Murfatlar (Romanian pronunciation: [murfatˈlar]) is a town in Constanța County, Northern Dobruja, Romania. It officially became a town in 1989, as a result of the Romanian rural systematization program.

Murfatlar
Murfatlar1.jpg
Coat of arms of Murfatlar
Location in Constanța County
Location in Constanța County
Murfatlar is located in Romania
Murfatlar
Murfatlar
Location in Romania
Coordinates: 44°10′25″N 28°24′30″E / 44.17361°N 28.40833°E / 44.17361; 28.40833Coordinates: 44°10′25″N 28°24′30″E / 44.17361°N 28.40833°E / 44.17361; 28.40833
CountryRomania
CountyConstanța
SubdivisionsSiminoc
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2024) Gheorghe Cojocaru[1] (PNL)
Area
69.25 km2 (26.74 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[2]
10,216
 • Density150/km2 (380/sq mi)
Time zoneEET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)
Vehicle reg.CT
Websitewww.primaria-murfatlar.ro

EtymologyEdit

The name of the town originates from the Turkish word murvet (meaning "generous man").[3]

Between 1921 and 1965, and from 1975 to 2007, the locality was known as Basarabi. On June 26, 2007 the lower house of Romania's Parliament, the Chamber of Deputies, approved a proposal to have the name changed back to Murfatlar,[4] which was also ratified by the Senate and promulgated by the president of Romania on December 20, 2007.[5]

AdministrationEdit

Murfatlar is a port on the Danube–Black Sea Canal and has a population of 11,070. A complex of caves was found carved in the hills nearby, see the Basarabi Cave Complex.

The village of Siminoc (historical name: Turc-Murfat) is administered by the town of Murfatlar. The name of the village comes from the flower Helichrysum arenarium (siminoc in Romanian), which can be found abundantly in the area.[6]

The Murfatlar Vineyard and Basarabi Cave Complex are located nearby.

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1992 10,742—    
2002 10,857+1.1%
2011 9,634−11.3%
Source: Census data

At the 2011 census, Murfatlar had 8,657 Romanians (89.86%), 547 Tatars (5.68%), 236 Roma (2.45%), 134 Turks (1.39%), 9 Hungarians (0.09%), 3 Aromanians (0.03%), 16 others (0.17%), 32 with undeclared ethnicity (0.33%).

NativesEdit

Murfatlar is the birthplace of the 4th Romanian president, Traian Băsescu.

Image galleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Results of the 2020 local elections". Central Electoral Bureau. Retrieved 15 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Populaţia stabilă pe judeţe, municipii, oraşe şi localităti componenete la RPL_2011" (XLS). National Institute of Statistics.
  3. ^ (in Romanian) Murfatlar's History Archived 2008-06-11 at the Wayback Machine, Murfatlar City Hall, accessed on June 23, 2008
  4. ^ (in Romanian) România Liberă, Oraşul natal al lui Băsescu nu se mai numeste Basarabi, ci Murfatlar Archived 2007-07-01 at the Wayback Machine (Băsescu's hometown is no longer called Basarabi, but Murfatlar), June 26, 2007
  5. ^ (in Romanian) Law No. 370/21.12.2007 regarding the name change of town of Basarabi, Constanţa County, into Murfatlar, Chamber of Deputies, accessed June 23, 2008
  6. ^ (in Romanian) Murfatlar's History Archived 2008-06-11 at the Wayback Machine, Murfatlar City Hall, accessed on June 23, 2008