List of legendary creatures by type

This is a list of legendary creatures from mythology, folklore and fairy tales, sorted by their classification or affiliation. Creatures from modern fantasy fiction and role-playing games are not included.

Animals, creatures associated withEdit

Antelopes and deerEdit

Aquatic and marine mammalsEdit

ArthropodsEdit

BatsEdit

  • Balayang (Australian)-
  • Chupacabra (Latin American)- Alleged creature reputed to attack and drink the blood of livestock, occasionally described with bat-like features.
  • Camazotz (Mayan bat-god)
  • Leutogi (Polynesian)
  • Minyades (Greek)- Three sisters who refused to take part in the worship of Dionysus, and turned into bats by Hermes.
  • Nyctimene (Roman)- Transformed into a bat by Minerva.
  • Tjinimin (Australian)
  • Vetala (Hindu)- Vampiric entity that takes over cadavers.

BearsEdit

BirdsEdit

BovinesEdit

CamelidsEdit

CaninesEdit

CapridsEdit

ChickensEdit

  • Basan, a fire-breathing chicken from Japanese mythology
  • Cockatrice, a chicken-headed dragon or serpent, visually similar to or confused with the Basilisk.
  • Gallic rooster, a symbolic rooster used as an allegory for France
  • Gullinkambi, a rooster who lives in Valhalla in Norse mythology
  • Rooster of Barcelos, a mythological rooster from Portugal
  • Sarimanok, a legendary chicken of the Maranao people who originate from Mindanao (Philippines)
  • Víðópnir, a rooster that sits atop Yggdrasil in Norse mythology

EquinesEdit

FelinesEdit

FishEdit

HyenasEdit

  • Werehyena
  • Kishi – cannibalistic two-faced demon, half-human half-hyena(Africa)

MarsupialsEdit

MolluscsEdit

Musteloids, mongoose and civetsEdit

PachydermsEdit

Pigs and boarsEdit

PrimatesEdit

Rabbits and haresEdit

Reptiles, LimbedEdit

Reptiles, Serpents and WormsEdit

RodentsEdit

MonotremesEdit

XenarthransEdit

ProcyonidsEdit

  • Azeban is a lower-level trickster spirit in Abenaki mythology. The traditional homeland of the Abenaki is Wobanakik (Place of the Dawn), what is now called northern New England and southern Quebec. Azeban (also spelled Azban, Asban or Azaban) is a raccoon, the Abenaki trickster figure. Pronounced ah-zuh-bahn. Azeban does many foolish and/or mischievous things in Abenaki folktales, but unlike animal tricksters in some other tribes, is not dangerous or malevolent.

InsectivoresEdit

  • Lavellan A Lavellan, làbh-allan, la-mhalan or la-bhallan etc. is a mythological creature from northern Scotland. It was generally considered to be a kind of rodent, and indeed the name "làbh-allan" is also used for a water shrew or water vole in Scottish Gaelic. It was however, reportedly larger than a rat, very noxious, and lived in deep pools in rivers. Its poisonous abilities were legendary, and it was said to be able to injure cattle over a hundred feet away.

UngulatesEdit

Artificial creaturesEdit

This listing includes creatures that are man-made, mechanical or of alchemical origins.

Body parts, creatures associated withEdit

BloodEdit

BoneEdit

EyeEdit

FaceEdit

HairEdit

HeadEdit

LimbsEdit

MouthEdit

SkinEdit

TailEdit

NeckEdit

TorsoEdit

Concepts, creatures associated withEdit

Evil eyeEdit

Immortality and deathEdit

Fertility and human sexualityEdit

Birth and rebirthEdit

Luck and wealthEdit

SoundEdit

Love and RomanceEdit

Dream and mindEdit

TalkEdit

Note: see Talking animal

WisdomEdit

Time and technologyEdit

LightEdit

DemonsEdit

Elements, creatures associated withEdit

AetherEdit

Air and windEdit

DarknessEdit

Earth and subterraneanEdit

FireEdit

Light and rainbowEdit

Metal and goldEdit

Thunder and lightningEdit

WaterEdit

Habitats, creatures associated withEdit

Cave and undergroundEdit

Celestial and heavenEdit

DesertEdit

Temperate forest and woodlandEdit

Tropical forest and jungleEdit

Temperate grassland and gardenEdit

SavannaEdit

Lake and riverEdit

Mountain and hillEdit

SeaEdit

Swamp and marshEdit

Volcano and lavaEdit

Polar, ice, and winterEdit

Urban and houseEdit

Underworld and hellEdit

HumanoidsEdit

see Mythic humanoids

HybridsEdit

see List of hybrid creatures

Astronomical objects, creatures associated withEdit

SunEdit

MoonEdit

ConstellationEdit

WorldEdit

Creatures associated with PlantsEdit

ShapeshiftersEdit

see List of shapeshifters

Creatures associated with TimesEdit

Day and diurnalEdit

Night and nocturnalEdit

UndeadEdit

CorporealEdit

MiscellaneousEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Wikipedia, Piasa Bird https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piasa
  2. ^ Huffington Post, 5 Illinois Monster Stories That Will Make You Want to Check Under the Bed, 2014. https://www.huffingtonpost.com/reboot-illinois/5-illinois-monster-storie_b_6068212.html
  3. ^ "Geryon". Theoi. Retrieved 10 February 2017. a three-bodied, four-winged giant
  4. ^ Platt, Rutherford (1926). The Lost Books of the Bible and the Forgotten Books of Eden. Entry: The Book of the Secrets of Enoch chapter XII