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Academy Award for Best Costume Design

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The Academy Award for Best Costume Design is one of the Academy Awards presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) for achievement in film costume design.[1]

Academy Award for Best Costume Design
CountryUnited States
Presented byAcademy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS)
First awarded1948
Currently held byMark Bridges
Phantom Thread (2017)
Websiteoscars.org

The award was first given for films made in 1948. Initially, separate award categories were established for black-and-white films and color films. Since the merger of the two categories in 1967, the Academy has traditionally avoided giving out the award to films with a contemporary setting.[2]

Contents

AwardEdit

The Academy Award for Best Costume Design is given out annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences for the best achievement of film costume design of the previous year. Films that are eligible for the award must meet a series of criteria, including the requirement that the costumes must have been "conceived" by a costume designer. For this particular criteria, each submission is reviewed by the costume designer members of the Art Directors Branch prior to the ballot process. Further rules include that the nominee(s) be only the principal costume designer(s), that the five films that receive the highest amount of votes will become the ceremony's nominations for final voting, and that the final voting will only be undertaken by active and life members of the Academy.[3]

HistoryEdit

The Academy Award for Best Costume Design was first given out at the 21st Academy Awards,[4] held on March 24, 1949. The award had two subcategories, one for Black and white film and one for films in color.[5] At the 30th Academy Awards, held on March 26, 1958, these two subcategories were merged into one,[6] which was the result of the Academy reducing the number of competitive categories from 30 to 24.[7] The 32nd Academy Awards saw the category again be split into two for recognition of both Black and white and color film.[8] Eight years later, the Academy Award for Best Costume Design, along with two other awards, were each combined into their own single category recognizing achievement in film.[9]

From 1949 to 1966, most Academy Awards for Best Costume Design in Black and White were given to a contemporary movie. On the other hand, epics, fantasies, and musicals dominated the color category.[10] Since the merger into one singular category for color films in 1967, films set in modern times have won only three times.[11] The three contemporary-set winners have been Travels with My Aunt, All That Jazz, and The Adventures of Priscilla, Queen of the Desert.[11] All other winners during this period have been set in the past or in a science-fictional or fantasy setting.

SuperlativesEdit

For this Academy Award category, the following superlatives emerge:[12]

Category Name Superlative Year Notes Reference
Most Awards Edith Head 8 awards 1973 Awards resulted from 35 nominations. [13]
Most Nominations Edith Head 35 nominations 1977 Nominations resulted in 8 awards. [14]

Winners and nomineesEdit

1940sEdit

Year Film Nominees
1948
(21st)
[16]
Black-and-White
Hamlet Roger K. Furse
B.F.'s Daughter Irene
Color
Joan of Arc Dorothy Jeakins and Karinska
The Emperor Waltz Edith Head and Gile Steele
1949
(22nd)
[17]
Black-and-White
The Heiress Edith Head and Gile Steele
Prince of Foxes Vittorio Nino Novarese
Color
Adventures of Don Juan Leah Rhodes, Travilla and Marjorie Best
Mother Is a Freshman Kay Nelson

1950sEdit

Year Film Nominees
1950
(23rd)
[18]
Black-and-White
All About Eve Edith Head and Charles LeMaire
Born Yesterday Jean Louis
The Magnificent Yankee Walter Plunkett
Color
Samson and Delilah Edith Head, Dorothy Jeakins, Elois Jenssen, Gile Steele and Gwen Wakeling
The Black Rose Michael Whittaker
That Forsyte Woman Walter Plunkett and Valles
1951
(24th)
[19]
Black-and-White
A Place in the Sun Edith Head
Kind Lady Walter Plunkett and Gile Steele (posthumously)
The Model and the Marriage Broker Charles LeMaire and Renié
The Mudlark Edward Stevenson and Margaret Furse
A Streetcar Named Desire Lucinda Ballard
Color
An American in Paris Orry-Kelly, Walter Plunkett and Irene Sharaff
David and Bathsheba Charles LeMaire and Edward Stevenson
The Great Caruso Helen Rose and Gile Steele (posthumously)
Quo Vadis Herschel McCoy
Tales of Hoffmann Hein Heckroth
1952
(25th)
[20]
Black-and-White
The Bad and the Beautiful Helen Rose
Affair in Trinidad Jean Louis
Carrie Edith Head
My Cousin Rachel Charles LeMaire and Dorothy Jeakins
Sudden Fear Sheila O'Brien
Color
Moulin Rouge Marcel Vertès
The Greatest Show on Earth Edith Head, Dorothy Jeakins and Miles White
Hans Christian Andersen Clavé, Mary Wills and Madame Karinska
The Merry Widow Helen Rose and Gile Steele (posthumously)
With a Song in My Heart Charles LeMaire
1953
(26th)
[21]
Black-and-White
Roman Holiday Edith Head
The Actress Walter Plunkett
Dream Wife Helen Rose and Herschel McCoy
From Here to Eternity Jean Louis
The President's Lady Charles LeMaire and Renié
Color
The Robe Charles LeMaire and Emile Santiago
The Band Wagon Mary Ann Nyberg
Call Me Madam Irene Sharaff
How to Marry a Millionaire Charles LeMaire and Travilla
Young Bess Walter Plunkett
1954
(27th)
[22]
Black-and-White
Sabrina Edith Head
The Earrings of Madame de... Georges Annenkov and Rosine Delamare
Executive Suite Helen Rose
Indiscretion of an American Wife Christian Dior
It Should Happen to You Jean Louis
Color
Gate of Hell Sanzo Wada
Brigadoon Irene Sharaff
Desiree Charles LeMaire and Rene Hubert
A Star Is Born Jean Louis, Mary Ann Nyberg and Irene Sharaff
There's No Business Like Show Business Charles LeMaire, William Travilla and Miles White
1955
(28th)
[23]
Black-and-White
I'll Cry Tomorrow Helen Rose
The Pickwick Papers Beatrice Dawson
Queen Bee Jean Louis
The Rose Tattoo Edith Head
Ugetsu Tadaoto Kainosho
Color
Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing Charles LeMaire
Guys and Dolls Irene Sharaff
Interrupted Melody Helen Rose
To Catch a Thief Edith Head
The Virgin Queen Charles LeMaire and Mary Wills
1956
(29th)
[24]
Black-and-White
The Solid Gold Cadillac Jean Louis
The Magnificent Seven Kohei Ezaki
The Power and the Prize Helen Rose
The Proud and Profane Edith Head
Teenage Rebel Charles LeMaire and Mary Wills
Color
The King and I Irene Sharaff
Around the World in 80 Days Miles White
Giant Moss Mabry and Marjorie Best
The Ten Commandments Edith Head, Ralph Jester, John Jensen, Dorothy Jeakins and Arnold Friberg
War and Peace Maria De Matteis
1957
(30th)
[6]
[note 1]
Les Girls Orry-Kelly
An Affair to Remember Charles LeMaire
Funny Face Edith Head and Hubert de Givenchy
Pal Joey Jean Louis
Raintree County Walter Plunkett
1958
(31st)
[25]
[note 1]
Gigi Cecil Beaton
Bell, Book and Candle Jean Louis
The Buccaneer Ralph Jester, Edith Head and John Jensen
A Certain Smile Charles LeMaire and Mary Wills
Some Came Running Walter Plunkett
1959
(32nd)
[8]
Black-and-White
Some Like It Hot Orry-Kelly
Career Edith Head
The Diary of Anne Frank Charles LeMaire and Mary Wills
The Gazebo Helen Rose
The Young Philadelphians Howard Shoup
Color
Ben-Hur Elizabeth Haffenden
The Best of Everything Adele Palmer
The Big Fisherman Renié
The Five Pennies Edith Head
Porgy and Bess Irene Sharaff

1960sEdit

Year Film Nominees
1960
(33rd)
[26]
Black-and-White
The Facts of Life Edith Head and Edward Stevenson
Never on Sunday Denny Vachlioti
The Rise and Fall of Legs Diamond Howard Shoup
Seven Thieves Bill Thomas
The Virgin Spring Marik Vos
Color
Spartacus Valles and Bill Thomas
Can-Can Irene Sharaff
Midnight Lace Irene
Pepe Edith Head
Sunrise at Campobello Marjorie Best
1961
(34th)
[27]
Black-and-White
La Dolce Vita Piero Gherardi
The Children's Hour Dorothy Jeakins
Claudelle Inglish Howard Shoup
Judgment at Nuremberg Jean Louis
Yojimbo Yoshirō Muraki
Color
West Side Story Irene Sharaff
Babes in Toyland Bill Thomas
Back Street Jean Louis
Flower Drum Song Irene Sharaff
Pocketful of Miracles Edith Head and Walter Plunkett
1962
(35th)
[28]
Black-and-White
What Ever Happened to Baby Jane? Norma Koch
Days of Wine and Roses Don Feld
The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance Edith Head
The Miracle Worker Ruth Morley
Phaedra Denny Vachlioti
Color
The Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm Mary Wills
Bon Voyage! Bill Thomas
Gypsy Orry-Kelly
The Music Man Dorothy Jeakins
My Geisha Edith Head
1963
(36th)
[29]
Black-and-White
Piero Gherardi
Love with the Proper Stranger Edith Head
The Stripper Travilla
Toys in the Attic Bill Thomas
Wives and Lovers Edith Head
Color
Cleopatra Renié, Vittorio Nino Novarese and Irene Sharaff
The Cardinal Donald Brooks
How the West Was Won Walter Plunkett
The Leopard Piero Tosi
A New Kind of Love Edith Head
1964
(37th)
[30]
Black-and-White
The Night of the Iguana Dorothy Jeakins
A House Is Not a Home Edith Head
Hush...Hush, Sweet Charlotte Norma Koch
Kisses for My President Howard Shoup
The Visit René Hubert
Color
My Fair Lady Cecil Beaton
Becket Margaret Furse
Mary Poppins Tony Walton
The Unsinkable Molly Brown Morton Haack
What a Way to Go! Edith Head and Moss Mabry
1965
(38th)
[31]
Black-and-White
Darling Julie Harris
Morituri Moss Mabry
A Rage to Live Howard Shoup
Ship of Fools Jean Louis and Bill Thomas
The Slender Thread Edith Head
Color
Doctor Zhivago Phyllis Dalton
The Agony and the Ecstasy Vittorio Nino Novarese
The Greatest Story Ever Told Marjorie Best and Vittorio Nino Novarese
Inside Daisy Clover Edith Head and Bill Thomas
The Sound of Music Dorothy Jeakins
1966
(39th)
[32]
Black-and-White
Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? Irene Sharaff
The Gospel According to St. Matthew Danilo Donati
Mandragola Danilo Donati
Mister Buddwing Helen Rose
Morgan! Jocelyn Rickards
Color
A Man for All Seasons Elizabeth Haffenden and Joan Bridge
Gambit Jean Louis
Juliet of the Spirits Piero Gherardi
Hawaii Dorothy Jeakins
The Oscar Edith Head
1967
(40th)
[33]
Camelot John Truscott
Bonnie and Clyde Theadora Van Runkle
The Happiest Millionaire Bill Thomas
The Taming of the Shrew Danilo Donati and Irene Sharaff
Thoroughly Modern Millie Jean Louis
1968
(41st)
[34]
Romeo and Juliet Danilo Donati
The Lion in Winter Margaret Furse
Oliver! Phyllis Dalton
Planet of the Apes Morton Haack
Star! Donald Brooks
1969
(42nd)
[35]
Anne of the Thousand Days Margaret Furse
Gaily, Gaily Ray Aghayan
Hello, Dolly! Irene Sharaff
Sweet Charity Edith Head
They Shoot Horses, Don't They? Donfeld

1970sEdit

Year Film Nominees
1970
(43rd)
[36]
Cromwell Vittorio Nino Novarese
Airport Edith Head
Darling Lili Jack Bear and Donald Brooks
The Hawaiians Bill Thomas
Scrooge Margaret Furse
1971
(44th)
[37]
Nicholas and Alexandra Yvonne Blake and Antonio Castillo
Bedknobs and Broomsticks Bill Thomas
Death in Venice Piero Tosi
Mary, Queen of Scots Margaret Furse
What's the Matter with Helen? Morton Haack
1972
(45th)
[38]
Travels with My Aunt Anthony Powell
The Godfather Anna Hill Johnstone
Lady Sings the Blues Ray Aghayan, Norma Koch and Bob Mackie
The Poseidon Adventure Paul Zastupnevich
Young Winston Anthony Mendleson
1973
(46th)
[39]
The Sting Edith Head
Cries and Whispers Marik Vos
Ludwig Piero Tosi
Tom Sawyer Donfeld
The Way We Were Dorothy Jeakins and Moss Mabry
1974
(47th)
[40]
The Great Gatsby Theoni V. Aldredge
Chinatown Anthea Sylbert
Daisy Miller John Furniss
The Godfather Part II Theadora Van Runkle
Murder on the Orient Express Tony Walton
1975
(48th)
[41]
Barry Lyndon Milena Canonero and Ulla-Britt Söderlund
The Four Musketeers Yvonne Blake and Ron Talsky [note 2][42]
Funny Lady Ray Aghayan and Bob Mackie
The Magic Flute Karin Erskine and Henny Noremark
The Man Who Would Be King Edith Head
1976
(49th)
[43]
Fellini's Casanova Danilo Donati
Bound for Glory William Ware Theiss
The Incredible Sarah Anthony Mendleson
The Passover Plot Mary Wills
The Seven-Per-Cent Solution Alan Barrett
1977
(50th)
[44]
Star Wars John Mollo
Airport '77 Edith Head and Burton Miller
Julia Anthea Sylbert
A Little Night Music Florence Klotz
The Other Side of Midnight Irene Sharaff
1978
(51st)
[45]
Death on the Nile Anthony Powell
Caravans Renié
Days of Heaven Patricia Norris
The Swarm Paul Zastupnevich
The Wiz Tony Walton
1979
(52nd)
[46]
All That Jazz Albert Wolsky
Agatha Shirley Ann Russell
Butch and Sundance: The Early Days William Ware Theiss
La Cage aux Folles Ambra Danon and Piero Tosi
The Europeans Judy Moorcroft

1980sEdit

Year Film Nominees
1980
(53rd)
[47]
Tess Anthony Powell
The Elephant Man Patricia Norris
My Brilliant Career Anna Senior
Somewhere in Time Jean-Pierre Dorleac
When Time Ran Out Paul Zastupnevich
1981
(54th)
[48]
Chariots of Fire Milena Canonero
The French Lieutenant's Woman Tom Rand
Pennies from Heaven Bob Mackie
Ragtime Anna Hill Johnstone
Reds Shirley Ann Russell
1982
(55th)
[49]
Gandhi Bhanu Athaiya and John Mollo
Sophie's Choice Albert Wolsky
La Traviata Piero Tosi
Tron Elois Jenssen and Rosanna Norton
Victor/Victoria Patricia Norris
1983
(56th)
[50]
Fanny and Alexander Marik Vos-Lundh
Cross Creek Joe I. Tompkins
Heart Like a Wheel William Ware Theiss
The Return of Martin Guerre Anne-Marie Marchand
Zelig Santo Loquasto
1984
(57th)
[51]
Amadeus Theodor Pištěk
The Bostonians Jenny Beavan and John Bright
A Passage to India Judy Moorcroft
Places in the Heart Ann Roth
2010 Patricia Norris
1985
(58th)
[52]
Ran Emi Wada
The Color Purple Aggie Guerard Rodgers
The Journey of Natty Gann Albert Wolsky
Out of Africa Milena Canonero
Prizzi's Honor Donfeld
1986
(59th)
[53]
A Room with a View Jenny Beavan and John Bright
The Mission Enrico Sabbatini
Otello Anna Anni and Maurizio Millenotti
Peggy Sue Got Married Theadora Van Runkle
Pirates Anthony Powell
1987
(60th)
[54]
The Last Emperor James Acheson
The Dead Dorothy Jeakins
Empire of the Sun Bob Ringwood
Maurice Jenny Beavan and John Bright
The Untouchables Marilyn Vance-Straker
1988
(61st)
[55]
Dangerous Liaisons James Acheson
Coming to America Deborah Nadoolman
A Handful of Dust Jane Robinson
Sunset Patricia Norris
Tucker: The Man and His Dream Milena Canonero
1989
(62nd)
[56]
Henry V Phyllis Dalton
The Adventures of Baron Munchausen Gabriella Pescucci
Driving Miss Daisy Elizabeth McBride
Harlem Nights Joe I. Tompkins
Valmont Theodor Pištěk

1990sEdit

Year Film Nominees
1990
(63rd)
[57]
Cyrano de Bergerac Franca Squarciapino
Avalon Gloria Gresham
Dances with Wolves Elsa Zamparelli
Dick Tracy Milena Canonero
Hamlet Maurizio Millenotti
1991
(64th)
[58]
Bugsy Albert Wolsky
The Addams Family Ruth Myers
Barton Fink Richard Hornung
Hook Anthony Powell
Madame Bovary Corinne Jorry
1992
(65th)
[59]
Bram Stoker's Dracula Eiko Ishioka
Enchanted April Sheena Napier
Howards End Jenny Beavan and John Bright
Malcolm X Ruth Carter
Toys Albert Wolsky
1993
(66th)
[60]
The Age of Innocence Gabriella Pescucci
Orlando Sandy Powell
The Piano Janet Patterson
The Remains of the Day Jenny Beavan and John Bright
Schindler's List Anna B. Sheppard
1994
(67th)
[61]
The Adventures of Priscilla, Queen of the Desert Tim Chappel and Lizzy Gardiner
Bullets over Broadway Jeffrey Kurland
Little Women Colleen Atwood
Maverick April Ferry
Queen Margot Moidele Bickel
1995
(68th)
[62]
Restoration James Acheson
Braveheart Charles Knode
Richard III Shuna Harwood
Sense and Sensibility Jenny Beavan and John Bright
12 Monkeys Julie Weiss
1996
(69th)
[63]
The English Patient Ann Roth
Angels & Insects Paul Brown
Emma Ruth Myers
Hamlet Alexandra Byrne
The Portrait of a Lady Janet Patterson
1997
(70th)
[64]
Titanic Deborah Lynn Scott
Amistad Ruth E. Carter
Kundun Dante Ferretti
Oscar and Lucinda Janet Patterson
The Wings of the Dove Sandy Powell
1998
(71st)
[65]
Shakespeare in Love Sandy Powell
Beloved Colleen Atwood
Elizabeth Alexandra Byrne
Pleasantville Judianna Makovsky
Velvet Goldmine Sandy Powell
1999
(72nd)
[66]
Topsy-Turvy Lindy Hemming
Anna and the King Jenny Beavan
Sleepy Hollow Colleen Atwood
The Talented Mr. Ripley Gary Jones and Ann Roth
Titus Milena Canonero

2000sEdit

Year Film Nominees
2000
(73rd)
[67]
Gladiator Janty Yates
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon Tim Yip
How the Grinch Stole Christmas Rita Ryack
102 Dalmatians Anthony Powell
Quills Jacqueline West
2001
(74th)
[68]
Moulin Rouge! Catherine Martin and Angus Strathie
The Affair of the Necklace Milena Canonero
Gosford Park Jenny Beavan
Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone Judianna Makovsky
The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring Ngila Dickson and Richard Taylor
2002
(75th)
[69]
Chicago Colleen Atwood
Frida Julie Weiss
Gangs of New York Sandy Powell
The Hours Ann Roth
The Pianist Anna B. Sheppard
2003
(76th)
[70]
The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King Ngila Dickson and Richard Taylor
Girl with a Pearl Earring Dien van Straalen
The Last Samurai Ngila Dickson
Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World Wendy Stites
Seabiscuit Judianna Makovsky
2004
(77th)
[71]
The Aviator Sandy Powell
Finding Neverland Alexandra Byrne
Lemony Snicket's A Series of Unfortunate Events Colleen Atwood
Ray Sharen Davis
Troy Bob Ringwood
2005
(78th)
[72]
Memoirs of a Geisha Colleen Atwood
Charlie and the Chocolate Factory Gabriella Pescucci
Mrs Henderson Presents Sandy Powell
Pride & Prejudice Jacqueline Durran
Walk the Line Arianne Phillips
2006
(79th)
[73]
Marie Antoinette Milena Canonero
Curse of the Golden Flower Chung Man Yee
The Devil Wears Prada Patricia Field
Dreamgirls Sharen Davis
The Queen Consolata Boyle
2007
(80th)
[74]
Elizabeth: The Golden Age Alexandra Byrne
Across the Universe Albert Wolsky
Atonement Jacqueline Durran
La Vie en Rose Marit Allen (posthumously)
Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street Colleen Atwood
2008
(81st)
[75]
The Duchess Michael O'Connor
Australia Catherine Martin
The Curious Case of Benjamin Button Jacqueline West
Milk Danny Glicker
Revolutionary Road Albert Wolsky
2009
(82nd)
[76]
The Young Victoria Sandy Powell
Bright Star Janet Patterson
Coco Before Chanel Catherine Leterrier
The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus Monique Prudhomme
Nine Colleen Atwood

2010sEdit

Year Film Nominees
2010
(83rd)
[77]
Alice in Wonderland Colleen Atwood
I Am Love Antonella Cannarozzi
The King's Speech Jenny Beavan
The Tempest Sandy Powell
True Grit Mary Zophres
2011
(84th)
[78]
The Artist Mark Bridges
Anonymous Lisy Christl
Hugo Sandy Powell
Jane Eyre Michael O'Connor
W.E. Arianne Phillips
2012
(85th)
Anna Karenina Jacqueline Durran
Les Misérables Paco Delgado
Lincoln Joanna Johnston
Mirror Mirror Eiko Ishioka (posthumously)
Snow White and the Huntsman Colleen Atwood
2013
(86th)
The Great Gatsby Catherine Martin
American Hustle Michael Wilkinson
The Grandmaster William Chang Suk Ping
The Invisible Woman Michael O'Connor
12 Years a Slave Patricia Norris
2014
(87th)
[79]
The Grand Budapest Hotel Milena Canonero
Inherent Vice Mark Bridges
Into the Woods Colleen Atwood
Maleficent Anna B. Sheppard [note 3][80]
Mr. Turner Jacqueline Durran
2015
(88th)
Mad Max: Fury Road Jenny Beavan
Carol Sandy Powell
Cinderella Sandy Powell
The Danish Girl Paco Delgado
The Revenant Jacqueline West
2016
(89th)
[81]
Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them Colleen Atwood
Allied Joanna Johnston
Florence Foster Jenkins Consolata Boyle
Jackie Madeline Fontaine
La La Land Mary Zophres
2017
(90th)
[82]
Phantom Thread Mark Bridges
Beauty and the Beast Jacqueline Durran
Darkest Hour Jacqueline Durran
The Shape of Water Luis Sequeira
Victoria & Abdul Consolata Boyle

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b In 1957 and 1958, black-and-white and color films competed in a combined Best Costume Design category.
  2. ^ Yvonne Blake publicly complained about sharing a nomination with Ron Talsky for The Four Musketeers. She alleged that he "only designed one creation for Raquel Welch" for the preceding film The Three Musketeers. "Talsky was in no way involved creatively on the second picture," she said, but he retained his Oscar nomination because of his on-screen credit as costume designer for Welch.
  3. ^ Jane Clive was initially announced as a nominee for Maleficent, but was later removed from the nomination.

Multiple nominationsEdit

The following 85 designers have received multiple nominations for the Academy Award for Best Costume Design. This list is sorted by the number of total awards (with the number of total nominations listed in parentheses).

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Rule One: Awards Definitions". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 23, 2011.
  2. ^ Nadoolman Landis, Deborah (2003). Costume Design. Focal Press. p. 72. ISBN 0-240-80590-9.
  3. ^ "Rule Ten: Special Rules for the Costume Design Award". Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences. Archived from the original on January 27, 2009. Retrieved August 23, 2011.
  4. ^ "History of the Academy Awards". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 23, 2011.
  5. ^ "The 21st Academy Awards (1949)". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved September 4, 2011.
  6. ^ a b "The 30th Academy Awards (1958) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2011.
  7. ^ "The 30th Academy Awards (1958)". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved September 4, 2011.
  8. ^ a b "The 32nd Academy Awards (1960) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2011.
  9. ^ "The 40th Academy Awards (1968)". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved September 4, 2011.
  10. ^ "Motion Picture Academy Awards - Costume Design" (PDF). Costume Designers Guild. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 12, 2011. Retrieved August 23, 2011.
  11. ^ a b Porter, Ryan (2013-02-15). "Oscars 2013: Best Costume Design category stuck in the past". thestar.com. Retrieved 2017-09-05.
  12. ^ Academy Award Statistics Archived 2009-03-01 at the Wayback Machine.
  13. ^ "1999 Hall of Fame - Edith Head (1903-1981)". Costume Designers Guild. Archived from the original on 2011-06-19. Retrieved August 23, 2011.
  14. ^ Levy, Emanuel (2003). All about Oscar: the history and politics of the Academy Awards. Continuum. p. 88. ISBN 0-8264-1452-4.
  15. ^ Gumbel, Andrew; Helen Pidd (March 8, 2010). "More Oscars than Brando! Brit scoops Best Costume Design (again)". The Guardian. Retrieved August 23, 2011.
  16. ^ "The 21st Academy Awards (1949) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2011.
  17. ^ "The 22nd Academy Awards (1950) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2011.
  18. ^ "The 23rd Academy Awards (1951) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2011.
  19. ^ "The 24th Academy Awards (1952) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2011.
  20. ^ "The 25th Academy Awards (1953) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2011.
  21. ^ "The 26th Academy Awards (1954) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2011.
  22. ^ "The 27th Academy Awards (1955) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2011.
  23. ^ "The 28th Academy Awards (1956) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2011.
  24. ^ "The 29th Academy Awards (1957) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2011.
  25. ^ "The 31st Academy Awards (1959) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2011.
  26. ^ "The 33rd Academy Awards (1961) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2011.
  27. ^ "The 34th Academy Awards (1962) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2011.
  28. ^ "The 35th Academy Awards (1963) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2011.
  29. ^ "The 36th Academy Awards (1964) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2011.
  30. ^ "The 37th Academy Awards (1965) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2011.
  31. ^ "The 38th Academy Awards (1966) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2011.
  32. ^ "The 39th Academy Awards (1967) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2011.
  33. ^ "The 40th Academy Awards (1968) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2011.
  34. ^ "The 41st Academy Awards (1969) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2011.
  35. ^ "The 42nd Academy Awards (1970) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2011.
  36. ^ "The 43rd Academy Awards (1971) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2011.
  37. ^ "The 44th Academy Awards (1972) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2011.
  38. ^ "The 45th Academy Awards (1973) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2011.
  39. ^ "The 46th Academy Awards (1974) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2011.
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