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Hârșova (also spelled Hîrșova; Romanian pronunciation: [ˈhɨrʃova]; Bulgarian: Хърсово, Harsovo) is a town located on the right bank of the Danube, in Constanța County, Romania.

Hârșova
Town
Church of Harsova.JPG
Coat of arms of Hârșova
Coat of arms
Hârșova is located in Romania
Hârșova
Hârșova
Location of Hârșova in Romania
Coordinates: 44°41′0″N 27°57′7″E / 44.68333°N 27.95194°E / 44.68333; 27.95194Coordinates: 44°41′0″N 27°57′7″E / 44.68333°N 27.95194°E / 44.68333; 27.95194
Country Romania
CountyConstanța County
StatusTown
Component villagesVadu Oii
Government
 • MayorViorel Ionescu[1] (Alliance of Liberals and Democrats)
Population
 • TotalDecrease9,642
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
ClimateCfa
Websitehttp://www.primaria-harsova.ro/[permanent dead link]

The village of Vadu Oii is administered by the town. The village is linked with Giurgeni commune over the Danube via the Giurgeni-Vadu Oii Bridge.

EtymologyEdit

The relationship between the current name of Hârșova and the ancient name of the city, Carsium has long been a matter of debate among historians and linguists.[3] According to Iorgu Iordan the ancient name may have been kept under the influence of the Slavic word Круш, cliff, rock.[3]

The current name may also derive from the ancient Slavic god Hârs (Хърс) and Slavic suffix "-ova" and it is still under debate whether it is in any way linked with the ancient name, or perhaps a common proto-indo-european root related to "ecstasy"/"desire", ultimately also related to the vedic rta and avestan arta.[4]

HistoryEdit

In ancient times, a Roman settlement named Carsium, belonging to the Scythia Minor province, lay on the current site of the town.

In 1853, The Times of London reported that "Hirsova"

is defended by a fortified castle, and has a garrison of abouit 2,000 men. This place was taken by the Russians in 1809 and 1828. Though small, it is of considerable importance from its position on the very spot where the Berchicha returns to the Danube. . . . It is in many parts inundated, but has good pasturage for the excellent horses which constitute the sole wealth of the Tartars who inhabit it.[5]

DemographicsEdit

YearPop.±%
1912 3,990—    
1930 3,665−8.1%
1948 3,762+2.6%
1956 4,761+26.6%
1966 7,519+57.9%
1977 8,239+9.6%
1992 10,394+26.2%
2002 11,198+7.7%
2011 9,642−13.9%
Source: Census data

At the 2011 census, Hârșova had 7,476 Romanians (84.47%), 6 Hungarians (0.07%), 490 Roma (5.54%), 829 Turks (9.37%), 9 Tatars (0.10%), 27 Lipovans (0.31%), 4 others (0.05%), 9 with undeclared ethnicity (0.10%) .

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Rezultate finale în judeţul Constanţa. Iată care sunt noii primari din judeţ!" (in Romanian). Ziua de Constanța. 6 June 2016. Retrieved 6 June 2016.
  2. ^ (in Romanian) Populaţia stabilă după etnie - judeţe, municipii, oraşe, comune, National Institute of Statistics; accessed October 6, 2013
  3. ^ a b Iordan, Iorgu (1963). Toponimia romînească. Bucharest: Editura Academiei Republicii Populare Romîne. p. 89. OCLC 460710897.
  4. ^ Constantine Borissoff, Non-Iranian origin of the Eastern-Slavonic god Xŭrsŭ/Xors, November 2014
  5. ^ "The Seat of War on the Danube," The Times, December 29, page 8

External linksEdit