Garibaldi, Rio Grande do Sul

Garibaldi is a municipality in Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil. It has a population of 28,714 people, most of them of Italian descent[citation needed]. The city is famous for its wine and champagne productions. The name Garibaldi is a homage to the Italian revolutionary Giuseppe Garibaldi and his Brazilian wife, Anita Garibaldi. It was settled by Italian immigrants, predominantly Venetians and Prussians in the late 19th century.[1]

Garibaldi
Municipality
The city of Garibaldi
The city of Garibaldi
Flag of Garibaldi
Flag
Official seal of Garibaldi
Seal
Location in the State of Rio Grande do sul
Location of Garibaldi
Coordinates: 29°17′20″S 51°33′51″W / 29.28889°S 51.56417°W / -29.28889; -51.56417Coordinates: 29°17′20″S 51°33′51″W / 29.28889°S 51.56417°W / -29.28889; -51.56417
Country Brazil
RegionSouth
StateBandeira do Rio Grande do Sul.svg Rio Grande do Sul
FoundedOctober 31, 1900
Government
 • MayorCirano Cisilotto (PT) (2009-2012)
Area
 • Total169.7 km2 (65.5 sq mi)
Elevation
613 m (2,011 ft)
Population
 (2007)
 • Total28,791
Time zoneUTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-2 (UTC-2)
HDI (2000)0.843–high
WebsiteCity of Garibaldi

HistoryEdit

The beginningEdit

In 1870, chairman Dr. João Sertório created the colony of Conde d'Eu, in honor of the emperor's son-in-law, who married Princess Isabel. The two colonies had 32 square leagues of land. The region did not attract much interest, because its lands were rugged. An infrastructure investment was necessary to attract settlers, but as the government was not willing to make such an investment, the settlement sought other resources to make the land habitable and arable. The government decided to populate the region with European immigrants.

The settlement of Colony Conde d'Eu occurred at the end of the imperial stage. The first immigrants arrived on July 9, 1870 and they were all Prussians (Germans). At the same period, some Amerindian families, or "Bugres" as they were commonly identified, also settled there. During this period of settlement, the Germans lived on subsistence agriculture. At that time, the only existing road, which was in terrible condition, connected Conde D'Eu to Montenegro through Maratá. Using this road, some Swiss, Italian, French, Austrian and Polish immigrants arrived in 1874 and 1875.

Italian settlementEdit

The largest number of immigrants came from Italy. The Colony Conde d'Eu was the first nucleus of colonization in mountain region of Rio Grande do Sul. The population of the colony, which in 1875 was of only 720 inhabitants, reached 870 persons in 1876. From 1890, when the colony was established, the houses and buildings that today form the Historical Center were built. On October 31, 1900, the government raised the Colony Conde d'Eu to a municipality, which then became Garibaldi.

Today, almost all the inhabitants of the city are descended from immigrants[citation needed].

Wine and sparkling wine productionsEdit

When the Italian immigrants came to Garibaldi they brought vineyards. Over time, wine production became very important to the regional economy. More recently, sparkling wine also started to be produced there, and the town is now the main producer of the beverage in Brazil.

Social and Economic InformationEdit

Infra Structure

Number of Elementary Schools: 25; High School: Three; Number of Schools of Higher Education: One; Private Schools: Two; Number of schools in Child Education: Four; Sewerage system (% of households served): 90%; Supply of drinking water (% of households served): 98% ; Number of squares and parks of urban areas: 14 ;

Economy (2007)

Companies located in the city: Industry: 319, Commerce: 788; Services: 1152 and 220 professionals. Economic base: Industry

Geography

Altitude: 613m; Climate: Subtropical; Temperature: In summer reaches 33 °C (91 °F) in winter -3.5 °C (38.3 °F) ; No. of Districts: 27; Area of the city: 169.69 km²; Access: RSC 470 / RSC 453 - Route of the Sun / BR 116 / RSC 240 / RSC 446.[2]

TourismEdit

Route of the Sparkling Wines

Under coordination of the Secretary of Tourism, Sebrae and Atuaserra, seven wineries and beverage companies of Garibaldi are integrated to implement a roadmap that sought to explore the main product of Garibaldi: the champagne. In this route the tourist has the opportunity to taste the most famous and delicious Brazilian sparkling wines, in addition to knowing the location and process of preparing the drink in a city that is characterized by the charm of its historic architecture, beauty landscape and the friendliness of its people.

Road of Flavour

To offer to the visitors the pleasure of enjoying the passion for the things of earth, five communities developed the road of flavour project, a tour of vineyards and valleys through caves and churches, tasting the colonial products without forgetting the good wines of the land. All of that produced with raw materials grown on each property.[3]

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Garibaldi  (1961 - 1990)  
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27.0
(80.6)
26.1
(79.0)
26.1
(79.0)
23.0
(73.4)
20.0
(68.0)
17.7
(63.9)
18.0
(64.4)
18.9
(66.0)
20.4
(68.7)
22.7
(72.9)
25.1
(77.2)
27.2
(81.0)
22.7
(72.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 22.4
(72.3)
22.0
(71.6)
21.4
(70.5)
18.3
(64.9)
15.6
(60.1)
13.5
(56.3)
13.6
(56.5)
14.3
(57.7)
15.8
(60.4)
17.7
(63.9)
19.9
(67.8)
21.9
(71.4)
18.0
(64.4)
Average low °C (°F) 17.7
(63.9)
17.9
(64.2)
16.6
(61.9)
13.6
(56.5)
11.2
(52.2)
9.2
(48.6)
9.1
(48.4)
9.7
(49.5)
11.1
(52.0)
12.6
(54.7)
14.6
(58.3)
16.5
(61.7)
13.3
(56.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 136.4
(5.37)
129.9
(5.11)
177.4
(6.98)
127.9
(5.04)
138.2
(5.44)
152.8
(6.02)
135.9
(5.35)
121.8
(4.80)
155.8
(6.13)
147.5
(5.81)
99.9
(3.93)
122.7
(4.83)
1,646.2
(64.81)
Source: Clic RBS (in Portuguese) [4]

International relationsEdit

Twin towns - Sister citiesEdit

Garibaldi is twinned with:

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ Garibaldi Official Site - City Profile Archived 2007-07-19 at the Wayback Machine, Original language: Portuguese. Translated on 28 February 2009.
  2. ^ Garibaldi Official Site - Economic Information Archived 2007-07-19 at the Wayback Machine, Original language: Portuguese. Translated on 28 February 2009.
  3. ^ Garibaldi Official Site - Tourist Routes Archived 2007-07-19 at the Wayback Machine, Original language: Portuguese. Translated on 28 February 2009.
  4. ^ "Climatologia de Garibaldi - RS" (in Portuguese). Clic RBS. Retrieved 4 August 2011.

External linksEdit