Moshood Abiola National Stadium

Moshood Abiola National Stadium (formerly known as National Stadium, Abuja) is a multipurpose national sports stadium located in Abuja, in the Federal Capital Territory of Nigeria. The stadium serves as a home to the Nigerian national football team, as well as a center for various social, cultural, and religious events. The Federal Government of Nigeria approved the contract for the construction of the National Stadium complex and Games Village on 18 July 2000. The stadium was constructed to host the 8th All Africa Games which took place in October 2003. On 12 June 2019, President Muhammadu Buhari announced the change of the name of the National Stadium, Abuja to Moshood Abiola National Stadium in honour of former Nigerian politician chief M.K.O Abiola.[2] President Buhari made this pronouncement during his speech at the Democracy Day celebration on Wednesday at the Eagle Square, Abuja.[3]

Moshood Abiola National Stadium
View of the stadium
Full nameMoshood Abiola National Stadium
Former namesNational Stadium, Abuja (2003–2019)
LocationAbuja, FCT, Nigeria
Executive suites56
Capacity60,491 (football)
Record attendance60,000 (Nigeria vs South Africa, 1 June 2008)
Broke ground2000
Construction cost$360 million[1]
ArchitectSchlaich Bergermann & Partner (Germany)
Nigeria national football team (2003–present)

Construction and Architecture edit

Seats view of the stadium

Moshood Abiola National Stadium is one of the 5000 most expensive stadiums[4] ever built in the world.

Structure edit

The stadium is designed to accommodate 60,491 spectators[5] covered by a lightweight roof construction. The main characteristics are the two overlapping spectator tiers; the lower tier accommodating 32,000 seats and the upper tier 28,000 seats. The lower tier also incorporates 56 corporate suites with viewing terraces and one presidential lounge for 50 guests. All functional and secondary areas are accommodated in the entrance building which provides a gross floor area of approximately 25,000 m2. This building is arranged below the concourse level which serves as the spectators‘ distribution level and therefore provides several kiosks, banks, first aid stations and toilet buildings. The structure of the stadium is a combination of in situ and precast concrete elements. There are 36 towers supporting the upper tier and the roof structure. These towers are founded on 140 bored piles with diameters of 1.30 m and 1.50 m in a depth of 8.00 m to 30.00 m. Precast concrete elements varying between 13 and 15 meters in length are placed between the towers, forming the spectator stands. A total of 6,300 precast elements were produced in the company's production yard 15 kilometers away. The towers are connected on the top by a 2.50 m high and 2.00 m wide hollow concrete ring beam with a wall thickness of 0.35 m. The roof structure is fixed on 36 massive concrete points to the ring-beam. For the first time in the world, the ringbeam for this kind of roof structure was made of concrete. The roof structure itself is a cable construction with a weight of 800 tons carrying a 28.000 m2 membrane.

Facilities edit

External view
The Abuja Velodrome

All facilities within the stadium are designed and engineered in compliance with the requirements of international sport associations, particularly the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) and the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF).

The complex includes:

  • 60,491 capacity covered main bowl
  • A Velodrome [6]
  • Presidential suite and viewing area
  • 56 corporate suites
  • Post offices
  • Banks
  • Media facilities
  • Two scoreboards and floodlights
  • Shops and kiosks for snacks
  • Helipad
  • 3000 capacity indoor sports hall
  • 2000 capacity gymnasi* 2000 capacity swimming pool
  • Tennis Courts
  • 3000 capacity hockey stadium
  • Baseball and softball complex

Moshood Abiola National Stadium meets the requirements of the International safety standards; it is equipped with emergency service units, closed circuit security cameras as well as crowd control steel fencing. There are also stand-by fire fighting equipment and metal detectors which have been put in place to avoid any misfortunes.

History of the Stadium edit

Although Nigeria had several stadiums scattered throughout the country, there was a lack of stadiums that met international standards. The capital city of Nigeria, Abuja, was selected to host the 8th All Africa Games in 2000 (a regional multi-sport event held every four years, organized by the Association of National Olympic Committees of Africa) despite having no facilities for such a major sporting event. The Federal Government of Nigeria embarked on a multimillion-dollar project for the construction of a state-of-the-art stadium and games village to be completed in time to host the All Africa Games. The contract was awarded on 18 July 2000 from a choice list of about 80 different bidders. Construction of the complex was initiated.

Citizens and athletes had doubts as to whether the completion of the stadium was feasible before the games. However, construction went very smoothly and ended up being ahead of schedule. As a matter of fact, the stadium was scheduled to be the host center for the Miss World Beauty Pageant that took place later in 2002. Unfortunately, the stadium not being fully completed by then as well as an uprising amongst citizens especially in the northern city of Kaduna which resulted in loss of lives forced the pageant to relocate to London, England. The construction of the main bowl went on from its inception in September 2000 to its completion in April 2003, well in time for the games. The Games Village construction went on from September 2000 to August 2003.

The official commissioning of the complex was on 8 April 2003. Following its commissioning was the final leg of preparations for the games. The games that year were the largest in All Africa Games history;[7] 6,000 athletes from 53 countries competed in 22 sports, watched over by 1,200 officials. Over 1,500 journalists reported for the world's media. The games took place from the 4th to 18 October 2003 and was deemed successful by many. The host country, Nigeria, accumulated a total of 226 medals, emerging as leader of the games that year.

Apart from the All African Games, the stadium has hosted important football matches, such as World Cup qualifiers between Nigeria and other countries. The first game played at the stadium was a football (soccer) match between two local rival teams; the Shooting Stars of Ibadan and Sunshine Stars of Akure on 8 April 2003[8] The first goal scored in the complex was from Shooting Stars' striker Shakiru Lawal who scored the only goal of the game after just five minutes.

The complex has given the country confidence to bid for various up-coming international events. The Federation of International Volleyball (FIVB) has given the Nigeria Volleyball Federation (NVBF) the provisional hosting rights of the 2007 World Youth Championship because of the facilities the stadium has.

The stadium during a match

Other uses edit

Apart from its function as a sports center, Moshood Abiola National Stadium serves as a home to cultural and religious events. Its capacity attracts various events such as concerts, and religious conferences, events which sometimes have preference over sports. Nigeria is a highly religious country with a population split almost equally between Christianity and Islam. Due to this fact, several religious events occur each year that attract a lot of citizens and require a large capacity arena. For example, in September 2006, the Nigeria Football Association was rendered helpless over the Presidency's preference of a religious event in the main bowl of the Moshood Abiola National Stadium to an international football match against Rwanda.

Some citizens are however concerned about the use of the stadium for such large events. Similar events held at the Stadium in Lagos resulted in its demise. The management of the stadium, however, intends to keep these events coming. Cost of maintenance is an issue and renting out the facility for various events is a strategy that has been employed to cover these costs. There were no plans whatsoever by the former military ruler late general Sani Abacha to build a national stadium in Abuja as some people might think[citation needed].

The pool at the Stadium's sport complex

Maintenance edit

Several issues have risen concerning the maintenance of the sports complex. The National Stadium in Lagos, the most populous and industrialized city in the country, was built for the 1973 All-Africa Games. Though it initially was considered state-of-the-art, it today is considered below any standard facility-wise and environmental-wise. The Nigerian sports boss Amos Adamu advised the government to privatize the Abuja stadium immediately after the 2003 All-Africa Games in order to forestall the vandalisation typical of publicly owned buildings.[9]

The federal government of Nigeria, who owns 100% equity on the property at the moment, has faced a lot of antagonism both locally and internationally. The average estimate for annual maintenance since its inauguration has been about $7 million, a number considered high by many standards. Due to the high cost of maintenance, the federal government has been seeking options for privatization of the facility. Through the Bureau of Public Enterprises (BPE), the Federal Government of Nigeria intends to grant a concession to a sole Concessionaire who will enter into an investment commitment, and essentially operate the stadium with a primary goal of generating revenue from the proceeds of sporting events, concerts, religious activities, corporate sponsorship, corporate advertising and other promotional activities.

The Concessionaire has the choice of assuming the role of Facility Manager for the property encompassed in the National Stadium and the Indoor Sports Complex, or employ a firm to perform the task. The BPE will act as the monitor in the arrangement, and the Concessionaire will report to the federal government through the BPE. A minimum tenure of 20 years was recommended, subject to review every five years. Maintenance of the Stadium and its external areas will be the responsibility of the Concessionaire.

Change of Name edit

On June 12, 2019, President Muhammadu Buhari renamed the national stadium in Abuja after the winner of the 1993 presidential election, Moshood Abiola.[10] It is widely believed that Mr Abiola won the June 1993 presidential election based on available results, but the election was cancelled by the military government of Ibrahim Babangida.[11] President Buhari in 2018 recognised Mr Abiola's mandate by conferring on him the country's highest national honour of the Grand Commander of the Federal Republic, reserved only for presidents. While President Muhammadu Buhari was delivering his speech at the change of name event, which also marked Nigeria's 20th year of uninterrupted democracy, President Buhari said “Henceforth it will be called the Moshood Abiola National Stadium".[12] The event at the Eagles Square was attended by other foreign leaders, including the president of Rwanda, Paul Kagame.[13]

Notable football matches edit

2009 FIFA U-17 World Cup edit

Date Team 1 Result Team 2 Attendance Round
24 October 2009   Honduras 0–1   Argentina 19,560 Group A
  Nigeria 3–3   Germany 21,300
27 October 2009   Argentina 2–1 14,400
  Nigeria 1–0   Honduras 42,900
30 October 2009   Germany 3–1 3,090
   Switzerland 1–0   Brazil 4,250 Group B
5 November 2009   Nigeria 5–0   New Zealand 35,200 Round of 16
15 November 2009   Colombia 0–1   Spain 40,000 Third place match
   Switzerland 1–0   Nigeria 60,000 Final

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Da'Silva, P.K. "2010 World Cup Bid Deception." THISDAY Nigeria 20 June 2003. Retrieved 2 November 2006.
  2. ^ "Breaking: Buhari Renames Abuja National Stadium After MKO Abiola". 12 June 2019.
  3. ^ "Buhari names Abuja National Stadium after MKO Abiola". Punch Newspapers. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  4. ^ "Top 50 Most Expensive Stadiums in the World (adjusted for inflation)". The Sport Market. Archived from the original on 30 July 2014. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
  5. ^ "National Stadium Complex, Abuja/Nigeria" (PDF). GUS - Gesellschaft für Umweltplanung Stuttgart (in German).
  6. ^ Olusola, Jide. "How The Abuja Velodrome Is Being Used". Daily Trust. Daily Trust. Retrieved 17 September 2020.
  7. ^ "8th All Africa Games." 2K+ International Sports Media. Retrieved 30 October 2006
  8. ^ "Nigeria; Who Will Score First International Goal at Abuja Stadium?." VANGUARD Newspapers 19 April 2003. Retrieved 30 October 2006
  9. ^ "COJA Boss Wants Abuja Stadium Sold". This Day (Nigeria). 4 March 2003. Retrieved 18 September 2009.
  10. ^ Yusuf, Omotayo (12 June 2019). "President Buhari renames Abuja Stadium as MKO Abiola Stadium". - Nigeria news. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  11. ^ "BREAKING: Buhari Names National Stadium Abuja After MKO Abiola". Sahara Reporters. 12 June 2019. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  12. ^ "Buhari renames Abuja stadium after Abiola - Premium Times Nigeria". 12 June 2019. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  13. ^ "Buhari renames Abuja stadium after Abiola - Premium Times Nigeria". 12 June 2019. Retrieved 12 June 2019.

External links edit

Preceded by FIFA U-17 World Cup
Final venue

Succeeded by

9°2′16.5″N 7°27′12.2″E / 9.037917°N 7.453389°E / 9.037917; 7.453389