Imereti (Georgian: იმერეთი) is a region of Georgia situated in the central-western part of the republic along the middle and upper reaches of the Rioni River. Imereti is the most populous region in Georgia. It consists of 11 municipalities and the city of Kutaisi, which is the capital of the region.

Imereti
იმერეთი
Landscape of Imereti
Landscape of Imereti
Overlapping borders of de jure Imereti region and de facto South Ossetia[nt 1]
Overlapping borders of de jure Imereti region and de facto South Ossetia[nt 1]
Country Georgia
CapitalKutaisi
Government
 • GovernorZviad Shalamberidze[1] (Georgian Dream)
Area
 • Total6,680 km2 (2,580 sq mi)
Population
 (2021)[3]
 • Total481,473
 • Density72/km2 (190/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeGE-IM
Districts11 districts, 1 city
HDI (2017)0.810 [4]
very high · 3rd
Websiteimereti.ge

SubdivisionsEdit

The Imereti region has one self governing city (Kutaisi) and 11 municipalities with 163 administrative communities (temi), totalling to 549 populated settlements:

Map Municipality
 
City of Kutaisi
Baghdati Municipality
Vani Municipality
Zestafoni Municipality
Terjola Municipality
Samtredia Municipality
Sachkhere Municipality
Tqibuli Municipality
Chiatura Municipality
Tsqaltubo Municipality
Kharagauli Municipality
Khoni Municipality

EconomyEdit

Aside from the capital Kutaisi, significant towns and regional centres include Samtredia, Chiatura (manganese production centre), Tkibuli (coal mining centre), Zestafoni (known for metals production), Vani, Khoni, and Sachkhere. Traditionally, Imereti is an agricultural region, known for its mulberries and grapes.

DemographicsEdit

The 800,000 Imeretians speak a Georgian dialect; they are one of the local culture-groups of the ethnically subdivided Georgian people.

DemographicEdit

Population development of the region Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti[5]
1959 1970 1979 1989 2002* 2002** 2014 2021
Imereti   651,959   718,558   739,189   772,251   699,410   632,126   533,906   481,473
City of Kutaisi   128,203   162,787   194,297   234,870   185,965 -   147,635   134,378
Baghdati Municipality   29,560   30,973   30,056   29,053   29,235 -   21,582   18,363
Chiatura Municipality   64,562   72,059   69,582   68,501   56,341 -   39,884   38,231
Kharagauli Municipality   36,486   35,591   31,948   28,702   27,885 -   19,473   18,571
Khoni Municipality   32,548   32,718   37,968   34,979   31,749 -   23,570   21,123
Sachkhere Municipality***   38,202   45,552   44,859   44,968   46,590 -   37,775   34,848
Samtredia Municipality   62,556   67,141   65,400   64,504   60,456 -   48,562   43,448
Terjola Municipality   43,847   46,438   44,709   44,019   45,496 -   35,563   31,427
Tqibuli Municipality   44,411   42,733   39,451   36,686   31,132 -   20,839   17,898
Tsqaltubo Municipality   62,389   67,086   69,738   75,061   73,889 -   56,883   46,803
Vani Municipality   40,999   41,505   38,346   35,369   34,464 -   24,512   21,241
Zestafoni Municipality   68,196   73,975   72,835   75,539   76,208 -   57,628   55,142
* Research after 2014 census showed the 2002 census was inflated by 8-9 percent.[6]
**Corrected data based on retro-projection 1994-2014 in collaboration with UN[7]
*** Part of Sachkhere is outside Georgian government authority and has not been counted since 2002.

HistoryEdit

In late antiquity and early Middle Ages the ancient western Georgian kingdom of Egrisi existed on the territory of Imereti. Its king declared Christianity as an official religion of Egrisi in 523 AD. In 975-1466 Imereti was part of the united Georgian Kingdom. Since its disintegration in the 15th century, Imereti was an independent kingdom.

In the 17th-18th centuries, the kingdom of Imereti experienced frequent invasions by the Turks and paid patronage to the Ottoman Empire until 1810, when it was invaded and annexed by the Russian Empire. The last King of Imereti was Solomon II (1789-1810).

From 1918 to 1921, Imereti was part of the independent Democratic Republic of Georgia. Within the USSR, the region was part of the Transcaucasian SFSR from 1922–1936, and part of the Georgian SSR from 1936–1991. Since Georgian independence in 1991, Imereti has been a region of Georgia with Kutaisi as the regional capital.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ South Ossetia's status is disputed. It considers itself to be an independent state, but this is recognised by only a few other countries. The Georgian government and most of the world's other states consider South Ossetia de jure a part of Georgia's territory.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "New Governor of Imereti Appointed".
  2. ^ Nominal area 6,680 km², de facto controlled by Georgia 6,415 km².
  3. ^ "Population and Demography - Population by cities and boroughs as of 1 January". National Statistics Office of Georgia (Geostat). Retrieved 2021-11-26.
  4. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  5. ^ "Divisions of Georgia". Population Statistics Eastern Europe and former USSR. Retrieved 2022-02-04.
  6. ^ "Population Dynamics in Georgia - An Overview Based on the 2014 General Population Census Data" (PDF). National Statistics Office of Georgia, Geostat. 2017-11-29. pp. 1–4. Retrieved 2022-02-04.
  7. ^ "Retro-projection of main demographic indicators for the period 1994-2014". National Statistics Office of Georgia, Geostat. 2018-05-18. pp. 3, Table 1. Retrieved 2022-02-04.

External linksEdit


Coordinates: 42°10′N 42°59′E / 42.167°N 42.983°E / 42.167; 42.983