West Drayton

West Drayton is a suburban town in the London Borough of Hillingdon. It was an ancient parish in the county of Middlesex and from 1929 was part of the Yiewsley and West Drayton Urban District, which became part of Greater London in 1965. The settlement is near the Colne Valley Regional Park and its centre lies 1.9 miles (3 km) north of Heathrow Airport.

West Drayton
West Drayton St Martin's 1.jpg
St Martin's church
West Drayton is located in Greater London
West Drayton
West Drayton
Location within Greater London
Population14,370 
OS grid referenceTQ065795
• Charing Cross14.8 mi (23.8 km) E
London borough
Ceremonial countyGreater London
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townWEST DRAYTON
Postcode districtUB7
Dialling code01895
PoliceMetropolitan
FireLondon
AmbulanceLondon
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°30′15″N 0°27′53″W / 51.5043°N 0.4646°W / 51.5043; -0.4646Coordinates: 51°30′15″N 0°27′53″W / 51.5043°N 0.4646°W / 51.5043; -0.4646

Traditionally the Parish of West Drayton covers 3.4 square kilometres (1.3 sq mi). In 1901 the population of the civil parish was 984.[1] In the 2011 Census 14,370 people were living in the West Drayton electoral ward.[2][3] The ward has three councillors in the Hillingdon Borough Council.[1][4] The vast majority of the housing in West Drayton is mid-20th century.

ToponymyEdit

In 939 the area was known as Draegtun. Tun/ton is cognate with the later form town, but originally implied any kind of farmstead of more than one family. Dray is cognate with draught (as in draft horse/a dray) implying a portage/slope used for dragging loads, or simply notable use of the dragged plough, quite possibly given about 13 other examples in England simply land under till. It is recorded as Draitone in the 1086 Domesday Book, and as Westdrayton in 1465.[5] It is thought that the West may have been added to differentiate the village from Drayton in Ealing.[6]

GeographyEdit

West Drayton lies to the south of the Great Western Main Line which run east-west with Yiewsley lying to the north of the railway line. West Drayton is northwest of junction 4 of the M4 motorway (Heathrow Airport spur), which intersects with the A408 (for Stockley Park), north for Uxbridge, and it terminates south at Heathrow Airport itself. The nearby A3044 goes through Harmondsworth to the south.

West Drayton railway station is served by TfL Rail and Great Western Railway (GWR). TfL Rail operates a stopping service between London Paddington and Reading and GWR operates a stopping service between London Paddington and Didcot Parkway.

The community has primary schools,[7] and a secondary school, Park Academy West London is on Falling Lane in Colham Green. This physically and in governance replaced Evelyns Community School.

 
The Green

West Drayton has at its heart in the west of the parish a conservation area, The Green, along which are many buildings protected under UK law by grade II and II* listing — residential and commercial.

DemographyEdit

As of the 2011 census, 57% of the population was White British.[8] Living in the ward were 14,370 people according to the 2011 Census.[2]

The decennial censuses between 1801 and 1901 each show a rise in population and a low population density. From 1801 when the population of the almost identically sized ecclesiastical parish (civil parishes were invented later in the 19th century) was 515; to 1901 when the population of the civil parish was 984.[1]

Local Government ElectionsEdit

West Drayton (3) 2018
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Janet Duncan 2,013
Labour Jan Sweeting 1,923
Labour Stuart Mathers 1,843
Conservative Cameron Bradbury 1,749
Conservative Lesley Deville 1,739
Conservative James Hamblin 1,737
BNP Vincent Evans 143
Duma Polska Sebastien Tyszlewicz 117
Duma Polska Remigiusz Jaskiewicz 95
Majority 94
Turnout 36%
Labour hold Swing
Labour hold Swing
Labour hold Swing

HistoryEdit

The St Paul's EraEdit

The first record of West Drayton is from 939 when Æthelstan, King of the English, gave the Manor of West Drayton to the Dean and Chapter of Cathedral church of St Pauls, recorded in the Cartularium Saxonicum.[9] In the 1086 Domesday Book, West Drayton was assessed at ten hides with land suitable for six ploughs.[10] The Parish had 17 landowners which indicated a population of less than 100.[11] In 1461 a separate smaller manor, Drayton and Colham Garden Manor was first recorded, lying between Swan road and Colham Mill road.[12] Both manors shared St Martin’s Parish Church. Until 1525 West Drayton Manor was managed on behalf of the Dean and Chapter of St Paul’s by an appointment known as a Firmarius who was responsible for the day-to-day running of the estate.[11]

The Paget EraEdit

From 1525 St Paul’s began leasing West Drayton Manor to tenants. From 1537 the lessee of the manor was William Paget who held high office of state in the court of Henry VIII. On 1 April 1546, the Dean and Chapter of St Paul’s released the Manor of West Drayton to the Crown and two weeks later Henry granted the manor to the now knighted Sir William Paget.[11] In the same year Henry granted Paget six manors in his native Staffordshire.[13] Henry died in January 1547. Paget was made a peer of the realm as Lord Paget of Beaudesert by Edward VI in 1549.[13]

 
Gatehouse to the former West Drayton Manor House

While he was leasing the manor William Paget used the existing building of St Pauls which was situated near St Martin's Parish church. Paget described the building as his "cotage at Drayton".[11] Once owning the manor he built a new manor house, completed by 1549, which occupied the western end of the churchyard. The Manor grounds contained the Church, ornamental gardens, stables, a dovecote and other outbuildings and was enclosed by a high brick wall and two gatehouses.[12] The wall and one of the gatehouses can still be seen today. The construction of the manor house and grounds resulted in the demolition of villagers' homes on Church Road and building on the graves of generations of West Drayton people in the churchyard. In addition to this, Paget enclosed 150 acres of common land to add to his demesne. In 1550 Paget legalised his position by obtaining a royal pardon for his actions.[11] The loss of the Parish churchyard was compensated for by the granting of an alternative burial site which was near to where Drayton Hall is today. The burial site was used until 1888.[11]

After serving as Lord Privy Seal under Mary I, poor health meant William Paget played little part in public life after the accession of Queen Elizabeth I in 1558, although as a Privy Councillor his advice was often sought.[13] He died in West Drayton on 9 June 1563.[13][14] He was succeeded by his son Henry, who died five years later without male issue. Henry’s brother Thomas became the 3rd Baron Paget in 1568.

Thomas Paget (1544-1590) and his brother Charles were both devout Roman Catholics, and would not conform to the Protestant religion of Queen Elizabeth I. Aided by Henry Percy, Paget fled to Paris on the uncovering of the Throckmorton Plot in November 1583, joining his brother Charles who had been in exile there since 1581.[15] The failed conspiracy's plan was for an invasion of England by French forces under the command of Henry, Duke of Guise, financed by Philip II of Spain. English Catholics would then rise up and depose Elizabeth, placing Catholic Mary, Queen of Scots on the English throne.

After his flight to France Elizabeth issued a proclamation commanding Thomas Paget to return to England. In June 1584 a formal demand for the surrender of Paget was made to the King of France through the English ambassador, which was not carried out. In 1587 he was attainted of treason by act of parliament. Paget received a pension of 180 crowns per month from Philip II and died in Brussels in early 1590.[16]

In 1587, with Thomas Paget being attainted, his lands including West Drayton were confiscated by the Crown.[12] Elizabeth granted the manor to her Lord Chancellor, Sir Christopher Hatton for life. Hatton died in 1591 and from 1592 the manor was leased to her Lord Chamberlain, George Carey. Carey became 2nd Baron Hunsdon in 1596 and entertained Elizabeth at the West Drayton Manor House in October 1602.[11]

In the next year 1603, both Elizabeth and George Carey died. With Elizabeth's death, James I, son of Mary Queen of Scots acceded to the English throne. In 1604 James restored the Paget family lands and honours to Thomas Paget's son William.[12] William like James I was a Protestant and had taken part in the successful Anglo-Dutch capture of Cadiz (Gades) in 1596 with Admiral Charles Howard, Sir Walter Raleigh and Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex.[17][18] It is believed William Paget received possession of West Drayton Manor in 1610.[12] In 1612 William Paget became an 'Adventurer' (shareholder) and member of the Council of the Virginia Company (London Company) and the Somers Isles Company. The Paget Parish and Paget Island in Bermuda are named after him. He died on 29 August 1629 and is buried in St Martin's Churchyard.[19]

William Paget's son, William Paget, 5th Baron Paget, (1609-1678) was among the Peers who petitioned King Charles I on the 18 August 1640 to summon a parliament for the redress of grievances. However at the start of the Civil War he did not wish to take up arms against the king and joined him at York in June 1642.[20] He raised a regiment of foot which fought for the King at the battle of Edgehill on 23 Oct 1642. In 1643/44 he was with the King at Oxford.[20] Paget had his estates sequestered by Parliament and was fined £500 for supporting the King.[11] He died in October 1678 and is buried in St Martin's Churchyard.[21] William's son, William Paget, 6th Baron Paget, (1637-1713) was English Ambassador to Vienna (1689-1692) and Ambassador-Extraordinary to Constantinople (1692-1702). He participated in the negotiations which resulted in the Treaty of Karlowitz and was instrumental in the peace between Muscovy, Venice and the Ottomans.[22]

In 1714 William's son, Henry Paget the 7th Lord Paget,(1663-1743), was created 1st Earl of Uxbridge by George I. Paget was a member of the Privy Council and The town of Uxbridge, Massachusetts is named in his honour. He died in 1743 and was succeeded by his grandson, Henry Paget, 2nd Earl of Uxbridge (1719-1769). In 1755 Dawley House was acquired and the West Drayton Manor house was demolished around this time. Henry Paget died childless in 1769 and was buried in St Martin's Churchyard.[23] The title of 9th Baron Padget was given to Henry Bayly whose name was change to Henry Paget by Royal Licience in 1770. He was created 1st Earl of Uxbridge in May 1784. On 21 October 1786 Henry Bayly-Paget sold the Manor of West Drayton to Fysh Coppinger of Lincoln's Inn, for £12,000 ending the Paget family's relationship with West Drayton.[11]

The Parish of West Drayton within Middlesex in the early 19th century

St Martin's ChurchEdit

West Drayton's parish church, dedicated to Martin of Tours, was first mentioned in the 12th century.[24] However, no trace of the original church remains. The present church was first built in the 13th century, of which the base of the tower, the piscina and the north chancel wall are incorporated in the present building, which dates from the 15th century. The church was heavily restored and reordered in 1974, when the altar was resited at the west end. The baptismal font is a splendid example of mid-15th century work, and the parish chest is early 17th century. There are monumental brasses to Richard Roose (1406), Margaret Burnell (1529), her son John Burnell (1551) and Dr James Good (1581, a physician to Mary, Queen of Scots). There is a small memorial tablet to George Carey, 2nd Baron Hunsdon (1547-1603) who was Lord of West Drayton Manor between 1592-1603.[25] Carey's father was Queen Elizabeth I's cousin. The memorial states how 'bountiful' he was to the poor of the Parish. In his will Hunsdon left the sum of 'one hundred marks for the benefit of the poor of West Drayton for ever.' This is one of the oldest West Drayton Parish charities and its small income is still distributed each New Year's Day.[11]

Local economyEdit

 
Drayton Hall, offices of Ferring Pharmaceuticals, Kore Wireless and North South Wines

Historically, employment was commonly connected to agriculture, the railway yards and the canal. The former RAF West Drayton hosted a military air traffic control centre co-located with the civil London Terminal Control Centre, residual functions of which were relocated to Swanwick, Hampshire entirely by January 2008.

West Drayton has a mixture of tradespeople, airport workers, construction workers and commuters in office professions or public utilities such as schools and hospitals. Its housing hosts people with a range of incomes, with relatively large areas built aesthetically in keeping with existing housing by the local authority.

West Drayton has rapid connectivity to the M4 and thereafter to the M25 and motorways north-west and south-west. The M4 spur and the A408 Stockley Road by-pass links to Heathrow Airport and to the Stockley Business Park, respectively. The Stockley Close Industrial estate lies on the eastern side of the by-pass. The businesses situated here are: Ocado, Greencore, Carrier Retail Systems, Amalga Ltd, Clevertronics, MNX Global Logistics and the Heathrow Parcel Centre.

Drayton Hall has the offices of Ferring Pharmaceuticals, Kore Wireless and North South Wines. Britannia Court, on the east side of The Green, has the offices of the Schools HR Co-operative, MagLabs, Wells Burcombe LLP, MD Developments Ltd, Insultec Ltd, QIK Group and Flight Data Systems.

Culture and RecreationEdit

 
Southlands Arts Centre
  • The Yiewsley and West Drayton Arts Council maintain the Southlands Arts Centre.[26] They oversee events and promote local creativity. There are many exhibitions, music festivals, and creative endeavours from fine arts, photography, film-making and music groups.[27]
  • Community events are held at the Yiewsley and West Drayton Community centre on Harmondsworth Road.[28]
  • West Drayton Library is situated on Station Road.[29]
  • The Yiewsley and West Drayton Band is a second section brass band established in 1890 and maintains a year round programme of concerts and community events.[30]
  • 1381 Squadron (West Drayton & Yiewsley) Royal Air Force Air Cadets are based at Rutters Close.[31]
  • The 2nd West Drayton Scout Group are based at Rowan Road.
  • There are two local amateur football clubs, West Drayton FC and Townmead Youth FC.
  • Three types of gyms and exercise facilities are in West Drayton:
  • The Closes; local authority — grass field, outdoor gym and ball courts such as for tennis
  • Boxercise gym/club and two ladies-only exercise studios
  • Novotel swim instructor sessions and gym passes
  • The council's nearest leisure centre in south Hayes to the east, at Botwell Green, and closer William Byrd indoor pool in Harlington.
  • Nuffield Health club is at Stockley Park between Yiewsley and south Hayes has many facilities including pool, spinning (indoor cycling) clubs and instructors.
  • The Colne Valley regional park lies on the western side of West Drayton.

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c 838 acres. 'Table of population, 1801-1901', in A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 2, General ed. William Page (London, 1911), pp. 112-120. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/middx/vol2/pp112-120 [accessed 25 May 2018].
  2. ^ a b "Usual resident population". NOMIS. Office for National Statistics. 2011. Retrieved 6 May 2013.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 9 June 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ https://www.hillingdon.gov.uk/article/7629/Facts-and-statistics-about-the-London-Borough-of-Hillingdon
  5. ^ Mills, A. D.: A Dictionary of British Place-Names (Oxford University Press, 2003)
  6. ^ "Survey of English Place-Names". epns.nottingham.ac.uk. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
  7. ^ West Drayton primary school
  8. ^ Services, Good Stuff IT. "West Drayton - UK Census Data 2011". UK Census Data. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  9. ^ de Gray Birch, Walter. "737". Cartularium Saxonicum Vol 2 AD 840-947. p. 451. ISBN 9781108045087.
  10. ^ Hopkins, Heather (April 2009). "An Archaeological Desk-Based Assessment for Inland Homes" (PDF). London Borough of Hillingdon. Retrieved 30 May 2011.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Cox, A.H. (1983). West Drayton & Yiewsley through the centuries. Hillingdon Borough Libraries. ISBN 0907869033.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g "A history of the County of Middlesex Volume 3 West Drayton: Manors". www.british-history.ac.uk. British History Online. pp. 191–195. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
  13. ^ a b c d Hawkyard, A. D.K. "PAGET, William [by 1506-63]". www.historyofparliamentonline.org. Retrieved 17 August 2020.
  14. ^ a b "Sir William Paget". www.findagrave.com. Retrieved 31 August 2020.
  15. ^ Kuin, Roger, ed. (2012). The Correspondence of Sir Philip Sidney. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199558223.
  16. ^ Thompson Cooper. "Thomas Paget, 3rd Baron Paget". gentrekker.com. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. pp. 43, 59–60. Retrieved 17 August 2020.
  17. ^ "William Paget, 4th Baron Paget". gentrekker.com. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  18. ^ "William Camden 1596". philological.bham.ac.uk. Retrieved 25 August 2020.
  19. ^ a b "William Paget, 4th Baron Paget". www.findagrave.com. Retrieved 31 August 2020.
  20. ^ a b c Cokayne, George E., ed. (2000). The Complete Peerage. Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing.
  21. ^ a b "William Paget, 5th Baron Paget". www.findagrave.com. Retrieved 31 August 2020.
  22. ^ "Papers of William Paget, 6th Baron Paget". archiveshub.jisc.ac.uk. Retrieved 29 August 2020.
  23. ^ a b "Henry Paget 2nd Earl of Uxbridge". www.findagrave.com. Retrieved 31 August 2020.
  24. ^ "St Martin's Church". www.stmartinwestdrayton.org.uk. Retrieved 11 September 2020.
  25. ^ Weinreb, Ben; Hibbert, Christopher (1992). The London Encyclopaedia (reprint ed.). Macmillan. p. 754.
  26. ^ "Yiewsley and West Drayton Arts Council". eventbrite.co.uk. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  27. ^ "Southlands Art Centre". southlandsarts.co.uk. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  28. ^ "Yiewsley and West Drayton Community Centre". www.ywdcc.org.uk.
  29. ^ "West Drayton Library". www.hillingdon.gov.uk. Retrieved 11 September 2020.
  30. ^ "The Yiewsley and West Drayton Band". ywdband.com.
  31. ^ "1381 Squadron (West Drayton % Yiewsley)". www.raf.mod.uk/aircadets.
  32. ^ "William Paget, 4th Baron Paget". bermuda-online.org. Retrieved 25 August 2020.
  33. ^ a b c d e f Skinner, James (2003). West Drayton and Yiewsley. The History Press. ISBN 9780752428413.
  34. ^ "Southlands history". www.southlandsarts.co.uk. Retrieved 17 August 2020.

External linksEdit