Atatürk Olympic Stadium

The Atatürk Olympic Stadium (Turkish: Atatürk Olimpiyat Stadyumu, pronounced [aˈtatyɾc]) is a stadium in Istanbul, Turkey. Located in the western district of İkitelli, it is the largest-capacity stadium in the country. The stadium is named after Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder and first President of the Republic of Turkey. Its construction began in 1999 and was completed in 2002. It was originally built for Turkey's failed bid for the 2008 Olympic Games that were ultimately awarded to Beijing, China. It cost about US$140 million.[1]

Atatürk Olimpiyat Stadı
Istanbul Atatürk Olympic Stadium 1.jpg
Full nameAtatürk Olimpiyat Stadyumu
LocationBaşakşehir, Istanbul, Turkey
CoordinatesCoordinates: 41°04′28.10″N 28°45′56.53″E / 41.0744722°N 28.7657028°E / 41.0744722; 28.7657028
Public transitIstanbul Metro Line M9 Olimpiyat
Executive suites34
Capacity history
  • 80,597 (2002–2005)
    76,092 (2005–2019)
    76,761 (2019–2020)
    75,145 (2020–2021)
    74,753 (2021–)[2]
Record attendance79,414 (GalatasarayOlympiacos, 31 July 2002)[4]
Field size105 x 68 m
Broke ground28 November 1997[1]
Opened31 July 2002; 20 years ago (2002-07-31)
Renovated2005, 2020
Construction cost$140 million
($211 million in 2021 dollars[3])[1]
ArchitectMichel Macary
Aymeric Zublena
Turkey national football team
Galatasaray (2003–2004)
İstanbul Başakşehir (2007–2014)
Kasımpaşa (2007–2008)
Beşiktaş (2013–2016)
Fatih Karagümrük (2020–present)

With its 74,753 (all-seater) capacity and Olympic size, it was granted the "5-star sports complex" title by the UEFA in 2004, enabling it to host the finals of UEFA events. The 2005 UEFA Champions League Final between Milan and Liverpool was played at the Atatürk Olympic Stadium on 25 May 2005. The stadium is also certified by the IAAF and IOC as a first-class venue for track and field, and has hosted several European athletic competitions. The stadium was originally scheduled to stage its second Champions League final between Paris Saint-Germain and Bayern Munich on 30 May 2020, but following the COVID-19 pandemic in Europe the match was postponed and later rescheduled to August at the Estádio da Luz in Lisbon, Portugal behind closed doors; the stadium was then set to hold the 2021 final between Manchester City and Chelsea instead, but the match was once again moved to Portugal, this time at the Estádio do Dragão in Porto.[5] The stadium is scheduled to host the 2023 UEFA Champions League Final.[6]

Süper Lig football team Istanbul BB used the venue as their home stadium until they moved to the Başakşehir Fatih Terim Stadium in 2014. Galatasaray played its home games at the Atatürk Olympic Stadium during the 2003–2004 football season because their own venue, the Ali Sami Yen Stadium, was under renovation. Galatasaray eventually returned to Ali Sami Yen for the 2004–2005 season, but played 2006–2007 UEFA Champions League group stage matches at the Atatürk Olympic Stadium. Sivasspor also played some of its Süper Lig home games at the Atatürk Olympic Stadium due to bad weather conditions in their original hometown stadium. Beşiktaş used the arena in the 2013–14 season to play most of their home games, with the reasoning being the same as Galatasaray's, while their own stadium, the Vodafone Park, was under construction. Since their promotion to the Süper Lig in 2020, Fatih Karagümrük uses the stadium as its home.

Design and constructionEdit

Istanbul Atatürk Olympic Stadium was originally conceived for the city's 2008 Olympic Games bid.

The stadium's two steel roofs (weighing 2,800 t and 1,300 t) were produced by Tekfen's Steel Structure Fabrication Plant in Ceyhan, Adana. The west roof, designed in the form of a crescent and principally composed of a 1,000 t main beam called mega-truss, is supported by two reinforced concrete shafts with 196 m span.

With its 134 entrances and 148 exit gates, the Olympic Stadium allows 80,000 spectators to evacuate within 7.5 minutes, in case of an emergency. Two annex fields (for warm up / training purposes) are connected directly to the Olympic Stadium with a tunnel.

The Olympic Stadium's technical infrastructure and design ensure optimal visibility from all stands; a homogeneous sound level (102 decibels) with modern speaker systems, and a 1,400 lux illumination covering all areas of the stadium.

A 42,200 m2 commercial center is situated under the west roof, with a front facade length of 450 m and a total of 6 floors (3 floors below ground level.)

Renovations and eventsEdit

Interior view of the stadium
Exterior view of the stadium

2005 UEFA Champions League FinalEdit

From 2002 to 2005, the stadium had a capacity of 80,597 (all-seater). This was later reduced to 76,092 (all-seater) by removing the seats from where it was not possible to see the entire pitch, prior to the 2005 UEFA Champions League Final, the final match of Europe's primary club football competition in the 2004–05 season. The showpiece event (dubbed "The Miracle of Istanbul") was contested between Liverpool F.C. of England and A.C. Milan of Italy on 25 May 2005.

UEFA Euro 2016 plansEdit

The stadium was part of the Turkish UEFA Euro 2016 bid. To meet all requirements of UEFA for being able to organise the championship, the authorities planned to take major reconstruction works on this stadium. It was planned to increase the stadium's capacity to over 90,000 spectators and making it to the world's largest stadium with every seat under cover. To increase the net and gross capacity to 81,106 and 94,555[7] respectively, the pitch would have been lowered by 2.15 metres. In order to provide better convenience for the VIP guests and the media, all existing hospitality areas at levels 3 and 4 would have been extended. Furthermore, 12 new boxes were planned to be added to the west stand and 32 to the east stand in order to add to the current number of 36 skyboxes; making a total of 80 skyboxes after the reconstruction.[8]

Second UEFA Champions League finalEdit

The 2020 UEFA Champions League Final was scheduled to be played at the stadium on 30 May 2020.[9] However the final was postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Europe[10] and later relocated to the Estádio da Luz, Lisbon. It was due to stage the following season's final, however this was relocated by UEFA on 13 May 2021 because of the COVID-19 pandemic in Turkey.[11] On 16 July 2021 UEFA announced that the stadium is scheduled to host the 2023 UEFA Champions League Final.[6]

UEFA Euro 2024 plansEdit

For the UEFA Euro 2024 bid the Turkish Football Federation planned to rebuild the stadium. The stands would be closer to the pitch, making it a football stadium.[12][13] Because of the removal of the athletics track, Turkey plans a new Olympic stadium near to Bosphorus for prospects for a future Summer Olympics.[14] The rebuild was made by Manchester-based British architecture company AFL Architects. Ultimately, the Euro 2024 tournament would be awarded to Germany instead.


U2 360° TourEdit

On 6 September 2010, the renowned Irish rock band U2 gave a sold-out concert at the stadium with 54,278 fans in attendance, as a part of their U2 360° Tour, the opening act of which was performed by the group Snow Patrol.[15]

A panoramic view of Atatürk Olympic Stadium in Istanbul


Attendance Records
Rank Attendance Date Game
1 79,414[4] 31 July 2002 Galatasaray SKOlympiacos CFP
2 77,512[16] 22 September 2013 Beşiktaş JKGalatasaray SK
3 71,334[17] 21 September 2003 Galatasaray SKFenerbahçe SK
4 71,230[18] 12 September 2006 Galatasaray SKFC Girondins de Bordeaux
5 69,000[19][20] 25 May 2005 A.C. MilanLiverpool F.C.
6 68,515[21] 15 May 2022 TrabzonsporAltay SK
7 66,300[22] 13 August 2003 Galatasaray SKPFC CSKA
8 65,110[23] 19 March 2015 Beşiktaş JKClub Brugge KV
9 63,324[24] 26 February 2015 Beşiktaş JKLiverpool F.C.
10 62,620[25] 9 August 2003 Galatasaray SKDiyarbakırspor

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c "Tekfen Construction - ISTANBUL ATATÜRK OLYMPIC STADIUM". Archived from the original on 6 January 2016. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  2. ^ "Stat Arama Detay".
  3. ^ 1634–1699: McCusker, J. J. (1997). How Much Is That in Real Money? A Historical Price Index for Use as a Deflator of Money Values in the Economy of the United States: Addenda et Corrigenda (PDF). American Antiquarian Society. 1700–1799: McCusker, J. J. (1992). How Much Is That in Real Money? A Historical Price Index for Use as a Deflator of Money Values in the Economy of the United States (PDF). American Antiquarian Society. 1800–present: Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Retrieved 16 April 2022.
  4. ^ a b "2006-07 UEFA CL Statistics handbook" (PDF). Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  5. ^ "UEFA competitions to resume in August". Union of European Football Associations. 17 June 2020. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
  6. ^ a b "Venues appointed for club competition finals". Union of European Football Associations. 16 July 2021. Retrieved 16 July 2021.
  7. ^ [1] Archived 24 June 2016 at the Wayback Machine JSK Architects
  8. ^ "Official website for Turkey's Euro 2016 bid: The Atatürk Olympic Stadium in Istanbul". Archived from the original on 3 March 2012. Retrieved 24 February 2010.
  9. ^ "Istanbul to host 2020 UEFA Champions League Final". Union of European Football Associations. 24 May 2018. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
  10. ^ "UEFA competitions to resume in August". Union of European Football Associations. 17 June 2020. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
  11. ^ "UEFA Champions League final to move to Portugal to allow 6,000 fans of each team to attend". Union of European Football Associations. 13 May 2021. Retrieved 13 May 2021.
  12. ^ picture of the project
  13. ^ UEFA EURO 2024 Turkey Bid Brochure
  14. ^ Bosphorus Olympic Stadium Plans
  15. ^ "U2'dan unutulmaz konser". Sabah (in Turkish). 7 September 2010. Retrieved 7 September 2010.
  16. ^ "İşte derbi ile ilgili gerçek rakamlar". haber1903. Archived from the original on 28 September 2013. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 23 September 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ "UCL Report Cover 07" (PDF). Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  19. ^ (PDF) Retrieved 11 August 2012. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)[dead link]
  20. ^ "UEFA Champions League – Statistics Handbook 2012/13" (PDF). Union of European Football Associations. p. 141. Retrieved 22 September 2013.
  21. ^ "Trabzonspor - Altay match report". 15 May 2022. Retrieved 15 May 2022.
  22. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 23 September 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  23. ^ "Attendance record broken as Dynamo beat Everton - UEFA Europa League - News". 19 March 2015. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  24. ^ "UEFA Europa League - Timeline". Facebook. Archived from the original on 26 February 2022. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  25. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 23 September 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External linksEdit

Preceded by UEFA Champions League
Final venue

Succeeded by
Preceded by UEFA Champions League
Final venue

Succeeded by