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Sangli (About this soundpronunciation , is a city and the district headquarters of Sangli District in the state of Maharashtra, in western India. It is known as the Turmeric City of Maharashtra due to its production and trade of the spice.[4] Sangli is situated on the banks of river Krishna and houses many sugar factories. Sangli is a major city in Western India 390 km from Mumbai, 240 km from Pune and 700 km from Bangalore. Sangli is known for its turmeric trade, grapes and the largest number of sugar factories in India. The only district has more than 30 sugar factories.[citation needed] Sangli Miraj Kupwad,along with its Urban Agglomeration together known as Sangli Miraj Kupwad Metropolitan Region (SMKMR).

Sangli
Sangli is located in Maharashtra
Sangli
Sangli
Coordinates: 16°51′11″N 74°34′59″E / 16.853°N 74.583°E / 16.853; 74.583Coordinates: 16°51′11″N 74°34′59″E / 16.853°N 74.583°E / 16.853; 74.583
StateMaharashtra
DistrictSangli
Founded byHarbhat Patwardhan
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
 • BodySangali-Miraj-Kupwad Municipal Corporation (SMKMC)
 • MayorSangita Khot (BJP)
 • Deputy MayorDhiraj Suryawanshi (BJP)
 • Municipal commissionerNitin Kapadnis [1]
 • Member of ParliamentSanjaykaka Patil (Lok Sabha)[2]
Area
 • Total118.81 km2 (45.87 sq mi)
Elevation
549 m (1,801 ft)
Demonym(s)Sanglikar
Languages
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
416416[3]
Telephone code+91-233
Vehicle registrationMH-10, MH-60
Literacy85.93%
Lok Sabha constituencySangli (Lok Sabha constituency)
ClimateDry and Arid (Köppen)
Websitesangli.nic.in
Ganapati Temple, Heart of Sangli City

Sangli UA/Metropolitan Region has developed itself as now as a modern city with broader roads, major railway junction, cyber-cafes, hotels with multi-cuisine and very good education facilities. The city has a major healthcare hub including its twin City Miraj. It is also a major city with telecommunication and entertainment facilities. A Software Technology Park is being set up in a prime location of the city.

GeographyEdit

Sangli city is situated on the bank of Krishna river, the valley and tributaries of which offer many irrigation and agricultural advantages that drive the economy of the district and the city.[citation needed] Other small rivers, such as the Warana and the Panchganga, flow into the River Krishna.

HistoryEdit

The region, known as Kundal (now a small village 40 km away from Sangli city) in medieval India, was the capital of the Chalukya Empire in the 12th century AD.[5] During the time of Shivaji, Sangli, Miraj and surrounding areas were captured from the Mughal Empire. Until 1801, Sangli was included in Miraj Jahagir. Sangli separated from Miraj in 1801, following a family quarrel between Chintamanrao Patwardhan, and his paternal uncle, Gangadharrao Patwardhan, who had succeeded his childless elder brother as the sixth chief of Miraj in 1782.[citation needed]

EtymologyEdit

The city's original name was Sahagalli—from the Marathi words saha ("six") and galli ("lanes") describing the early street plan—which was later shortened to Sangli.[6]

GovernanceEdit

The Sangli-Miraj-Kupwad Municipal Corporation (S.M.K.M.C.) is the local self-government body which looks after the development of the Sangli-Miraj twin cities, serving 0.5 million citizens.

Educational institutesEdit

Education institutions in the area, aside from schools, include engineering colleges such as Walchand College of Engineering RIT college Sakhrale, Islampur, Padmabhooshan Vasantraodada Patil Institute of Technology, KBP College, and Annasaheb Dange College of Engineering & Technology. Government Medical College, Miraj, is also present, as is the Willingdon College of Arts & Science at Vishrambaug. Prakash Institute of Medical Science and research Islampur Sangli, Bharathi Vidyapeeth - Sangli, Miraj, Rajwada.

ArchitectureEdit

  • Ganapati Temple, located on the banks of river Krishna.
  • The Irwin Bridge, built by the British.
  • A royal palace (Rajwada).

ClimateEdit

Sangli
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
3.8
 
 
31
12
 
 
0.5
 
 
33
15
 
 
5.3
 
 
36
18
 
 
22
 
 
38
21
 
 
48
 
 
37
22
 
 
71
 
 
31
22
 
 
109
 
 
28
21
 
 
80
 
 
28
21
 
 
100
 
 
30
20
 
 
89
 
 
32
19
 
 
34
 
 
30
16
 
 
6.9
 
 
30
13
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Government of Maharashtra

Sangli has a semi-arid climate with three seasons, a hot, dry summer from the middle of February to the middle of June, a monsoon from the middle of June to late October and a mild cool season from early November to early February. The total rainfall is about 22 inches (580 mm). Sangli has a chill climate throughout winter; summers are dry but not as dry as in the larger metropolitan cities. Rain is within its limits.

Climate data for Sangli
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31
(88)
33
(91)
36
(97)
38
(100)
37
(99)
31
(88)
28
(82)
28
(82)
30
(86)
32
(90)
30
(86)
30
(86)
32
(90)
Average low °C (°F) 09
(48)
15
(59)
18
(64)
21
(70)
22
(72)
22
(72)
21
(70)
21
(70)
20
(68)
19
(66)
11
(52)
10
(50)
17
(63)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 3.8
(0.15)
0.5
(0.02)
5.3
(0.21)
22.1
(0.87)
48.3
(1.90)
71.1
(2.80)
108.7
(4.28)
79.8
(3.14)
99.6
(3.92)
88.9
(3.50)
33.5
(1.32)
6.9
(0.27)
568.5
(22.38)
Source: Government of Maharashtra

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ महापालिका आयुक्‍तपदी नितीन कापडनीस | पुढारी [Nitin Kapadnis as Municipal Commissioner | Leader]. www.pudhari.news.
  2. ^ "Sixteenth Lok Sabha Members Bioprofile". Retrieved 21 October 2019.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 September 2013. Retrieved 4 January 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ Benzie, F. F.; Sissi Wachtel-Galo (2011). "13: Turmeric, The Golden Spice: From Traditional Medicine to Modern Medicine". In F. F. Benzie (ed.). Herbal Medicine: Biomolecular and Clinical Aspects (Second ed.). Boca Raton, FL 33487-2742, USA: CRC Press Taylor and Francis Group. p. 269. ISBN 978-1-4398-0713-2.
  5. ^ http://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/8595/2/11%20topic%20no.3.pdf
  6. ^ http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/522386/Sangli