Kanjiža

Kanjiža (Serbian Cyrillic: Кањижа, pronounced [kǎɲiʒa]; formerly Stara Kanjiža, Serbian Cyrillic: Стара Кањижа, Yiddish: קניזשא‎, Hungarian: Magyarkanizsa; formerly Kanizsa) is a town and municipality located in the North Banat District of the autonomous province of Vojvodina, Serbia. Kanjiža town has a population of 9,871, while the Kanjiža municipality has 25,343 inhabitants.

Kanjiža

Кањижа (Serbian)
Magyarkanizsa  (Hungarian)
City hall
City hall
Coat of arms of Kanjiža
Coat of arms
Location of Kanjiža within Serbia
Location of Kanjiža within Serbia
Coordinates: 46°04′N 20°03′E / 46.067°N 20.050°E / 46.067; 20.050Coordinates: 46°04′N 20°03′E / 46.067°N 20.050°E / 46.067; 20.050
Country Serbia
ProvinceVojvodina
DistrictNorth Banat
Government
 • MayorRóbert Fejsztámer
Area
 • Kanjiža400 km2 (154 sq mi)
Elevation
80 m (260 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Kanjiža9,871
 • Metro
25,343
Demonym(s)Kanjiža, (sr)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
24420
Area code(s)+381(0)24
Car platesKA
Websitehttp://www.kanjiza.rs

GeographyEdit

Although it belongs to North Banat District, territory of Kanjiža municipality is in fact located in the region of Bačka. The territory of the municipality is bordered by the river Tisa and the Novi Kneževac Municipality in the east, the Municipality of Senta in the south, the Municipality of Subotica in the west and the border with Hungary in the north. The proximity to the border, to the free-way and the river Tisa makes it an important location.

HistoryEdit

The town was mentioned in the Gesta Hungarorum chronicle under the name Kenesna and, according to the chronicle, it belonged to the duchy of Bulgarian duke Salan who ruled from Titel in the 9th century.[1] In first written documents after Hungarian conquest of Central Europe, the town is mentioned as Cnesa or Kenesna. This name came from Slavic word knez 'prince'. In 1335, it was mentioned as Villa Canysa.[2]

In the first half of the 16th century, the town was administered by the Eastern Hungarian Kingdom, until 1552 when it was administered by the Ottoman Empire (Sanjak of Çanad). From 1686 to 1918, the town was administered by the Habsburg Monarchy. Initially, it was part of the Habsburg Military Frontier, but was placed under civil administration in 1751. In the beginning of Ottoman administration, local Hungarian population left from this area. During the Ottoman period[2] and also during the first decades of Habsburg administration, the town was mainly populated by ethnic Serbs. Hungarian colonists from northern counties of the Kingdom of Hungary started to settle here in 1753 and they became dominant ethnic group in the town.[3] Since 1918, the town was part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (Yugoslavia) and subsequent South Slavic states.

Inhabited placesEdit

 
Map of Kanjiža municipality

The municipality of Kanjiža includes the town and 12 villages. The villages are:

Note: For the inhabited places with Hungarian ethnic majority, the names are also given in italics in Hungarian.

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
194836,334—    
195335,590−0.41%
196134,960−0.22%
197133,817−0.33%
198132,709−0.33%
199130,668−0.64%
200227,510−0.98%
201125,343−0.91%
Source: [4]

According to the 2011 census results, the municipality of Kanjiža has a population of 25,343 inhabitants.

Ethnic groupsEdit

Almost all of the settlements in the municipality have Hungarian majorities except Velebit, which is predominantly Serbian.

The ethnic composition of the municipality:[5]

Ethnic group Population %
Hungarians 21,576 85.14%
Serbs 1,830 7.22%
Roma 596 2.35%
Romanians 268 1.06%
Albanians 79 0.31%
Croats 67 0.26%
Yugoslavs 51 0.20%
Bunjevci 33 0.13%
Others 843 3.33%
Total 25,343

EconomyEdit

The economy of Kanjiža is dominated by the Potisje-Tondach roof tile factory. Other firms are FIM Kanjiža, Keramika Kanjiža, various paprika refining firms, and a spa health center "Banja Kanjiža".

The following table gives a preview of total number of registered people employed in legal entities per their core activity (as of 2018):[6]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 158
Mining and quarrying 24
Manufacturing 1,676
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 32
Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 48
Construction 217
Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 940
Transportation and storage 474
Accommodation and food services 168
Information and communication 32
Financial and insurance activities 78
Real estate activities 7
Professional, scientific and technical activities 134
Administrative and support service activities 140
Public administration and defense; compulsory social security 406
Education 475
Human health and social work activities 411
Arts, entertainment and recreation 23
Other service activities 117
Individual agricultural workers 736
Total 6,297

GalleryEdit

Notable citizensEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://keptar.niif.hu/000500/000586/magyaro-honf-terkep_nagykep.jpg
  2. ^ a b Početak nastanka (in Serbian), Official website, retrieved 2013-11-29
  3. ^ Razdoblje posle Turaka (in Serbian), Official website, retrieved 2013-11-29
  4. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 19 March 2017.
  5. ^ "Попис становништва, домаћинстава и станова 2011. у Републици Србији" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Republički zavod za statistiku. Retrieved 6 April 2019.
  6. ^ "MUNICIPALITIES AND REGIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA, 2019" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. 25 December 2019. Retrieved 28 December 2019.

External linksEdit