Conegliano (Italian: [koneʎˈʎaːno]; Venetian: Conejan) is a town and comune of the Veneto region, Italy, in the province of Treviso, about 30 kilometres (19 mi) north by rail from the town of Treviso.[3] The population of the city is of 35,023 people. The remains of a 10th-century castle are situated on a hill that dominates the town. Formerly belonging to the Bishop of Vittorio Veneto, what remains is a bell tower, which now houses a small museum, and outer walls.

Città di Conegliano
The castle by night
The castle by night
Flag of Conegliano
Coat of arms of Conegliano
Location of Conegliano
Conegliano is located in Italy
Location of Conegliano in Italy
Conegliano is located in Veneto
Conegliano (Veneto)
Coordinates: 45°53′12.32″N 12°17′50.6″E / 45.8867556°N 12.297389°E / 45.8867556; 12.297389
ProvinceTreviso (TV)
FrazioniOgliano, Scomigo, Collalbrigo, Costa, Parè, Campolongo (Hasplkhnott)
 • MayorFabio Chies
 • Total36 km2 (14 sq mi)
74 m (243 ft)
 (30 September 2017)[2]
 • Total35,023
 • Density970/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
Dialing code0438
Patron saintLeonard of Noblac
Saint dayNovember 6
WebsiteOfficial website
Official nameLe Colline del Prosecco di Conegliano e Valdobbiadene
CriteriaCultural: (v)
Designated2019 (43rd session)
Reference no.1571
RegionSouthern Europe

On 7 July 2019, Le Colline del Prosecco di Conegliano e Valdobbiadene was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[4]

Industry Edit

Conegliano is noted for its wine,[3] chiefly the dry white Prosecco (made from the glera grape) which comes in three varieties: tranquillo (still), frizzante (slightly sparkling) and spumante (sparkling). It is also home to Italy's oldest and most prestigious wine school called Scuola Enologica.

It is also home to the Istituto Sperimentale per la Viticoltura where several Italian grape varieties have been bred, including Albarossa, Vega and Valentino nero. Additionally, viticulturalists at the institute have helped save many native Italian grape varieties from extinction, such as the Valpolicella grape Bigolona.[5]

There is also a great industrial tradition, especially specialized in home appliances.

Colli di Conegliano DOC Edit

The vineyards of Conegliano

The hills around Conegliano are home to the Denominazione di origine controllata e garantita (DOCG) zone of Colli di Conegliano. There both red and white Italian wines are produced at a variety of sweetness levels from dry to sweet passito dessert wines. Grapes destined for DOC wine production must be harvested to a yield no greater than 12 tonnes/hectare. The finished wine must attain a minimum alcohol level of 12% for the red wines and 10.5% for the whites in order to be labelled with the Colli di Conegliano DOC designation.[6]

The red DOC wines are made Merlot (10-40%), Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc and Marzemino (at least 10% of each with no maximum for the last three varieties) and up 10% of Incrocio Manzoni 2.15. The wine is required to be aged at least two years in barrel prior to being released. A sweet red passito labeled as Refrontolo is made from at least 95% Marzemino with up 5% of other local non-aromatic varieties permitted to round out the blend.[6]

The dry white of the DOC is made from at least 30% Manzoni bianco with between 30-70% collectively of Pinot blanc and Chardonnay and up to 10% total of Sauvignon blanc and Riesling Renano. The passito style Torchiato di Fregona can be made in both a dry and sweet style from at least 30% each of Glera and Verdiso, a minimum 25% of Boschera and up to 15% of non-aromatic varieties like Marzemina bianca and Bianchetta Trevigiana. This wine is required to age at least 13 months prior to being release.[7][6]

Culture Edit

Cima da Conegliano - Conegliano Altarpiece in cathedral of Conegliano

Every June, a special chess or 'dama' game where the pieces are represented by actual real people—known as the Dama Castellana—is performed in the historical center. This event is not the continuation of a secular tradition, but has been introduced only a few years ago, still managed to become a traditional event calendar coneglianese.

Conegliano was the birthplace of the painters Cima da Conegliano, a fine altar-piece by whom is in the cathedral (dating to 1492),[3] and Francesco Beccaruzzi, as well as the composer and conductor at the Cincinnati Conservatory, Pier Adolfo Tirindelli.

The town has one association football team called Conegliano who currently play in the Promozione, the sixth tier of Italian football.

People Edit

Transport Edit

Taxis are often located at the railway station to transport train riders to their final destination in Conegliano.

International relations Edit

Twin towns - sister cities Edit

Conegliano is twinned with:

Photo gallery Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ a b c Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Conegliano" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 897.
  4. ^ "Two cultural sites added to UNESCO's World Heritage List". UNESCO. 7 July 2019.
  5. ^ Robinson, Jancis; Harding, J.; Vouillamoz, J. (2012). Wine grapes: a complete guide to 1,368 vine varieties, including their origins and flavours. London: Allen Lane. pp. 24, 107–108, 1110, 1115. ISBN 978-1-846-14446-2.
  6. ^ a b c P. Saunders Wine Label Language pg 143 Firefly Books 2004 ISBN 1-55297-720-X
  7. ^ Robinson, Harding & Vouillamoz 2012, pp. 102–103.