The Grand Budapest Hotel
The Grand Budapest Hotel is a 2014 comedy film written and directed by Wes Anderson, from a story by Anderson and Hugo Guinness, inspired by the writings of Stefan Zweig, to whom Anderson wrote the film as a tribute.
|The Grand Budapest Hotel|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Wes Anderson|
|Screenplay by||Wes Anderson|
|Music by||Alexandre Desplat|
|Edited by||Barney Pilling|
|Distributed by||Fox Searchlight Pictures|
|Box office||$174.8 million|
Set at the fictional war-torn European country Zubrowka in the 1930s, The Grand Budapest Hotel tells the story of two people: Monsieur Gustave H. (Ralph Fiennes), a concierge, one of his employees, the lobby boy Zero (Tony Revolori), and the friendship they form as they team up for several misadventures while trying to prove Gustave's innocence after he was framed for murder.
The film is an American-German co-production that was financed by German financial companies and film-funding organizations and filmed in Germany. The Grand Budapest Hotel released to widespread critical acclaim and was financially successful, grossing about $175 million worldwide on a $25 million budget, and was included in several critics' year-end top-10 lists.
The film won the Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy and garnered three more Golden Globe Award nominations, including Best Director for Anderson. It was nominated for nine Academy Awards, including Best Picture and Best Director for Anderson, and won four Oscars for Best Costume Design, Best Makeup and Hairstyling, Best Production Design and Best Original Score. In a 2016 BBC poll, several critics voted the film the 21st greatest film of the 21st century since 2000.
In the present day, a teenage girl approaches a statue in a courtyard. In her arms is a memoir by "The Author." She begins reading about a trip he made to the Grand Budapest Hotel in the late 1960s. He discovered that the nearly deserted hotel, located in the Republic of Zubrowka, a nation ravaged by war and poverty, had fallen on hard times and become dilapidated. The Author meets Mr. Moustafa, the hotel's owner, who tells him over dinner the tale of how he took ownership of the Grand Budapest and why he is unwilling to close it down.
The owner's story begins in 1932 during the final years of the hotel's glory days. Zubrowka is on the verge of war but this is of little concern to M. Gustave, the Grand Budapest's devoted concierge. When he is not attending to the needs of the hotel's wealthy clientele, managing its staff or training the new lobby boy, Zero (a younger Moustafa), Gustave courts a series of aging, blonde women who all flock to the hotel to enjoy his "exceptional service." One of these, Madame D, spends the night with Gustave prior to her departure.
A month later, he is informed that Madame D has died under mysterious circumstances. He and Zero race to her wake where he learns that she bequeathed him a valuable painting, Boy with Apple, in her will. This enrages her family, all of whom hoped to inherit it, especially her son, Dmitri Desgoffe-und-Taxis. Gustave and Zero take the painting and hide it in a safe at the Grand Budapest. Gustave is then arrested and framed for the murder of Madame D.
In prison, Gustave befriends a group of hardened cons who include him in their escape plan. With the aid of Zero's new fiancée Agatha, the group escape the maximum security prison. They part ways and after a tense heart-to-heart, Gustave enlists Zero to prove his innocence. Their adventure takes them to a mountaintop monastery where they meet with Madame D's butler Serge X, the only person who can provide Gustave with an alibi for the night of Madame D's murder. However, Serge is murdered by J.G. Jopling, Dmitri's henchman. Zero and Gustave steal a sled and chase Jopling as he flees the monastery. During a clash on the edge of a cliff, Zero kills Jopling, saving Gustave's life.
Zero and Gustave return to the Hotel, which the military has commandeered as war has just broken out. They find that Dmitri has also appeared, chasing Agatha, who was entrusted with the painting. A chase and a gunfight ensue, and a different version of Madame D's will is discovered hidden in the painting by Serge X, in which she bequeaths her entire fortune, including the Grand Budapest, to Gustave in the event that she should be murdered. Dmitri disappears afterwards, as Zero marries Agatha.
During a train trip, soldiers search Gustave's carriage and he is killed while trying to protect Zero. A heartbroken Zero vows to continue his legacy at the Grand Budapest, but the ongoing conflict and the ravages of time took their toll. Agatha succumbs to a disease and dies a few years later.
Zero admits to the Author that he cannot bring himself to close the hotel because it is his last link to Agatha. The Author later departs for South America and never returns to the hotel again in his life. The hotel is eventually demolished, though Zero's ultimate fate is left unknown. Back in the present, the girl continues reading the author's story about the Grand Budapest as the film ends.
- Ralph Fiennes as M. Gustave
- F. Murray Abraham as Mr. Moustafa
- Tony Revolori as Zero Moustafa
- Mathieu Amalric as Serge X.
- Adrien Brody as Dmitri
- Willem Dafoe as Jopling
- Jeff Goldblum as Deputy Kovacs
- Harvey Keitel as Ludwig
- Jude Law as Young Writer
- Bill Murray as M. Ivan
- Edward Norton as Henckels
- Milton Welsh as Franz Müller
- Saoirse Ronan as Agatha
- Wolfram Nielacny as Herr Becker
- Jason Schwartzman as M. Jean
- Léa Seydoux as Clotilde
- Tilda Swinton as Madame D.
- Tom Wilkinson as Author
- Owen Wilson as M. Chuck
- Larry Pine as Mr. Mosher
- Giselda Volodi as Serge's sister
- Florian Lukas as Pinky
- Karl Markovics as Wolf
- Volker Michalowski as Günther
- Neal Huff as Lieutenant
- Bob Balaban as M. Martin
- Fisher Stevens as M. Robin
- Wallace Wolodarsky as M. Georges
- Waris Ahluwalia as M. Dino
- Lucas Hedges as Pump Attendant
The Grand Budapest Hotel is an American-German-British co-production of Wes Anderson's American Empirical Pictures (US), Indian Paintbrush (US), Neunzehnte Babelsberg Film GmbH (Germany) and Grand Budapest Limited (UK). The film was funded by the German Federal Film Fund (DFFF), Mitteldeutsche Medienförderung, Medienboard Berlin-Brandenburg as well as Medien- und Filmgesellschaft Baden-Württemberg.
Anderson and Guinness' story was inspired by several works by the Austrian writer Stefan Zweig, particularly the novella Twenty-Four Hours in the Life of a Woman (1927), the novels Beware of Pity (1939) and The Post Office Girl (1982), and his autobiography The World of Yesterday (1934–42). Wes Anderson suggested editor Barney Pilling watch Ernst Lubitsch's The Shop Around the Corner and the films of Jacques Tati as references.
In 2012, it was rumored that Johnny Depp was in the film, but Anderson later denied the rumor in an interview with the Huffington Post. Tilda Swinton replaced Angela Lansbury as Madame D. when Lansbury was unavailable due to commitments with a theater production of Driving Miss Daisy.
Casting the character, Zero, proved to be difficult, as casting director Douglas Aibel was in search for "a relatively unknown teenage boy, preferably of Arabic origin, to carry the role". Tony Revolori got the part by sending an audition tape.
It was filmed for the most part on location in Germany, mainly in Görlitz and other parts of Saxony, as well as at Studio Babelsberg. Principal photography began in January 2013 on location in Berlin and Görlitz. One of the principal locations was the defunct Görlitz Department Store, a huge Jugendstil department store with a giant atrium, one of the few such department stores in Germany to survive World War II. It served as the atrium lobby of the hotel. The widow's mansion was filmed partially within Schloss (castle) Waldenburg. Filming concluded in March 2013. Anderson shot the film in three aspect ratios, 1.37, 1.85, and 2.35:1, one for each timeline.
For wide shots of the hotel, Anderson used a three-meter-tall (10 ft) handmade miniature model, as he felt that audiences would know that the shot was artificial, computer-generated effects or otherwise, commenting: "The particular brand of artificiality that I like to use is an old-fashioned one." He had previously used miniatures in The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou and more extensively in Fantastic Mr. Fox. In designing the hotel, Anderson and production designer Adam Stockhausen did extensive research, looking at vintage images at the Library of Congress of hotels and European vacation spots. Also visited were existing locales such as the pastel-pink Palace Bristol Hotel and the Grandhotel Pupp, both in the spa town of Karlovy Vary (Carlsbad), Czech Republic as well as the Grandhotel Gellért in Budapest, Hungary. The model used was a composite of these different real grand hotels and multiple props in varying scales were made: the model represented a scale measurement of 4 meters (14 ft) long and 2 meters (7 ft) deep, the tree-spotted hill on which it stood was a different scale, and finally the funicular railway in the foreground was built to a third scale to capture it best cinematically.
The painting in the film, Boy with Apple, supposedly a Renaissance masterpiece by one Johannes Van Hoytl the Younger, is a fictional piece commissioned by Anderson and painted in four months by contemporary painter Michael Taylor. Likewise the much sought after pastry, Herr Mendl's courtesan au chocolat, is a humorous fictional creation of Wes Anderson's, as a symbol of the courtesan lifestyle of the concierge, the triple tier form of the story, and as an element to escape prison. The bespoke pastry was produced by a local baker in Görlitz. The brief was to come up with something related to a classic religieuse, which is French for 'nun', with chocolate covered stacked profiteroles resembling a nun in black robes. The fake newspapers in the film feature mainly original text, but also use some excerpts from three Wikipedia articles.
According to Robert Yeoman, filming proved to be difficult because natural light lasted between seven and a half or eight hours and the film stock was slow. The crew solved those problems by working faster through the day to get the shots.
|The Grand Budapest Hotel: Original Soundtrack|
|Soundtrack album by|
|Released||2 February 2014|
|Studio||Air Studios, Abbey Road Studios, Studio Guillaume Tell, St. Jude-on-the-Hill (London).|
|Producer||Wes Anderson, Randall Poster|
|Wes Anderson film soundtrack chronology|
The Oscar-winning soundtrack is composed by Alexandre Desplat, who worked with Anderson previously on Fantastic Mr. Fox and Moonrise Kingdom. It is co-produced by Anderson with music supervisor Randall Poster; they, too, worked together on Moonrise Kingdom. The original music is by Desplat, along with Russian folk songs together with pieces composed by Öse Schuppel, Siegfried Behrend, and Vitaly Gnutov, and performed by the Osipov State Russian Folk Orchestra.
Wes Anderson and Randall Poster chose the distinctive sound of the balalaika to establish the musical voice of the film and managed to gather two orchestras for a total of 35 balalaika musicians for the recording of the soundtrack including the France-based "Saint Georges" Balalaika Orchestra and the State Academic Russian Folk Ensemble "Russia" from Moscow. Desplat’s use of the balalaika begins with “Mr. Moustafa” but it returns over and over again. Other instruments in this soundtrack include alphorns, whistles, organ, male choir, bells and cimbalom.
The 32 tracks, with orchestral elements, keyboard instruments and balalaikas, feature eclectic variations and central European melodic themes. Balalaikas are used in "Overture: M. Gustave H" and church organs in "Last Will and Testament". A music box interlude punctuates "Up the Stairs / Down the Hall", and there are haunted-house piano stylings in "Mr. Moustafa". Harpsichords and strings are featured in the baroque piece, "Concerto for Lute and Plucked Strings I. Moderato". The opening song, the Appenzell yodel "s'Rothe-Zäuerli" by Ruedi and Werner Roth, is from the Swiss folk group's Öse Schuppel's album Appenzeller Zäuerli.
All tracks written by Alexandre Desplat, except where noted.
|1.||"s'Rothe-Zäuerli" (Rüdi Roth & Werner Roth, performed by Öse Schuppel)||1:12|
|2.||"The Alpine Sudetenwaltz"||0:36|
|4.||"Overture: M. Gustave H"||0:30|
|5.||"A Prayer for Madame D"||1:20|
|6.||"The New Lobby Boy"||2:17|
|7.||"Concerto for Lute and Plucked Strings I. Moderato" (Antonio Vivaldi, performed by DZO Chamber Orchestra (cond. Siegfried Behrend))||2:52|
|8.||"Daylight Express to Lutz"||2:16|
|9.||"Schloss Lutz Overture"||0:32|
|10.||"The Family Desgoffe Und Taxis"||1:49|
|11.||"Last Will and Testament"||2:16|
|12.||"Up the Stairs/Down the Hall"||0:27|
|13.||"Night Train to Nebelsbad"||1:44|
|14.||"The Lutz Police Militia"||0:49|
|15.||"Check Point 19 Criminal Internment Camp Overture"||0:11|
|16.||"The Linden Tree" (Pavel Kulikov, performed by the Osipov State Russian Folk Orchestra (cond. Vitaly Gnutov))||2:24|
|17.||"J.G. Jopling, Private Inquiry Agent"||1:28|
|18.||"A Dash of Salt (Ludwig's Theme)"||1:32|
|19.||"The Cold-Blooded Murder of Deputy Vilmos Kovacs"||2:47|
|21.||"The War (Zero's Theme)"||1:01|
|23.||"The Society of the Crossed Keys"||2:21|
|26.||"Third Class Carriage"||1:20|
|27.||"Canto at Gabelmeister's Peak"||5:35|
|28.||"A Troops Barracks (Requiem for the Grand Budapest)"||5:18|
|29.||"Cleared of All Charges"||1:10|
|30.||"The Mystical Union"||1:26|
|31.||"Kamarinskaya" (Mikhail Glinka, performed by the Osipov State Russian Folk Orchestra (cond. Vitaly Gnutov))||2:43|
|32.||"Moonshine" (Traditional, arr. Alexandre Desplat)||3:21|
Film aggregator Rotten Tomatoes gives the film an approval rating of 91% based on 276 reviews, with an average rating of 8.4/10. The website's critical consensus states, "Typically stylish but deceptively thoughtful, The Grand Budapest Hotel finds Wes Anderson once again using ornate visual environments to explore deeply emotional ideas." Metacritic reported a weighted average score of 88 out of 100, based on 48 critics, indicating "universal acclaim". Many ranked it one of the best films of 2014.
Todd McCarthy of The Hollywood Reporter gave the film a positive review, saying "In a very appealing if outre way, its sensibility and concerns are very much those of an earlier, more elegant era, meaning that the film's deepest intentions will fly far over the heads of most modern filmgoers." Dave Calhoun of Time Out gave the film four out of five stars, saying "The film's shaggy-dog, sort-of-whodunit yarn offers laughs and energy that make this Anderson's most fun film since Rushmore." Jocelyn Noveck of the Associated Press gave the film three and a half stars out of four, saying "In the end it's Fiennes who makes the biggest impression. His stylized, rapid-fire delivery, dry wit and cheerful profanity keep the movie bubbling along. Here's to further Fiennes-Anderson collaborations." Owen Gleiberman of Entertainment Weekly gave the film an A-, saying "I've had my Wes Anderson breakthrough – or maybe it's that he's had his. The Grand Budapest Hotel is a marvelous contraption, a wheels-within-wheels thriller that's pure oxygenated movie play." Joe Neumaier of the New York Daily News gave the film three out of five stars, saying "As with all of Anderson's films, the magic is in the cast. Fiennes, with his rapid-fire delivery and rapier mustache, is hilarious, dapper and total perfection."
Peter Travers of Rolling Stone gave the film three and a half out of four stars, saying "It's a filigreed toy box of a movie, so delicious-looking you may want to lick the screen. It is also, in the Anderson manner, shot through with humor, heartbreak and a bruised romantic's view of the past." Kenneth Turan of the Los Angeles Times gave the film a positive review, saying "Anderson works so assiduously to create obsessively detailed on-screen worlds that the effect has sometimes been hermetic, even stifling. "The Grand Budapest," however, is anything but." Stephen Whitty of the Newark Star-Ledger gave the film three and a half stars out of four, saying "While Anderson delights in creating a fictional (but very real) mittel-Europe, he also does it with the craft of old Hollywood, using carefully made miniatures and handpainted backdrops." A. O. Scott of The New York Times gave the film a positive review, saying "This movie makes a marvelous mockery of history, turning its horrors into a series of graceful jokes and mischievous gestures. You can call this escapism if you like. You can also think of it as revenge." Peter Howell of the Toronto Star gave the film four out of four stars, saying "The entire movie is like a giant, elaborately decorated cake, created by this most exacting of film craftsmen. And how tasty it is!"
Ty Burr of The Boston Globe gave the film three and a half stars out of four, saying "With The Grand Budapest Hotel, Wes Anderson is up to his old tricks but with a magnanimous new confidence that feels like a gift." Bruce Ingram of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film four out of five stars, saying "It's quintessential Anderson, in other words, but also an unabashed entertainment. And that's something to see." Steven Rea of The Philadelphia Inquirer gave the film four out of four stars, saying "The Grand Budapest Hotel is by far the most headlong comedic affair in Anderson's canon. It's practically Marx Brothers-ian at moments. And Fiennes – who knew he was capable of such wicked, witty timing?!" Christopher Orr of The Atlantic gave the film a positive review, saying "The comedy in The Grand Budapest Hotel is among the broadest yet undertaken by Anderson. But amid the frenzied hubbub, there are intimations of a darker, sadder history unfolding." A.A. Dowd of The A.V. Club reviewed the film positively, saying "Anderson's latest invention, The Grand Budapest Hotel, may be his most meticulously realized, beginning with the towering, fictional building for which it's named."
James Berardinelli of ReelViews gave the film three out of four stars, saying "It offers an engaging 90+ minutes of unconventional, comedy-tinged adventure that references numerous classic movies while developing a style and narrative approach all its own." Moira MacDonald of The Seattle Times gave the film three and a half stars out of four, saying "Every frame is carefully composed like the illustrations from a beloved book (characters are precisely centered; costumes are elaborately literal); the dialogue feels both unexpected and happily familiar." Colin Covert of the Star Tribune gave the film four out of four stars, saying "I'm not sure what the formal definition of a masterpiece is, but 'The Grand Budapest Hotel strikes me as something very close." Ann Hornaday of The Washington Post gave the film three out of four stars, saying "If Anderson buries relatively little moral substance under lavish dollops of rich cream, at least he, like his fascinating protagonist, sustains the illusion with a marvelous grace." Mick LaSalle of the San Francisco Chronicle gave the film four out of four stars, saying "The movie's sad undertone saves The Grand Budapest Hotel from its own zaniness – or better yet, elevates the zaniness, making it feel like an assertion of some right to be silly, or some fundamental human expression."
In its theatrical release, The Grand Budapest Hotel has grossed US$174.8 million worldwide.
The film was Anderson's most successful live-action film in the United Kingdom, reaching number one at the UK box office in its third week with a gross of £6.31 million. The film was also Anderson's first number one film in the UK.
In North America, the film opened in four cinemas at number 17 in its first weekend, with US$811,166. In its second weekend, the film moved up to number eight, grossing an additional US$3,638,041. In its third weekend, the film moved up to number seven, grossing US$6,787,955. In its fourth weekend, the film moved up to number six, grossing US$8,539,795.
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