Quchan (Persian: قوچان Qučān  pronounced [quˈtʃɑːn, ɢoˈtʃɒːn]; also Romanized as Qūchān and Quçan; also known as Khabushan, Gochan)[2] is a city and capital of Quchan County, in Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran. It is located due south of the border city of Ashgabat. At the 2006 census, its population was 96,953, in 25,066 families.[3]

Quchan
City
Quchan.jpg
یخدان تاریخی نمد مالها - نمای ورودی (cropped).jpg
Soltan Ebrahim (cropped2).jpg
دانشکده برق.jpg
Fani Quchanut (cropped).jpg
City of Quchan, The shrine of Aqa Najafi Quchani, Nov 2015.jpg
Quchan is located in Iran
Quchan
Quchan
Coordinates: 37°06′22″N 58°30′34″E / 37.10611°N 58.50944°E / 37.10611; 58.50944Coordinates: 37°06′22″N 58°30′34″E / 37.10611°N 58.50944°E / 37.10611; 58.50944
CountryIran
ProvinceRazavi Khorasan
CountyQuchan
BakhshCentral
Population
 (2016 Census)
 • Urban
101,604 [1]
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+4:30 (IRDT)
Quchan at GEOnet Names Server

The city of Quchan has been considered in the past due to its historical location, including having 140 historical monuments and having 32 monuments registered in the list of national monuments and 20 attractive tourist areas. This city, has trained famous scholars, mystics, thinkers, poets and heroes. Heroes such as Jafar Gholi Zangli and Noei khaboushani and Ahmad Vafadar[4] who technically struck the heroes Abbas Zandi[5] and Gholamreza Takhti[6] and won the wrestling armband for three consecutive national championships.

Population and administrative divisions of the countryEdit

Quchan city is located in 10 km of old Quchan (ancient city) and its distance to Mashhad is about 130 km and to Bajgiran (Iran-Turkmenistan border) 84 km and to the center of Turkmenistan (Ashgabat) is 118 km and has two important parts.[7] The central part and the part of the tax collectors. According to the general population and housing census in 2016, the population of this city was 100,604 people (in 30,099 households). Since 1316, when the first law of national division was approved, Quchan was recognized as one of the seven provinces of Greater Khorasan along with the cities of Bojnourd, Birjand, Sabzevar, Gonabad, Mashhad and Torbat-e Heydarieh. Separated.[8]

Ninth ProvinceEdit

The ninth province was one of the 10 provinces of Iran, which was designated as the ninth province in January 1915, with the amendment of the law on the division of the country. This province included the cities of Quchan, Sabzevar, Gonabad, Bojnourd, Birjand, Torbat Heydariyeh and Mashhad (the capital of the province).[9]

City expansionEdit

In 1895, after the earthquake of the previous year, the current city was built 12 km from the old city with the help of Mohammad Nasser Khan Shoa Al-Dawlah, the head of the Zafranlu tribe and Russian engineers. In the first Pahlavi period, the silo building and the water source and the arch bridge(Atrak Bridge) were built by the Germans in Quchan.[10]

GeographyEdit

Quchan is in the north-east of Iran in Razavi Khorasan Province at an elevation of 1,149 meters above sea level north of the Shah Jahan Mountains. It is located south of the border with Turkmenistan. Quchan is connected by road to Mashhad, 125 km southeast and Turkmenistan, 100 km north.[citation needed]

Quchan has suffered from many earthquakes, and the town was relocated about 10 km east of the original town in 1895 following its destruction in another earthquake.[11]

ClimateEdit

Quchan has a cold semi-arid climate (BSk).

Climate data for Ghoochan (1984-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 21.6
(70.9)
22.2
(72.0)
28.4
(83.1)
31.8
(89.2)
36.6
(97.9)
39.0
(102.2)
40.6
(105.1)
38.8
(101.8)
38.0
(100.4)
32.4
(90.3)
26.4
(79.5)
25.2
(77.4)
40.6
(105.1)
Average high °C (°F) 5.1
(41.2)
7.1
(44.8)
12.3
(54.1)
19.5
(67.1)
24.5
(76.1)
29.8
(85.6)
31.8
(89.2)
31.2
(88.2)
27.7
(81.9)
21.3
(70.3)
14.1
(57.4)
8.1
(46.6)
19.4
(66.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.1
(32.2)
2.0
(35.6)
6.8
(44.2)
13.1
(55.6)
17.5
(63.5)
22.1
(71.8)
24.2
(75.6)
23.1
(73.6)
19.4
(66.9)
13.8
(56.8)
7.9
(46.2)
2.9
(37.2)
12.7
(54.9)
Average low °C (°F) −4.8
(23.4)
−3.1
(26.4)
1.3
(34.3)
6.7
(44.1)
10.5
(50.9)
14.3
(57.7)
16.6
(61.9)
15.1
(59.2)
11.1
(52.0)
6.2
(43.2)
1.8
(35.2)
−2.2
(28.0)
6.1
(43.0)
Record low °C (°F) −25.4
(−13.7)
−24.0
(−11.2)
−15.8
(3.6)
−5.8
(21.6)
−0.8
(30.6)
3.4
(38.1)
8.0
(46.4)
5.0
(41.0)
0.4
(32.7)
−6.0
(21.2)
−11.2
(11.8)
−20.2
(−4.4)
−25.4
(−13.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 36.2
(1.43)
41.8
(1.65)
61.5
(2.42)
49.3
(1.94)
30.6
(1.20)
8.3
(0.33)
3.8
(0.15)
1.4
(0.06)
4.0
(0.16)
12.5
(0.49)
25.1
(0.99)
33.9
(1.33)
308.4
(12.15)
Average precipitation days 10.9 11.2 12.7 11.6 9.5 3.7 2.4 1.3 1.9 4.0 6.8 8.6 84.6
Average snowy days 8.5 8.4 5.9 1.0 0.1 0 0 0 0 0.1 2.0 5.3 31.3
Average relative humidity (%) 74 72 68 61 53 41 38 36 40 51 63 72 56
Source: [12]

EducationEdit

Notable peopleEdit

HistoryEdit

On 20 June 1747, Nader Shah was assassinated in Quchan. He was surprised in his sleep by Salah Bey, captain of the guards, and stabbed with a sword. Nader was able to kill two of the assassins before he died.

A devastating earthquake in 1893 killed 10,000 residents in Quchan. The US press reported on January 28, 1894, "The bodies of ten thousand victims of the awful disaster have already been recovered. Fifty thousand cattle were destroyed at the same time. The once important and beautiful city of twenty thousand people is now only a scene of death, desolation, and terror."[1]

EconomyEdit

Factories and industrial areas

There are two industrial towns in Quchan city, the first town is located on Farooj road and the second town is located on Quchan-Mashhad highway.

In order to access the markets of Central Asian countries bordering Turkmenistan and close to the capital, the creation of a special economic zone in Quchan over the past few years was considered by officials and elites of Quchan. In a part of the industrial town, number two has been presented to the parliament after passing its legal process and is about to be established.[14]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Statistical Center of Iran > Home".
  2. ^ Quchan can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3080451" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  3. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Statistical Center of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11.
  4. ^ "Former Iranian Wrestling Champion Dies at 69". Tehran Times. 2003-11-12. Retrieved 2022-02-09.
  5. ^ "Freestyle wrestling - Abbas Zandi (Iran)". www.the-sports.org. Retrieved 2022-02-09.
  6. ^ Iran, National Museum of Sport, Olympic and Paralympic Republic of. "World Champion Gholamreza Takhti". National Museum of Sport, Olympic and Paralympic Republic of Iran. Retrieved 2022-02-09.
  7. ^ "جاهای دیدنی قوچان | راهنمای سفر قوچان + عکس و آدرس | مجله گردشگری و سفر ره بال آسمان". ره بال آسمان (in Persian). 2019-10-17. Retrieved 2022-02-14.
  8. ^ sdb.thmporg.ir https://sdb.thmporg.ir/table/public?id=5e2eae11a03c83205cc1e222. Retrieved 2022-02-14. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. ^ "Khorasan Razavi Province". www.visitiran.ir. Retrieved 2022-02-16.
  10. ^ "Quchan Earthquake of 17 January 1895, Ms 6.8". International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology. 2016-01-17. Retrieved 2022-02-16.
  11. ^ Hollingsworth, J.; Jackson J.; Waler R.; Gheitanchi M.R.; Bolourchi M.J. (2006). "Strike-slip faulting, rotation, and along-strike elongation in the Kopeh Dagh mountains, NE Iran". Geophysical Journal International. Royal Astronomical Society. 166 (3): 1161–1177. Bibcode:2006GeoJI.166.1161H. doi:10.1111/j.1365-246x.2006.02983.x.
  12. ^ "آمار 166 ايستگاه سينوپتيك كشور تا پایان سال 2010 میلادی + 37 ایستگاه تا پایان سال 2005". Archived from the original on 17 February 2016. Retrieved 13 February 2016.
  13. ^ "Islamic Azad University, Quchan | Ranking & Review". www.4icu.org. Retrieved 2022-07-02.
  14. ^ "خبرگزاری صداوسیما | IRIB News". 2015-12-22. Archived from the original on 2015-12-22. Retrieved 2022-02-07.
  1. ^ Allen, Thomas Gaskell Jr; Sachtleben, William Lewis (1894). Across Asia on a Bicycle (1903 ed.). New York: The Century Co. p. 110.
  2. The website about Quchan city

See alsoEdit