Medgidia (Romanian pronunciation: [med͡ʒiˈdi.a] or [med.d͡ʒiˈdi.a]; historical Turkish names: Karasu or Carasu, Mecidiye or Megidie) is a city in Constanța County, Northern Dobruja, south-eastern Romania.
Medgidia railway station
Location in Constanța County
|Subdivisions||Remus Opreanu, Valea Dacilor|
|• Mayor||Valentin Vrabie (Ind.)|
|Area||90.17 km2 (34.81 sq mi)|
|• Density||440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)|
|Source: Census data|
Archaeological findings show that Dobruja was inhabited since the Neolithic period. Starting with 46 BC the region was administered by the Roman Empire. A castrum was built in the Carasu Valley, becoming the cradle of the settlement.
In 1417, the Turks invaded Dobruja. From the 15th century onwards, the region started to be colonized with a Muslim population. The settlement named "Karasu" (Turkish for "Black Water") was mentioned on the map of Iehuda ben Zara in 1497, in the notes of Paolo Giorgio (1590) and Evliya Çelebi (1653).
Modern Medgidia was built by the Ottoman administration on the place of the old Karasu beginning with 1856. It was built as a planned city to accommodate refugees from the Crimean War and to serve as an economic hub for the central zone of Dobruja. The town was named in honour of the sultan Abdülmecid I, the Ottoman sovereign of the period.
The general aspect of the relief is that of a low plateau with a limestone structure, covered with thick deposits of loess. The natural resources in the area consist of limestone deposits and kaolin sand. The limestone structure of the earth permits a natural filtering of the groundwater.
The climate is temperate-continental, with short and cold winters and very hot summers.
Medgidia became a municipality in 1994.
The town infrastructure is continuously developing and offers the inhabitants 4 high schools, 8 primary schools, 12 nurseries, 4 cultural centers with a hall for cultural activities, 2 show and cinema halls, 3 clubs and 5 libraries, a 30,000-seat stadium, a sports hall and a swimming pool. Medgidia also houses a 500-bed hospital.
The following villages are administered by the municipality:
- Remus Opreanu (historical name: Alibei-Ceair, Turkish: Alibeyçayır) - renamed after Remus Opreanu, the first Romanian prefect of Constanța County (1878–1881)
- Valea Dacilor (historical name: Endecarachioi, Turkish: Hendek Karaköy or Hendek Kara Kuyusu)
The current mayor of Medgidia is Valentin Vrabie (PNL).
The Medgidia Municipal Council, elected in the 2008 local government elections, is made up of 19 councilors, with the following party composition:
|National Liberal Party||10|
|Democratic Liberal Party||4|
|Social Democratic Party||4|
|Democratic Union of Turco-Islamic Tatars of Romania||1|
The economic landscape spotlights the existence of a town fully involved in its progress. Out of 1,200 registered enterprises, only 30 are state-owned and 15 are joint ventures.
Beside the agricultural activities (milk-processing, milling, bakery and wine growing), the main industry deals in cement and building materials, agricultural machinery and forging equipment, wood processing and furniture factories.
Medgidia lies in the center of an agricultural area of several tens of millions hectares, with a fertile soil and provided with irrigation systems.
The area offers:
- a rich agricultural tradition and trained specialists
- a road network for the transport of goods
- relatively short transport distances, especially through the port
- access to other Romanian or European regions
- better climate conditions than in other parts of Romania (winter is shorter)
- an outstanding irrigation potential
The canal has a capacity of 11.2 million tons/year and can admit ships of 5,000 tonnes deadweight (DWT). Provided with road and rail links, the harbor offers storage facilities and cranes able to lift up to 16-ton weights. Beside a SNCFR marshaling yard, along the Canal there is a Free Trade Area in course of being finalized.
A planned highway from Bucharest to Constanţa, partially financed by the EU, will bypass the town, allowing the development of associated services (hotels, petrol stations and a parking yard for trucks) in the area.
The Art Museum "Lucian Grigorescu"Edit
It was opened in 1964 with exhibitions of Romanian contemporary painting, sculpture, and graphics, signed Lucian Grigorescu, Marius Bunescu, Ion Jalea and others. The permanent exhibition takes in classic and modern artworks but also works of contemporary art classics: Lucian Grigorescu, Nicolae Tonitza, Francisc Șirato, Ștefan Dumitrescu, Iosif Iser. The museum also displays a collection of ceramic artworks.
In 1991 the museum was named after Lucian Grigorescu, a town native, who was deemed as the most Latin among the Romanian painters. The city honors the painter every year on 1 February, the anniversary of his birthday.
Because of low income due to few visitors and high maintenance costs in 2009 the museum was closed.
The "Abdul Mejid" MosqueEdit
Built in 1860 by the Ottoman Government, the mosque is an historic and architectural monument. It was named after the sultan Abdul Mejid - who reigned between 1839 and 1861.
The mosque is served by an imam and a muezzin. The building respects the traditional form of the Muslim cultural placements, decorated in the interior with oriental ornaments and inscriptions in Arabic.
The "Saints Peter and Paul" Orthodox churchEdit
The church was built in a Roman-Greek style and it was raised with the contribution of the local Christians on the ruins of a Roman castrum.
The Serbian Heroes' MonumentEdit
In 1926, Medgidia commemorated the heroism of the First Serbian Division, which fought in Dobruja during World War I as a part of the bloody Romanian theatre, by inaugurating a monument in the group's honor. The completed memorial, featuring an iconic white marble pyramid, was the setting of a ceremony held with the participation of both Romanian and Yugoslavian officials. Wreaths were laid at the base of the monument by members of the Serbian and Romanian royal families.
The Medgidia FestivalEdit
The festival has been celebrated each year since 1999, at the end of October, and is attended by thousands of locals.
- Graiul Dobrogei (link Graiul Dobrogei), local newspaper
- Alpha Media, local TV channel
- Media TV, local TV channel
Twin towns — Sister citiesEdit
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Medgidia.|
- "Luptă strânsă pentru Consiliul Judeţean Constanţa între PSD şi PNL. Noua garnitură de primari" (in Romanian). Ziua de Constanța. 7 June 2016. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
- "Populaţia stabilă pe judeţe, municipii, oraşe şi localităti componenete la RPL_2011" (in Romanian). National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
- Ziua de Constanţa, Medgidia- în clepsidra timpului ("Medgidia - in the hourglass of time") Archived 2011-07-23 at the Wayback Machine, September 4, 2006
- Iorga, Tatian (September 3, 2007). "Medgidia a aniversat 151 de ani". Telegraf (in Romanian). Retrieved 2008-11-18.
- Twin towns Archived 2010-01-24 at the Wayback Machine(in Romanian)