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A speed skating rink (or speed skating oval) is an ice rink (but also a sport venue) in which a speed skating competition is held.

Contents

The rinkEdit

A standard long track speed skating track is, according to the regulations of the International Skating Union (ISU), a double-laned track with two curved ends each of 180°, in which the radius of the inner curve is not less than 25 metres and not more than 26 metres. The width of the competition lanes is 4 metres. At the opposite straight of the finishing line, there is a crossing area, where the skaters must change lane. [ISU Special Regulations and Technical Rules] - Rule 203

At international competitions, the track must be 400 metres long, with a warm-up lane at least 4 metres wide inside the competition lanes.[1] For Olympic competitions, the track must also be enclosed within a building.[2]

The design and dimensions of a speed skating track have remained more or less unchanged since the foundation of ISU in 1892.

The speed skating track is also used for the sports of Icetrack cycling and Ice speedway

Measurement and demarcationEdit

 
The dimensions of a standard speed skating rink

The measurement of the track is made half a meter into the lane.[3] The total length of the track is the distance a competitor skates each lap, i.e. the length of two straights, one inner curve and one outer curve, in addition to the extra distance skated when changing lanes in the cross-over area, which on a standard track equals 7 centimeters.

  • A 400 m track with inner radius 25.0 m has 113.57 m long straights
  • A 400 m track with inner radius 25.5 m has 112.00 m long straights
  • A 400 m track with inner radius 26.0 m has 110.43 m long straights

The demarcation of the competition lanes are made by painted lines in the ice (ot a set of painted marks) and movable blocks of rubber. On outdoor tracks, snow may also be used for demarcation of the competition lanes.[4]

Alternative speed skating tracksEdit

Although ISU regulations state that minimum measures for a standard speed skating track, alternative track lengths may be used for competition. The minimum requirements are track length on 200 meters, radius of inner curve of 15  meters and width of the competition lanes 2 meters.[5]

Short track speed skating tracks have a length of 111.111 metres (364.54 ft). The rink is 60 metres (200 ft) long by 30 metres (98 ft) wide, which is the same size as an international-sized ice hockey rink.

Combination with other sportsEdit

 
Medeu is also suitable for bandy

Many speed skating venues have ice hockey rinks or no ice area at all inside the oval. A few are suitable also for bandy, like Hamar Olympic Hall,[6] Ice Palace Krylatskoye,[7] and Medeu.[8] The National Speed Skating Oval in Beijing, China, which is in the process of being built for the 2022 Winter Olympics, is also designed appropriately for that sport.[9][10] There is a growing cooperation between International Skating Union and Federation of International Bandy, since both have an interest in more indoor venues with large ice surfaces being built.[11] In Norway there is an agreement in place, stating that an indoor arena intended primarily for either bandy or long track speed skating, shall have ice surface for the other sport as well.

Indoor speed skating tracksEdit

Below is a complete list of the indoor 400 m speed skating tracks around the world. The data presented are retrieved from the online database Speed Skating News.[12]

Country City Track name Elevation (m) Finished
  Belarus Minsk Minsk Arena 209 2010
  Canada Calgary Olympic Oval 1105 1987
  Canada Fort St. John Pomeroy Sport Centre 671 2009
  Canada Richmond Richmond Olympic Oval 4 2008*
  China Changchun Jilin Provincial Speed Skating Rink 210 2005
  China Daqing Daqing Stadium 149 2005
  China Harbin Heilongjiang Indoor Rink 141 1995
  China Qiqihar Indoor Icerink 146 2007
  China Shenyang Bayi Speed Skating Oval 48 1999
  China Ürümqi Xinjiang Ice Sport Centre 1710 2015
  Germany Berlin Sportforum Hohenschönhausen 34 1985
  Germany Erfurt Gunda Niemann-Stirnemann Halle 214 2001
  Germany Inzell Max Aicher Arena 690 2011
  Italy Torino Oval Lingotto 233 2005
  Japan Nagano M-Wave 346 1996
  Japan Obihiro Meiji Hokkaido-Tokachi Oval 79 2009
  Kazakhstan Astana Alau Ice Palace 348 2011
  Netherlands Breda Kunstijsbaan Breda 5 2001
  Netherlands Dronten Leisure World Ice Center -3 1998
  Netherlands Enschede IJsbaan Twente 27 2008
  Netherlands Groningen Kardinge 0 1993
  Netherlands Heerenveen Thialf 0 1986
  Netherlands Hoorn De Westfries 0 2006
  Netherlands Tilburg Ireen Wüst IJsbaan 13 2009
  Netherlands Leeuwarden Elfstedenhal 0 2015
  Norway Botngård, Bjugn Fosenhallen 8 2007
  Norway Hamar Vikingskipet 125 1992
  Norway Stavanger Sørmarka Arena 48 2010
  Poland Tomaszów Mazowiecki Arena Lodowa 153 2017
  Russia Chelyabinsk Uralskaya Molniya 222 2005
  Russia Kolomna Speed Skating Centre 120 2006
  Russia Moscow Ice Palace Krylatskoye 127 2004
  Russia Sochi Adler Arena Skating Center 5 2012
  South Korea Gangneung Gangneung Oval 26 2015
  South Korea Seoul Taereung Indoor Ice Rink 63 2000
  Sweden Gothenburg Rudhallen 40 2002
  USA West Allis, Milwaukee Pettit National Ice Center 216 1993
  USA Kearns, Salt Lake City Utah Olympic Oval 1423 2000
  • Note: The Richmond Olympic Oval was dismantled upon completion of the 2010 Winter Olympics and is no longer used for speed skating. However, if the need arises the speed skating rink can be reinstalled.

Other major speed skating tracksEdit

In the table below, some of the world's major outdoor speed skating tracks still in use are listed. This is not a complete list of speed skating venues, but lists most of the outdoor tracks used for world cup competitions and championships the past years. The data in the table are retrieved from the Speed Skating News database.[12]

Country City Track name Altitude (meters) Finished Other
  Austria Innsbruck Olympia Eisstadion 586 1963
  Canada Halifax Emera Oval 30 2011
  Canada Québec City Anneau Gaétan-Boucher 103 1972 Artificial ice in 1985, now closed, conversion to an indoor oval which now as know the « Centre de glaces » for autumn 2020
  Canada Winnipeg Susan Auch Oval 234 1979 Natural ice
  Finland Helsinki Oulunkylän Liikuntapuisto 39 1977
  Finland Seinäjoki Jääurheilukeskus 44 1952
  Hungary Budapest Városligeti Műjégpálya 115 1968
  Italy Baselga di Pinè Ice Rink Pinè 998 1985
  Italy Collalbo Arena Ritten 1173 1989
  Kazakhstan Almaty Medeu 1691 1951 Artificial ice in 1972
  Netherlands Amsterdam Jaap Eden IJsbaan -5 1961
  Netherlands Deventer De Scheg 6 1992 Semi-covered
  Netherlands The Hague De Uithof 0 1989 Semi-covered
  Netherlands Haarlem IJsbaan Kennemerland 0 1977 Semi-covered
  Netherlands Utrecht De Vechtsebanen -2 1970 Semi-covered
  Norway Oslo Frogner stadion 42 1914 Artificial ice in 2010
  Norway Oslo Valle Hovin 92 1966
  Poland Warsaw Tor Stegny 82 1979
  Poland Zakopane Tor Cos 932 1956
  Switzerland Davos Eisstadion Davos 1560 1894 Natural ice
  USA Lake Placid James B. Sheffield Olympic Skating Rink 568 1977
  USA Roseville John Rose Minnesota Oval 276 1993 Natural ice

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ ISU Special Regulations and Technical Rules - Rule 205
  2. ^ ISU Special Regulations and Technical Rules - Rule 206
  3. ^ ISU Special Regulations and Technical Rules - Rule 228
  4. ^ ISU Special Regulations and Technical Rules - Rule 226
  5. ^ ISU Special Regulations and Technical Rules - Rule 204
  6. ^ bandyforbundet.no
  7. ^ image at rsport.ru
  8. ^ image at on.kz
  9. ^ Beijing unveils design of speed skating venue for Olympics
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ kuzbassbandyclub.ru
  12. ^ a b Speed Skating News

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit