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The Olympic Oval in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, is North America's first covered speed skating oval; it was built for the 1988 Winter Olympics and opened 33 years ago on September 27, 1987. Located on the University of Calgary campus, it is the official designated training centre for Speed Skating Canada and the Elite Athlete Pathway.
Olympic Oval in 2015
|Location||2500 University Drive NW|
Calgary, Alberta, Canada
|Owner||University of Calgary|
|Operator||University of Calgary,|
Faculty of Kinesiology
|Capacity||2,000 - permanent seating|
4,000 w/ temporary seating
|Construction cost||$38.9 Million|
|Architect||Graham – McCourt|
|1. National Speed Skating Team (Speed Skating Canada)
2. Oval Elite Athlete Pathway3. University of Calgary Varsity Athletics
The Olympic Oval was designed as the first covered speed skating oval in North America, and was the first at a Winter Olympics. The indoor facility offered the ability to control climate conditions to produce the highest quality ice.
Construction of The Oval began in 1985, nearly four years after Calgary had been designated host of the XV Olympic Winter Games. Like the Olympic Saddledome, most of the Oval's structure was built using precast, prestressed concrete. Twenty eight beams were laid along the outside of the perimeter of the building to support 84 additional beams used to construct a lattice frame for the arched roof. The interior scaffolding used to hoist these 84 beams had to be lowered a centimetre at a time in a predetermined sequence in order to distribute the load of the roof equally to each of the 28 exterior support beams. Construction was completed by the end of the summer of 1987, officially opening in September 1987, five months before the Olympics.
It was during the speed skating events of the Olympic Winter Games in 1988 that The Oval became known as "The Fastest Ice in the World™," as world records were set in seven events (Men's 500 m, 1500 m, 10,000 m, and Women's 500 m, 1000 m, 3000 m, 5000 m), and Olympic records were set in the other three events (Men's 1500 m, 5000 m, and Women's 1500 m). The combination of the climate-controlled facility and the effects of high altitude have been credited for the fast ice surface. 
Throughout the last 32 years, over 300 world records have been set at the Oval. By 2019, the Olympic Oval has produced (as a world class training facility) 32 Canadian Olympic medalists, including Ted-Jan Bloemen, who won a silver in the men's 5000m and a gold in the men's 10,000m at the PyeongChang Winter Olympic Games in 2018.
Along with the 400m long-track ice, the Olympic Oval also includes two international-sized ice rinks for short track speed skating and ice hockey, a 450m running track surrounding the main oval, and an eight-lane 110m sprint track for year-round athletics training. At present, hundreds of Canadian athletes are training at the Oval year round.
The Oval continues to be regarded as a premier speed skating venue, and a preferred training facility for speed skating teams across the globe.
When not hosting hockey games and speed skating competitions, the Olympic Oval is Calgary's premier public skating facility and during the ice-out months of April and May - the Oval plays host to major spring events including the Judo and Taekwondo Canadian National Championships as well as major volleyball, gymnastics, floor hockey, running, and billiards events. In addition, the Oval hosts major car shows, science fairs, expos, robotics shows, science and engineering events, major film and television shoots, fundraisers, the RBC training ground and University of Calgary events.
- Calgary Olympic Oval Self Guided Tour: Panel 4 – The Building, Ice Speed Skating Ovals and Clubs in Canada
- 1988 Winter Olympics official report. Part 1. pp. 144-51.
- "Building on the Olympic Legacy". Calgary Herald. February 9, 2013.
- Ferguson, Eva (February 18, 2013). "Calgary celebrates legacy of 1988 Winter Olympics". Calgary Herald. Retrieved November 27, 2018.