Juazeiro, formerly also known as Joazeiro, is a municipality in the state of Bahia, in the northeastern region of Brazil. Its name comes from the juazeiro tree which grows in the region. The city is twinned with Petrolina, in the state of Pernambuco. The two cities are connected by a modern bridge crossing the São Francisco River. Together they form the metropolitan region of Petrolina-Juazeiro, an urban conglomerate of close to 500,000 inhabitants.
Juazeiro skyline seen from São Francisco river
|Mesoregion||Vale São-Franciscano da Bahia|
|Founded||May 9th, 1833|
|• Mayor||Isaac Cavalcante de Carvalho|
|• Total||6,500,520 km2 (2,509,860 sq mi)|
|Elevation||368 m (1,207 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC-3 (BRT)|
It was founded in 1833  and became a city on July 15, 1878.
Its city districts are Abóbora, Carnaíba, Itamotinga, Junco, Juremal, Massaroca, and Pinhões.
The annual average temperature is 24.2 °C. Although it lies on the São Francisco River and the Curaçá River, the climate of the city is semi-arid and it gets an annual precipitation of only 399 mm (15.7 in.).
There are highway connections with several capitals of the Northeast and railroad connections to the coast are made by the Ferrovia Centro-Atlântica. The railroad connection ends at the fluvial port of Juazeiro.
Like its sister city Petrolina, Juazeiro has experienced great growth in the last decade due to the irrigation of the semi-arid soils with water from the São Francisco River. Fruit cultivation is important to such an extent that Juazeiro entitles itself "Capital of Irrigated Fruit", which is exported between the Petrolina Airport to USA and/or Europe. For more detailed information on the development of this fertile valley see the article on Petrolina.
Main agricultural products in planted area (2003):
- bananas: 18 km²
- coconut: 2.72 km²
- guava: 2.5 km²
- lemon: 2 km²
- papaya: 0.45 km²
- mango: 60 km²
- passion fruit: 0.9 km²
- grapes: 21 km²
- sugarcane: 152.53 km²
- onions: 3.4 km²
- beans: 4.04 km²
- manioc: 4.2 km²
- watermelon: 4.5 km²
- melon: 1.95 km²
- tomato: 0.32 km²
Data is from IBGE
Juazeiro is the birthplace of the following famous people:
- "Área territorial oficial" [Oficial Territorial Area] (in Portuguese). Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics(IBGE). 2002-10-10. Retrieved 2010-12-05.
- "Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics" (PDF) (in Portuguese). 2018. Retrieved 6 March 2019.
2018 Estimates of Population
- "Ranking decrescente do IDH-M dos municípios do Brasil" (PDF) (in Portuguese). United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). 2010. Retrieved 2013-08-07.
- * Lamoureaux, Andrew Jackson (1911), Encyclopædia Britannica, 3 (11th ed.), Cambridge University Press, p. 210 , in Chisholm, Hugh (ed.),