" and gone to massage parlors to visit sex workers.[43] His parents had kicked him out of their house the night before the shooting due to concerns about his sex addiction, and said he watched internet pornography several hours each day. A report to police said that he "was emotional" after being evicted from his parents' house.[34][43]


According to the police, Long described his actions as being the result of a sex addiction that conflicted with his religious beliefs.[41][44] Long had been a patron of two of the massage parlors, and saw them as sources of sexual temptation.[44] Police records show that two of the massage parlors had been the site of 10 prostitution arrests, the latest of which took place in 2013.[45] All three targeted spas appeared on an online guide to brothels.[46] Long claims to have initially thought about killing himself but instead decided to target the businesses to "help" others dealing with sex addiction.[43][44] According to the Cherokee County Sheriff's Department, Long wanted to "eliminate the temptation" by targeting spas.[47][48] Ruth Graham, a national religion correspondent of The New York Times, wrote that Long "seemed to have a fixation on sexual temptation, one that can lead to despair among people who believe they are failing to follow the ideal of refraining from sex and even lust outside heterosexual marriage."[49]

The American Psychological Association does not have sex addiction as a diagnosis in the DSM-5, following its removal in 2012. The World Health Organization includes "excessive sexual drive" as a diagnosis (code F52.7) in the latest version of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10), but it categorizes it as a form of compulsive behavior or impulse control disorder rather than an addiction.[50] Psychologist David J. Ley and neuroscientist Nicole Prause noted significant differences between sex addiction and other types of addiction. According to Ley, rehabilitation treatments focusing on the suppression of sexual thoughts such as the type experienced by Long are usually counterproductive. Psychotherapist Robert Weiss, who diagnoses people with sexual addiction, expressed doubt in the diagnosis for Long because sex addicts are typically nonviolent.[51]

Some noted the ethnicity of six of the victims, who were Asian women, amidst an increase in anti-Asian hate crimes in the United States during the COVID-19 pandemic, or characterized the shooting as a hate crime.[52][53][54] Long said his actions were not racially motivated.[25][26][47] Multiple experts have said that race cannot be ruled out as a motive because of the fetishization of Asian women in the U.S.[55][56][57]

Legal proceedingsEdit

On March 17, 2021, Long was charged with eight counts of murder, split evenly between the shooting in Cherokee County and the shootings in Atlanta, and one count of aggravated assault in Cherokee County.[58] According to the latter agency, he confessed to the killings while in custody.[25] His first court appearance, for his arraignment, was scheduled for March 18, but this was cancelled after he waived his right to appear.[59]



President Joe Biden, Vice President Kamala Harris, Mayor Keisha Lance Bottoms, State Senator Michelle Au, and Asian American community leaders meeting in Atlanta on March 19

On March 18, President Joe Biden ordered all U.S. flags at the White House, on other federal grounds, at military installations, on naval vessels, and at U.S. diplomatic missions to be flown at half-mast until sunset on March 22 to respect the victims of the shooting.[60][61] He and Vice President Kamala Harris subsequently met with local Asian American community leaders on March 19 to discuss the shootings.[60][62] After the meeting, he gave a speech condemning rising hate crimes against Asian Americans during the COVID-19 pandemic and declared his support for the proposed COVID-19 Hate Crimes Act, which he claimed would facilitate tackling anti-Asian hate crimes.[62]

South Korean foreign minister Chung Eui-yong and national defense minister Suh Wook held a joint press conference in Seoul on March 19 with their U.S. counterparts Secretary of State Antony Blinken and Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin,[63][64][65] and the South Korean foreign ministry released a statement the following day addressing the shooting and the United States government's anti-hate crime efforts.[35]

On April 14, following the shootings and the overall rise in anti-Asian hate crimes, the U.S. Senate voted 92–6 to advance the COVID-19 Hate Crimes Act, which would allow the U.S. Justice Department to review hate crimes related to COVID-19 and establish an online database.[66][67] On April 22, the Senate voted 94–1 to pass the COVID-19 Hate Crimes Act with bipartisan changes. It will head to the U.S. House of Representatives.[68]

Anti-Asian sentimentEdit

Sociologist Nancy Wang Yuen characterized the event as "part of a nationwide pattern of Asian [women] being disproportionately targeted in hate incidents", stating that the events took place in the context of an "intersection of racism and sexism" against Asian women, citing the Page Act of 1875, and the portrayal of Asian women as prostitutes in media such as Full Metal Jacket and Miss Saigon as examples.[69]

Georgia House of Representatives member Sam Park urged Asian Americans who are facing discrimination to reach out to the police, politicians, and the public.[34] Another member, Bee Nguyen, said that violence against Asian Americans has increased in the last year and identified as a causative factor Donald Trump's use of the term "China Virus" to refer to COVID-19.[70] Asian-American basketball player Jeremy Lin accused Trump's rhetoric of inciting hatred.[71] A number of other athletes and public figures also made statements alleging racist motives in the attacks.[72][73]

The attacks were widely covered by media in South Korea, which has close cultural ties with the United States, especially through the 1.8 million Korean Americans considered part of the Korean diaspora.[35][74] The Hankyoreh called for American society to accept "the serious reality of racial hate crimes" and take steps to ensure everyone's safety regardless of race.[74] The Kyunghyang Shinmun said the United States was "defenseless to racist attacks", while Segye Ilbo called for "effective measures so that crimes against humanity do not take root" in the United States.[35] Mainstream American English-language media was criticized for its coverage of the shooting compared to American Korean-language and South Korean media. Issues brought up included that the former was focused more on the shooter's background, ignored the victims, and immediately dismissed racial motivations after the shooter and law enforcement claimed it was sexually motivated, while the latter instead focused on the victims, interviewed community figures and people who knew the victims, and looked at previous racist and anti-China statements made by the shooter.[75][76]

The shootings prompted the Chinese Canadian National Council's Toronto chapter and other groups to issue a statement calling for action against rising anti-Asian sentiment in Canada during the COVID-19 pandemic and the discrimination and violence faced by Asian workers in massage parlors and the sex industry.[77] On March 23, the House of Commons of Canada unanimously passed a motion introduced by New Democratic Party leader Jagmeet Singh condemning the shootings and the rise of anti-Asian sentiment across North America, as well as calling on the federal government to hold a federal-provincial summit on coordinating and funding anti-hate efforts.[78]

Advocates for sex workers said the shootings fueled fears over anti-sex work ideology.[79] Columnist Tracy Quan commented on the incident from her perspective as an Asian American and a former sex worker: "Untangling the suspect's motive isn't easy when race and sex are competing to dominate the narrative ... I've experienced bias and ethnic profiling, but I've also been a sex worker, and I have encountered more prejudice, more name-calling, more fear, anger and hostility in connection with my sex work than regarding my race."[80]

Hate crime debateEdit

The shootings sparked fears of lack of security among owners and employees of Asian-owned businesses across the U.S., a debate over hate crime definitions, and criticism of the current methods used to aggregate hate crime data in the country.[81][82] The New York City Police Department deployed counterterrorism officers to Asian American communities as a precaution due to the shootings.[83] Police patrols and community outreach efforts were also increased in Seattle.[34]

Long's statements that the shootings were not racially motivated but rather motivated by an intent to lash out at sources of temptation have spurred widespread skepticism, with members of the Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus citing the nature of the targeted locations and the ethnicity of many of the victims.[84] State Representative Nguyen argued that Long should be charged with a hate crime, noting that a racial motivation would not be necessary for his actions to qualify as a hate crime, since the law also applies to those who specifically target women.[70] President Joe Biden also condemned the attacks as a hate crime, and expressed his support for hate crimes legislation recently introduced into Congress.[85] U.S. Representative Marilyn Strickland, a Korean American from Washington state, said from the House floor that racially-motivated hate crimes should be called out instead of "making excuses and rebranding it as economic anxiety or sexual addiction."[86]

On March 18, the U.S. House of Representatives held a previously-scheduled congressional hearing on anti-Asian American discrimination, where Representative Chip Roy (R-TX) questioned whether the committee's attempts to prevent hate crimes and hate incidents against Asian Americans would hamper free speech. He claimed, "It seems to want to venture into the policing of rhetoric in a free society." His statement prompted criticism from Democrats.[87]

Andrew Sullivan criticized speculation in the media about Long's motives and the assertion that his actions constitute a hate crime, saying that the media is "rushing to promote ready-made narratives, which actually point away from the empirical facts."[88][89] Elizabeth Nolan Brown, writing in Reason, also said that Long's motives were "still unclear, despite many in the media attributing it to anti-Asian racism".[90]

Deborah Epstein, director of Georgetown University Law Center’s Domestic Violence Clinic, said in an interview for NPR, "This man targeted his victims because they were Asian, and he targeted his victims because they were women. And we have to shed the blinders that limit us to seeing the race piece, but not the gender piece of hate."[91]

Gun reformEdit

Several politicians expressed concern with how easy it was for Long to obtain a gun on the day of the shooting, with the Giffords Law Center saying he would have completed the required background check within 100 seconds.[92] Georgia state senator Michelle Au commented, "It is easier to buy a gun here than it is to vote."[93] Advocates said a waiting period in Georgia could have prevented spontaneous violence.[94] Satirical news site The Onion republished its 'No Way To Prevent This,' Says Only Nation Where This Regularly Happens article, with minor alterations, the day after the killings.[95][96]

Calls for gun reform were renewed when a shooting in Boulder, Colorado, occurred six days later. Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer (D-NY) said the Senate "must and will move forward on legislation to help stop the epidemic of gun violence".[97]

Criticism of police captain's phrasingEdit

During a press conference on the shootings, Captain Jay Baker of the Cherokee County Sheriff's Department paraphrased what Long told investigators about his motives, saying "he was pretty much fed up and kind of at the end of his rope, and I guess it was a really bad day for him and this is what he did."[98][99][100]

The phrase "really bad day" attracted criticism and led to the discovery of Baker's anti-China sentiments on Facebook,[101] thereby calling the integrity of the investigation into question.[102][103] Critics said his description of Long was sympathetic.[22][104][105] Georgia State Senator Michelle Au said Baker's remarks showed that law enforcement handled crimes against particular groups differently.[106] Representative Ted Lieu (D-Calif.) called for the FBI to conduct its own independent investigation, saying that he believed the Cherokee County Sheriff’s Office investigation would be unfair because of Baker's press conference remarks and Facebook post. Vincent Pan, a co-executive director of the civil rights group Chinese for Affirmative Action, said that Baker's involvement undermined Asian-American confidence that the investigation would be taken seriously.[107]

On March 18, Sheriff Reynolds of the Cherokee County Sheriff’s Office released a letter that acknowledged the criticism, expressed regret over Baker's words, and contextualized the remarks by pointing to the "difficult task" that Baker had and Baker's personal connections to the Asian-American community.[108] The letter did not address Baker's Facebook post. Later that day, Baker was removed from his spokesman role in the investigation. According to WSB-TV, the incident prompted the Cherokee County Sheriff Department to briefly consider handing off its role in the case to the Georgia Bureau of Investigation.[108][109]


A vigil against anti-Asian violence in New York City on March 20

On March 21, thousands participated in protests in Atlanta, New York City, Washington, D.C., and Montreal, denouncing anti-Asian sentiment.[110]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Aggarwal, Mayank (March 17, 2021). "Atlanta spa shootings: What we know about 'religious, nerdy' suspect Robert Aaron Long". The Independent. Retrieved March 17, 2021.
  2. ^ McLaughlin, Eliott C.; Tolan, Casey; Watts, Amanda (March 17, 2021). "What we know about Robert Aaron Long, the suspect in Atlanta spa shootings". CNN. Retrieved March 22, 2021.
  3. ^ a b Whitehurst, Lindsay (March 21, 2021). "Gun waiting periods rare in US states but more may be coming". WSBTV. Retrieved March 22, 2021 – via Associated Press.
  4. ^ Stevens, Alexis; Abusaid, Shaddi (March 17, 2021). "'A crime against us all.' Outrage, grief after deadly spa shootings". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved March 18, 2021.
  5. ^ "$10,000 in firearms stolen from gun range". Cherokee Tribune Ledger and News. Canton, GA. July 27, 2017. Retrieved March 22, 2021.
  6. ^ Kaplan, Sarah; Bella, Timothy; Bell, Kim (March 22, 2021). "Rallies in support of Asian Americans staged across United States". The Independent. Retrieved March 23, 2021.
  7. ^ Vigdor, Neil (March 19, 2021). "Criticism mounts for Georgia's lack of a waiting period for gun purchases". The New York Times. Retrieved March 23, 2021.
  8. ^ Craig, Tim; Berman, Mark; Knowles, Hannah; Fisher, Marc (March 18, 2021). "A nationwide horror: Witnesses, police paint a picture of a murderous rampage that took 8 lives". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved March 21, 2021.
  9. ^ a b c Brumback, Kate; Bynum, Russ (March 22, 2021). "Spa witness, police reports detail carnage in Georgia". Associated Press. Retrieved March 23, 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  10. ^ a b c Samuels, Elyse; Craig, Tim; Bella, Timothy (March 19, 2021). "Surveillance video shows suspect entered first spa more than an hour before shooting". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 19, 2021.
  11. ^ Edney, Brittany (April 15, 2021). "Sole survivor of the metro Atlanta spa shootings returns home from hospital". WGCL-TV. Retrieved April 17, 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  12. ^ Her, Chenue (April 19, 2021). "Only survivor of metro Atlanta spa shootings describes coming face-to-face with gunman". WXIA-TV. Retrieved April 20, 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  13. ^ a b c d e Hollis, Henri; Abusaid, Shaddi; Stevens, Alexis (March 16, 2021). "'A crime against us all': Atlanta mayor condemns deadly spa shooting spree". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved March 16, 2021.
  14. ^ a b c Fausset, Richard; Vigdor, Neil (March 16, 2021). "8 People Killed in Atlanta-Area Massage Parlor Shootings". The New York Times. Retrieved March 16, 2021.
  15. ^ Rojas, Rick; McDonnell Nieto del Rio, Giulia (March 21, 2021). "After Spa Attacks, Officers Handcuffed Victim's Anguished Husband for Four Hours". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 22, 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  16. ^ Vera, Amir; Hanna, Jason (March 16, 2021). "Here's what we know about the metro Atlanta spa shootings that left 8 dead". CNN. Retrieved March 20, 2021.
  17. ^ a b Lynch, Jamiel; Almasy, Steve (March 16, 2021). "8 killed in shootings at 3 metro Atlanta spas. Police have 1 suspect in custody". CNN. Retrieved March 16, 2021.
  18. ^ "Spa killing spree leaves 8 dead in metro Atlanta; suspect captured". 11Alive. March 16, 2021. Retrieved March 16, 2021 – via Associated Press.
  19. ^ Park, Hanna (April 2, 2021). "He shot at 'everyone he saw': Atlanta spa workers recount horrors of shooting". NBC News. Retrieved April 12, 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  20. ^ Hwang, Ji-yoon (March 17, 2021). "애틀랜타 총격 범인, 아시아인 다 죽이겠다 말해" [Atlanta shooter tells me I'm going to kill all Asians]. Chosun Ilbo (in Korean). Retrieved March 17, 2021.
  21. ^ Falcon, Russell (March 17, 2021). "Atlanta shootings put spotlight on surging anti-Asian sentiment in America". KXAN. Retrieved March 19, 2021.
  22. ^ a b Carmon, Irin (March 18, 2021). "Are the Atlanta Killings a Hate Crime? The Suspect Doesn't Get to Decide". New York. Retrieved March 24, 2021.
  23. ^ Jang, Yeol; Jang, Soo Ah (March 17, 2021). "총격범 또다른 범행 위해 플로리다 향해" [The shooter goes to Florida for another crime]. Korea Daily (in Korean). Retrieved March 19, 2021.
  24. ^ a b Culver, Jordan (March 16, 2021). "8 dead in 3 shootings at massage parlors in Georgia; police investigating motive; suspect arrested". USA Today. Retrieved March 16, 2021.
  25. ^ a b c d Pereira, Ivan; Foster, Matt; Shapiro, Emily (March 17, 2021). "Georgia spa murders: Suspect charged with 8 counts of murder". ABC News. Retrieved March 18, 2021.
  26. ^ a b c Boone, Christian; Sharpe, Joshua (March 17, 2021). "Spa shooting suspect's parents turned him in". Atlanta Journal Constitution. Retrieved March 17, 2021.
  27. ^ a b "What Happened in the Atlanta Spa Shootings and Who Is Robert Aaron Long?". The Wall Street Journal. March 17, 2021. Retrieved March 18, 2021.
  28. ^ Monk, Krista (March 16, 2021). "Suspect wanted in deadly Atlanta-area shootings caught in Crisp Co". WALB. Retrieved March 16, 2021.
  29. ^ Sundby, Alex (March 17, 2021). "Suspect in deadly spa shootings may have "sexual addiction," sheriff says". CBS News. Retrieved March 17, 2021.
  30. ^ Brumback, Kate (March 16, 2021). "Georgia massage parlor shootings leave 8 dead; man captured". Associated Press. Retrieved March 16, 2021.
  31. ^ a b c Montgomery, Blake; Cruz, Chamian; Ibrahim, Noor; Olding, Rachel (March 16, 2021). "Massage Parlor Massacres Suspect Said He Loved Guns & God". The Daily Beast. Retrieved March 16, 2021.
  32. ^ "Authorities name all eight victims in Atlanta spa shootings". The Guardian. March 19, 2021. Retrieved March 20, 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  33. ^ Villegas, Paulina (March 17, 2021). "Survivor of Atlanta spa shootings called wife moments after the rampage: 'I have been shot!'". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved April 12, 2021.
  34. ^ a b c d Hanna, Jason; Watts, Amanda; Holcombe, Madeline (March 17, 2021). "Suspect in Atlanta-area spa shootings might have intended more shootings in Florida, mayor says". CNN. Retrieved March 18, 2021.
  35. ^ a b c d Martin, Timothy W.; Yoon, Dasyl (March 21, 2021). "Atlanta Spa Shootings Reverberate Across South Korea, Long a U.S. Ally". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved March 22, 2021.
  36. ^ "Atlanta spa shootings: Who are the victims?". BBC News. March 19, 2021. Retrieved March 20, 2021.
  37. ^ Hawkins, Derek; Craig, Tim; Shavin, Mark; Villegas, Paulina; Kornfield, Meryl (March 20, 2021). "What we know about the victims of the Atlanta shootings". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 20, 2021.
  38. ^ a b Fausset, Richard; Bogel-Burroughs, Nicholas; Graham, Ruth; Healy, Jack (March 18, 2021). "Accused Gunman Had Visited Massage Parlors He Targeted, Police Say". The New York Times. Retrieved March 19, 2021.
  39. ^ Pulliam, Sarah Pulliam; Armus, Teo (March 17, 2021). "Christan leaders wrestle with Atlanta shooting suspect's Southern Baptist ties". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 18, 2021.
  40. ^ Walters, Shamar; Siemaszko, Corky (March 18, 2021). "With motive still disputed, some point to shooting suspect's religion, shame". NBC News. Retrieved March 18, 2021.
  41. ^ a b Krohn, Jonathan; Pulliam, Sarah Pulliam (March 19, 2021). "Atlanta shooting suspect was a patient at evangelical treatment center close to first targeted spa". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 19, 2021.
  42. ^ Luscombe, Belinda (March 20, 2021). "What an Expert on Evangelicals and Sex Says About the Atlanta Shooter's Claim He Had a Sex Addiction". Time. Retrieved March 22, 2021.
  43. ^ a b c d McLaughlin, Eliott C.; Tolan, Casey; Watts, Amanda (March 17, 2021). "What we know about Robert Aaron Long, the suspect in Atlanta spa shootings". CNN. Retrieved March 18, 2021.
  44. ^ a b c Whitehurst, Lindsay; Price, Michelle L. (March 18, 2021). "Stigmas on race, gender and sex overlap in Atlanta slayings". Associated Press. Retrieved March 18, 2021.
  45. ^ Brumback, Kate; Collins, Jeffrey (March 20, 2021). "Attacked spas had been targeted by prostitution stings". Associated Press. Retrieved March 20, 2021.
  46. ^ Jeffrey Collins & Kate Brumback (March 22, 2021). "Attacked spas had been targeted by prostitution stings". Columbia Basin Herald. Retrieved April 4, 2021. All three businesses where people were fatally shot Tuesday have detailed recent reviews on an online site that leads users to places that provide sexual services.
  47. ^ a b Holcombe, Madeline; Yan, Holly; Vera, Amir (March 18, 2021). "Victims of the spa shootings highlight the vulnerability of working-class Asian women as more Asian Americans get attacked". CNN. Retrieved March 18, 2021.
  48. ^ Graziosi, Graig (March 17, 2021). "Robert Aaron Long: Police claim Georgia suspect said 'bad day' and sex addiction led to massage parlour murders". The Independent. Retrieved March 18, 2021.
  49. ^ Graham, Ruth (March 20, 2021). "Atlanta Suspect's Fixation on Sex Is Familiar Thorn for Evangelicals". The New York Times. Retrieved March 20, 2021.
  50. ^ "2017/18 ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code F52.8: Other sexual dysfunction not due to a substance or known physiological condition". Icd10data.com. Retrieved December 28, 2017.
  51. ^ Armus, Teo (March 18, 2021). "The Atlanta suspect isn't the first to blame 'sex addiction' for heinous crimes. But scientists are dubious". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 18, 2021.
  52. ^ Grundy, Saida (March 25, 2021). "Calling the Atlanta Shootings a Hate Crime Isn't Nearly Enough". The Atlantic. Retrieved March 25, 2021.
  53. ^ Custodio, Jonathan (March 17, 2021). "Yang decries Georgia shooting, calls for more funding for hate-crime task force". Politico. Retrieved March 17, 2021.
  54. ^ Neumann, Sean (March 17, 2021). "'Hate Is Deadly': Lawmakers Speak Out After Ga. Spree Shooting Kills 6 Asian Women". People. Retrieved March 17, 2021.
  55. ^ Yam, Kimmy (March 18, 2021). "Racism, sexism must be considered in Atlanta case involving killing of six Asian women, experts say". NBC News. Retrieved March 19, 2021.
  56. ^ Chang, Ailsa (March 19, 2021). "For Asian American Women, Misogyny And Racism Are Inseparable, Sociologist Says". NPR. Retrieved March 23, 2021.
  57. ^ Kaur, Harmeet (March 18, 2021). "Fetishized, sexualized and marginalized, Asian women are uniquely vulnerable to violence". CNN. Retrieved March 23, 2021.
  58. ^ Fieldstadt, Elisha (March 17, 2021). "Suspect in deadly Atlanta-area spa shootings charged with 8 counts of murder". NBC News. Retrieved March 21, 2021.
  59. ^ Bogel-Burroughs, Nicholas; Sandoval, Edgar; GaNun, Jacqueline (March 18, 2021). "The suspect waived his arraignment after being charged with 8 counts of murder". The New York Times. Retrieved March 18, 2021.
  60. ^ a b Quinn, Melissa (March 18, 2021). "Biden orders flags at half-staff to honor victims of Atlanta-area spa shootings". CBS News. Retrieved March 18, 2021.
  61. ^ "President Biden orders five-day mourning period for victims of Atlanta shootings". Yonhap News Agency. March 19, 2021. Retrieved March 19, 2021.
  62. ^ a b Sullivan, Kate (March 19, 2021). "Biden condemns 'skyrocketing' hate crimes against Asian Americans in wake of deadly shooting". CNN. Retrieved March 20, 2021.
  63. ^ Seligman, Lara (March 18, 2021). "In South Korea, top Biden officials condemn 'horrific' Atlanta attack". Politico. Archived from the original on March 19, 2021. Retrieved March 19, 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  64. ^ "Six Asian women among eight shot dead in US city of Atlanta". Al Jazeera. March 17, 2021. Archived from the original on March 19, 2021. Retrieved March 19, 2021.
  65. ^ "U.S. calls on China to play 'critical' role in nuke talks". Korea Joong Ang Daily. March 18, 2021. Retrieved March 19, 2021.
  66. ^ Rogers, Alex (April 14, 2021). "Senate advances bill to combat surge of anti-Asian hate crimes". CNN. Retrieved April 14, 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  67. ^ "On Cloture on the Motion to Proceed (Motion to Invoke Cloture Re: Motion to Proceed to S. 937)". United States Senate. April 14, 2021. Retrieved April 14, 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  68. ^ Behrmann, Savannah (April 22, 2021). "COVID-19 hate crimes bill to fight Asian American discrimination passes Senate". USA Today. Retrieved April 22, 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  69. ^ Wang Yuen, Nancy (March 18, 2021). "Atlanta spa shooting suspect's 'bad day' defense, and America's sexualized racism problem". NBC News. Retrieved March 19, 2021.
  70. ^ a b Jung, Christina (March 18, 2021). "Asian Americans fearful after Georgia massage parlour shootings". CBC News. Retrieved March 18, 2021.
  71. ^ "Jeremy Lin on Atlanta spa shootings: 'I worry I encourage hate by speaking out'". The Guardian. March 17, 2021. Retrieved March 18, 2021.
  72. ^ Reyes, Lorenzo (March 17, 2021). "'Senseless and tragic': LeBron James, NBA stars speak out against Atlanta-area shootings". USA Today. Retrieved March 18, 2021.
  73. ^ "Athletes denounce Atlanta shootings, condemn anti-Asian racism". Sportsnet. March 17, 2021. Retrieved March 18, 2021.
  74. ^ a b Kwon, Junhyup (March 18, 2021). "Here's How South Korea Is Reacting to the Atlanta Spa Shootings". Vice. Retrieved March 22, 2021.
  75. ^ Ishak, Natasha. "How mainstream media failed the Atlanta shooting victims". Nieman Lab. Harvard University. Retrieved April 22, 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  76. ^ Kim, Regina (March 31, 2021). "Atlanta Spa Shootings: What Korean-Language Media Told Us That the Mainstream Media Didn't". Rolling Stone. Retrieved April 22, 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  77. ^ "'Stand with us': Anti-Asian racism in Canada is nothing new, communities say after Atlanta shootings". CBC News. March 18, 2021. Retrieved March 19, 2021.
  78. ^ Jackson, Hannah (March 22, 2021). "Canadian MPs vote to condemn Atlanta mass shooting, anti-Asian racism". Global News. Retrieved March 23, 2021.
  79. ^ Solis, Marie (March 18, 2021). "'A specific kind of racism': Atlanta shootings fuel fears over anti-sex-work ideology". The Guardian. Retrieved March 18, 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  80. ^ Quan, Tracy (March 19, 2021). "Don't forget — the Georgia shootings are a hate crime against sex workers". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 21, 2021.
  81. ^ Kavilanz, Parija (March 18, 2021). "'No one was listening.' Asian business owners react to Atlanta shootings". CNN Business. Retrieved March 18, 2021.
  82. ^ Chappell, Bill (March 18, 2021). "'Enough Is Enough': Atlanta-Area Spa Shootings Spur Debate Over Hate Crime Label". NPR. Retrieved March 18, 2021.
  83. ^ "Shootings at Atlanta Asian massage parlours leave eight dead". Sky News. March 17, 2021. Retrieved March 17, 2021.
  84. ^ Thanawala, Sudhin (March 28, 2021). "US lawmakers decry violence against Asians in Georgia visit". Associated Press. Retrieved March 28, 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  85. ^ "Biden condemns Atlanta shootings as anti-Asian hate crime". Al Jazeera. March 19, 2021. Retrieved March 19, 2021.
  86. ^ "What We Know About the Atlanta-Area Spa Attacks". New York. March 21, 2021. Retrieved March 22, 2021.
  87. ^ Wu, Nicholas (March 18, 2021). "'We will not let you take our voice from us': Rep. Meng responds to Republicans at hearing on anti-Asian discrimination". USA Today. Retrieved March 18, 2021.
  88. ^ Wulfsohn, Joseph (March 21, 2021). "Andrew Sullivan blasts media for 'grotesquely' distorting Atlanta shootings to push hate crime 'narrative'". Fox News. Retrieved March 25, 2021.
  89. ^ Sullivan, Andrew (March 20, 2021). "The media's new truth". New York Post. Retrieved March 25, 2021.
  90. ^ Brown, Elizabeth (March 17, 2021). "Massage Parlor Massacre: 8 Killed in Atlanta, Media Speculate About Anti-Asian Motive". Reason. Retrieved March 25, 2021.
  91. ^ Martin, Michael (March 21, 2021). "Mass Shooters Often Have A History Of Violence Against Women". NPR. Retrieved March 28, 2021.
  92. ^ Luscombe, Richard (March 19, 2021). "Atlanta spa shootings spark new push for gun controls". The Guardian. Retrieved March 24, 2021.
  93. ^ "'It is easier to buy a gun here than it is to vote': Georgia State Senator Michelle Au proposes gun control measure amid wave of violence against Asian Americans". CBS News. March 21, 2021. Retrieved March 24, 2021.
  94. ^ Lenthang, Marlene (March 26, 2021). "Gun waiting period laws in spotlight after Atlanta, Boulder shootings". ABC News. Retrieved March 27, 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  95. ^ Allsop, Jon (March 22, 2021). "Where is the gun reform debate after Atlanta?". Columbia Journalism Review. Retrieved March 24, 2021.
  96. ^ "'No Way To Prevent This,' Says Only Nation Where This Regularly Happens". The Onion. March 17, 2021. Retrieved March 24, 2021.
  97. ^ Paybarah, Azi; Cramer, Maria (March 23, 2021). "Colorado Grocery Store Shooting Leaves 10 Dead". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 24, 2021.
  98. ^ "Atlanta Police Press Conference on Spa Shootings Transcript March 17". Rev. March 17, 2021. Retrieved April 6, 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  99. ^ Blair, Leonardo (March 17, 2021). "Christian mass shooter Robert Long was tired of 'temptation' posed by massage parlors: police". Christian Post. Retrieved March 17, 2021.
  100. ^ Soave, Robby (March 19, 2021). "The Media Got It Wrong: Police Captain Didn't Say the Atlanta Spa Killer Was Having a 'Bad Day'". Reason. Retrieved March 22, 2021.
  101. ^ Kornfield, Meryl; Knowles, Hannah (March 18, 2021). "Sheriff's official who said spa shooting suspect had 'bad day' posted shirts blaming 'CHY-NA' for virus". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 18, 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  102. ^ Lonas, Lexi (March 17, 2021). "Officer faces criticism for saying suspected Georgia shooter had 'a really bad day'". The Hill. Retrieved March 18, 2021.
  103. ^ "The Atlanta murders of Asian American women: What we know so far". Al Jazeera. March 18, 2021. Retrieved March 18, 2021.
  104. ^ Sulivan, Margaret (March 19, 2021). "'Not racially motivated'?: The Atlanta spa shootings show why the media should be wary of initial police statements". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 24, 2021.
  105. ^ Pitts, Leonard, Jr. (March 22, 2021). "Leonard Pitts Jr.: Accused Atlanta shooter's 'bad day'". Tribune-Review. Retrieved March 24, 2021.
  106. ^ Vigdor, Neil; Bogel-Burroughs, Nicholas; Diaz, Johnny (March 19, 2021). "In Atlanta, Biden Condemns Attacks on Asian-Americans". The New York Times. Retrieved March 24, 2021.
  107. ^ Hayes, Christal (March 18, 2021). "Georgia sheriff spokesman in spa shootings removed from case after 'bad day' comment, controversial anti-China shirt". USA Today. Retrieved March 23, 2021.
  108. ^ a b Kornfield, Meryl; Knowles, Hannah (March 17, 2021). "Captain who said suspect had 'bad day' is no longer a spokesman on the case, official says". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 18, 2021.
  109. ^ Brumback, Kate (March 18, 2021). "Atlanta police on shooting probe: 'Nothing is off the table'". Associated Press. Retrieved March 18, 2021.
  110. ^ "Protesters march against anti-Asian racism in US". Yahoo! News. Agence France-Presse. March 21, 2021. Retrieved March 22, 2021.