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Thialf (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈtijɑlf]) is an ice arena in Heerenveen, Netherlands. Thialf consists of the Thialf-hal (a 12,500-capacity speed skating venue) and the Elfstedenhal (a 2,500-capacity ice hockey venue). Thialf is used for long track speed skating, short track speed skating, ice hockey, figure skating, ice speedway, and non-sporting events. The outdoor rink was opened in 1967, and the indoor stadium was opened in 1986. Several world records have been set in the indoor stadium.
|Location||Pim Mulierlaan 1|
|Coordinates||52°56′19″N 5°56′31″E / 52.9386°N 5.94201°ECoordinates: 52°56′19″N 5°56′31″E / 52.9386°N 5.94201°E|
|Owner||Essent, Aegon, and the city of Heerenveen|
|Surface||15,000 m2 (Thialf-hal)|
1800 m2 (Elfstedenhal)
|Opened||14 October 1967 (outdoor)|
17 November 1986 (indoor)
|Renovated||2001, 2004, 2015–16|
|Architect||Alynia Architecten Harlingen bv|
|Heerenveen Flyers (Elfstedenhal)|
Annually, Thialf hosts two Speed Skating World Cup events. Jan de Jong was the ice rink master at Thialf for many years.
Thialf is named after Thialfi, a character in Norse mythology, who was Thor's servant and had to race a giant.
Construction on the artificial outdoor ice rink was started in 1966, and it was opened on 14 October 1967 by Princess Christina of the Netherlands. It was the third 400m artificial ice rink in the Netherlands, after the Jaap Eden baan in Amsterdam and the IJsselstadion in Deventer. Several national and international tournaments have been held in Thialf, but only one world record has been set on the outdoor rink, by Andrea Schöne on the 5000 m in 1983.
The roofed stadium, which seats 12,500 people, opened on 17 November 1986, about a year after Sportforum Hohenschönhausen in Berlin, which was the first 400m indoor speed skating oval in the world. Thanks to the indoor conditions, allowing climate control, almost all world speed skating records were broken at Thialf in the first season. Since 1988 it has been overtaken as the "fastest ice in the world" by the high-altitude indoor rinks in Calgary and Salt Lake City, which have the additional benefit of low air pressure.
Every year there are main skating events like the Dutch, European and World championships, and one or two Speed Skating World Cup events in Thialf.
The 2500-seat ice hockey arena adjacent to the speed skating oval is the home arena of the Heerenveen Flyers, one of the Netherlands' most successful ice hockey clubs. It is also the main arena used in the Netherlands for international ice hockey tournaments, hosting the IIHF World U18 Championships (Division II, Group A) in late March 2012.
Long track speed skatingEdit
- Dutch championships
|Allround||1968*, 1969, 1973, 1979, 1982, 2001, 2005, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013|
|Sprint||1969*, 1973*, 1979*, 1982*, 1989, 1992, 2001, 2008, 2011, 2012|
|Single Distance||1988, 1989, 1990, 1992, 1994, 1998, 2004, 2006, 2009, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013|
- * Dutch allround 1968: only for women.
- * Dutch sprint: 1969, 1973, 1979, 1982: only for men.
- European championships
|Allround||Men: 1971, 1975 |
Women: 1970, 1981, 1982, 1983
M+W: 1990, 1992, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2009, 2013
- World championships
|Allround||Men: 1976, 1977, 1980, 1987, 1991 |
Women: 1972, 1974, 1992
M+W: 1998, 2002, 2007, 2010, 2014,
|Sprint||1985, 1989, 1996, 2006, 2008, 2011|
|Single Distance||1999, 2012, 2015|
- World Cup
|World Cup||2006–07: WC1 + WC6 |
2007–08: WC4 + WC9
2008–09: WC2 + WC8
2009–10: WC2 + WC7
2010–11: WC1 + WC8 (final)
2011–12: WC3 + WC6
2012–13: WC1 + WC9 (final)
2013–14: WC6 (final)
2014–15: WC4 + WC6
These are the current track records in Thialf.
|500 m||34.07||Tatsuya Shinhama||8 March 2020||1108 days|
|1000 m||1:07.09||Pavel Kulizhnikov||12 January 2020||1164 days|
|1500 m||1:43.00||Kjeld Nuis||8 March 2020||1108 days|
|3000 m||3:37.39||Sven Kramer||20 December 2019||1187 days|
|5000 m||6:04.36||Patrick Roest||19 November 2022||122 days|
|10000 m||12:32.95||Nils van der Poel||14 February 2021||765 days|
|Team pursuit||3:37.97||Netherlands||7 January 2022||438 days|
|500 m||37.02||Angelina Golikova||8 March 2020||1108 days|
|1000 m||1:12.83||Jutta Leerdam||27 December 2022||84 days|
|1500 m||1:53.10||Ireen Wüst||8 March 2020||1108 days|
|3000 m||3:54.04||Irene Schouten||20 November 2022||121 days|
|5000 m||6:41.25||Irene Schouten||5 March 2023||16 days|
|10000 m||14:35.61||Carien Kleibeuker||13 March 2018||1834 days|
|Team pursuit||2:54.12||Netherlands||9 January 2022||436 days|
The following world records were set in Thialf.
|500 m||36.55||Nick Thometz||19-03-1987||14-02-1988|
|1000 m||1:12.58||Igor Zhelezovski||25-02-1989||17-12-1993|
|1500 m||1:52.70||Nikolay Gulyayev||15-02-1987||05-12-1987|
|3000 m||3:59.27||Leo Visser||19-03-1987||13-03-1990|
|3:57.52||Johann Olav Koss||13-03-1990||03-04-1992|
|5000 m||6:47.01||Leo Visser||14-02-1987||22-11-1987|
|6:41.73||Johann Olav Koss||09-02-1991||22-01-1993|
|6:38.77||Johann Olav Koss||22-01-1993||13-03-1993|
|6:36.57||Johann Olav Koss||13-03-1993||04-12-1993|
|10000 m||14:03.92||Geir Karlstad||15-02-1987||06-12-1987|
|13:43.54||Johann Olav Koss||10-02-1991||20-02-1994|
|12:32.95||Nils van der Poel||14-02-2021||11-02-2022|
|500 m||39.43||Bonnie Blair||19-03-1987||06-12-1987|
|3000 m||4:16.85||Yvonne van Gennip||19-03-1987||05-12-1987|
|5000 m||7:40.97||Andrea Schöne||23-01-1983||15-01-1984|
|7:20.36||Yvonne van Gennip||20-03-1987||28-02-1988|
The arena has hosted concerts by many famous artists, including Whitney Houston, Tina Turner, André Rieu, TOTO, Trance Energy and Prince, among others.
Also, the national Miss Universe competition was held in Thialf several times.
- ^ Thialf, Thialf. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
- ^ "Elfstedenhal en Thialf | Elfstedenhal".
- ^ "FIM Ice Speedway World Championship | FIM".
- ^ "Historie" (in Dutch). Thialf. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
- ^ "Second phase renovation Thialf". Zwart & Jansma Architects. 12 May 2016.
- ^ "Thialf's new ice rink: sustainable, fast and 'super-right'". Priva.