List of national stadiums
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Many countries have a national sport stadium, which typically serves as the primary or exclusive home for one or more of a country's national representative sports teams. The term is most often used in reference to an association football stadium. Usually, a national stadium will be in or very near a country's capital city or largest city. It is generally (but not always) the country's largest and most lavish sports venue with a rich history of hosting a major moment in sports (i.e. FIFA World Cup, Olympics, etc.). In many, but not all cases, it is also used by a local team. Many countries, including Spain and the United States, do not have a national stadium designated as such; instead matches are rotated throughout the country. The lack of a national stadium can be seen as advantageous as designating a single stadium would limit the fan base capable of realistically attending matches as well as the concern of the cost of transportation, especially in the case of the United States due to its geographical size and high population.
A list of national stadiums follows:
Antigua and BarbudaEdit
- Estadio Monumental Antonio Vespucio Liberti (football)
- Estadio Multipropósito Parque Roca (basketball and tennis)
- Estadio Nacional de Hockey (field hockey)
- Campo Argentino de Polo (polo)
- CeNARD (athletics)
- Estadio José Amalfitani, also known as Vélez Sársfield (rugby union)—Although the national team plays Tests at several venues around the country, most of their home Tests against teams in the Six Nations and Tri Nations are held here.
Australia does not have an official national stadium, yet its three biggest stadiums alternate hosting large events are the following:
- Melbourne Cricket Ground (Cricket and Australian rules football) - currently the largest sporting venue in Australia and the largest in the Southern Hemisphere with a capacity of 100,024.
- Stadium Australia, currently known under a sponsorship deal as 'ANZ Stadium' - was the 2000 Sydney Olympic Stadium (at the time with a capacity of 110,000), and now hosts Rugby League, Rugby Union and football (soccer) matches with a capacity of 84,000. There exists a popular rivalry between ANZ Stadium and the MCG due to lasting rivalries between football codes and the respective cities. Cricket and AFL are no longer played at the venue.
- Perth Stadium, currently known under a sponsorship deal as 'Optus Stadium' It is the third largest stadium in Australia. The Stadium can hold 60,000 people.
Bosnia and HerzegovinaEdit
Brazil does not have an official national stadium. Large sports events (mostly football) are commonly held in alternate venues. However, during reconstruction for the 2014 FIFA World Cup and as the capital city's and country's greatest stadium, the name Estádio Nacional (Portuguese for National Stadium) was added to the old Mané Garrincha stadium, leaving its official name as Estádio Nacional de Brasília Mané Garrincha, even though it doesn't act as a solo national stadium.
The largest and most well known stadium in Brazil is Estádio do Maracanã located at Rio de Janeiro. The Brazil national football team have most of their high-profile matches taken place in the Maracanã and the venue has hosted multiple World Cup and Copa America matches in its history including the two World Cup finals that Brazil has hosted (1950 and 2014).
- BC Place (multiple sports)
- BMO Field (Canada men's national soccer team)
- Maple Leaf Cricket Club (cricket)
- Rogers Centre (baseball)
- Scotiabank Arena (basketball)
- Shamrock Field (Gaelic games)
- Canada does not have a national stadium/arena for ice hockey. The national team plays at several venues throughout the country. Likewise, Canadian football and lacrosse, two prominent sports unique to Canadian culture, play at multiple venues across the nation.
Central African RepublicEdit
People's Republic of ChinaEdit
Chinese football (soccer) national team does not have a national stadium. The team traditionally plays games in Beijing Workers Stadium, Shanghai Hongkou Stadium, Nanjing Olympic Sports Center, or Kunming Tuodong Sports Center. But in recent years they play most of their games at other cities.
Democratic Republic of the CongoEdit
Republic of the CongoEdit
There is no official national stadium. The following two stadiums are the largest and most commonly host international events:
- The German national football team usually plays at different stadiums throughout the country. However, the venue for the German Cup Final is the Olympic Stadium in Berlin. As a multipurpose stadium, the Olympic stadium also hosts international athletic competitions and is planned to be the venue for the final of the 2018 American Football European Championship among other events.
|Aviva Stadium||Irish Rugby Football Union
Football Association of Ireland
|rugby union and association football||The IRFU is all-island while the FAI is restricted to the Republic. The IRFU owns the land but the stadium built on it is jointly owned by both bodies.|
|Croke Park||Gaelic Athletic Association||Gaelic games and international rules football||The GAA is all-island|
|Morton Stadium||National Sports Campus Development Authority||athletics||Athletics Ireland is all-island, although Athletics Northern Ireland is linked to both Athletics Ireland and UK Athletics.|
|National Stadium||Irish Amateur Boxing Association||boxing||The IABA is all-island|
|National Basketball Arena||Basketball Ireland||basketball||Basketball Ireland is all-island|
|National Indoor Arena||National Sports Campus Development Authority||various indoor sports||Construction began at the National Sports Campus in 2015.|
|National Aquatic Centre||National Sports Campus Development Authority||aquatics||Swim Ireland uses but does not own the venue, which is part of the National Sports Campus.|
|National Horse Arena||National Sports Campus Development Authority||equestrianism||Horse Sport Ireland uses but does not own the venue, which is part of the National Sports Campus.|
The following venues are "designated national sporting arenas" for the purposes of Section 21 of the Intoxicating Liquor Act 2003 (which regulates sale of alcohol at sports venues): National Stadium, Croke Park,Semple Stadium,Royal Dublin Society, Aviva Stadium,Thomond Park.
- The Italian national football team usually plays at different stadiums throughout the country.
- Stadio Olimpico (Olympics and rugby union)
- Tokyo Dome (baseball)
- Koshien Stadium (baseball)
- National Stadium (football and athletics)
- International Stadium Yokohama (football)
- Chichibunomiya Rugby Stadium (rugby union)—The Japan national team plays matches at several venues around the country, but Chichibunomiya is the most commonly used, and the country's national federation is headquartered here.
- Kokugikan (Sumo)
- Nyayo National Stadium
- Kasarani National Stadium
Republic of KoreaEdit
Democratic People's Republic of KoreaEdit
The Moroccan national football team usually plays at different stadiums throughout the country, however they have most of their high-profile matches taking place in Marrakesh Stadium, Stade Mohammed V or Prince Moulay Abdellah Stadium.
Papua New GuineaEdit
- Stadion Śląski (Silesian Stadium) in Chorzów (football) - this stadium was previously designated by Polish Football Association as Poland national football team's official national stadium.
- Stadion Narodowy (football) - home stadium of Poland national football team.
- National Rugby Stadium, rugby union national stadium
Saint Kitts and NevisEdit
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesEdit
- The Spanish national football team usually plays at different stadiums throughout the country.
The national football, rugby union and cricket teams all play at various venues throughout South Africa. However, these are the de facto national stadiums:
- Stade de Suisse (Football)
Trinidad and TobagoEdit
Team sports in the United Kingdom are often governed by bodies representing the Home Nations of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland – with some sports organised on an All-Ireland basis. In international sporting events these sports are contested not by a team representing the United Kingdom, but by teams representing the separate home nations, and as a result there are separate national stadiums for many sports.
- London Stadium (athletics, football)
- Wimbledon Centre Court (Tennis)
- Silverstone Circuit (Motorsport)
- Lord's (cricket)
- Twickenham (rugby union)
- Wembley Stadium (football, rugby league)
- National Badminton Centre (badminton)
- Like Spain, Brazil, Australia, Germany, and Italy, the US national soccer team has no dedicated stadium or arena. They play at different venues throughout the country for exhibition or tournament purposes. However, 21 games have been held in RFK Stadium in the country's capital, Washington, D.C., more than any other venue in the country, which led to suggestions that RFK Memorial is the de facto national stadium. The women's soccer team also has no dedicated venue.
- USA Hockey has designated home arenas for some of its teams. The national under-17 and under-18 boys' teams play home games at Ann Arbor Ice Cube in Ann Arbor, Michigan. The national sled hockey team trains at Bill Gray's Regional Iceplex in Brighton, New York and plays most of its home games at HarborCenter in Buffalo, New York, the last of which has also hosted numerous other USA Hockey events.
- Most of the most popular sports in the United States do not rely on a single national stadium, instead rotating the highest profile contests among various neutral sites.
- Howard J. Lamade Stadium (Little League Baseball)—Lamade Stadium is the primary stadium of the Little League World Series, hosting the final every year. It is one of two stadiums at the Little League headquarters complex in South Williamsport, Pennsylvania that permanently hosts the LLWS, with Volunteer Stadium as the other.
- Augusta National Golf Club (men's golf)—Augusta is home of The Masters, the only one of the three U.S.-based men's major golf tournaments to be held at a constant venue year after year; the U.S. Open and PGA Championship are both held at rotating venues.
- Mission Hills Country Club (women's golf)—Mission Hills hosts the ANA Inspiration, only one of the three U.S.-based women's major golf tournaments to be held at a constant venue year after year; the U.S. Women's Open and Women's PGA Championship are both held at rotating venues.
- Arthur Ashe Stadium (tennis)—primary stadium of the lone U.S. tennis major, the US Open. The stadium is the centerpiece of a complex known as the USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center.
- Auto racing, although its leading competitions are both touring circuits, feature flagship races at de facto national speedways: Indianapolis Motor Speedway for open-wheel racing, Circuit of the Americas for Formula One, and Daytona International Speedway for stock car racing.
- Churchill Downs and Belmont Park (horse racing)—each track hosts a leg in the Triple Crown of American Thoroughbred Racing, and both have hosted the most prominent race outside the Triple Crown, the Breeders' Cup Classic, which is part of the Breeders' Cup event held annually at rotating venues. (Pimlico, the site of the other leg of the Triple Crown, has never hosted the Breeders' Cup.)
This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. (August 2009)
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- O'Keeffe, Alan (18 July 2015). "Work starts on national arena for Olympic 2016 stars". Irish Independent. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
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- RFK as our National Soccer Stadium: News Archived 2012-03-06 at the Wayback Machine. Match Fit USA (2009-10-20). Retrieved on 2011-12-24.
- Bill Simmons "Every big American soccer game should be played in RFK." News: ESPN. Sports.espn.go.com (2009-10-16). Retrieved on 2011-12-24.