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Young Bess is a 1953 Technicolor biographical film made by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer about the early life of Elizabeth I, from her turbulent childhood to the eve of her accession to the throne of England. It stars Jean Simmons and Stewart Granger as Thomas Seymour, with Charles Laughton as Elizabeth's father, Henry VIII, a part he had played twenty years before in The Private Life of Henry VIII. The film was directed by George Sidney and produced by Sidney Franklin, from a screenplay by Jan Lustig [de] and Arthur Wimperis based on the novel by Margaret Irwin (1944).

Young Bess
Young Bess .jpeg
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Directed byGeorge Sidney
Produced bySidney Franklin
Written byJan Lustig [de]
Arthur Wimperis
Based onYoung Bess
1944 novel
by Margaret Irwin
StarringJean Simmons
Stewart Granger
Deborah Kerr
Charles Laughton
Music byMiklós Rózsa
CinematographyCharles Rosher
Edited byRalph E. Winters
Distributed byMetro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Release date
Running time
112 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$2,423,000[2]
Box office$4,095,000[2]

PlotEdit

Following the execution of her mother, Anne Boleyn (Elaine Stewart), for infidelity, King Henry VIII (Charles Laughton) exiles the child Elizabeth (Noreen Corcoran) to Hatfield House, after declaring her illegitimate and removing her from eligible succession to the throne. Over the years, her position rises and falls according to the whims of her father. The child is periodically summoned to return to London to become acquainted with each of Henry's latest spouses. When Henry marries his last wife, Catherine Parr (Deborah Kerr), the now-teenage Elizabeth (Jean Simmons) rebels against her latest summons but is persuaded by the handsome, tactful Lord Admiral Thomas Seymour (Stewart Granger) to change her mind. She meets Catherine, and the two become good friends. Meanwhile, Henry is impressed and amused by the resolute defiance of his daughter, and he declares her once again a legitimate heiress to the crown.

When Henry dies, Thomas's scheming brother Ned (Guy Rolfe) takes over as Lord Protector and guardian of King Edward VI (Rex Thompson), overriding Henry's dying wish that Thomas raise the boy. Ned's fear of his brother's ambition grows with each of Thomas's naval triumphs. In the meantime, Elizabeth realizes she is in love with Thomas, but graciously persuades her brother, King Edward, to issue a royal decree sanctioning the marriage of Thomas and Catherine. Despite the union, Thomas grows close to Elizabeth without realizing it until he witnesses Elizabeth being kissed by Barnaby, a servant. Prompted by jealousy, Thomas kisses Elizabeth, who declares her love for him. Catherine, who has noticed the closeness between her husband and Elizabeth, asks Elizabeth to make a choice, and the princess moves back to Hatfield.

Soon after, Catherine sickens and dies. After months of Thomas being away at sea, he returns and finally sees Elizabeth. Ned has him arrested and charged with treason. He also accuses Elizabeth of plotting with Thomas to overthrow her brother, the king. She goes to see Edward, but is too late to save Thomas from execution. The film then shifts forward to 1558. Having survived the perils of her early life, and with Edward deceased and her elder sister Mary dying, Elizabeth is about to become Queen of England.

CastEdit

       

ProductionEdit

Original NovelEdit

The novel was published in 1944 in Britain and in 1945 in the US.[3] It became a best seller.[4]

DevelopmentEdit

MGM bought the rights to the novel in February 1945. Katherine Anne Porter and Jan Lustig signed to write the script and Sidney Franklin was producer.[5] Eventually a script by Lustig and Arthur Wimperis was finished in 1946 and Franklin said "we were full of enthusiasm for it."[6] In May 1947 Deborah Kerr was tested for the lead role.[7]

In March 1948 MGM announced they would make the film in Britain.[8] It was to be the second in a series of films made there, following Edward, My Son.[9] In May 1948 MGM said that Deborah Kerr and Errol Flynn were "definite" for the film.[10][11] However filming did not proceed.

In August 1948 Walter Pidgeon and Janet Leigh were reportedly tested for lead roles.[12] Elizabeth Taylor was considered for the title role as was Deborah Kerr (if it was going to be the latter the character would be aged up).[13] In November 1948 MGM put the film on its schedule for the following year.[14]

However filming kept being put back. In April 1949 MGM announced they were negotiating a contract with James Mason who they wanted to put in Young Bess and Robinson Crusoe.[15]

In December 1950 Jean Simmons emerged as a favorite to play the title role. This was partly at the behest of J. Arthur Rank who had Simmons under contract and thought the role would be perfect for her.[16] In February 1951 MGM announced Simmons would co star with her husband Stewart Granger.[17] Filming continued to be pushed back in part because Simmons became enmeshed in a contractual dispute with Howard Hughes. In October 1951 Charles Laughton signed to play Henry VIII. In August 1952 Deborah Kerr wound up joining the cast as Catherine Parr.[18]

FilmingEdit

Filming took place in Hollywood starting in October 1952. Producer Sidney Franklin said:

We're telling an intimate story against a background of sixteenth century court life, as opposed to a historical pageant about royal intrigues. We feel the love story between the Princess and Seymour - actually he was 25 years older than Elizabeth - will be more valid to audiences than a lot of historical detail which has no relation to our customers lives.[6]

ReceptionEdit

Contemporary reviews were positive. A. H. Weiler of The New York Times wrote in a favorable review that "if faint strains of soap opera occasionally filter through the pomp and circumstance, Elizabeth of England and some of the storied figures who crowd this beautiful Technicolored tapestry, emerge as human beings."[19] Variety called it "a remarkably engrossing motion picture" and "a human story, sensitively written, directed and played."[20] "A strong romantic costume drama," declared Harrison's Reports. "The direction is faultless, the production values lavish, and the color photography exquisite."[21] John McCarten of The New Yorker wrote that the plot "may sound like a Madison Avenue concept of history, but as directed by George Sidney, the piece doesn't churn up too much sudsy bathos to be intolerable, and, indeed, the cast goes about its work with such sincerity that you can enjoy the thing as a handsome costume exercise even though you're skeptical about Miss Irwin's history."[22]

The film was Stewart Granger's favourite of all those he made for MGM "for the costumes, the cast, the story."[23]

Box officeEdit

According to MGM records, the film earned $1,645,000 in North America and $2,450,000 elsewhere, leading to a loss of $272,000.[2]

In France, the film recorded admissions of 1,465,207.[24]

AwardsEdit

The film was nominated for two Academy Awards; for Best Costume Design and Best Art Direction (Cedric Gibbons, Urie McCleary, Edwin B. Willis, Jack D. Moore).[25]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Of Local Origin". The New York Times: 39. May 21, 1953.
  2. ^ a b c 'The Eddie Mannix Ledger', Margaret Herrick Library, Center for Motion Picture Study, Los Angeles
  3. ^ Queen in Miniature By C.V. TERRY. New York Times 25 Mar 1945: BR3.
  4. ^ The Best Selling Books, Here and Elsewhere: Fiction General New York Times (20 May 1945: BR11.
  5. ^ Special to The New York Times. (1945, Feb 09). SCREEN NEWS. New York Times (1923-Current File) Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/107201259
  6. ^ a b SPOTLIGHTING SEVERAL RE-CREATED 'TUDORS': Studio Visit Shows Metro's 'Young Bess' Is Serious View of Royal Family By WILLIAM H. BROWNELL Jr.HOLLYWOOD. New York Times 21 Dec 1952: X5.
  7. ^ British Star Given Flying Start in Her Career Here Hopper, Hedda. Los Angeles Times 4 May 1947: C1.
  8. ^ U.S. FILM PRODUCTION IN BRITAIN The Manchester Guardian)]30 Mar 1948: 5.
  9. ^ METRO PLANNING FOREIGN PROGRAM: Studio Executives Will Discuss European Productions -- List Revival of 'Quo Vadis' By THOMAS F. BRADY Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES. 26 Apr 1948: 27.
  10. ^ Holden, Cobb Chosen as Stars of 'Hearsay' Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 20 May 1948: 23.
  11. ^ LEAD IN TWO FILMS FOR DEBORAH KERR: Actress to Play Title Role in 'Young Bess' at Metro -- Also Cast With Tracy By THOMAS F. BRADY Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES. New York Times 19 May 1948: 30.
  12. ^ MOVIELAND BRIEFS Los Angeles Times12 Aug 1948: 15.
  13. ^ H. (1948, Aug 28). Girl star shines on in teens. Los Angeles Times
  14. ^ MGM Schedules 22 Major Films for Next Year Los Angeles Times 15 Nov 1948: B16.
  15. ^ Looking at Hollywood Hopper, Hedda. Chicago Daily Tribune 30 Apr 1949: 17.
  16. ^ Schallert, E. (1950, Dec 14). Jean Simmons heralded for 'young bess;' enemy agent film activated. Los Angeles Times
  17. ^ Drama: Jean Simmons, Granger 'Young Bess' Costars Los Angeles Times 27 Feb 1951: 16.
  18. ^ By, T. M. (1952, Aug 24). HOLLYWOOD SURVEY. New York Times (1923-Current File) Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/112234935
  19. ^ Weiler, A. H. (May 22, 1953). "The Screen In Review". The New York Times: 31.
  20. ^ "Young Bess". Variety: 6. April 29, 1953.
  21. ^ "'Young Bess' with Jean Simmons, Stewart Granger, Deborah Kerr and Charles Laughton". Harrison's Reports: 71. May 2, 1953.
  22. ^ McCarten, John (May 30, 1953). "The Current Cinema". The New Yorker: 59.
  23. ^ Brian MacFarlane, An Autobiography of British Cinema, Methuen 1997 p 231
  24. ^ Box office information for Stewart Granger films in France at Box Office Story
  25. ^ "NY Times: Young Bess". NY Times. Retrieved 2008-12-21.

Further readingEdit

  • Monder, Eric (1994). George Sidney:a Bio-Bibliography. Greenwood Press. ISBN 9780313284571.

External linksEdit