Federation of International Bandy
The Federation of International Bandy (FIB; French: Fédération internationale de bandy, Russian: Международная федерация хоккея с мячом, Swedish: Internationella Bandyförbundet) is the international governing body for the sport of bandy, including the variant called rink bandy.
|Formation||12 February 1955|
|English and Swedish|
Bandy as we know it today has been played since the later half of the 19th Century. Rules were set up in the 1890s by the National Bandy Association in England and by the corresponding body in Russia. The Ligue International de Hockey sur Glace (LIHG) was founded on 15 May 1908 at 34 Rue de Provence in Paris, France, at a time when bandy and ice hockey were seen as variants of the same game. The founders of the federation were representatives from Belgium, France, Great Britain, Switzerland and Bohemia (now Czech republic). However, as ice hockey became an Olympic sport while bandy did not, bandy only survived in some of the Nordic countries and the Soviet Union. LIHG is now the International Ice Hockey Federation.
In the 1940s, the Nordic countries Finland, Norway and Sweden set up a joint rules committee. In the early 1950s, the Soviet Union decided to break out of its isolation in international sport and started a friendly exchange with the said Nordic countries.
The federation was formed on 12 February 1955 at Hotell Malmen in Stockholm, Sweden, by representatives from Finland, Norway, the Soviet Union and Sweden. The federation has had its base in Sweden since 1979. The present office is situated in Söderhamn, headed by FIB Secretary General Bo Nyman. Boris Skrynnik is the FIB President.
When FIB was formed in 1955, it introduced the same rules for bandy all over the world. Especially in Russia and other Soviet Republics, different rules had been used prior to this. Bandy World Championships have been organized for men since 1957 and for women since 2004.
The federation was named the International Bandy Federation (IBF) between 1957 and 2001. The current name was adopted at a request from the International Olympic Committee when the IOC made bandy a "recognized sport", since the acronym IBF at the time was already in use by the International Badminton Federation (in 2006, the International Badminton Federation changed names to Badminton World Federation and now uses the acronym BWF). In 2004, FIB was fully accepted by IOC.
FIB is a member of Association of IOC Recognised International Sports Federations as well as Global Association of International Sports Federations.
In 2011, FIB formulated its purposes as being the following.
FIB vows to completely share the principles and articles of the Olympic Charter in its activities, including the policy with regard to anti-doping controls.
FIB wants to promote the development of the sports of bandy and rink bandy in the member countries and wants to carry on propaganda for the importance and advantages of these sports. FIB also works for bandy to become an Olympic sport.
FIB declares itself to be an "independent autonomic mainsports organization which mainly is governing bandy activities all over the world".
FIB leads and supervises bandy and rink bandy around the world. FIB also sees as its job to settle the rules for the games.
One national member association should be entrusted by FIB with arranging an official world championship. FIB means that at least four nations must participate for it to be worth an event.
FIB also wants to promote the introduction and the membership of new nations to the organisation.
Rules of the gameEdit
Cooperation with other sport governing bodiesEdit
FIB has an agreement with the International Skating Union to use the same arenas. The cooperation between the two federations is increasing, since both have an interest in more indoor venues with large ice surfaces being built.
The following persons have been presidents of FIB:
- 1955 – 1963, Gunnar Galin, Sweden
- 1963 – 1967, Allan Ljungqvist, Finland
- 1967 – 1971, Arne Argus, Sweden
- 1971 – 1978, Grigory Granaturov, Soviet Union
- 1978 – 1983, Pontus Widén, Sweden
- 1983 – 1991, Grigory Granaturov, Soviet Union
- 1991 – 1993, Carl Fogelberg, Finland
- 1993 – 1997, Staffan Söderlund, Sweden
- 1997 – 2005, Albert Pomortsev, Russia
- 2005 – 2005, Seppo Vaihela (acting), Sweden
- 2005 – Boris Skrynnik, Russia
Members and years of admissionEdit
The federation was founded by the national bandy associations in Finland, Norway, the Soviet Union and Sweden.
The Soviet membership was taken over by Russia in early 1992, following the dissolvement of the Soviet Union in December 1991. For two months, the former Soviet Union national bandy team appeared as Commonwealth of Independent States, but the CIS was never formally a member of the FIB.
Soviet Union 1955–1991: When the international federation was founded in 1955, the Soviet Union was one of its founding members. The Soviet national federation was called the Federation of bandy and field hockey USSR (Федерация хоккея с мячом и хоккея на траве СССР). The Soviet Union had a national bandy team for men and a national bandy team for women. When the Soviet Union was dissolved in December 1991, the national team came to represent the Commonwealth of Independent States for some months. In 1992, Russia took over its place in FIB.
West Germany/Germany 1990–1991: Before the present German Bandy Association was founded in 2013, there had been an earlier, short-lived German federation, which was a member of FIB from January 1990 until March 1991, when it voluntarily choose to leave. In its short life span, it still overlived the German reunification in October 1990.
A number of national federations have been admitted as members during the years but then for different reasons not survived, often because of a lack of interest in the sport in their countries. In early 2017, seven federations were removed from the member list of FIB and in the summer of 2018 one more. These defunct national federations were:
- Argentina, Bandy Federation of Argentina, admitted to FIB in 2008
- Australia, Australian Bandy League, admitted to FIB in 2006
- Denmark, Bandy Federation of Denmark, admitted to FIB in 2014
- Republic of Ireland, Bandy Federation of Ireland, admitted to FIB in 2006
- Italy, Italian Bandy Federation, admitted to FIB in 2003
- Kyrgyzstan, Bandy Federation of Kyrgyzstan, admitted to FIB in 2004
- Poland, Bandy Federation of Poland, admitted to FIB in 2005
- Serbia, Bandy Federation of Serbia, admitted to FIB in 2006
The Asian countries in FIB have founded the Asian Bandy Federation, which has its headquarters in Almaty, Kazakhstan. This helps organize the bandy competition at the Asian Winter Games and works to spread the knowledge of bandy in Asia.
- IIHF and Paris International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved on 2010-02-18
- Claes-G Bengtsson 23 januari 2010 - Finskt i första VM-matchen Archived 2013-11-10 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-01-19. Retrieved 2010-09-25.
- SportAccord changes name to Global Association of International Sports Federations
- "About FIB". FIB. 27 September 2011. Archived from the original on 6 December 2013. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-11-10. Retrieved 2011-09-02.
- "Information" (in German). Deutscher Bandy-Bund. 2013. Retrieved 9 August 2015.
- "FIB History". Federation of International Bandy. 2011-09-27. Archived from the original on 21 February 2014. Retrieved 9 August 2015.
- List of all members as of January 2012 with contact information, saved at web.archive.org, read 12 February 2017
- Members at FIB website, read on 12 February 2017