Kráľovský Chlmec

Kráľovský Chlmec (Slovak pronunciation: [ˈkraːʎɔwskiː ˈxl̩mets]; until 1948 Kráľovský Chlumec, Hungarian: Királyhelmec) is a town in the Trebišov District in the Košice Region of south-eastern Slovakia. It has a population of around 8,000.

Kráľovský Chlmec
Királyhelmec
Town
Town centre
Town centre
Coat of arms of Kráľovský Chlmec
Kráľovský Chlmec is located in Slovakia
Kráľovský Chlmec
Kráľovský Chlmec
Location of Kráľovský Chlmec in Slovakia
Coordinates: 48°25′23″N 21°58′22″E / 48.42306°N 21.97278°E / 48.42306; 21.97278Coordinates: 48°25′23″N 21°58′22″E / 48.42306°N 21.97278°E / 48.42306; 21.97278
CountrySlovakia
RegionKošice
DistrictTrebišov
First mentioned1214
Government
 • MayorKároly Pataky
Area
 • Total23.809 km2 (9.193 sq mi)
Elevation
130 m (430 ft)
Population
 (2019-12-31[1])
 • Total~8,000
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
077 01
Area code(s)421-56
Car plateTV
Websitewww.kralovskychlmec.sk

EtymologyEdit

The name means "Royal Hill". Slovak chlm, Czech chlum, Polish chełm are derived from a Proto-Slavic chъlmъ - a hill, chlmec - a smaller hill, an elevated location.[2]

HistoryEdit

The town was first mentioned in 1214 as Helmech. In 1848-1849, residents of Kráľovský Chlmec took part in the Civic Revolution and War of Independence. After the Treaty of Trianon in 1920, the town became part of Czechoslovakia. It was annexed again by Hungary in 1938 as a result of the First Vienna Award. After the Second world war it became part of Czechoslovakia again in 1945, officially in 1947, according to the Paris Peace Treaties.

GeographyEdit

Kráľovský Chlmec lies at an altitude of 130 metres (427 ft) above sea level and covers an area of 23.08 square kilometres (8.9 sq mi).[3] It is located in the southern part of the Eastern Slovak Lowland, only around 5 kilometres (3 mi) north of Hungarian and 12 kilometres (7 mi) west of Ukrainian border. The regional capital Košice is 90 kilometres (56 mi) away.

DemographicsEdit

According to the 2011 census, the town had 8 033 inhabitants. 73.66% of inhabitants were Hungarians (5 670), 19.43% Slovaks (1 496), 3.95% Gypsy (304) and 0.26% Czechs (20). [4]

EducationEdit

Gymnázium Kráľovský Chlmec The Royal Grammar School Chlmec opened in 1949. Teaches both in Slovak and Hungarian language.

Notable peopleEdit

Twin towns — sister citiesEdit

Kráľovský Chlmec is twinned with:[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population and migration". Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. Retrieved 2019-04-16.
  2. ^ Krajčovič, Rudolf (2009). "Z lexiky stredovekej slovenčiny s výkladmi názvov obcí a miest (16)". Kultúra slova. Martin: Vydavateľstvo Matice slovenskej (4): 214.
  3. ^ "Municipal Statistics". Statistical Office of the Slovak republic. Archived from the original on 2008-01-11. Retrieved 2008-01-26.
  4. ^ https://kralovskychlmec.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/prm_kralovsky_chlmec_2016-2022.pdf
  5. ^ "Partnerské mestá". kralovskychlmec.org (in Slovak). Kráľovský Chlmec. Retrieved 2019-09-05.

External linksEdit