André Kamperveen Stadion

André Kamperveen Stadium, formerly the National Stadion, is a multi-purpose stadium in Paramaribo, Suriname. Since its opening in 1953, the stadium has been the official home stadium of both football teams S.V. Transvaal and S.V. Robinhood and the official national stadium of the Suriname national football team. With an official capacity of 7,100, it is the largest stadium in Suriname.[1]

André Kamperveen Stadion
National Stadion
KamperveenStadion.jpg
Former namesNational Stadion
Suriname Stadion
LocationParamaribo, Suriname
Coordinates5°50′14.6″N 55°09′38.9″W / 5.837389°N 55.160806°W / 5.837389; -55.160806
OwnerCity and District of Paramaribo
OperatorSurinaamse Voetbal Bond
Capacity7,100
SurfaceGrass
Construction
OpenedAugust 29, 1953; 68 years ago (1953-08-29)
Construction costƒ 310.000,00
ArchitectNagel
Tenants
Suriname national football team (1953–)
Suriname Athletics (1953–)
Suriname Cycling (1953–)
Transvaal (1953–)
Robinhood (1953–2014)
Walking Boyz Company (1997–2014, 2016–)
Bintang Lair

The stadium is also home to the Suriname Athletics Federation (SAB) as well as the Suriname Cycling Union (SWU). In 1997 Walking Boyz Company joined Transvaal and Robinhood as the third football team to make the stadium their home. In 2014 both Robinhood and Walking Boyz Company relocated to the Frank Essed Stadion, with Robinhood ending a 51-year tenure at the Stadium.

The stadium is named after André Kamperveen, the first president of the Caribbean Football Union.

LocationEdit

André Kamperveen Stadion is located in Rainville, Paramaribo on the Stadionlaan, right off the Letitia Vriesdelaan, next door to the office building of the Surinamese Football Association, and across the street from the playing fields 'Owru Cul' which served as the predecessor of the current stadium on the Cultuurtuinlaan from 1923 to 1953.

HistoryEdit

The André Kamperveen Stadium, formerly the National Stadium and later the Suriname stadium, is the largest sports facility in Suriname. It opened on August 29, 1953 with a grand ceremonial opening, but prior to this event, there was the construction of another sports field on the Cultuurtuinlaan with a long history behind it, namely the 'Owru Cul'.

Early historyEdit

Before August 1911, the majority of football matches and events in Paramaribo were organized on the former Gouvernementsplein, now known as the Eenheidsplein. On 15 August 1911 however, a majority vote had ruled to ban the sport from this location, deeming the sport unfit for the locality, since the popular view was that the matches obstructed peoples ability to relax and take walks in the park. Although the ruling interfered with the development of the sport at the time, occasional matches were still held on this square. Obtaining a license to be allowed to do so from the Government proved to be very difficult for football organizing bodies at the time. Due to the loss of the Gouvernementsplein, football associations were forced to look elsewhere, with a need for a new field spiking in 1915.[2]

The Support Committee promised to include the construction of a sports field in its program, but little was noticed of this incentive. During the public debate on the budget of 1916, the desirability of a ground given by Mr Asch van Wijck was referenced. On 12 June 1915, Mr. Van der Upwich wrote in an article for ‘Op den Uitkijk’, where he wrote about the planning of the sports terrain, offering the Gouvernementsstalweide or the Veemarkt as possible alternative construction sites. Edgar Wijngaarde too shared his vision for a new ground in several articles published in the 'Surinamer'.[2]

In June 1915, Governor Van Asbeck (1911-1916) denied the SVB's request to build a facility on a graveyard located on the Gravenstraat that had been closed for 40 years. Another location that was considered in 1915 was the Molenpad, where plans for a cycling track had been discussed as well.[2]

In 1917 the former SVB had made an attempt to obtain 20400m² of land on the Cultuurtuinlaan, where the Stadium stands today. Looking to finalize a 75-year lease agreement with the Government, the proposal could not be serviced since the former association had since folded.[2]

On 25 July 1919 the Katholieke Sport Centrale (English, Catholic Sport Center) was founded on the Patronaatterrein in hopes to remedy the problem that was created in 1911. During this period a fierce fight between Catholics and Protestants had erupted in the country which was especially felt during sporting events, particularly at the newly established Katholieke Sport Centrale, where Protestant athletes felt the Catholic clubs and players were given an unfair advantage.[2]

CultuurtuinlaanEdit

In 1921, Mr. Walther Hewitt expressed interest in the Cultuurtuinlaan. He inspired Dr. E. Snellen, the director of agriculture in Suriname, to build a sportscomplex on the site. Mr. Hewitt then supervised the completion of the first sporting complex on the Cultuurtuinlaan. The initial cost of ƒ10.000,00 was projected, while only ƒ9.600,00 were used to complete construction.[2]

In 1922 it was voted that the Sports complex by ceded to the Surinamese Sports Committee (SSC). The terrain was nicknamed ‘Het huis van de neutralen (English, The house of the neutrals), implying that it was free of any dogmatic stigma.[2]

On 29 July 1923, the sports terrain 'Owru Cul' was opened by Governor Heemstra in front of a crowd of 2,400 people. The opening ceremony ensued as follows. At 16:45 Governor Heemstra made his entrance to the Wilhelmus sung by Jong Elto. Led by a military trooper, the members of the various sports clubs marched in, with their heads turned to the left to salute the Governor as they walked along the tribune.[2]

During the ceremony, 10 football clubs, 3 korfball clubs, five athletic clubs and a couple of cricket clubs were present. After marching around the complex, the team members took their places as Mr. Simons, chairman of the SCC and Governor Heemstra delivered a speech and gave a toast. Afterwards the first sports clubs got their turn, with the athletic clubs Thesos, Tonido, UNI and Wilhelmina taking their turns.[2]

On Sunday, 5 August 1923 the first football matches were held at the Cul. Listed below are the results of the inaugural games.

Inaugural gamesEdit

5 August 1923 Transvaal 2–0 Juliana Cultuurtuinlaan, Paramaribo
12:45 SRT Report Attendance: 2,400

5 August 1923 Voorwaarts 1–1 Excelsior Cultuurtuinlaan, Paramaribo
15:15 SRT Report Attendance: 2,400

5 August 1923 Olympia 5–0 UDI Cultuurtuinlaan, Paramaribo
17:45 SRT Report Attendance: 2,400

5 August 1923 Tonido 1–0 Vlaamse Leeuw Cultuurtuinlaan, Paramaribo
20:15 SRT Report Attendance: 2,400

ConstructionEdit

In June 1952 permission was given to John Zeegelaar, who was goalkeeper for Spes Patriae at the time, to build a football stadium in the Cul for quoting the lowest cost of construction at ƒ 175.000,00 guilders. The construction was completed in August 1953, with an International sports week organized for the opening ceremony revolving around athletics, cycling and football.[2]

FoundationEdit

The opening ceremony of the Suriname Stadion began on Saturday, 29 August 1953, a sports week where the Athletes, Cyclists and Footballers all gave an excellent performance.[2]

The results of the football matches during the inauguration week are as follows.

Inaugural gamesEdit

29 August 1953 Suriname   3–3   Aruba National Stadium, Paramaribo
20:00 SRT Kamperveen  
Nelom  
Hoen  
Report Attendance: 6,000
1 September 1953 Suriname   5–4   Paysandu Sport Club National Stadium, Paramaribo
18:00 SRT Kamperveen   
Kruin  
U A Sai  
Hoen  
Report Attendance: 6,000
1 September 1953 Suriname   3–3   Aruba National Stadium, Paramaribo
20:15 SRT Kamperveen     Report Attendance: 6,000

Conflict of 1953Edit

The relationship between the national associations for athletics, cycling and football have been strained since construction of the stadium was completed in August 1953. The governing body of football Surinaamse Voetbal Bond (SVB), the governing body of athletics Surinaamse Atletiek Bond (SAB) and the governing body of cycling, the Surinaamse Wielren Unie (SWU) have faced difficulties since before the stadium was even opened. Scheduling disparities have caused for the associations to quarrel since day one.[2]

The difficulties between the associations started on Monday, 24 August 1953 when the Surinamese Football Association noticed that no time to practice was given ahead the inaugural games. After which the SVB declared that the other associations should stay away until after the games. Emanuels the chairman of the SWU held a meeting with Emile De La Fuente, chairman of the SVB at the time, after which De La Fuente went to the press and declared that the cycling association had agreed to vacate the stadium from Monday, August 24 onward for the duration of the period ahead of the inaugural games. The governing body of football then locked the doors to the stadium. Emanuels explained that he had agreed that the cyclists could train outside the stadium, but that it was important for the athletes and cyclists to be equally prepared ahead of the event.[2]

All this of course only complicated the relationship between the two governing bodies. As the players of the National football team were allowed to access the stadium at all times, during athletics or cycling events for free, but when the SAB and the SWU asked for free tickets to the SVB hosted events, they were denied. When the athletics and cycling unions asked for permission to have free access to a game together, De La Fuente was tickled and allowed it in exchange for all his footballers to be allowed to attend a cycling event.[2]

On Thursday, 27 August 1953 the SAB and SWU had received letters from the SVB that it was not possible for their athletes to attend the number of desired matches as requested. That day the athletics and cycling governing bodies held a meeting. Together they wrote a response demanded not only the stadium access, but addressed three additional points, namely that all athletes receive access to all of the inauguration games. Also that the predictive numbers for attendance projected for the events were influenced by the accommodations of the stadium, which needed to be reevaluated, the third point raised that a financial loss was being predicted for the final day of the sports week which was an all day cycling event, according to the SVB.[2]

The invited guests from Aruba, Brazil, Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago for the opening ceremony stayed out of the conflict. Both A.R. Harding, manager of the Trinidad Cycling Union, and L.B. Allen manager of the Athletic Association of Guyana, went on record stating that they were guests of the SVB and would stay out of internal conflicts. On 28 August 1953 the SAB and the SWB were asked to set their differences aside ahead of the games for the sake of the event by the Minister of Social Affairs Mr. de Groot.[2]

The following letter was sent to the SVB on Friday afternoon of August 28.

“Geacht Bestuur, Hierbij delen wij U mede dat wij op verzoek van landsregering van Suriname bij monde van de landsminister van Sociale Zaken in het nationaal belang van Suriname zullen deelnemen aan de op maandag 31 augustus en dinsdag 1 september te houden wielren- en atletiekwedstrijden. Het resultaat van de op voorstel van de landsregering gehouden bespreking werd vastgelegd in het schrijven van de landsminister van Sociale Zaken d.d. 28 augustus 1953 en luidde: ‘Het is mij een genoegen U onze bespreking van hedenmorgen vast te leggen’, waarbij werd besloten dat van beide bonden hun eisen aan de SVB met betrekking tot vrije plaatsen voor de sportweek in het stadion zullen laten varen in landsbelang. Gaarne zeg ik U toe dat ik na afloop van de feestweek onderhandelingen met het bestuur van de SVB zal openen om tot een bevredigende regeling voor de toekomst te komen. Ik zeg U dank voor de sportieve houding door U ten deze aangenomen.”

— E. Ensberg, Minister of Social Affairs, 1953

Translation:

“-Directors considered, We hereby inform you that we will participate at the request of the Government of Suriname, through the Minister of Social Affairs in the national interest of Suriname to hold cycling- and athletics competitions on Monday, August 31 and Tuesday September 1st. The result of was recorded discussion on a proposal from the national government in writing the Minister of Social Affairs dated August 28, 1953, saying: "It is my pleasure to record our discussion this morning ', where it was decided that both unions will abandon their demands to the SVB regarding free places for the sports week at the stadium in national interest. Please I tell you that I will open the festival week after negotiations with the management of the SVB to arrive at a satisfactory arrangement for the future. I say thank you for the sporting stance by you as adopted it.

— E. Ensberg, Minister of Social Affairs, 1953

Although the ceremonial sports week was a success, the relationship between the associations remained strained seeing additional conflicts arise in 1956 and in 1977. One can draw the conclusion that the problem that was created in 1911 was resolved through the construction of the stadium, although the associations of athletics and cycling have repeatedly expressed their desire for accommodations of their own.[3]

Energy crisis of 1987Edit

Due to the energy crisis in Paramaribo of 1987, the Surinaamse Voetbal Bond decided to cancel all sporting events which were scheduled after night fall, beginning in May of that year. Any event that was rescheduled was moved to either a Saturday or Sunday afternoon.

Although there were no conflicts between the governing bodies during this period, the majority of the Suriname Athletics Federation agenda was rescheduled that year.[2]

André Kamperveen StadionEdit

On 29 August 1988 the Suriname Stadium was officially renamed to the André Kamperveen Stadium, in honor of André Kamperveen, one of the country's most renown athletes, sports directors, journalist and philanthropist, who was brutally murdered in the December murders. Kamperveen had been the manager of S.V. Transvaal at the Suriname Stadium from 1958 to 1964, and he was the first president of the Caribbean Football Union. The name change also served to commemorate the stadiums 35th Anniversary.[2]

Situated outside of the stadium is a bronze statue of André Kamperveen which was erected on 1 October 2000 to commemorate the Surinamese Football Association's 80th Anniversary.[2]

EventsEdit

1979 CFU ChampionshipEdit

The stadium was the host venue of the 1979 CFU Championship final tournament, and held the following matches:

Date Team No. 1 Res. Team No. 2 Round
1979-11-11   Haiti 1–0   Trinidad and Tobago Final tournament
1979-11-12   Suriname 2–3   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Final tournament
1979-11-14   Haiti 2–1   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Final tournament
1979-11-15   Suriname 3–0   Trinidad and Tobago Final tournament
1979-11-17   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2–1   Trinidad and Tobago Final tournament
1979-11-18   Haiti 1–0   Suriname Final tournament

International football friendliesEdit

Date Team No. 1 Res. Team No. 2 Type
1953-08-29   Suriname 3–3   Aruba International friendly
1953-09-01   Suriname 5–4   Paysandu International/Club friendly match
1953-09-01   Suriname 3–3   Aruba International friendly
1954-08-01   Suriname 3–4   Netherlands International friendly
1955-12-19   Suriname 5–2   Trinidad and Tobago International friendly
1955-12-21   Suriname 3–1   Trinidad and Tobago International friendly
1955-12-23   Suriname 3–0   Trinidad and Tobago International friendly
1957-02-07   Suriname 3–1   Rapid Wien International/Club friendly match
1957-02-08   Suriname 3–3   Rapid Wien International/Club friendly match
1958-07-30   Suriname 2–9   Netherlands International friendly
1959-01-03   Suriname 1–6   Malmö FF International/Club friendly match
1959-09-20   Suriname 1–0   Martinique International friendly
1961-04-02   Suriname 1–2   Sport Recife International/Club friendly match
1961-04-05   Suriname 1–3   Sport Recife International/Club friendly match
1961-04-07   Transvaal 0–6   Sport Recife Club friendly match
1963-04-04   Suriname 4–3   Trinidad and Tobago International friendly
1965-01-20   Suriname 3–4   Bangu International/Club friendly match
1965-01-24   Suriname 1–1   Bangu International/Club friendly match
1966-01-23   Transvaal 1–1   Náutico Club friendly match
1967-02-11   Suriname 4–1   Tuna Luso International/Club friendly match
1967-02-14   Transvaal 1–3   Tuna Luso Club friendly match
1967-02-16   Robinhood 0–2   Tuna Luso Club friendly match
1967-04-25   Robinhood 3–3   Paysandu Club friendly match
1969-01-26   Robinhood 1–3   Flamengo Club friendly match
1969-01-28   Transvaal 3–2   Flamengo Club friendly match
1969-06-13   Suriname 2–1   Denmark International friendly
1971-01-28   Transvaal 1–4   Santos Club friendly match1
1977-01-30   Transvaal 1–0   Paysandu Club friendly match
1977-02-01   Robinhood 2–1   Paysandu Club friendly match
1980-05-27   Transvaal 0–0   Feyenoord Club friendly match
1980-05-27   Robinhood 0–5   Feyenoord Club friendly match
1982-01-10   Transvaal 0–3   Ajax Club friendly match
1984-05-04   Robinhood 3–4   Paysandu Club friendly match
1984-06-14   Suriname 6–2   India International friendly
1984-06-16   Suriname 4–1   India International friendly
1990-04-28   Suriname 5–0   Guyana International friendly
1992-06-16   Suriname 1–1   Antigua and Barbuda International friendly
1999-02-22   Suriname 2–1   Guyana International friendly
2000-09-29   Robinhood 2–1   RBC Club friendly match
2004-01-10   Suriname 1–1   Netherlands Antilles International friendly
2009-10-26   Suriname 0–1   Guyana International friendly
2009-10-31   Suriname 1–1   Netherlands Antilles International friendly
2011-01-05   Inter Moengotapoe 1–1   Paysandu Club friendly match
2011-09-24   Suriname 2–0   Curaçao International friendly
2011-09-25   Suriname 2–2   Curaçao International friendly
2012-10-09   Suriname 2–1   Takdier Boys International/Club friendly match
2014-12-26   Suriname 1–1   W Connection International/Club friendly match
2015-01-31   Suriname 1–0   Guyana International friendly
2015-06-25   Transvaal 3–2   TAC '90 Club friendly match

1. The 1000th career match played by Pelé on 28 January 1971 at the National Stadion with Santos vs. Transvaal.

De Surinaamse KlassiekerEdit

The André Kamperveen Stadion is the host stadium of 'de Surinaamse Klassieker' the main football rivalry of Suriname. It is between Transvaal and Robinhood and is highly contested. Both teams hail from Paramaribo and play their home games at the André Kamperveen Stadion.

The first meeting between the two clubs was on 6 August 1950 when Transvaal won 3–2 against Robinhood. Having been newly promoted to the top flight, Robinhood finished as runner-up to Transvaal that year.

First encounterEdit

6 August 1950 Transvaal 3–2 Robinhood Cultuurtuinlaan, Paramaribo
Report

Robinhood finished as runner-up to Transvaal for three seasons in a row on the Owru Cul before the stadium was completed after which both teams became tenants. Robinhood then championed the first season after completion of the National Stadium.[4]

A total 55 national titles have been won between both clubs, with Transvaal holding 19 and Robinhood 23 titles. The match has won the 'Match of the Year' award issued annually by the Suriname Olympic Committee (SOC) on several occasions as well.[5]

In 2014, Robinhood relocated to the Dr. Ir. Franklin Essed Stadion, following the teams' first ever relegation to the Eerste Klasse, thus ending a 51-year tenure at the André Kamperveen Stadium. While both teams now occupy separate stadiums, the rivalry between the two parties remains the most intense match up in the country.

ConcertsEdit

The André Kamperveen Stadium has been a host venue for concerts and performances in the country, with a maximum capacity of 40,000[6]

Date Band Tour Name Attendance
11 January 2010 Beenie Man and Morgan Heritage Digicel 2nd Anniversary Concert 40,000[7]
1 December 2012 Tarrus Riley and Chris Martin Digicel 5th Anniversary Concert 40,000[8]
6 April 2013 Rick Ross Romeo Bravo presents Rick Ross Live In Concert 38,000[9]
26 September 2013 Dwayne Heath -
5 April 2014 Tarrus Riley and Konshens Free concert to celebrate Digicel 4G launch -[10]
20 December 2014 Richie Spice and Beenie Man Digicel's Better Together 7th Anniversary concert 2014 -[11]
28 December 2014 Kassav' -[12]
21 March 2020 Burna Boy

Future plansEdit

Owru Cul projectEdit

In 2014 it was announced that the Surinamese Football Association and FIFA were investing in a new sports complex on the location of the Owru Cul playing grounds across the street from the André Kamperveen Stadion. The goal is to improve the training facilities for the tenants of the stadium and to help improve the overall quality of football accommodations in Suriname. Owru Cul is the nickname of the former sports terrain on the Cultuurtuinlaan before the construction of the stadium. 'Owru' means old in the Sranan Tongo language, and Cul is an abbreviation for the Cultuurtuinlaan.[13]

Expansion of the StadiumEdit

In 2015, the Surinamese Football Association reported that they were going to renovate the Stadium with a budget of $22–25,000,000, which would expand the capacity to more than 10,000 seats.[14][15]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Stadiums in Suriname". WorldStadiums.com. Archived from the original on 21 November 2012. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "Andre Kamperveen Stadion". Alberga, Paramaribo.
  3. ^ "André Kamperveen stadion 60 jaar in gebruik". Natio Suriname. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
  4. ^ "De Surinaamse Klassieker terug". de Volkskrant. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
  5. ^ "Wel sponsors, geen clubliefde meer". NRC. Archived from the original on 6 February 2016. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
  6. ^ "Andre Kamperveen Stadium". Salzburger Zeitung. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
  7. ^ "Digicel 5th Anniversary Concert" (in Dutch). Digicel Suriname. 2009-12-01.
  8. ^ "Digicel 5th Anniversary Concert". eventsinsuriname.com. 2012-12-01.
  9. ^ "Rick Ross Live in Suriname". YouTube.com. 2013-03-21.
  10. ^ "Tarrus Riley and Konshens Live at the AK Stadion" (in Dutch). ReggaeHolland.com. 2014-03-21.
  11. ^ "Richie Spice and Beenie Man Live at the AK Stadion" (in Dutch). ReggaeHolland.com. 2014-12-01.
  12. ^ "Zouk-formatie Kassav voor vierde keer in Suriname" (in Dutch). De Surinaamse Krant. 2014-12-01. Archived from the original on 2017-03-05. Retrieved 2016-02-07.
  13. ^ "'Owru Cul' krijgt modern sportcomplex" (in Dutch). Star Nieuws. 2014-08-28.
  14. ^ "CFU-inspectieteam ontevreden over verlichting in stadion". De Surinaamse Krant. Archived from the original on 9 March 2016. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
  15. ^ "Surinaamse Voetbal Bond wil vernieuwde Andre Kamperveenstadion". Radio 10FM. Retrieved 4 February 2016.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 5°50′15″N 55°09′39″W / 5.837389°N 55.160806°W / 5.837389; -55.160806