William Paget, 1st Baron Paget
The Lord Paget
Painting of William Paget, attributed to Master of the Stätthalterin Madonna
|Died||9 June 1563|
|Education||St Paul's School, Trinity Hall, Cambridge and University of Paris|
|Occupation||several diplomatic missions|
|Children||Henry Paget, 2nd Baron Paget|
Thomas Paget, 3rd Baron Paget
Anne Paget
He was the son of John Pachett or Paget, one of the serjeants-at-mace of the city of London. He was born in Staffordshire in 1506, and was educated at St Paul's School when William Lily was its headmaster, and at Trinity Hall, Cambridge, proceeding afterwards to the University of Paris. At St Paul's, he befriended the future antiquary John Leland and later acted as one of his benefactors.
Probably through the influence of Stephen Gardiner, who had early befriended Paget, he was employed by King Henry VIII in several important diplomatic missions; in 1532 he was appointed Clerk of the Signet and soon afterwards of the privy council. He became secretary to Anne of Cleves in 1539. In April 1543 he was sworn of the privy council and appointed secretary of state, in which position Henry VIII relied on his advice, at last appointing him one of the council to act during the minority of King Edward VI.
Paget at first vigorously supported the protector Somerset, while counselling a moderation which Somerset did not always observe. Paget would go on to become increasingly alienated from the Duke, reaching out to him in a series of letters from February 1548 in which he tried to persuade Somerset to take others' opinions into consideration. He blamed Somerset's dictatorial style and foolish attempts to help the poor for the Prayer Book Rebellion in 1549. In 1547 he was made controller of the king's household, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, elected knight of the shire (MP) for Staffordshire and made a knight of the Garter; and in 1549 he was summoned by writ to the House of Lords as Baron Paget de Beaudesert. About the same time he obtained extensive grants of lands, including Cannock Chase and Burton Abbey in Staffordshire, in London the residence of the bishops of Exeter, afterwards known successively as Lincoln House and Essex House, on the site now occupied by the Outer Temple in the London, and also in 1547 he was granted the lordship and manor of Harmondsworth. He obtained Beaudesert in Staffordshire, which remained the chief seat of the Paget family.
Paget shared Somerset's disgrace, being committed to the Tower in 1551 and degraded from the Order of the Garter in the following year, besides suffering a heavy fine by the Star Chamber for having profited at the expense of the Crown in his administration of the duchy of Lancaster. He was, however, restored to the king's favour in 1553, and was one of the twenty-six peers who signed Edward's settlement of the crown on Lady Jane Grey in June of that year. He made his peace with Queen Mary I, who reinstated him as a knight of the Garter and in the privy council in 1553, and appointed him Lord Privy Seal in 1556. On the accession of Queen Elizabeth I in 1558 Paget retired from public life.
By his wife Anne Preston, Paget had four sons and six daughters.
- Etheldreda, who married Sir Christopher Allen
- Eleanor, who married firstly, Jerome Palmer, esquire, and secondly, Sir Rowland Clarke
- Grisold, who married firstly, Sir Thomas Rivett, and secondly, Sir William Waldegrave
- Joan (or Jane), who married Sir Thomas Kitson
- Dorothy, who married Sir Thomas Willoughby (d.1559)
- Anne (d.1590), who married Sir Henry Lee.
Thomas Paget, 3rd Baron Paget (c. 1540-1589), a zealous Roman Catholic, was-suspected of complicity in Charles's plots and was attainted in 1587. The peerage was restored in 1604 to his son William, 4th Lord Paget (1572–1629), whose son William, the 5th lord (1609–1678), fought for Charles I at the Battle of Edgehill. William, the 6th lord (1637–1713), a supporter of the Glorious Revolution of 1688, was ambassador at Vienna from 1689 to 1693, and later at Constantinople, having much to do with bringing about the important treaty of Carlowitz in 1699.
Henry, the 7th baron (c.1665-1743), was raised to the peerage during his father's lifetime as Baron Burton in 1712, being one of the twelve peers created by the Tory ministry to secure a majority in the House of Lords, and was created Earl of Uxbridge in 1714. His only son, Thomas Catesby Paget, the author of an Essay on Human Life (1735) and other writings, died in January 1742 before his father, leaving a son Henry (1719–1769), who became 2nd Earl of Uxbridge.
At the latter's death the earldom of Uxbridge and barony of Burton became extinct, the older barony of Paget of Beaudesert passing to his cousin Henry Bayly (1744–1812), heir general of the first baron, who in 1784 was created earl of Uxbridge. His second son, Sir Arthur Paget (1771–1840), was an eminent diplomat during the Napoleonic wars, Sir Edward Paget (1775–1849), the fourth son, served under Sir John Moore in the Peninsula, and was afterwards second in command under Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington; the fifth, Sir Charles Paget (1778–1839), served with distinction in the navy, and rose to the rank of vice-admiral. The eldest son Henry William, 2nd Earl of Uxbridge (1768–1854), was in 1815 created Marquess of Anglesey.
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- Jack, Sybil M. "Paget, William". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/21121. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- "Paget, William (PGT506W)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- Carley, "Leland, John (c.1503–1552)"
- 16. Cal. Pat. 1547-8, 45., via VCH, aka A History of the County of Middlesex, Volume 4, Harmondsworth, Hayes, Norwood With Southall, Hillingdon With Uxbridge, Ickenham, Northolt, Perivale, Ruislip, Edgware, Harrow With Pinner, published by Victoria County History, London, 1971.
- Banks 1808, p. 414; Chambers 1936, p. 248.
- Archbold, William Arthur Jobson (1895). Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 43. London: Smith, Elder & Co. . In
- Banks, T.C. (1808). The Dormant and Extinct Baronage of England. II. London: T. Bensley. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
- Chambers, E.K. (1936). Sir Henry Lee; An Elizabethan Portrait. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
- Holmes, Peter (2008). "Paget, Charles (c.1546–1612)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/21103. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Jack, Sybil M. (2004). "Paget, William, first Baron Paget (1505/6–1563)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/21121. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- "PAGET, William (by 1506-63) of Beaudesert Park and Burton-on-Trent, Staffs", History of Parliament, London
- Carley, James P. "Leland, John (c.1503–1552)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/16416. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Paget of Beaudesert, William Paget, 1st Baron". Encyclopædia Britannica. 20 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
| Custos Rotulorum of Staffordshire
The Earl of Essex
Sir Brian Tuke
| Clerk of the Signet
Sir Thomas Wriothesley
Sir Ralph Sadler
| Secretary of State
With: Sir Thomas Wriothesley 1543–1544
Sir William Petre 1544–1548
Sir Thomas Smith
Sir William Petre
Sir John Gage
| Comptroller of the Household
Sir John Gage
| Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
Sir John Gates
The Earl of Bedford
| Lord Privy Seal
Sir Nicholas Bacon
| Clerk of the Privy Council
|Peerage of England|
|New title|| Baron Paget