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Main wine-producing areas in the world

This list of wine-producing regions catalogues significant growing regions where vineyards are planted. Wine grapes mostly grow between the 30th and the 50th degree of latitude, in both the Northern and Southern hemispheres. Grapes will sometimes grow beyond this range and minor amounts of wine are made in some very unexpected places.

In 2014, the three largest producers of wine in the world were, in order, Italy, Spain, and France (see list of wine-producing countries for a complete rank).

Contents

CountriesEdit

The following is a list of the top wine-producing countries and their volume of wine production for the year 2014 in metric tonnes, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), which is an agency of the United Nations; this is the latest information available from the FAO.

Their data show a total worldwide production of 31 million tonnes (1,000 kg) of wine (which roughly corresponds to 1,000 l) with the top 15 producing countries accounting for over 90% of the total.[1]

 
Map of global wine production in 2013
Wine production by country in 2014
Rank Country
(with link to wine article)
Production
(tonnes)
1   Italy 4,796,900
2   France 4,607,850
3   Spain 4,293,466
4   United States 3,300,000
5   China 1,700,000
6   Argentina 1,498,380
7   Chile 1,214,000
8   Australia 1,186,343
9   South Africa 1,146,006
10   Germany 920,200
11   Portugal 603,327
12   Romania 378,283
13   Greece 334,300
14   Russia 327,400
15   New Zealand 320,400
16   Brazil 273,100
17   Hungary 258,520
18   Austria 199,869
19   Serbia 198,183
20   Moldova 149,850
21   Bulgaria 130,500
22   Georgia 108,600
23   Switzerland 93,365
24   Ukraine 86,904
25   Japan 85,000
26   Peru 73,000
27   Uruguay 72,500
28   Canada 54,663
29   Algeria 52,000
30   Czech Republic 52,000
31   North Macedonia 51,013
32   Croatia 45,272
33   Turkey 44,707
34   Mexico 39,360
35   Turkmenistan 39,000
36   Morocco 37,000
37   Uzbekistan 36,000
38   Slovakia 32,527
39   Belarus 29,980
40   Kazakhstan 21,993
41   Tunisia 21,500
42   Albania 24,000
43   Montenegro 16,000
44   Lebanon 14,700
45   Slovenia 13,229
46   Colombia 13,000
47   Luxembourg 12,494
48   Cuba 12,080
49   Estonia 11,104
50   Cyprus 10,302
51   Azerbaijan 9,512
52   Bolivia 9,422
53   Madagascar 8,350
54   Bosnia and Herzegovina 7,524
55   Armenia 6,174
56   Lithuania 6,005
57   Egypt 5,000
58   Israel 5,000
59   Belgium 2,900
60   Latvia 2,450
61   Malta 2,426
62   Zimbabwe 1,750
63   Kyrgyzstan 1,700
64   Paraguay 1,500
65   Ethiopia 1,297
66   Jordan 550
67   United Kingdom 425
68   Panama 159
69   Tajikistan 150
70   Liechtenstein 79
71   Syria 70
72   Poland 49
73   Reunion 30

AfricaEdit

AmericasEdit

ArgentinaEdit

 
Argentine wine regions

BoliviaEdit

BrazilEdit

CanadaEdit

ChileEdit

 
Chile's topography with the location of most of Chile's wine regions highlighted

MexicoEdit

PeruEdit

United StatesEdit

A complete listing of federally defined wine regions, called American Viticultural Areas, is available here.
 
Vineyard on South Bass Island

UruguayEdit

VenezuelaEdit

The wine-producing enterprise for Venezuela can be found here.

EuropeEdit

AlbaniaEdit

ArmeniaEdit

AustriaEdit

AzerbaijanEdit

BelgiumEdit

Bosnia and HerzegovinaEdit

BulgariaEdit

CroatiaEdit

CyprusEdit

Czech RepublicEdit

DenmarkEdit

FranceEdit

 
Map of wine regions in France

GeorgiaEdit

GermanyEdit

GreeceEdit

 
Greek wine regions

HungaryEdit

 
Wine regions in Hungary

IrelandEdit

ItalyEdit

 
"Chianti" areas in Tuscany

LatviaEdit

LithuaniaEdit

LuxembourgEdit

MoldovaEdit

MontenegroEdit

NetherlandsEdit

North MacedoniaEdit

PolandEdit

PortugalEdit

 
Portuguese wine regions

RomaniaEdit

Banat wine regions:

Crişana wine regions:

Dobrogea wine regions:

Moldavia wine regions:

Muntenia wine regions:

Oltenia wine regions:

Transylvania wine regions:

RussiaEdit

SerbiaEdit

 
Wine regions of Serbia

SlovakiaEdit

 
Wine-producing regions in Slovakia

SloveniaEdit

 
The three wine regions in Slovenia

SpainEdit

 
Spanish wine-producing regions

SwedenEdit

SwitzerlandEdit

TurkeyEdit

 
Wine-producing regions in Turkey

UkraineEdit

In Ukraine, at the present time there are seven administrative regions (provinces) in which the wine industry has developed. Given the favorable climatic location, the law of Ukraine allocated 15 winegrowing areas (macrozones), which are the basis for growing certain varieties of grapes, and 58 natural wine regions (microzones). These are located mainly in the following areas.

United KingdomEdit

In the UK, area under vines is small, and whilst viticulture is not a major part of the rural economy, significant planting of new vines has been made in the early 21st century. The greatest concentration of vineyards is found in the south east of England, in the counties of Hampshire, Kent, Surrey, and Sussex.

AsiaEdit

BurmaEdit

ChinaEdit

Regions producing native wines have been present since the Qin Dynasty,[14] with wines being brought to China from Persia. Some of the more famous wine-producing regions are:

With the import of Western wine-making technologies, especially French technology, production of wines similar to modern French wine has begun in many parts of China with the direction of experienced French wine-makers; China is now the sixth largest producer of wine in the world. The following regions produce significant quality of wine:

IndiaEdit

IndonesiaEdit

Indonesia has been producing wine for over 18 years, with North Bali's vineyards producing three main grape varieties: the Belgia, the Alphonse Lavallee and the Probolinggo Biru. The main producer, Hatten Wines, has revolutionized the world of winemaking, with eight wines produced from these three varieties.

IranEdit

Prior to the Iranian Islamic Revolution of 1979, Iran was a producer of wine. While production has stopped, the vineyards continue to exist and their product has been diverted to non-alcoholic purposes.

IsraelEdit

Also includes wine regions in Israeli-occupied territories.

JapanEdit

KazakhstanEdit

Republic of KoreaEdit

LebanonEdit

Palestinian territoriesEdit

SyriaEdit

VietnamEdit

OceaniaEdit

AustraliaEdit

 
Australian geographic indications by state

Geographic indications for Australian wine are governed by law. The geographic indication must indicate where the grapes are grown, irrespective of where the wine itself is made. A geographic indication may be "Australia", "South Eastern Australia", a state name, zone, region or subregion if defined.[19]

The zones, regions and subregions in each state are listed below:

New South WalesEdit

QueenslandEdit

South AustraliaEdit

Adelaide Super Zone includes Mount Lofty Ranges, Fleurieu and Barossa wine zones.

TasmaniaEdit

Regions, no zones defined
  • Coal River
  • Derwent Valley
  • East Coast
  • North West
  • Pipers River
  • Southern
  • Tamar Valley

VictoriaEdit

Western AustraliaEdit

New ZealandEdit

GI stands for New Zealand Geographical Indication.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has been recognized as an independent state by 112 out of 193 United Nations member states, while 11 states have recognized Kosovo only to later withdraw their recognition.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Wine production (tons)". Food and Agriculture Organization. 6 October 2015. p. 1. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e "The History of Vineyards in Algeria". Atlasian Cellars Meghdir & Sons. 2005. Retrieved 2005-04-07.
  3. ^ virginiawines.org Archived 2001-09-30 at the Library of Congress Web Archives
  4. ^ Niagara Escarpment
  5. ^ http://www.czechtourism.com/a/prague-vineyards/
  6. ^ "Schweiz Aargau und seine Weingebiete". www.ernestopauli.ch.
  7. ^ "Schweiz Bern und seine Weingebiete". www.ernestopauli.ch.
  8. ^ "Schweiz – Kt. Freiburg und seine Weingebiete". www.ernestopauli.ch.
  9. ^ "Schweiz – Kt. St.Gallen und seine Weingebiete". www.ernestopauli.ch.
  10. ^ "Schweiz – Kt. Schaffhausen und seine Weingebiete". www.ernestopauli.ch.
  11. ^ "Thurgau – Der Ostschweizer Kanton und seine Weingebiete". www.ernestopauli.ch.
  12. ^ "Zürich und seine Weingebiete – Wine of Zurich". www.ernestopauli.ch.
  13. ^ a b "Grapes grown for wine production in Turkey". Yazgan Winery. 2007. Retrieved 2007-06-06.
  14. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-04-09. Retrieved 2007-11-27.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ a b c d e Chinese Markets for Wines :wines-info Archived 2007-11-27 at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-02-15. Retrieved 2009-06-28.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ "Anseong Culture Tour". City of Anseong.
  18. ^ Official Site of Korea Tourism Org.: Wine Korea Official Site of Korea Tourism Organization
  19. ^ "Register of Protected Names Section (a) Australian GI". Australian Wine and Brandy Corporation. Retrieved 2008-04-08.
  20. ^ "Western Australia's Wine Regions". Western Australia. Retrieved 2010-11-25.