Austin Cedric Gibbons (March 23, 1893 – July 26, 1960) was an Irish-American art director and production designer for the film industry. He also made a significant contribution to motion picture theater architecture from the 1930s to 1950s. Gibbons designed the Oscar statuette in 1928, but tasked the sculpting to George Stanley, a Los Angeles artist. He was nominated 39 times for the Academy Award for Best Production Design and won the Oscar 11 times, both of which are records.
Cedric Gibbons in 1936
Austin Cedric Gibbons
March 23, 1893
|Died||July 26, 1960 (aged 67)|
|Resting place||Calvary Cemetery, East Los Angeles|
|Occupation||Art director, set decorator|
|Years active||1919 – 1956|
Dolores del Rio
(m. 1930; div. 1941)
|Relatives||Veronica Cooper (niece)|
Early life and careerEdit
Cedric Gibbons was born in New York City in 1890 or 1893 (although he claimed that he was born in Dublin, Ireland) to architect Austin P. Gibbons and Veronica Fitzpatrick Simmons. The couple moved from the Brooklyn borough to New York City after the birth of their third childand Cedric was privately tutored and studied at the Art Students League of New York. In 1911 he began working in his father's office as a junior draftsman. Art director at Edison Studios in New Jersey from 1915, he served in the US Navy during World War I. He then joined Goldwyn Studios, and began a long career with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1924, when the studio was founded.
Gibbons was one of the original 36 founding members of The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences and designed the Academy Awards statuette in 1928. A trophy for which he himself would be nominated 38 times, winning 11.
He retired from MGM as director and the head of the art department in 1956 with about 1,500 films credited to him; however, this number is thought to be exaggerated when other designers may have done the bulk of the work. Even so, his actual hands-on art direction is considerable and his contributions lasting.
Personal life and deathEdit
In 1930, Gibbons married actress Dolores del Río and co-designed their house in Santa Monica, an intricate Art Deco residence influenced by Rudolf Schindler. They divorced in 1941; three years later he married actress Hazel Brooks, with whom he remained until his death.
On July 26, 1960, Gibbons died in Los Angeles at age 67 and is buried at the Calvary Cemetery in east Los Angeles. Dorothy Kilgallen, journalist and gossip columnist, also friend of his second wife, reported his age as 65 at the time of his death. He is buried in the Calvary Cemetery, East Los Angeles.
Gibbons' set designs, particularly those in such films as Born to Dance (1936) and Rosalie (1937), heavily inspired motion picture theater architecture in the late 1930s through 1950s. The style is found very clearly in the theaters that were managed by the Skouras brothers, whose designer Carl G. Moeller used the sweeping scroll-like details in his creations.
Among the more classic examples are the Loma Theater in San Diego, The Crest theaters in Long Beach and Fresno, and the Culver Theater in Culver City, all of which are in California and some extant. The style is sometimes referred to as Art Deco and Art Moderne.
The iconic Oscar statuettes that Gibbons designed, which were first awarded in 1929, are still being presented to winners at Academy Awards ceremonies each year.
In February 2005 Gibbons was inducted into the Art Directors Hall of Fame.
Awards for Art DirectionEdit
Nominations for Art DirectionEdit
- When Ladies Meet (1933)
- Romeo and Juliet (1936)
- The Great Ziegfeld (1936)
- Conquest (1937)
- Marie Antoinette (1938)
- The Wizard of Oz (1939)
- Bitter Sweet (1940)
- When Ladies Meet (1941)
- Random Harvest (1942)
- Madame Curie (1943)
- Thousands Cheer (1943)
- Kismet (1944)
- National Velvet (1944)
- The Picture of Dorian Gray (1945)
- Madame Bovary (1949)
- The Red Danube (1949)
- Annie Get Your Gun (1950)
- Too Young to Kiss (1951)
- Quo Vadis (1951)
- The Merry Widow (1952)
- Lili (1953)
- The Story of Three Loves (1953)
- Young Bess (1953)
- Brigadoon (1954)
- Executive Suite (1954)
- I'll Cry Tomorrow (1955)
- Blackboard Jungle (1955)
- Lust for Life (1956)
- "Cedric Gibbons Architect of Style", LA Modernism catalog, May 2006, pp. 16–17 by Jeffrey Head
- Nichols, Chris (2016-02-25). "Meet George Stanley, Sculptor of the Academy Award Los Angeles Magazine". Los Angeles Magazine. Retrieved 2019-01-22.
- "Oscar Statuette". Oscars.org | Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 2014-07-25. Retrieved 2019-01-22.
- "Nominee Facts - Most Nominations and Awards" Archived 2016-04-25 at WebCite, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; retrieved November 29, 2015.
- Pawlak, Debra Ann. "Bringing up Oscar: The story of the men and women who founded the Academy".
- Hannigan, Fionnuala (2013-07-04). Filmcraft: Production Design. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9781136071102.
- "Ireland and the Americas: Culture, Politics, and History".
- "Cedric Gibbons, M-G-M Artist, 65". The New York Times. July 27, 1960. Retrieved 2017-12-02.
- Stephens, Michael L. (2015-09-02). Art Directors in Cinema: A Worldwide Biographical Dictionary. McFarland. ISBN 9781476611280.
- Nast, Condé. "The Architectural Digest Greenroom at the 2013 Oscars". Architectural Digest. Retrieved 2019-01-22.
- "Inside Oscar Statuette Designer Cedric Gibbons' Restored Art Deco Home (Exclusive Photos)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2019-07-11.
- "Glamour Girls of the Silver Screen". Retrieved 2013-07-05.
- "Cedric Gibbons and Hazel Brooks papers". oac.cdlib.org. Retrieved 2019-07-11.
- Wilson, Scott (2016-08-17). Resting Places: The Burial Sites of More Than 14,000 Famous Persons, 3d ed. McFarland. ISBN 9780786479924.
- McNary, Dave; McNary, Dave (2005-10-26). "Art Directors paint quintet with honors". Variety. Retrieved 2019-07-11.