Horgoš (Serbian: Хоргош, Horgoš, Hungarian: Horgos) is a village in Kanjiža municipality, in the North Banat District of Serbia. It is situated in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina. As of 2011 census, it has 5,709 inhabitants. Near the village, there is a national border crossing into Hungary.
Main street in Horgoš
|• Total||74.8 km2 (28.9 sq mi)|
|Elevation||75 m (246 ft)|
|• Density||76/km2 (200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
The village is mentioned in documents already in the 11th century, as part of the Kingdom of Hungary. In 1542 it was conquered by the forces of Suleiman the Magnificent, Sultan of the Ottoman empire. After the Polish-Ottoman War (1683–1699), it was conquered by the Habsburg Empire and later became a part of Austro-Hungary. Between the two World Wars it was a part of Yugoslavia. In April 1941 German troops invaded Yugoslavia, and short later Germany handed the area to Hungary. In 1945 it was again a part of Yugoslavia. After the dismantling of Yugoslavia it was included in the territory of Serbia.
First documents on Jewish residents of Horgos date back to the 19th century. 87 Jews were counted in Horgos in 1877 and only 53 by the break of the Second World War. After the Hungarian occupation of the village in 1941, Jews were brutally persecuted, and after the German invasion in 1944 were deported to Nazi concentration camps. Only a few survived and returned to the village, but within several years emigrated to Israel.
The village was the seat of the famous Hungarian noble family, the Kárász de Horgos et Szentpéter. The Serbian author Aleksandar Tišma was also born in Horgos to a Serbian father and Hungarian-Jewish mother. Among other noteworthy personalities who were born in Horgos are the astronomer László L. Kiss, the musician Albert Földi, the artists István Fujkin and Miklós Berényi, the actor Lehel Kovács and the computer scientist Josef H. Braun.
- Slobodan Ćurčić, Broj stanovnika Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 1996.