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Federation of International Bandy

The Federation of International Bandy (FIB; French: Fédération internationale de bandy, Russian: Международная федерация хоккея с мячом, Swedish: Internationella Bandyförbundet) is the international governing body for the sport of bandy, including the variant called rink bandy.

Federation of International Bandy
Internationella Bandyförbundet
Federation of International Bandy.gif
Formation12 February 1955
TypeSports federation
HeadquartersSöderhamn, Sweden
Membership
28 members
Official language
English and Swedish
Boris Skrynnik
Websitewww.worldbandy.com
World map showing the present members of FIB (green)
World map showing the 4 original members of FIB (green)

Contents

HistoryEdit

Bandy as we know it today has been played since the later half of the 19th Century. Rules were set up in the 1890s by the National Bandy Association in England and by the corresponding body in Russia. The Ligue International de Hockey sur Glace (LIHG) was founded on 15 May 1908 at 34 Rue de Provence in Paris, France,[1] at a time when bandy and ice hockey were seen as variants of the same game. The founders of the federation were representatives from Belgium, France, Great Britain, Switzerland and Bohemia (now Czech republic). However, as ice hockey became an Olympic sport while bandy did not, bandy only survived in some of the Nordic countries and the Soviet Union. LIHG is now the International Ice Hockey Federation.

In the 1940s, the Nordic countries Finland, Norway and Sweden set up a joint rules committee. In the early 1950s, the Soviet Union decided to break out of its isolation in international sport and started a friendly exchange with the said Nordic countries.

The federation was formed on 12 February 1955 at Hotell Malmen in Stockholm, Sweden,[2] by representatives from Finland, Norway, the Soviet Union and Sweden. The federation has had its base in Sweden since 1979. The present office is situated in Söderhamn, headed by FIB Secretary General Bo Nyman. Boris Skrynnik is the FIB President.

When FIB was formed in 1955, it introduced the same rules for bandy all over the world. Especially in Russia and other Soviet Republics, different rules had been used prior to this. Bandy World Championships have been organized for men since 1957 and for women since 2004.

The federation was named the International Bandy Federation (IBF) between 1957 and 2001. The current name was adopted at a request from the International Olympic Committee when the IOC made bandy a "recognized sport", since the acronym IBF at the time was already in use by the International Badminton Federation (in 2006, the International Badminton Federation changed names to Badminton World Federation and now uses the acronym BWF). In 2004, FIB was fully accepted by IOC.[3]

FIB is a member of Association of IOC Recognised International Sports Federations as well as Global Association of International Sports Federations.[4]

The number of bandy playing nations have grown considerably in the last decades. There were 27 national members of the federation as of 2017 [5][6] and Slovakia applied for membership.[7]

PurposesEdit

In 2011, FIB formulated its purposes as being the following.

FIB vows to completely share the principles and articles of the Olympic Charter in its activities, including the policy with regard to anti-doping controls.

FIB wants to promote the development of the sports of bandy and rink bandy in the member countries and wants to carry on propaganda for the importance and advantages of these sports. FIB also works for bandy to become an Olympic sport.

FIB declares itself to be an "independent autonomic mainsports organization which mainly is governing bandy activities all over the world".

FIB leads and supervises bandy and rink bandy around the world. FIB also sees as its job to settle the rules for the games.

One national member association should be entrusted by FIB with arranging an official world championship. FIB means that at least four nations must participate for it to be worth an event.

FIB also wants to promote the introduction and the membership of new nations to the organisation.[8]

Rules of the gameEdit

The rules of bandy is set in the Bandy Playing Rules. It is overseen by the Rules and Referee Committee.

Cooperation with other sport governing bodiesEdit

FIB has an agreement with the International Skating Union to use the same arenas. The cooperation between the two federations is increasing, since both have an interest in more indoor venues with large ice surfaces being built.[9]

PresidentsEdit

The following persons have been presidents of FIB:[10]

Members and years of admissionEdit

The federation was founded by the national bandy associations in Finland, Norway, the Soviet Union and Sweden.

The Soviet membership was taken over by Russia in early 1992, following the dissolvement of the Soviet Union in December 1991. For two months, the former Soviet Union national bandy team appeared as Commonwealth of Independent States, but the CIS was never formally a member of the FIB.

Country: Year: National Federation: External link: National team, men's: National team, women's:
  Afghanistan 2012 Bandy Federation of Afghanistan   Afghanistan
  Armenia 2008 Armenian National Federation of Bandy
  Belarus 1999 Belarusian Bandy Federation   Belarus
  Canada 1986 Canada Bandy [3]   Canada   Canada
  China 2010 China Bandy Federation [4]   China   China
  Colombia 2017 Colombia Federation of Skating Sports [5]
  Czech Republic 2014 Czech Association of Bandy [6]   Czech Republic
  Estonia 2002 Estonian Bandy Association [7]   Estonia   Estonia
  Finland 1955 Finland's Bandy Association [8]   Finland   Finland
  Germany 2013 German Bandy Association [9]   Germany
  Great Britain 2010 Great Britain Bandy Federation [10]   England   England
  Hungary 1988 Hungarian Bandy Federation [11]   Hungary   Hungary
  India 2002 Bandy Federation of India   India
  Japan 2011 Japan Bandy Federation [12]   Japan
  Kazakhstan 1994 Kazakhstan Bandy Federation [13]   Kazakhstan
  Latvia 2006 Latvia's Bandy Federation [14]   Latvia
  Lithuania 2008 Lithuanian Bandy Association
  Mongolia 2002 Bandy Federation of Mongolia   Mongolia
  Netherlands 1973 Bandy Bond Nederland [15]   Netherlands
  Norway 1955 Norway's Bandy Association [16]   Norway   Norway
  Russia 1992 (1955) Russian Bandy Federation [17]   Russia   Russia
  Slovakia 2017 Slovak Bandy Association [18]   Slovakia
  Somalia 2013 Somali National Bandy Association [19]   Somalia
  Sweden 1955 Swedish Bandy Association [20]   Sweden   Sweden
   Switzerland 2006 Federation of Swiss Bandy [21]    Switzerland
  Ukraine 2008 Ukrainian Bandy and Rink bandy Federation [22]   Ukraine
  United States 1981 American Bandy Association [23]   United States   United States

Former membersEdit

  Soviet Union 1955–1991: When the international federation was founded in 1955, the Soviet Union was one of its founding members. The Soviet national federation was called the Federation of bandy and field hockey USSR (Федерация хоккея с мячом и хоккея на траве СССР). The Soviet Union had a national bandy team for men and a national bandy team for women. When the Soviet Union was dissolved in December 1991, the national team came to represent the Commonwealth of Independent States for some months. In 1992, Russia took over its place in FIB.

  West Germany/Germany 1990–1991: Before the present German Bandy Association was founded in 2013, there had been an earlier, short-lived German federation, which was a member of FIB from January 1990 until March 1991, when it voluntarily choose to leave.[11][12] In its short life span, it still overlived the German reunification in October 1990.

 
A world map showing all the member countries before the defunct associations were taken from the membership list of FIB.

A number of national federations have been admitted as members during the years[13] but then for different reasons not survived, often because of a lack of interest in the sport in their countries. In early 2017, seven federations were removed from the member list of FIB and in the summer of 2018 one more.[14] These defunct national federations were:

Continental federationsEdit

The Asian countries in FIB have founded the Asian Bandy Federation, which has its headquarters in Almaty, Kazakhstan. This helps organize the bandy competition at the Asian Winter Games and works to spread the knowledge of bandy in Asia.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ IIHF and Paris International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved on 2010-02-18
  2. ^ Claes-G Bengtsson 23 januari 2010 - Finskt i första VM-matchen Archived 2013-11-10 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-01-19. Retrieved 2010-09-25.
  4. ^ SportAccord changes name to Global Association of International Sports Federations
  5. ^ Members
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ [2]
  8. ^ "About FIB". FIB. 27 September 2011. Archived from the original on 6 December 2013. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
  9. ^ kuzbassbandyclub.ru
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-11-10. Retrieved 2011-09-02.
  11. ^ "Information" (in German). Deutscher Bandy-Bund. 2013. Retrieved 9 August 2015.
  12. ^ "FIB History". Federation of International Bandy. 2011-09-27. Archived from the original on 21 February 2014. Retrieved 9 August 2015.
  13. ^ List of all members as of January 2012 with contact information, saved at web.archive.org, read 12 February 2017
  14. ^ Members at FIB website, read on 12 February 2017

External linksEdit