Somewhere in Time (film)
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Somewhere in Time is a 1980 American romantic science fiction drama film directed by Jeannot Szwarc. It is a film adaptation of the 1975 novel Bid Time Return by Richard Matheson, who also wrote the screenplay. The film stars Christopher Reeve, Jane Seymour, and Christopher Plummer.
|Somewhere in Time|
Theatrical film poster
|Directed by||Jeannot Szwarc|
|Screenplay by||Richard Matheson|
|Based on||Bid Time Return|
by Richard Matheson
|Music by||John Barry|
|Edited by||Jeff Gourson|
|Distributed by||Universal Pictures|
|Box office||$9.7 million|
Reeve plays Richard Collier, a playwright who becomes obsessed with a photograph of a young woman at the Grand Hotel. Through self-hypnosis, he travels back in time to the year 1912 to find love with actress Elise McKenna (portrayed by Seymour), but comes into conflict with Elise's manager, William Fawcett Robinson (portrayed by Plummer), who fears that romance will derail her career and resolves to stop him.
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In 1972, college theatre student Richard Collier (Christopher Reeve) is celebrating the debut of a play he has written. During the celebration, he is approached by an elderly woman (Susan French) who places a pocket watch in his hand and pleads, "Come back to me." Richard does not recognize the woman, who returns to her own residence and dies in her sleep.
Eight years later, Richard is a successful playwright living in Chicago. Feeling stressed from writing a play, he travels to the Grand Hotel on Mackinac Island. While looking at a display in the hotel's museum, Richard becomes enthralled by a photograph of a beautiful woman. With the assistance of Arthur Biehl (Bill Erwin), an elderly bellhop, Richard discovers that the woman is Elise McKenna (Jane Seymour), a famous early 20th century stage actress. Upon digging deeper, Richard learns that she was the woman who gave him the pocket watch eight years earlier. Traveling to the home of Laura Roberts (Teresa Wright), McKenna's former housekeeper and companion, he discovers a music box Elise had made, in the shape of the Grand Hotel, that plays his favorite melody. He also discovers among her effects a book on time travel written by his old college professor, Dr. Gerard Finney (George Voskovec). Learning that McKenna read the book several times, Richard becomes obsessed with the idea of traveling back to 1912 and meeting Elise McKenna, with whom he has fallen in love.
Visiting Finney, Richard learns that the professor believes that he very briefly time traveled through the power of self-suggestion. To accomplish this feat of self-hypnosis, Finney tells Richard, one must remove from sight all things that are related to the current time and trick the mind into believing that one is in the past. He also warns that such a process would leave one very weak, perhaps dangerously so. Richard buys an early 20th-century suit and some vintage money; he cuts his hair in a time-appropriate style. Dressing in the suit, he removes all modern objects from his hotel room and attempts to will himself into the year 1912 using tape-recorded suggestions, only to fail for lack of real conviction. Later, while searching the hotel's attic, Richard finds an old guest book from 1912 with his signature in it and realizes that he will eventually succeed.
Richard again hypnotizes himself, allowing his absolute faith in his eventual success to become the trigger for the journey back through time. He drifts off to sleep and awakens in 1912. Richard looks all over the hotel for Elise, even meeting Arthur Biehl as a little boy, but he has no luck finding her. Finally, he stumbles upon Elise walking by the lake. She seems to swoon slightly at the sight of him, and asks "Is it you?" McKenna's manager, William Fawcett Robinson (Christopher Plummer), abruptly intervenes and sends Richard away. Richard stubbornly continues to pursue Elise until she agrees to accompany him on a stroll through the surrounding idyllic landscape. It is during their boat ride that Richard hums the theme from the 18th variation of opus 43, a tune which Elise has never heard before as it has yet to be written. Richard ultimately asks why Elise wondered aloud "Is it you". She replies that Robinson somehow knows that she will meet a man one day who will change her life forever. Richard shows Elise the same pocket watch, which she will eventually give him in 1972, but he does not reveal its origin, merely offering that it was a gift.
Richard accepts Elise's invitation to her play, where she recites an impromptu monologue dedicated to him. During intermission, he finds her posing formally for a photograph. Upon spotting Richard, Elise breaks into a radiant smile, the camera capturing the image which Richard first saw 68 years later. Afterward, Richard receives an urgent message from Robinson requesting a meeting. Robinson tries to get Richard to leave Elise, saying it is for her own good. When Richard professes his love for her, Robinson has him tied up and locked in the stables. Later, Robinson tells Elise that Richard has left her and is not the one, but she does not believe him. She says that she loves Richard.
Richard wakes the next morning and manages to free himself. He finds that her party has left, but Elise surprises him, having returned to the hotel to find him. They return to her room and make love. Afterwards, Elise promises to buy Richard a new suit, as his is several years out of date. While showing off the suit to her, he discovers a penny with a 1979 mint date. This breaks the hypnotic suggestion, pulling Richard forward into the present as Elise screams in terror.
Richard awakens back in 1980. He tries to return to 1912, but is unsuccessful. After wandering the grounds despondently, he returns to his room where dies of a broken heart. As he draws his last breath, his spirit is drawn into the afterlife, where he is reunited with Elise.
|Christopher Reeve||Richard Collier|
|Jane Seymour||Elise McKenna|
|Christopher Plummer||William Fawcett Robinson|
|Teresa Wright||Laura Roberts|
|Bill Erwin||Arthur Biehl|
|Susan French||Older Elise|
|George Voskovec||Dr. Gerard Finney|
|Tim Kazurinsky||Photographer, in 1912|
|Bruce Jarchow||Bones, in 1912|
|Patricia McGuire||Maid, in 1912|
Sean Hayden plays 5-year-old Arthur in 1912.
A then-unknown William H. Macy has a bit role as a critic in the 1972 scene before Elise hands the watch to Richard. George Wendt is credited as a student during this same scene, but his appearance was omitted from the final cut of the film. Richard Matheson's daughter, Ali, is similarly credited as a student.
Many Mackinac Island residents were cast as extras.
- The movie was filmed on location at the Grand Hotel and the Mission Point Fine Arts building of the former Mackinac College (now Mission Point Resort), both located on Mackinac Island, Michigan. Additional scenes were filmed in Chicago, Illinois.
- Bringing cars onto the island for use in the film required special permission from the City of Mackinac Island. Motorized vehicles, other than emergency vehicles and snowmobiles in the winter, are prohibited on the Island. With very few exceptions, transportation is limited to horse and buggy or bicycle.
- Director Jeannot Szwarc had a slight problem directing the scenes between Plummer and Reeve in that whenever he said "Chris," both men would respond with "Yes?" Szwarc resolved this by addressing Plummer as "Mr. Plummer" and addressing Reeve as "Bigfoot".
- The final scene between Christopher Reeve and Jane Seymour before Reeve's character is thrown back into his own time was difficult for Reeve to shoot as he had just learned that his girlfriend and companion, Gae Exton, was pregnant with his first son Matthew. For much of that day his attention was understandably elsewhere. Reeve says on the bonus material of the 2000 DVD, "The day we shot the picnic scene on the floor I found out, and the world found out, that I was about to be a father for the first time."
- In the film, Reeve's character consults with a Dr. Finney (played by George Voskovec), a time travel theorist. This is a deliberate nod to author Jack Finney, whose novel Time and Again, published five years before the 1975 Richard Matheson novel Bid Time Return, on which this film is based, features an almost identical theory on the mechanics of time travel.
- Elise McKenna was a fictional actress. Collier is filmed in the library searching and looking through an old theater album, which has photos of historic stage actresses. The three little girls are Blanche Ring and her sisters. A child holding a doll is actress Rose Stahl. A faded picture of a woman in nun's habit is Ethel Barrymore in a 1928 play, The Kingdom of God. (Barrymore's head is left out of the frame as she would be readily recognizable by alert fans of old films.)
- Elise McKenna's character was loosely based upon the life of theatre actress Maude Adams, who was born Maude Ewing Adams Kiskadden in Salt Lake City, Utah on November 11, 1872. She died in Tannersville, New York on July 17, 1953. Her manager, Charles Frohman (the basis for the William Fawcett Robinson character) was very protective of her. He died on the RMS Lusitania on May 7, 1915 when it was torpedoed by a German submarine during World War I.
At two points in the movie Christopher Reeve is seen listening to the radio. The first time is during a sequence in which Reeve is driving northbound on Lake Shore Drive in Chicago. The second time is when Reeve returns to the present and turns on the radio in his room at the Grand Hotel in Mackinac. In both instances the radio announcer is Reese Rickards; A long time fixture at Chicago AM radio station WJJD. While the movie portrays the radio station as having a jazz format, Rickards plays an actual jingle from WJJD which was at the time, a country station.
Differences from the novelEdit
In the novel, Richard travels from 1971 to 1896 rather than from 1980 to 1912. The setting is the Hotel del Coronado in California, rather than the Grand Hotel in Michigan. The book has Richard knowing that he is dying of a brain tumor, and it ultimately raises the possibility that the whole time-traveling experience was merely a series of hallucinations brought on by the tumor.
The scene where the old woman hands Richard a pocket watch (which he had given to her in the past) does not appear in the book. Thus, the ontological paradox generated by this event (that the watch was never made, but simply exists eternally between 1912 and 1980) is absent. In the book, there are two psychics, not William Fawcett Robinson, who anticipate Richard's appearance, and Richard's death is brought about by his tumor, not by heartbreak.
Also, in the film Elise witnesses Richard's return to his own time, while in the book she is asleep and does not.
Although the film was well received during its previews, it was derided by critics upon release and underperformed at the box office. In 2009, in an interview with WGN America, Jane Seymour stated that "[i]t was just a little movie... The Blues Brothers came out the same week and it was a $4 million budget, so Universal didn't really support it. There was also an actors' strike, so Chris [Reeve] and I weren't allowed to publicize it. And they barely put it out because I don't think anyone really believed in it."
Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reports that 61% of 18 film critics have given the film a positive review; the rating average is 6 out of 10. Metacritic, which assigns a weighted average score out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, gives the film a score of 29 based on 7 reviews, signifying "Generally unfavorable reviews". After cable TV broadcast and home video rentals, the film went on to become a cult classic.
Somewhere in Time has received several awards, including Saturn Awards for Best Costume, Best Music, and Best Fantasy Film. The film was also nominated for the Academy Award for Costume Design (Jean-Pierre Dorleac).
The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:
- 2002: AFI's 100 Years...100 Passions – Nominated
- 2005: AFI's 100 Years of Film Scores – Nominated
The original musical score for the film was composed and conducted by John Barry, who was suggested by Jane Seymour, a personal friend of hers. Until then the producers were thinking of having a score based on The 18th variation of Sergei Rachmaninoff's "Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini" which is used in the film several times. In lieu of a fee, Barry took a percentage of the royalties on the soundtrack, which went on to become his best-selling film score.
The film was not a success at the box office and a very limited run above promotional copies of the album was pressed with very limited circulation. Universal Pictures used "Somewhere in Time" as a test bed for soundtrack sales and did not expect it to do well at all. It was cable television the following spring where the film garnered a huge fan audience and interest in the music was tremendous. So many requests were made at record stores across the country that Universal pressed 500,000 more copies and the soundtrack now into several pressings still sells well on CD. The music became one of the most requested at weddings for a decade after the film's release.
Barry wrote the score at a very creative and prolific time in his career, scoring the music for films such as Raise the Titanic, High Road to China and the highly acclaimed Body Heat all within an 18-month period, yet the score for Somewhere in Time is considered to be among the best of his career.
The music from the film is often credited for much of its success by invoking a deeply emotional pull for the viewers. Barry's score pushes the emotion of the story to a level rarely seen. In the years since the film's release the music has become as famous as the film, if not more so, with many hearing it and then seeking the film on video.
The music has been released on two albums, neither of which are from the original sessions from the film itself. Like most soundtracks of the time, the album was a series of re-recordings with highlights of the score recorded to fit onto two sides of an LP. The original release from MCA has nine tracks.
- Somewhere in Time (2:58)
- The Old Woman (2:49)
- The Journey Back in Time (4:22)
- A Day Together (6:02)
- Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini (composed by Rachmaninov) (2:57)
- Is He the One? (3:10)
- The Man of My Dreams (1:35)
- Return to the Present (4:04)
- Theme from "Somewhere in Time" (3:20)
- Somewhere in Time (3:37)
- Old Woman (1:00)
- Grand Hotel (1:22)
- 1912 (1:42)
- Thanks (1:20)
- June 27 (1:32)
- Room 417 (1:04)
- The Attic (4:07)
- Near the Lake (2:14)
- Rhapsody on a Theme by Paganini (composed by Rachmaninov) (3:06)
- Is He the One? (0:56)
- A Day Together (2:31)
- Rowing (1:29)
- The Man of My Dreams (1:22)
- Razor (1:12)
- Total Dismay (4:07)
- Coin (0:28)
- Whimper (3:20)
- Somewhere in Time (end credits) (4:55)
|Brazil (Pro-Música Brasil)||Gold||100,000*|
|United States (RIAA)||Platinum||1,000,000^|
*sales figures based on certification alone
Despite reviews calling the film "horrible" and a "superficial tear jerker", the International Network of Somewhere In Time Enthusiasts (I.N.S.I.T.E.), an official fan club, was formed in 1990 and continues to meet regularly. During the month of October, the Grand Hotel hosts a Somewhere in Time Weekend that the club uses for an annual convention for such events as a big-screen showing of the film, panel discussions with some of the film's celebrities and crew, and a costume ball of members dressed in Edwardian attire. Adding to the film's legacy is a Ken Davenport produced Broadway theatrical adaption of the story in the works with assistance from Matheson on the story book.
The film was also listed as an example of pop-culture time travel in Avengers: Endgame.
- On Location With Christopher Reeve: 3 Chocolates on the Pillow 'To Escape the Cape' Crew Works for Scale
- Blum, Daniel. Great Stars of the American Stage, c.1952. All of these photos are in Blum's book.
- Robbins, Phyllis (1956), Maude Adams: An Intimate Portrait, New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons.
- on YouTube
- "Somewhere in Time Movie Reviews, Pictures". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
- "Somewhere in Time Reviews, Ratings, Credits, and More – Metacritic". Metacritic. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
- Quin, Eleanor (2015). "Somewhere in Time". Turner Classic Movies. Turner Entertainment Networks, Inc. Retrieved April 16, 2015.
- "The 53rd Academy Awards (1981) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Passions Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved August 19, 2016.
- "AFI's 100 Years of Film Scores Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved August 19, 2016.
- "Brazilian album certifications – John Barry – Somewhere In Time" (in Portuguese). Associação Brasileira dos Produtores de Discos.
- "American album certifications – John Barry – Somewhere In Time". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH.
- Slater, Eric (May 14, 1995). "Fans of 1980 'Tear-Jerker' Celebrate Film : Entertainment: Devotees of 'Somewhere in Time' gather in Universal City to honor movie as the pinnacle of romance cinema". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 20, 2015.
- Paulin, David (October 6, 2013). "Celebrating a Movie the Critics Hated". American Thinker. American Thinker. Retrieved May 20, 2015.
- Storch, Charles (October 23, 1992). "`Somewhere In Time` Travelers: Fans Of Cult Romance Movie Descending On Mackinac Island To Wallow In The Fantasy". Chicago Tribune. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
- Cox, Gordon (March 7, 2006). "'Somewhere' rights nabbed by Davenport". Variety. Variety. Retrieved May 27, 2015.
- Hoffman, Barbara (April 15, 2012). "Blockbusters go Broadway". New York Post. New York Post. Retrieved May 27, 2015.