Chief Justice of New Zealand
The Chief Justice of New Zealand (Māori: Te Kaiwhakawā Tumuaki o Aotearoa) is the head of the New Zealand judiciary, and presides over the Supreme Court of New Zealand. The Chief Justice of New Zealand is also the Chief Justice of Tokelau. Before the establishment of the Supreme Court in 2004 the Chief Justice was the presiding judge in the High Court of New Zealand, and was also ex officio a member of the Court of Appeal of New Zealand. The office is established by the Judicature Act 1908.
|Chief Justice of New Zealand
Kaiwhakawā Tumuaki o Aotearoa (Māori)
|Style||The Right Honourable|
|Nominator||Prime Minister of New Zealand|
|Appointer||Governor-General of New Zealand|
|Term length||No set term, though retirement is mandatory at age 70|
|Formation||5 February 1841|
|First holder||Sir William Martin|
The Chief Justice is first among equals among the judges of the Supreme Court. They also act in place of the Governor-General if one has not been appointed or if the appointee is unable to perform his or her duties. When acting in place of the Governor-General, the Chief Justice is known as the Administrator of the Government.
The Chief Justice is appointed by the Governor-General, on the advice of the Prime Minister. The current Chief Justice is Helen Winkelmann, who was appointed on 14 March 2019 to replace Dame Sian Elias, who had reached mandatory retirement.
List of Chief JusticesEdit
From 1841 to 1979 the Chief Justice served with the old Supreme Court (now called High Court of New Zealand), which was a superior court with final appeals made to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council. From 1980 onwards the Chief Justice headed the current Supreme Court, which as acted as the highest court in New Zealand and final as court of last resort after 2004 replacing the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council.
|No.||Image||Chief Justice||Assumed Office||Left Office|
|1||Hon. Sir William Martin||5 February 1841||12 June 1857|
|2||Hon. Sir George Arney||c. 1858||1875|
|3||Hon. Sir James Prendergast GCMG||1 April 1875||25 May 1899|
|4||Rt Hon. Sir Robert Stout GCMG||25 May 1899||31 January 1926|
|5||Hon. Sir Charles Skerrett KCMG KC||1 February 1926||13 February 1929|
|6||Rt Hon. Sir Michael Myers GCMG KC||3 May 1929||7 August 1946|
|7||Rt Hon. Sir Humphrey O'Leary KCMG KC||12 August 1946||16 October 1953|
|8||Rt Hon. Sir Harold Barrowclough KCMG CB DSO MC ED||17 November 1953||17 January 1966|
|9||Rt Hon. Sir Richard Wild GBE KCMG QC||18 January 1966||January 1978|
|10||Rt Hon. Sir Ronald Davison GBE CMG QC||3 February 1978||4 February 1989|
|11||Rt Hon. Sir Thomas Eichelbaum GBE QC||6 February 1989||16 May 1999|
|12||Rt Hon. Dame Sian Elias GNZM PC QC||17 May 1999||13 March 2019|
|13||Rt Hon. Dame Helen Winkelmann GNZM||14 March 2019||present|
- Judicial Salaries and Allowances Determination (No 2) 2015
- "Tokelau Judicial Annual Report 2012 - 2013". www.paclii.org. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
- "Meeting the Chief Justice of Tokelau". www.tokelau.org.nz. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
- "Judicature Act 1908 No 89 (as at 01 March 2017), Public Act Contents". www.legislation.govt.nz. Parliamentary Counsel Office. Retrieved 3 December 2017.
- "Role of the Chief Justice". www.courtsofnz.govt.nz. Courts of New Zealand. Retrieved 3 December 2017.
- "Appointing Judges: A Judicial Appointments Commission or New Zealand?". Ministry of Justice. September 2002. Retrieved 12 June 2008.